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Honda Civic

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Honda Civic
Brazilian Honda Civic touring 2017 (cropped).jpg
2017 Honda Civic sedan
Overview
ManufacturerHonda
Also called
Production1972–present
Body and chassis
ClassSubcompact car (1972–2000)
Compact car (2000–present)
Body style2-door fastback sedan/saloon (1972–1979)
4-door fastback sedan (1973–1978)
3-door hatchback (1972–2011)
5-door hatchback (1977–1983, 2000–2021)
5-door station wagon (1974–2006,[a] 2014–2017)
4-door sedan (1980–present)
2-door coupé (1993–2020)[1]
5-door liftback (1995–2001, 2021–present)
Chronology
PredecessorHonda N600
Honda Z600

The Honda Civic (Japanese: ホンダ・シビック, Honda Shibikku) is a series of automobiles manufactured by Honda since 1972. Since 2000, the Civic has been categorized as a compact car, while previously it occupies the subcompact class. As of 2021, the Civic is positioned between the Honda Fit/City and Honda Accord in Honda's global car line-up.

The first generation Civic was introduced in July 1972 as a two-door coupe model,[2] followed by a three-door hatchback that September. With a 1169 cc transverse engine and front-wheel drive like the British Mini, the car provided good interior space despite overall small dimensions.[3] Initially gaining a reputation for being fuel-efficient, reliable and environmentally friendly, later iterations have become known for performance and sportiness, especially the Civic Type R, Civic VTi, Civic GTi and Civic SiR/Si.[4][5]

The Civic has been repeatedly rebadged for international markets, and served as the basis for the Honda CR-X, the Honda CR-X del Sol, the Concerto, the first generation Prelude, the Civic Shuttle (later to become the Orthia) and the CR-V (which, by extension, was used as the basis for the Honda FR-V).[6]

By 2020, the Civic is the sixth best-selling automobile in the world of all time, with over 18 million units sold since 1972.[7]

Background[edit]

Honda, after establishing itself as a leading manufacturer of motorcycles during the 1950s, began production of automobiles in 1963.[8] Honda introduced its N360 minicar, compliant with Kei car specifications for the Japanese market, for the 1967 model year. The car had a transverse-mounted front-engine, front-wheel-drive (FF) layout, which would be adopted for the later Honda 1300 (1970) and Civic (1972) models.[9] The Civic gave Honda their first market success competing with manufacturers of standard compact cars, which was a growth segment as sales of kei cars plateaued and waned in the early 1970s.[10]

It was Honda's first model to have an impact in the export market. It became one of the most influential automotive designs of the 1970s, with the Volkswagen Golf (1974), Ford Fiesta (1976), and Fiat Ritmo (1978) showing similarities as transverse-FF, truncated-trapezoidal hatchbacks occupying a size niche between minicars and compact sedans. The Renault 5 was introduced six months before the Honda Civic which appeared later in July.[11][12] Honda would later expand the Civic's FF-compact design to produce the larger and more upmarket Accord (1976) and Prelude (1978) models. In Japan, the Civic was the first fully modern compact car in the European style, offering a level of prestige never before seen in this class in the market. The Civic quickly inspired Japanese domestic manufacturers to respond in kind, with models like the Mazda Familia AP, Daihatsu Charade, and Mitsubishi Mirage.[13]

Previously a subcompact, since 2000 the Civic has been categorized as a compact car. US EPA guidelines for vehicle size class stipulate a car having combined passenger and cargo room of 110 to 119.9 cubic feet (3,110 to 3,400 L) is considered a mid-size car, and as such the tenth generation Civic sedan is technically a small-end mid-size car, although it still competes in the compact class.[14]

In Japan, as customers increasingly shifted to minivans and compact cars like the Fit, production of the non-hybrid Civic ended in August 2010.[15] However, the Civic was reintroduced into the Japanese market with the launch of the tenth generation model in 2017.[16]

First generation (1972)[edit]

First-generation Civic hatchback

The first generation Honda Civic was introduced on 11 July 1972, but sold as a 1973 model in Japan. It was equipped with a 1,169 cc (71.3 cu in) four-cylinder water-cooled engine and featured front power disc brakes, reclining vinyl bucket seats, simulated wood trim on the dashboard, as well as optional air conditioning and an AM/FM radio. The Civic was available as a two- or four-door fastback sedan, three- and a five-door hatchback, as well as a five-door station wagon. Because of the 1973 oil crisis, consumer demand for fuel efficient vehicles was high, and because of the engine being able to run on either leaded or unleaded fuel, it gave drivers fuel choice flexibility over other vehicles. The CVCC engine debuted in December 1973, with a head design that allowed for more efficient combustion, and as a benefit the CVCC system did not require a catalytic converter or unleaded fuel to meet 1975 Environmental Protection Agency emissions standards for hydrocarbons and carbon monoxide.[17] The Civic was joined by a platform expansion of the three-door hatchback, called the Honda Accord in 1976.

