Homunculus patagonicus

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Homunculus patagonicus
Temporal range: Early-Mid Miocene (Santacrucian-Mayoan)
~17.5–11.6 Ma
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Primates
Suborder: Haplorhini
Infraorder: Simiiformes
Family: Pitheciidae
Subfamily: Pitheciinae
Genus: Homunculus
H. patagonicus
Binomial name
Homunculus patagonicus
Ameghino, 1891

Homunculus patagonicus is an extinct species of New World monkey that lived in Argentina (Santa Cruz Formation) during the Miocene.[1] It is likely the ancestral species for the subfamily Pitheciinae, whose living members include the sakis, bearded sakis, and the uakaris.[2]

Killikaike is an extinct genus of New World monkey. The genus includes one species, Killikaike blakei, that lived in Argentina during the Early Miocene.[3]

Killikaike blakei was collected in southern-most Argentina in January, 2005 and the type specimen consists of a remarkably well preserved face. Unfortunately the neurocranium is not present. The specimen was named for the locality where it was found Killik Aike Norte, on the estate of the Blake family.[3]

Perry et al. (2014) considered K. blakei to be a junior synonym of Homunculus patagonicus.[4]


  1. ^ "Homunculus patagonicus". The Primata. 16 November 2001. Retrieved 26 January 2012.
  2. ^ Tejedor, Marcelo F.; Rosenberger, Alfred L. (2008). "A neotype for Homunculus patagonicus Ameghino, 1891, and a new interpretation of the taxon" (PDF) (2008). PaleoAnthropology: 68–82. Retrieved 26 January 2012. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  3. ^ a b Tejedor, Marcelo F.; Adán A. Tauber; Alfred L. Rosenberger; Carl C. Swisher III; María E. Palacios (2006-03-27). "New primate genus from the Miocene of Argentina". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 103 (14): 5437–41. Bibcode:2006PNAS..103.5437T. doi:10.1073/pnas.0506126103. PMC 1459373. PMID 16567649.
  4. ^ Jonathan M.G. Perry; Richard F. Kay; Sergio F. Vizcaíno; M. Susana Bargo (2014). "Oldest known cranium of a juvenile New World monkey (Early Miocene, Patagonia, Argentina): Implications for the taxonomy and the molar eruption pattern of early platyrrhines" (PDF). Journal of Human Evolution. 74: 67–81. doi:10.1016/j.jhevol.2014.03.009. PMID 25081638.