Honda CB450

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CB450 K0
Honda Dream CB450.jpg
1965 Honda CB450
ManufacturerHonda
Also calledDream, Hellcat, Dragon
Production1965–1974
PredecessorCB77
SuccessorCB500T
ClassStandard
Engine444 cc (27.1 cu in) DOHC straight-2, two 32 mm (1.3 in) CV carburettors[1]
Bore / stroke70 mm × 57.8 mm (2.76 in × 2.28 in)[2]
Compression ratio8.5:1[2]
Top speed180 km/h (110 mph) (claimed)
Power43 hp (32 kW) @ 8500 rpm (claimed)
Torque27.6 ft⋅lb (37.4 N⋅m) @ 8500 rpm (claimed)[1]
Ignition typeCoil with auto-advance,[2] twin contact breakers[1]
Transmission4- or 5-speed, manual, chain final drive
Frame typeTubular semi-duplex[1] cradle with single front down-tube[2]
SuspensionFront:telescopic forks with two-way damping
Rear: swingarm, shock absorbers with adjustable preload[2]
BrakesDrum, 8 in (200 mm) twin leading shoe at front[1]
Tires3.25x18 front, 3.50x18 rear[2]
Wheelbase53 in (1,300 mm)
DimensionsL: 82 in (2,100 mm)
W: 31 in (790 mm)
H: 42 in (1,100 mm)[1]
Weight412 lb (187 kg)[1] (dry)
Fuel capacity3.5 imp gal (15.9 l; 4.2 US gal)
Oil capacity5 imp pt (2.8 l)[2]
Fuel consumption65 mpg‑imp (4.3 L/100 km; 54.1 mpg‑US)[1]

The Honda CB450 is a standard motorcycle made by Honda from 1965 to 1974 with a 444 cc (27.1 cu in) 180° DOHC straight-twin engine. Producing 45 bhp (some 100 bhp/ litre), it was Honda's first "big" motorcycle, though it did not succeed in its goal of competing directly against the larger Triumphs, Nortons, and Harley-Davidsons in the North American market at the time.[3] As a result, Honda tried again, leading to the development of the four cylinder Honda CB750 that marked a turning point for Honda and beginning of the "superbike" era of motorcycles.[4][5][6]

Design[edit]

The CB450 had a distinctive chrome-sided fuel tank, and shared Honda's 'family' styling found elsewhere on the S90 and CD175. Early models were known as the 'Black Bomber',[1] or 'Dragon',[7] but in Canada the K1 model was marketed as the 'Hellcat'.

The four-speed K0 model was updated in the K1 model produced from 1968 with a redesigned fuel tank, rubber-gaitered front forks instead of sliding metal shrouds, a five-speed gearbox and twin speedometer and rev-counter instruments mounted above the headlamp.[7]

Later developments progressed through a series of 'K' models with various improvements and styling changes including a single front disc brake, continuing to K7 versions in some markets, until the introduction of the CB500T in 1975.[8]

Release[edit]

The Mk.I 'Black Bomber' was first shown in UK during the Diamond Jubilee Brighton Speed Trials of September 1965, traditionally held along the seafront. The bike was newly imported and its engine was not run-in, yet in a semi-competition demonstration sprint, the CB450, ridden by Allan Robinson, MBE[9] (a Honda staff member), achieved a standing-start kilometre time of 30.1 seconds and a terminal speed of 100 mph (160 km/h).[10] Afterwards, the CB450 was exhibited at a motorcycle show at the Brighton Metropole Hotel exhibition centre.[11][7]

In December 1965, the UK magazine Motor Cycle reported that UK sales were planned from February 1966,[2] its price of £360[1] being the equivalent cost to a conventional British 650cc pushrod parallel-twin.[12]

In a further publicity event, Honda (UK) entered Mike Hailwood as one of the riders in the Motor Cycle 500 mile production race at Brands Hatch during July 1966. However, Hailwood was able to complete only some demonstration laps[13] on the CB450 before racing began, as it was barred from competing in the 500cc category, because the FIM had deemed that it "could not be classified as a production machine as it had two overhead camshafts"![14]

Although the CB450's sales never matched Honda's expectations, the bike had excellent engineering for the time, including reliable electrical components, an electric starter, and a horizontally split crankcase, all features distinct from current British twins. A radical feature was the valve springing: instead of the conventional coil springs, it used 'torsion bars' – rods of steel that twisted to provide the spring effect.[15]

Second generation CB450 from 1968
The last K7 version with hydraulic front disc brake

Follow on development of Honda CB750[edit]

When it became clear that the CB450 did not have the size and power to compete in the US market directly against Triumph, Norton, and Harley-Davidson's large-displacement models, Honda shifted its focus, starting development in early 1967 of what would eventually become the milestone Honda CB750. Company President Soichiro Honda ended the successful Grand Prix racing program, announcing Honda's withdrawal from racing in 1968 because it had become a distraction from production motorcycle development.[4][16][17]