Second generation (1979)[edit]

Second-generation Civic hatchback

The second generation Honda Civic was introduced in June 1979 as a 1980 model. It was larger, had a more angular shape, and came with increased engine power. All Civic engines now used the CVCC design, which added a third valve per cylinder; this introduced lean burn swirl technology. This generation was available with a 1335 cc ("1300") engine and with an optional 1488 cc ("1500") version; power outputs varied considerably between Japan, Europe, North America, and other markets. Three transmissions were offered: a four-speed manual (on base models), a five-speed manual, and a two-speed semi-automatic Honda had previously called the "Hondamatic". The second generation Civic was offered as a three-door hatchback, a four-door sedan, a five-door hatchback and a five-door wagon.

Third generation (1983)[edit]

Third-generation Civic hatchback

The third generation was released in September 1983 for the 1984 model year. The separate five-door hatchback and wagon models were merged into a five-door "shuttle wagon" or "wagovan" sometimes referred to colloquially as a "breadbox" because of its appearance, called the Honda Civic Shuttle. An additional two-seat coupe style—labeled CRX—was introduced, noted for its compact dimensions and light weight. The third generation Civic saw the introduction of the long running four-cylinder D series engine including a new 1.5 L (91.5 cu in) CVCC engine producing 76 HP. 1984 also saw the release of a high-performance Si model for the Japanese market, featuring upgraded suspension and the 1.6 L (97.6 cu in) DOHC ZC engine which was rated at 130 PS (128 HP). Si models were offered in the U.S. as a 3-door Civic Si hatchback and the CRX Si variant with a 91 horsepower (68 kW) fuel-injected SOHC 12-valve engine. A 4WD configuration with different transmission mounts was introduced for the first time in 1984, and later upgraded in 1987. It delivered a fuel economy of around 28 mpg highway. The 4WD system was push-button operated until improved in 1987 when the rear wheels would engage automatically once the front wheels lost traction. This new system was called "Realtime" which used a "viscous coupler" connecting two propeller shafts between the front and rear axles. The manual transmission featured a synchronized 6th gear, called "SL", or "Super-Low", which was used for high torque at very low speeds. The "Realtime" idea is still utilized to this day but includes technological improvements since the first system. Starting with 1985, Japanese Civics were now exclusive to Honda Primo, with variants sold at Honda Verno and Honda Clio. A four-door version called the Ballade was built, under agreement, by Mercedes-Benz South Africa, models were 1300, 1500, 1500i and 1600i DOHC 1.6 injection.

Fourth generation (1987)[edit]

Fourth-generation Civic hatchback

In September 1987, a redesigned Civic was introduced with increased dimensions and a lower hood line. A wide range of models and trim levels were offered for various markets around the world. The most notable of which was the Japanese market SiR (featuring the B16A DOHC VTEC engine). All U.S. models featured electronic fuel injection, but carbureted models were still available elsewhere. The fourth generation saw the introduction of a fully independent rear suspension across the entire model range.[18] In addition, the Honda CRX continued to be part of the Civic family which included the HF, DX and Si model in the U.S.A / four door version called the Ballade was built, under agreement, by Mercedes-Benz South Africa / models were 1500 16V, 1600i 16V and 1600i 16V DOHC. The first 800 cars produced at the then brand new Honda plant in Alliston, Ontario, Canada were SE model cars. These Special Edition models included all white side molding that matched the white body and color matched dual mirrors. In the body molding was a wrap around blue stripe. Each car had interior upgrades as well as a chrome-tipped exhaust.

