Homosexuality and Baptist churches

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The positions of the Baptist churches about homosexuality are varied. They range from liberal to fundamentalist or moderate Conservative and neutral.

Basic beliefs[edit]

There is a diversity of views of Baptist denominations on homosexuality.[1][2] Most denominations remain conservative, believing in what they describe as 'traditional' marriage between one man and one woman.[3] Some denominations allow local and autonomous congregations to determine their own regional policies. Some Baptist denominations supports same-sex marriage.

Denominational positions[edit]

Several organizations and denominations of Baptist churches have issued statements and resolutions about homosexuality.

International denomination[edit]

Conservative position[edit]

The vast majority of Baptist denominations around the world hold a conservative view on homosexuality,[4] like those gathered in the Baptist World Alliance.[5]

Liberal position[edit]

The Association of Welcoming and Affirming Baptists is made up of Baptist churches, organizations, and individuals who welcome and affirm people regardless of sexual orientation or gender identity, and advocate for lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender inclusion within Baptist faith communities.[6]

American denomination[edit]

Neutral position[edit]

Some Baptist denominations in the United States do not have official beliefs about marriage in a confession of faith and invoke congregationalism to leave the choice to each church to decide.[7][8]

  • The American Baptist Churches USA, released a statement following the legalization of same-sex marriage by the Supreme Court of the United States saying that the denomination will "respect and will continue to respect congregational freedom on this issue."[9] While the General Board had previously voted to define marriage as "between one man and one woman," the denomination did not adopt the policy statement. The ABCUSA "allows individual congregations to decide whether to ordain LGBT clergy or perform same-sex marriages" and does not have a denomination-wide policy.[10]
  • The Progressive National Baptist Convention (USA), does not have an official position and, like many Baptist denominations, allows individual congregations to determine their own view.[11] As a result, some congregations have performed blessings and marriages for same-sex couples.
  • The Cooperative Baptist Fellowship (USA), does not have an official policy on homosexuality (or other social issues). It allows individual organizations and churches to support or fund gay rights advocacy if they so choose, but it is not required or prohibited.[12] In 2018, the Affirming Network for full LGBTQ inclusion and affirmation was founded.[13]
  • The National Baptist Convention, USA, passed a resolution in 2012 affirming that marriage is a union between a man and a woman, but mentioned that it leaves autonomy to each church to decide on the subject.[14]

Liberal position[edit]

Some Baptist denominations supports same-sex marriage.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ John C. Dwyer, Human Sexuality: A Christian View, Rowman & Littlefield, USA, 1987, p. 62
  2. ^ David Jeffers, Understanding Evangelicals, Xulon Press, USA, 2006, p. 54
  3. ^ William H. Brackney, Historical Dictionary of the Baptists, Scarecrow Press, USA, 2009, p. 519
  4. ^ William H. Brackney, Historical Dictionary of the Baptists, Scarecrow Press, USA, 2009, p. 519
  5. ^ Ted Olsen, Southern Baptists No Longer In, Nor Of, World Alliance, christianitytoday.com, USA, June 1, 2004
  6. ^ William H. Brackney, Historical Dictionary of the Baptists, Scarecrow Press, USA, 2009, p. 603
  7. ^ William H. Brackney, Historical Dictionary of the Baptists, Scarecrow Press, USA, 2009, p. 503
  8. ^ Bill J. Leonard, Baptists in America, Columbia University Press, USA, 2005, p. 243
  9. ^ Roach, David (20 July 2015). "Gay marriage: Mainline denominations affirm SCOTUS". Baptist Press (bpnews.net). National News, World & Politics. Nashville, TN: Southern Baptist Convention. Retrieved November 26, 2015.
  10. ^ Bob Allen, Analysis: A timeline of CBF's LGBTQ debate, baptistnews.com, USA, July 7, 2016
  11. ^ Salmon, Jacqueline L. (2007-08-19). "Rift Over Gay Unions Reflects Battle New to Black Churches". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2016-03-04.
  12. ^ "CBF to approve funding for pro-homosexual groups; gay church literature featured in CBF exhibit". Baptist Press. Retrieved 2016-03-04.
  13. ^ Bojangles Blanchard, Breakfast at CBF Launches Network for LGBTQ Inclusion, goodfaithmedia.org, USA, June 21, 2018
  14. ^ "A Statement on the Same-sex Marriage Issue, Voting and Christian Responsibility" (primary source link), National Baptist Convention, USA, Inc. June 21, 2012
  15. ^ William H. Brackney, Historical Dictionary of the Baptists, Rowman & Littlefield, USA, 2021, p. 14
  16. ^ Renato Cavallera, Aliança batista aprova o reconhecimento da união gay no Brasil e afirma que é uma “boa nova”, noticias.gospelmais.com.br, Brazil, May 25, 2011
  17. ^ Javier Roque Martínez, 'El cristianismo no jugará un papel relevante en la oposición al gobierno cubano', newsweekespanol.com, Mexico, February 17, 2022