American Honda's national service manager Bob Hansen later discussed his role in the decision to switch from initial plans for an all new, but still twin-cylinder, CB450, to the inline four of the CB750. Hansen had displayed in his office a September 16, 1968 letter from Honda R&D crediting him with changing Mr. Honda's plans for a twin to a four cylinder. Within North American Honda, Hansen's recollection of these events became well known, that in 1967 he visited Japan and toured a Honda R&D facility, where he became intrigued because he was not allowed to enter the facility's engine testing area for "Project 300", as the successor of the CB450 was known. Hansen said he surmised that Honda was at work attempting to adapt Honda's largest car engine, the 598 cc (36.5 cu in) twin of the Honda N600 to the new motorcycle, though at about 45 hp (34 kW), it was scarcely more powerful than the CB450. Acting on this guess, Hansen mentioned to Soichiro Honda he hoped the new engine would not be a twin, since twins were becoming dated, and would be uncompetitive against the likes of Triumph, who were about to release a triple. The letter in Hansen's office verified that Honda had been testing a twin and changed to a four at the American's suggestion, without ever addressing Hansen's guess that the twin came from the N600 kei car. Nonetheless, the rumor that the N600 was somehow related to the CB750 or even the CB450 traces its origins to Hansen's anecdote.[4][16][17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Motor Cycle, 17 February 1966. Colour centrespread official Honda CB450 UK advertisement. "Meet the big black bomber..." "£360.0.0" Accessed 2013-08-22
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Motor Cycle, 30 Dec 1965, p.910 to 913 Road impressions of new models. Honda CB450 by David Dixon. Accessed 2013-08-21
  3. ^ Siegal, Margie (July–August 2007). "1971 Honda CB450 K4". Motorcycle Classics. Archived from the original on 2009-12-26. Retrieved 2009-08-11.
  4. ^ a b c Frank, Aaron (2003), Honda Motorcycles, MotorBooks/MBI Publishing Company, pp. 69–73, ISBN 0-7603-1077-7, retrieved August 26, 2021
  5. ^ Motorcycle Hall of Fame, 1969 Honda CB750; The Year of the Super-bike, American Motorcyclist Association, archived from the original on 2005-10-30
  6. ^ "The Dawn of the Superbike: Honda's Remarkable CB750", AMA Motorcycle Hall of Fame, American Motorcyclist Association, archived from the original on 13 January 2010, retrieved 20 February 2010
  7. ^ a b c Motorcycle Mechanics, January 1968, pp.19-20. Full Chat" by John Day. Five speed 450 Honda Accessed 2015-06-01
  8. ^ Bike, October 1975 pp.18-24 500cc Giant Test Accessed 2015-06-01
  9. ^ [1] Allan Robinson, MBE. Obituary Retrieved 2013-08-23
  10. ^ Motor Cycle, 16 September 1965, p.424. Brighton Speed Trials results. Accessed 2013-08-23
  11. ^ Motor Cycle, 9 September 1965, Brighton Show Edition. 'Honda, Stand 15'. "This is what we've all been waiting for—the sparkling new 444cc Honda CB450. Its on show for the very first time in England". Accessed 2013-08-24
  12. ^ Motor Cycle, 9 September 1965, Brighton Show Edition prices in GBP for 1966 range: Triumph Bonneville 650 £349, BSA Lightning 650 £355, Matchless G15CSR 750 £370, Norton Dominator 650SS £361, Norton Atlas £369. Accessed 2013-08-24
  13. ^ Motor Cycle, 7 July 1966. p.22/23 Scratcher's Marathon. Motor Cycle's 500—mile race. "A plane was specially chartered to fly riders back from the previous day's Dutch Grand Prix. One who took advantage of this was Mike Hailwood and here [pictured] he brakes as he completes demonstration laps on a Honda CB450 before racing begins" Accessed 2013-08-21
  14. ^ Motor Cycle, 19 May 1966, p.664 Racing Line by David Dixon. "The Honda CB450 is not yet regarded as a 'production' machine...the CSI decided not to change the rules—under which machines with two overhead camshafts are barred—as it would be 'unfair to make a chance in mid season'.". Accessed 2013-08-21
  15. ^ Margie Siegal (March–April 2010). "Honda CB450: The Black Bomber". Motorcycle Classics. Archived from the original on 2010-05-21. Retrieved 2010-05-21.
  16. ^ a b Gardiner, Mark (October 26, 2018), 50 years ago, Honda unveiled the CB750 and changed motorcycling, retrieved August 26, 2021
  17. ^ a b Frank, Aaron (August 8, 2012), "The Making of the Honda CB750; "The King of Motorcycles"", Magazine