Fifth generation (1991)[edit]

Fifth-generation Civic hatchback

Introduced in September 1991 for the 1992 model year, the redesigned Civic featured increased dimensions, as well as more aerodynamic styling. The wagon variant was now only available in the Japanese market where the previous generation wagon was carried over until 1995. The efficiency of the previous HF model was replaced by the VX hatchback which, with an EPA rating of 48/55 MPG, was Honda's most fuel efficient model sold at the time. In North America the Si featured a SOHC VTEC valve train, whereas the VX featured the VTEC-E. The Japanese Si featured a DOHC non-VTEC valve train D16A9. Continuing in the sporty tradition of the original Civic SiR, Honda sold several similarly equipped variants of the fifth generation car, still referred to as the Civic SiR, in Japan, Asia and Europe. In South Africa, MBSA (Mercedes Benz of SA) built the Civic as the Ballade only in 4-door sedan. A special model was the 180i with the B18B4, that was fitted to Ballade models. A new body style was introduced with this generation called the Civic Coupé, based from the Civic Ferio sedan, and was sold in North America, Europe and Japan. The fifth generation remains popular among tuners and racers alike.

Sixth generation (1995)[edit]

Sixth-generation Civic hatchback

Introduced in September 1995 for the 1996 model year, the sixth generation featured updated styling although less radical than previous redesigns. Suspension and engine options were available along with their first Natural Gas Powered Civic, the GX. In the United States, model year 1996 to 2000 the Civic was sold under the CX, DX, EX, EXR, HX, LX, and for Canada, SE, and Si trims; all base models were made with 1.6-liter engines. The EX-CX are all SOHC (Honda D engine). The CX, DX and LX all have D16Y7 non-VTEC engines; whereas the EX has a D16Y8 VTEC, and the HX has D16Y5 VTEC-E. The USDM Si and Canadian SiR came with a DOHC (B16A2 VTEC). The first Civic Si coupe EM1 was introduced in 1999 until 2000. Europe saw a DOHC 1.6 VTi hatchback and sedan and a DOHC 1.8L engine was available for the Domani related five-door liftback and estate. In Canada, the Acura EL is based on the Civic, and was replaced by the CSX in 2006.

Seventh generation (2000)[edit]

The seventh generation was released in September 2000, for the 2001 model year. While the redesign retained the previous generation's exterior dimensions, interior space was improved in part by using a flat rear floor thus bumping up Civic to a compact car size segment. The front suspension was changed from that of a double wishbone to a MacPherson strut, in order to lower costs, as well as allow more engine bay room for the newly introduced Honda K-series engine. Power was also increased on some trim levels. The four main trim levels were DX, LX, EX and HX. The Civic Coupe was no longer sold in Japan starting with this generation.

In North America, coupe and sedan body styles were available, except for the Si (SiR in Canada) which was offered only as a three-door hatchback.[19] The rest of the world received three- and five-door hatchbacks. The Type R was redesigned as well this time using a more powerful i-VTEC motor and using the three-door hatchback body style. This generation saw Honda introduce their first Civic Hybrid, powered by a 1.3-liter engine.[20]

Seventh-generation Civic sedan
Seventh-generation Civic hatchback

Eighth generation (2005)[edit]

The eighth-generation Civic was released in September 2005 in the North American market, for the 2006 model year. For the eighth-generation, Honda split the model into two different platforms, one for sedan and coupe, and one for a hatchback designed primarily for the European market using a simpler rear suspension from the Honda Fit and more aggressive styling.

Although the North American and the Asia-Pacific model slightly differ in front and rear clip design, they are mechanically identical. The hatchback is available as a three and five-door. Both Si and Type R trim levels continued although the Japanese and European Type R, while sharing the same engine size, are mechanically different. In the United States, an improved, sportier version of the Civic Si 4-door tuned by tuner Mugen was offered, featuring cosmetic alterations and changes to the suspension, wheels, slight exterior differences, and exhaust system. A Canadian-only Acura model received a new nameplate, changing from the Acura EL to the Acura CSX.

As of 2006, a total of 16.5 million Civics had been sold worldwide, with 7.3 million of them in the United States.[21]

Eighth-generation Civic sedan (North America)
Eighth-generation Civic sedan (Asia Pacific)
Eighth-generation Honda Civic hatchback (Europe and Australasia)

Ninth generation (2011)[edit]

The ninth-generation Civic consists of four body styles, which are sedan, coupe, hatchback and station wagon marketed as the Civic Tourer. The latter two makes up for the European-market Civic range built in the UK. The hatchback version forms a basis for a Civic Type R (FK2) model, which was released later in 2015.

