Honda CBR400

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Honda CBR400
CBR400RR NC29.jpg
Manufacturer Honda
Also called CBR400F, CBR400R, CBR400RR
Production 1983–1994
2013–present (CBR400R)
Class Sport bike
Engine 399 cc (24.3 cu in) air-cooled DOHC 16v inline-4
Bore / stroke 55.0 mm × 42.0 mm (2.17 in × 1.65 in)
Top speed 179 km/h (111 mph)[1]
Wheelbase 1,410 mm (55.5 in)
Dimensions W: 650 mm (25.5 in)
Seat height 780 mm (30.8 in)
Weight 211 kg (465 lb)[1] (wet)
Fuel capacity 19 l; 4.2 imp gal (5.1 US gal)

The Honda CBR400 is a Japanese domestic market small-capacity sport motorcycle, part of the CBR series introduced by Honda in 1983. It is the first Honda motorcycle to wear a CBR badge.

The CBR400F (NC17 ) naked bike was launched in December 1983. The 4-valves per cylinder, air-cooled, four-stroke, DOHC, inline-four engine had a rotational-speed valve stop mechanism "REV" (a prototype of Honda's VTEC system) that changed from two valves into four valves at 9,500 rpm.[citation needed] The following two years, it came as semi- and fully faired version as the F3 Endurance.[citation needed] The CBR400R and early CBR400RR models both carry the model number NC23, which makes up the first part of these bikes' frame numbers.[citation needed] The early NC23 was designated CBR400R and is also known as Aero, Hurricane or Jellymould, as it shares its major design features with the rest of the early CBR family of motorcycles, which included significantly rounded body shapes, whereas the later NC23 is designated CBR400RR and is also known as the Tri-Arm, after its racing inspired braced swingarm.[citation needed]

In 1985, Honda brought a CBR400F to the US for testing, on which Cycle World recorded a 0 to 14 mi (0.00 to 0.40 km) time of 13.63 seconds at 95.94 mph (154.40 km/h) and a top speed of 179 km/h (111 mph).[1]

The original CBR400F as a naked bike.

The CBR400RR is considered the most closely related of Honda's 400 cc models to the CBR900RR or Fireblade series of large-capacity sport motorcycles.[citation needed] The CBR400RR preceded the 900 cc (55 cu in) Fireblade by four model years, going through one major rework (signified by a new "gull-arm" swing arm design and two new model numbers, (NC23 & NC29), and several years of production in its new form before acquiring the FireBlade name for the 1994 model year.

The CBR400RR models are the NC23 and NC29 CBR400RR-J (1988), CBR400RR-K (1989), CBR400RR-L (1990–1991), CBR400RR-N (1992–1993) and CBR400RR-R (1994– ).[2] The name "Tri-Arm" is shown on the CBR400RR-J's bodywork, along with Hurricane, but the CBR400RR-K dropped the latter designation.[3]

Honda CBR400RR-K in Repsol livery.

The NC23 CBR400RR features a standard extruded beam frame, the rear of the seat unit slopes forwards, and the seat unit subframe is totally separate from the main chassis of the bike. The NC23 & NC29 (only the -R models of which carry the FireBlade name) had several modifications to the frame.[citation needed] The main rails were of a 'cranked' design, the seat support structure had a larger rail that was welded to the frame, the rear of the tail section now had a slight recurve to it, and the swingarm was given a gull-wing shape on one side to give ground clearance for the exhaust link pipe.[citation needed]

In 2013, Honda released the new twin-cylinder CBR400R along with its naked model, the CB400F (not to be confused with four-cylinder CB400 Super Four), and sport adventure model, the CB400X, which is based on the CBR500R, CB500F, and CB500X respectively. These models are sold in Japan & Singapore only.[4]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Honda CBR400F; A Question of Environment", Cycle World, vol. 24 no. 5, pp. 96–104, May 1985 
  2. ^ Coombs, M: "Honda CBR400RR Service and Repair Manual, p. 8, Haynes Publishing, 2005
  3. ^ Honda CBR400R and CBR400RR model brochures, Honda Motor Co., Japan [various years]
  4. ^ "Honda CBR400R Resmi Diaspalkan". Otosia. 2013-06-01. Retrieved 2016-07-29. 

References[edit]

  • Anderson, Steve (February 1987), "The High Tech 400s; Japan's 400 class opens a window to our motorcycling future [sidebar] Honda CBR400R; Father of the Hurricane", Cycle World, vol. 26 no. 2, pp. 34–41 
  • Cook, Marc; Gillies,, Mike; Gingerelli, Dain; Smith, Jerry; Wolf, Bill (February 1987), "Japan's best-kept secrets", Cycle Guide, vol. 21 no. 2, pp. 20– 
  • Lindemann, Mark (May 1985), "Honda CBR400F: the 13,000-rpm wristwatch", Cycle, vol. 36 no. 5, p. 26 


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