Homosocialization

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Homosocialization or LGBT socialization is the process by which LGBT people meet, relate and become integrated in the LGBT community, especially with people of the same sexual orientation and gender identity,[1][2] helping to build their own identity as well.[3][4]

Institutions[edit]

High School[edit]

GSA[edit]

Gay-Straight alliances (GSAs) started to appear in schools the 1980s. They were a way for the youth of the community to overcome seclusion and stigma in the school environment. Currently registered under the parent network, GLSEN, there are over 3,000 clubs in the United States.[5]

The social climate of a school has a direct relationship to the health of the students, both physically and mentally. A survey of students revealed that 57% of people heard negative remarks; 60% felt unsafe; 31% had missed at least one day of school in the past month.[6]

College/University[edit]

Higher education organizations that house LGBT/queer people can strengthen their systems for encouraging socialization through appropriate research within the student body.[7] Not carrying out such research damages the life of students because an institution is unable to make sure it is keeping up-to-date on relevant issues. With continued research institutes can contribute to the bettering of life and success of their LGBT students.[8]

The last three decades have seen an increase in queer centers on college campuses. These centers are used to help students develop their identities on and off campus. The overall goal of these types of spaces is for the queer community present on campus to help other students become more accepting and informed. The centers also frequently employ professionals who work to improve campus life.[9]

Spaces[edit]

Spaces of homosocialization are those physical or virtual places frequented by LGBT people to meet other people of the LGBT community or to find partners, and where it is possible to express freely their sexual identity.[10][11]

Before configuring places specifically for the LGBT community, the most regular practice for interaction in the gay community was sexual encounters in certain outdoor places, such as parks or public baths.[12] Although much less frequent, nowadays cruising is still a common practice, especially among men who have sex with other men.[13]

There are numerous businesses and associations targeting gender and sexual diversity that allow the meeting and socialization of LGBT community. In many cases, they emerge in LGBT villages, where the LGBT community is concentrated. However, many places are suffering from competition amongst social networks and internet to attract LGBT people.[14][15][16]

Work[edit]

Diversity Quotas[edit]

DADT[edit]

Clubs[edit]

Substances in the community[edit]

Under 21 connections[edit]

Digital[edit]

Google[edit]

Social media[edit]

Hookup sites[edit]

Dating sites[edit]

Past Dating sites[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ball, Steven; Lipton, Benjamin (2005). "Group Work with Gay Men". Group Work with Populations at Risk. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-515667-6.
  2. ^ (in Spanish) Formas de inclusión y exclusión de las minorías sexuales en la ciudad. Hal. 2013
  3. ^ Isay, Richard A. (1986). "The Development of Sexual Identity in Homosexual Men". The Psychoanalytic Study of the Child. 41 (1): 467–489. doi:10.1080/00797308.1986.11823469. PMID 3823283.
  4. ^ Isay, Richard A. (1989). Being Homosexual: Gay Men and Their Development. Avon.
  5. ^ Mayberry, Maralee (2013-01-21). "Gay-Straight Alliances: Youth Empowerment and Working toward Reducing Stigma of LGBT Youth". Humanity & Society. doi:10.1177/0160597612454358. S2CID 147075075.
  6. ^ Shinn, Marybeth; Yoshikawa, Hirokazu (2008-04-10). Toward Positive Youth Development: Transforming Schools and Community Programs. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780199716593.
  7. ^ Renn, Kristen A. (2010-03-01). "LGBT and Queer Research in Higher Education: The State and Status of the Field". Educational Researcher. doi:10.3102/0013189X10362579. hdl:10919/87042. S2CID 18676963.
  8. ^ Sanlo, Ronni (2016-07-20). "Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual College Students: Risk, Resiliency, and Retention". Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice. 6: 97–110. doi:10.2190/FH61-VE7V-HHCX-0PUR. S2CID 144787351.
  9. ^ Pitcher, Erich N.; Camacho, Trace P.; Renn, Kristen A.; Woodford, Michael R. (June 2018). "Affirming policies, programs, and supportive services: Using an organizational perspective to understand LGBTQ+ college student success". Journal of Diversity in Higher Education. 11 (2): 117–132. doi:10.1037/dhe0000048. ISSN 1938-8934. S2CID 151842411.
  10. ^ Gómez P., Daniel Fernando (2010). "Participación e incidencia de la comunidad de lesbianas, gay, bisexuales y transgeneristas en Bogotá". Criterios (in Spanish). 3 (1): 229–248. doi:10.21500/20115733.1929.
  11. ^ (in Spanish) Espacios de homo-socialización y derecho de ciudad. El Nuevo Diario. 16 April 2016.
  12. ^ Guasch, Óscar (1991). La sociedad rosa (in Spanish). Anagrama. ISBN 978-84-339-1352-4.
  13. ^ Boivin, Renaud René (2013). "De cantinas, vapores, cines y discotecas. Cambios, rúpturas e inercias en los modos y espacios de homosocialización de la ciudad de México". Revista Latino-Americana de Geografia e Genero (in Spanish). 4 (2): 118–133. doi:10.5212/Rlagg.v.4.i2.118133.
  14. ^ The 'gaytrification' effect: why gay neighbourhoods are being priced out. The Guardian. 13 January 2016.
  15. ^ Couto, Walter; Morelli, Fábio; Galindo, Dolores; Lemos De Souza, Leonardo (July 2016). "Práticas sexuais em geolocalização entre homens: corpos, prazeres, tecnologias" [Sexual practices in geolocation between men's: Bodies, pleasures, technologies]. Athenea Digital: Revista de Pensamiento e Investigación Social (in Portuguese). 16 (2): 169–193. doi:10.5565/rev/athenea.1621.
  16. ^ (in Spanish) Interseccionalidad y sexualidades disidentes Manhunt y los cazadores furtivos entre género, clase social y raza. Archived 2017-08-18 at the Wayback Machine University of Los Andes (Colombia). 2013.