The production version of the ninth-generation Civic sedan and coupe first went on sale in the U.S. on 20 April 2011.[22] The model was developed during the height of the global financial crisis, which led Honda to believe that consumers specifically in North America would be willing to forego upscale content and quality in new vehicles as long as they were fuel efficient and affordable. Following criticisms regarding quality and refinement,[23] Honda updated the Civic with new exterior and interior improvements in late 2012 for the 2013 model year.[24] The ninth-generation Civic was never introduced in Japan, except the 750-unit limited run Civic Type R sold in 2015.[25][26]

A hybrid version was also available for the sedan model, equipped with a larger 1.5-liter i-VTEC engine that produces 90 hp and 97 lb ft of torque[27] and a lithium-ion battery, is rated at 44 mpg‑US (5.3 L/100 km; 53 mpg‑imp) in combined city and highway EPA test cycle, an improvement of 3 mpg‑US (3.6 mpg‑imp) over the previous generation hybrid.[28]

Ninth-generation Civic sedan
Ninth-generation Civic hatchback

Tenth generation (2015)[edit]

Based on an all-new Honda compact global platform,[29] the tenth-generation Civic marked the unification of the Civic range globally. Honda targeted the Civic range at the key U.S. market, resurrecting its once-discarded "lead-country" system which calls for developing a model specifically for its main targeted market but selling it in other regions as well.[30] As the result, Honda ceased making a smaller, dedicated version for the European market. Instead, the Swindon plant in UK produced a five-door hatchback version of the globally-marketed Civic for international markets.[31]

The sedan model was first unveiled in the U.S. in September 2015, for the 2016 model year. The tenth-generation Civic features a new fastback exterior design, with the rear C-pillar flowing into the tailgate. The front of the car features a new chrome wing design that flows across the top of the headlamps. Civic body styles include sedan, coupe, five-door hatchback, while performance models include Si trims and Type R models. The hatchback version saw its re-introduction in the North American market for the first time since 2000,[31] along with the first Type R model ever sold in the region, both imported from the UK.[32][33]

The interior of the new Civic likewise features major design changes. Unlike the split bi-level speedometer and tachometer of its predecessor, tenth-generation Civic consolidates these instruments into an optional "Driver Information Interface" incorporating a customizable 7-inch LCD screen positioned directly behind the steering wheel and in the driver's line of sight.[34] Several model received an instrumentation that consists of a large analog tachometer that surrounds a digital speedometer and other digital displays.

Tenth-generation Civic sedan
Tenth-generation Civic hatchback
Tenth-generation Civic coupé

Eleventh generation (2021)[edit]

Eleventh generation (FE/FL)
2022 Honda Civic LX, Front Right, 06-20-2021.jpg
2022 Honda Civic LX sedan (Canada)
Overview
Also calledHonda Integra (China)
ProductionMay 2021 – present
Model years2022 – present
Assembly
DesignerYuki Ishii and Hitomaro Asano[39][40]
Body and chassis
Body style
LayoutFront-engine, front-wheel-drive
RelatedAcura Integra (2022)
Powertrain
Engine
TransmissionCVT
6-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,736 mm (107.7 in)[36]
Length4,674 mm (184.0 in) (sedan)
4,549 mm (179.1 in) (liftback)
Width1,801 mm (70.9 in)
Height1,415 mm (55.7 in)
Curb weight1,305–1,396 kg (2,877–3,077 lb)
Chronology
PredecessorHonda Civic (tenth generation)

The eleventh-generation Civic sedan was revealed as a prototype on November 17, 2020.[42][43] Its first official image was revealed on April 14, 2021. It was fully revealed on April 28, 2021[44] and released on June 16, 2021 as a 2022 model in North America.[45][46] The liftback variation (marketed as "Civic Hatchback") was unveiled on June 23, 2021 for North America and Japan.[47] A coupé version is not offered due to its declining sales.[48] The eleventh-generation Civic sedan will not be sold in Japan and Australia because of worsening sales of its predecessor, leaving the Accord as the only sedan that Honda sells in those markets.

Markets[edit]

North America[edit]

In the United States, the Civic comes in 4 trim levels; LX, Sport, EX and Touring (Sport Touring on the Civic Hatchback).[49] LX and Sport models come with a 2.0-liter I4, while the EX and Touring models come with a 1.5-liter turbocharged I4. In Canada, the Civic comes with the same 4 trim levels but instead arranged as LX, EX, Sport, and Touring in the lineup. Only the Touring model received the more powerful 1.5-litre turbocharged four-cylinder engine. All sedan and liftback models come standard with a CVT, however, the liftback can be equipped with a 6-speed manual transmission on Sport and Sport Touring models.[50]

The Si version was unveiled in October 2021 for the 2022 model year. It has a four-cylinder 1.5-liter 200 hp (150 kW) turbocharged gasoline engine.[51]

China[edit]

The eleventh-generation Civic sedan was released in China in September 2021.[52] In the same month, a restyled version produced by Guangqi Honda was released as the Honda Integra.[53]

Southeast Asia[edit]

In Thailand, eleventh-generation Honda Civic was launched on August 6, 2021 in EL, EL+ and RS trim levels.[54] On the same date, the eleventh-generation Civic sedan was launched in the Mexican market. Powered by either a 2.0-liter engine or a turbocharged 1.5-liter engine, it is offered in the i-Style, Sport, and Touring trim lines.[55]

In Singapore, the eleventh-generation Honda Civic was launched on 12 August 2021, utilising a 1.5-liter turbocharged engine with power detuned to 129 PS (127 hp; 95 kW) at 5,500 to 6,000 rpm and 180 N⋅m (18.4 kg⋅m; 133 lb⋅ft) of torque from 1,700 to 4,500 rpm to meet the Vehicle Quota System (VQS) band.[56]

The eleventh-generation Civic sedan was launched in Indonesia on 28 October 2021 in RS trim.[57]

In the Philippines, it was released on 23 November 2021 in S, V and RS trim levels.[58][59]

International marketing and platform derivatives[edit]

The Civic has been sold in Brazil since late 2006 with a flex-fuel engine capable of running on either gasoline or ethanol or any blend of both.

While the Civic is sold in largely the same form worldwide, differences in the name of the models exist between markets. In Japan, the hatchback Civic is just called "Civic" while the sedan model was called the Civic Ferio (Japanese: シビックフェリオ) during the fifth to seventh generations. The sixth-generation sedan was also sold as the Integra SJ. In Europe and the United States, "Civic" generically refers to any model, though in Europe the coupe is branded the "Civic Coupe". A four-door station wagon model called the Civic Shuttle (also Civic Pro in Japan) was available from 1984 until 1991 (this brand name would later be revived for the mid-1990s Honda Shuttle people carrier, known in some markets as the Honda Odyssey). In South Africa, the sedan (the only model sold there until the 1996 launch of the sixth generation sedan and hatch) was known as the Ballade.

First-generation Honda Civic Hybrid (U.S.)

Other models have been built on the Civic platform, including Prelude, Ballade, CR-X, Quint, Concerto, Domani, CR-X Del Sol, Integra, and CR-V.

Also, at various times, the Civic or Civic-derived models have been sold by marques other than Honda – for example, Rover sold the 200, 400 and 45, each of which were Civic-based at some point (first 200s were the second generation Ballade; from 1990 the 200 and 400 were based on the Concerto; the 400 was the 1995 Domani), as was their predecessor, the Triumph Acclaim, based on the first Honda Ballade. The Honda Domani, an upscale model based on the Civic, was sold as the Isuzu Gemini in Japan (1992–2000), and confusingly the 5-door Domani was sold as the Honda Civic (along with the "real" hatchback and sedan Civics) in Europe from 1995 to 2000. In Thailand, the sixth generation Civic was available as the four-door Isuzu Vertex. The sixth-generation station wagon was sold as the Honda Orthia, with the Partner as the downmarket commercial variant. The seventh generation minivan model is called the Honda Stream. In Canada, the sixth and seventh generation Civics were mildly redesigned to create the Acura EL until the advent of the eight generation Civic, which was used to create the Acura CSX, which was designed in Canada. Honda Japan adopted the CSX styling for the Civic in its home country.

Ninth-generation Honda Civic GX (U.S.) with the blue diamond CNG sticker and the new natural gas badging.

The three-door hatchback body style has been somewhat unpopular in the United States, but has achieved wide acceptance in Canada, as well as popularity in Japan and European markets, helping cement Honda's reputation as a maker of sporty compact models. Starting in 2002, the Civic three-door hatchback has been built exclusively at Honda's manufacturing plant in Swindon, England[60] – previously the five-door Civic/Domani and the Civic Aerodeck (based on the Japanese Orthia) were built in this plant for sale in Europe along with the Japanese Civics. Accordingly, all instances of the current model (left or right hand drive, anywhere in the world) are British-made cars designed with Japanese engineering, except for the US-built two-door coupe and the sedan version built in Brazil for the Latin American market.

In North America, the Civic hatchback was dropped for 2006. The 2006 model year standard Civics for North America are manufactured in Alliston, Ontario, Canada (sedans, coupes and Si Coupes) and East Liberty, Ohio (sedans), while the Hybrid version is manufactured in Japan.

In Brazil, although being considered for local manufacturing since the early 1980s (it was illegal to import cars in Brazil from 1973 until 1990), the Civic wasn't available until 1992, via official importing. In 1997, production of the sixth generation Civic sedan started in the Sumaré (a city near Campinas, in the state of São Paulo) factory. The only differences between the Japanese model and the Brazilian model were a slightly higher ground clearance because of the country's road conditions and adaptations to make the engine suitable to Brazilian commercial gasoline, which contains about 25% ethanol (E25), and the absence of sunroof in the Brazilian sixth generation Civic EX. The seventh generation production started in 2001, displacing the Chevrolet Vectra from the top sales record for the mid-size sedan segment, however it lost that position to the Toyota Corolla the following year. In 2006, the eighth generation was released and regained the sales leadership. Identical to the North American version, it lacks options such as a moonroof, and standard security equipment like VSA, and side and curtain airbags which were removed because of a lack of car safety laws in the Mercosur. Furthermore, the Brazilian subsidiary began producing flex-fuel versions for the Civic and the Fit models, capable of running on any blend of gasoline (E20 to E25 blend in Brazil) and ethanol up to E100.[61]

Safety[edit]

United States[edit]

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) in the United States has determined frontal crash test ratings of Honda Civics of different model years.[62][63]

The eighth-generation Civic sedan's crash test performance has been rated highly by both the U.S. government's NHTSA[64] and the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety. The IIHS awarded the Civic sedan with a rating of "good" on both frontal and side impact crash tests[65] and lists the Civic as the second-best 2007 small car in overall crashworthiness.[66] The Civic coupe is rated "acceptable" in the side impact test.[67]

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) crash test ratings[64]

Frontal impact: 5 stars.svg

Side impact front seat: 4 stars.svg

Side impact rear seat: 5 stars.svg

Rollover: 4 stars.svg

Australia[edit]

In Australia, 1984–2005 Civics were assessed in the Used Car Safety Ratings 2006 on their level of occupant protection regardless of size or era.[68]

  • (1984–1987) – "significantly worse than average"
  • (1988–1991) – "average"
  • (1992–1995) – "average"
  • (1996–2000) – "better than average"
  • (2001–2005) – "average"

Modifications and enthusiast community[edit]

Despite being a modest car, the Civic is popular as a platform for modification and customization by the enthusiast community. Starting with the fourth generation and continuing through the 2000 model year, Civics had front double wishbone suspension and rear semi-trailing arm suspension. Ready parts interchangeability allows easy engine swaps (primarily with more powerful B16A (Civic SI), B18C (Acura Integra GSR and Type R), and various K20 Civic motors) and many other upgrades.[69]

More recent seventh and eighth generation Civics, now rated as compacts rather than subcompacts, remain generally attractive as tuner projects in spite of added weight (mostly because of U.S. government safety mandates, such as airbags and ABS) and higher centers of gravity. Particularly unwelcome among the tuner community[70] was the replacement of the front double-wishbone suspension with MacPherson struts, which provide inferior handling primarily because of limited dynamic camber angle control.[71][72]

Awards[edit]

Honda Civic EX was International Car of the Year in 2005. From 1972 to 1974, the Civic was awarded Car of the Year Japan. In 1973, the Civic ranked third in the European Car of the Year awards, the highest ranking for a Japanese vehicle at that time. It also was awarded the U.S. Road Test magazine's "1974 Car of the Year."[73] The Civic was the Motor Trend Import Car of the Year for 1980[74] as well as its 2006 Car of the Year. In 2006, the Civic earned the 2007 "Semperit Irish Car of the Year" title. In 1996, Automobile Magazine honored the Civic as its Automobile of the Year. The Civic has been on Car and Driver magazine's yearly Ten Best list six times, in 1985, 1988–91, and 1996. The Civic Si was named "Best New Sport Car" and the sedan was named "Best New Economy Car" in the 2006 Canadian Car of the Year awards. The Civic also won the North American Car of the Year and the North American International Auto Show (NAIAS) Car of the Year awards for 2006. In November 2006, the Civic received the prestigious "Car of The Year" award from Brazilian magazine Auto Esporte. The four-door Civic VXi sedan won the South African Car of the Year award for 2007. Kelley Blue Book named the 2020 Honda Civic the Compact Car Best Buy for the sixth year in a row.

Racing[edit]

Touring car racing[edit]

Civics have been used for racing ever since their introduction.

Civics contested the Up to 1300cc class in the Bathurst 1000 touring car race at Bathurst in Australia each year from 1973 to 1976, with a best placing of second in class in both 1974 and 1976.[75]

In recent years the Civic has been used in a wide variety of racing series, particularly in Japan. It is also used in touring car races in Europe and the United States. The Civic has been used in the UK in endurance series by teams such as Barwell Motorsport and Cartek Motorsport.

In 2002 JAS Motorsport entered the European Touring Car Championship (ETCC) with a Super 2000 spec Civic and was used until restart season of the World Touring Car Championship (WTCC) in 2005.

In December 2005, on the date of the new 2006 Civic Si's launch in the United States, Honda's R&D Engineering Team completed 645 laps in an eighth generation Civic Si coupe (FG2) to place first in the E1 class of the famous '25 Hours of Thunderhill' marathon race. The drivers on Honda's team were Road & Track journalist Kim Wolfkill, Lee Niffenegger, Chad Gilsinger, Sage Marie, John Sherk, Rich Hays, Andrew Frame, Matt Staal and Car and Driver journalist Tony Swan.[76]

BTCC[edit]

In the UK, the Civic has been used in the British Touring Car Championship (BTCC) for several years and is still highly competitive. The Civic Type R made its debut in the 2002 season with the 'Works' team run by Arena Motorsport. Built to BTC-T specifications, it gained the team third in the manufacturers championship. In the same year Synchro Motorsport won the BTCC Production Teams Championship with a pair of Civic Type Rs.

The 2003 season saw the 'works' team Civics secure an impressive second in the manufacturers championship. The 2003 BTCC Production Teams Championship also went to the Civic again, this time in the hands of Barwell Motorsport.

Such was the competitiveness of the Civic in its first two-season, 2004 saw five teams enter Civics, allowing the model to secure second in the manufacturers championship.

Although manufacturer support from Honda for the BTCC ended in 2005, several teams still found success running the Civic in 2005 and 2006.

Gordon Shedden's FK2 Civic Type R at Knockhill in 2017

For the 2007 BTCC season, Team Halfords ran the new eighth-generation Honda Civics, built to the latest S2000 regulations, for Matt Neal and Gordon Shedden with limited success and continued to use the Civic into the 2008 and 2009 season. In both 2007 and 2008, the Civic allowed the team to finish 3rd in the Teams championship, behind the two manufacturer backed teams.

In 2010 Honda returned to the BTCC as a 'works' team with Team Dynamics using Civics to win the 2010 manufacturers championship.[77]

In 2011 the team returns with its Civic to defend its Team and Manufacturers championship again with the Neal and Shedden pairing.

Honda Racing Team swapped to the brand new ninth generation Honda Civic, built fully to NGTC rules, for the 2012 BTCC season. They are the first manufacturer backed team to announce their intention to run fully to the NGTC specification.[78][79] The drivers continue to be Matt Neal and Gordon Shedden, who are the 2011 and 2012 BTCC driver champions respectively.[80][81] Andrew Jordan, driving for his family-run Eurotech Racing team, won the BTCC title in 2013 in their NGTC Civic, whilst Honda retained the manufacturer's championship.[82] However, in 2014, Honda were unable to retain their title, which was won instead by MG.[83]

WTCC[edit]

In 2012 Honda announced plans to enter the World Touring Car Championship (WTCC) with a racer built on the ninth generation Euro Civic five-door hatchback. The car was powered by a 1.6-liter turbocharged HR412E engine, developed by Honda R&D, and would later race in the last three rounds of the 2012 season in Japan, China and Macau before its first full season in 2013.[84] Honda was successful, winning the 2013 Manufacturers' World Championship in their first full season in the series, six races before the end of the season.[85]

After the introduction of the new TC1 regulations in 2014, the Civics took numerous race victories and podiums, but were not championship contenders again until the 2017 season. The Civic was the fastest car in 2017 with the most pole positions and main race victories, but the team missed out on another title as their championship-leading driver Tiago Monteiro suffered injuries in a crash during testing because of a brake failure, which put him out of the remaining rounds of the season, while other incidents also hampered their results that season.[86]

Others[edit]

The car has also been used in the Japanese Touring Car Championship and won the 2011 Asian Touring Car Series. It also competed in both the Touring and Super-production classes of the Russian Touring Car Championship.

Sales[edit]

As of February 2015, 18.5 million Civics had been sold worldwide.[87] With 7.3 million bought in the United States,[21] it has been one of the top sellers in the country[88][89][90] and in the neighboring Canada, where it had placed number one for 14 years through 2012.[91] In 2019, the Civic was the second best selling car in the United States after the Toyota Camry.[92]

Honda Civic sales in the US, 1973–present
YearSales±%
1973 32,575—    
1974 43,119+32.4%
1975 102,389+137.5%
1976 132,286+29.2%
1977 147,638+11.6%
1978 154,035+4.3%
1979 155,541+1.0%
1980 138,740−10.8%
1981 154,698+11.5%
1982 132,469−14.4%
1983 137,747+4.0%
1984 184,846+34.2%
1985 208,031+12.5%
1986 235,801+13.3%
1987 221,252−6.2%
1988 225,543+1.9%
YearSales±%
1989 235,452+4.4%
1990 261,502+11.1%
1991 232,690−11.0%
1992 219,228−5.8%
1993 255,579+16.6%
1994 267,023+4.5%
1995 289,435+8.4%
1996 286,350−1.1%
1997 321,144+12.2%
1998 335,110+4.3%
1999 318,309−5.0%
2000 324,528+2.0%
2001 331,780+2.2%
2002 313,159−5.6%
2003 299,672−4.3%
2004 309,196+3.2%
YearSales±%
2005 308,415−0.3%
2006 316,638+2.7%
2007 331,095+4.6%
2008 339,289+2.5%
2009 259,722−23.5%
2010 260,218+0.2%
2011 221,235−15.0%
2012 317,909+43.7%
2013 336,180+5.7%
2014 325,981−3.0%
2015 335,384+2.9%
2016 366,927+9.4%
2017 377,266+2.8%
2018 325,760−13.7%
2019 325,650−0.0%
2020 261,225−19.8%
Source: "Honda Digital Factbook".
Other regions
Calendar year Europe[93] Canada China[94] Thailand Australia
1986
1987 2,908[95]
1988
1989 5,175[96]
1990 5,118[97]
1991 5,622[98]
1992 5,960[98]
1993 5,953[99]
1994 6,336[99]
1995 6,211[100]
1996 8,272[100]
1997 8,034[101]
1998 8,425[101]
1999 8,163[102]
2000 69,475 8,173[102]
2001 78,934 6,386[103]
2002 73,845 5,973[103]
2003 70,717
2004 92,192 62,125[104]
2005 84,204 68,506[104] 7,331[105]
2006 99,852 70,028[106] 36,825 13,536[105]
2007 120,799 70,838[106] 81,323 17,643[107]
2008 111,206 72,463[108] 83,317 16,750[107]
2009 90,066 62,654[108] 95,345 29,149[109] 10,242[110]
2010 66,941 57,501[111] 101,000 28,978[112] 10,457[110]
2011 47,243 55,090[111] 78,087 19,344 6,499[113]
2012 40,999 64,962[114] 79,763 30,531 11,442[113]
2013 43,009 64,063[114] 64,399 28,252 14,261[115]
2014 42,035 66,057[116] 51,871 11,385[117] 7,878[118]
2015 43,652 64,950[116] 32,686 6,718[119]
2016 45,299 64,552[120] 90,014 22,385[121] 7,028[122]
2017 41,285 69,030[123] 173,865 27,448[124] 14,672[125]
2018 43,256 69,005[126] 218,132 26,844 13,470[127]
2019 37,486 60,139[128] 243,966 10,531[129]
2020 17,282 50,805[128] 245,126 18,249[130] 7,194[131]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The station wagon variant of the third and fourth generation Civics was called the Civic Shuttle (Wagovan in the United States for the third generation, Civic Pro for a basic commercial version in Japan) from 1983 until 1996, when it was replaced by the Orthia, which was based on the sixth generation Civic and produced from 1996 until 2002. A basic commercial version of the Orthia, called the Partner, was produced until 2006. Both Orthia and Partner were sold only in Japan.

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External links[edit]