Honda ST1300

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Honda ST1300
Manufacturer Honda
Also called ST1300 Pan European
Production 2002–2013
Predecessor Honda ST1100
Class Sport-touring
Engine Liquid-cooled 1,261 cc (77.0 cu in) longitudinal 90-degree V-4, chain-driven DOHC, 4 valves per cylinder, with programmed fuel injection[1]
Bore / stroke 78 mm × 66 mm (3.1 in × 2.6 in)
Compression ratio 10.8:1 [1]
Power 117 hp (87 kW) @ 8,000 rpm
Torque 117 N⋅m (86 lb⋅ft) @ 6,500 rpm
Transmission 5 speed, shaft drive
Frame type Aluminum-alloy triple-box-section pressure cast dual-spar with cast aluminum-alloy swingarm
Suspension F: 45 mm cartridge fork, 108 mm (4.3 in) travel
R: Gas-charged monoshock with five-position preload adjustment, 123 mm (4.8 in) travel [1]
Brakes F: Dual hydraulic 310 mm 3-piston disk
R: Hydraulic 316 mm 3-piston disk
Dual Combined Braking System with ABS (optional prior to 2004)
Tires F: 120/70ZR - 18 radial
R: 170/60ZR - 17 radial
Rake, trail 26.0 degrees / 98 mm (3.9 in)
Wheelbase 1,491 mm (58.7 in)
Dimensions L: 2,282 mm (89.8 in)
W: 935 mm (36.8 in) (including panniers)
H: 1,332 mm (52.4 in)
Seat height 790 mm (31 in) ± 15 mm (0.59 in)
Weight Standard 286 kg (631 lb)
ABS 289 kg (637 lb) (dry)
331 kg (730 lb) (2011) [1] (wet)
Fuel capacity 29 L (6.4 imp gal; 7.7 US gal)

The Honda ST1300, also marketed as the ST1300 Pan European, is a sport touring motorcycle[2][3] manufactured by Honda — introduced to Europe in 2002 as the ST1300 Pan European and North America in 2003, as the ST1300.

Superseding the ST1100, the bike features a standard riding posture, a liquid-cooled V4 engine and a fully faired body with standard hard panniers.


During the 2000 bike show season, Honda presented a prototype sport tourer called the X-Wing, featuring a 1,500 cc V6 engine, single-sided front and rear suspension and an automatic transmission.[4] Speculation in the press that the X-Wing was the ST1100's replacement was partially confirmed when Honda introduced an all-new ST1300 Pan European in Europe and Australia for the 2002 model year. For the U.S. market, the new bike would be imported in limited numbers (about 2,200 per year[5]) starting in 2003 as the ST1300.

Motor Cycle News reported in 2009 that Honda would replace the ST1300 with a new touring bike powered by a V4 engine mounted transversely, similar to the Honda VFR1200F layout.[6][7] In 2011, Honda announced that development of the next generation Pan European motorcycle was on hold.[8]


In November 2013, Honda announced the CTX1300, a cruiser motorcycle powered by a version of the ST1300's engine modified for better fuel economy and increased torque at low RPMs.[9][10]


The ST1300 incorporates many of the X-Wing's lines but none of its running gear. Power comes from a lower-slung 1,261 cc V4 engine mounted as a stressed member in a lighter aluminum frame. A major difference from the ST1100 is the use of balance shafts for smoothness, allowing the engine to be directly mounted to the frame.[1] The revised engine layout and a split fuel tank shift some of the weight downward, making the ST1300 less top-heavy than its predecessor. The rear wheel is driven through a cassette-type five-speed transmission and shaft drive.

Honda's ABS and linked brake package is an option for all years on the ST1300 in the United States, but became standard on the European ST1300 Pan European 2004 (A4 models). Unlike the ST1100, the ST1300 does not include a traction control system. In 2002 and 2003, models with ABS included an electrically adjustable windscreen. The electrically adjustable windscreen became standard equipment on all bikes in 2004. A long list of minor differences improved upon the ST1100's comfort, handling and performance.


The ST1300 Pan European has been recalled for a number of problems:

  • Bikes built in 2002 were recalled to have a redesigned engine pan fitted as some bikes had experience oil loss after grounding on road obstacles such as speed bumps.[11]
  • Bikes built in 2002–2004 were recalled for a wire which chafed against the frame and blew a fuse, preventing the engine from running.[12]
  • Bikes built in 2002 were recalled for a potentially leaky brake proportioning control valve.[13]
  • Some 2008 through 2010 ST1300, ST1300A and ST1300PA (police) models were recalled to fix a problem that could cause the rear brake to fail.[14]

Pan weave[edit]

2002 ST1300P in emergency services configuration. Key differences are single seat plus blue lights & sirens.

Evidence indicates the ST1300 can exhibit a weave instability mode at high speed — known in the case of the ST1300 as Pan Weave.

In April 2007, subsequent to the death of a police motorcyclist riding a single seat ST1300, the emergency service version of the ST1300, a British coroner announced he would warn all Chief Constables in England and Wales of the "serious threat" to riders' lives posed by the ST1300 and the "catastrophic result" of the high speed weave.[15] Later safety checks resulted in one examiner sustaining several broken bones in a similar incident. UK police forces subsequently withdrew the ST1300 from police service;[16] Freewheelers EVS and London Ambulance Service continue to operate the ST1300.[17][18]

RiDE Magazine reported in October 2007 that a team replicated weave instability mode with a civilian Honda ST1300 — reproducing the instability at a speed of 110 miles per hour (180 km/h) under certain loading conditions. The rider noticed a rear wheel maximum yaw of 11 degrees per second, described as "a consistent and alarming sideways movement." The editors named the behavior "Pan weave". The intent of the testing was not to determine the cause of the weave, but to confirm its existence. Also, the article reported that 43% of surveyed ST1300 owners had experienced the weave.[19]

Honda response[edit]

Hong Kong Fire Services Department next-generation emergency medical motorcycle, put into service in 2009; the Honda ST1300P model was originally used as a traffic police patrol motorcycle.

American Honda published an advisory in August 2007 on the proper selection, installation, and use of equipment on the ST1300PA police motorcycle.[20] They made a strong recommendation to have "qualified personnel evaluate a motorcycle fitted with all intended equipment under the anticipated speeds and conditions before the vehicle is placed into service." The advisory also contained guidelines for the selection and installation of attachments, including:[21]

  • Place equipment as low and close to the center of the motorcycle as possible;
  • avoid exceeding the maximum load limit for the vehicle;
  • comply with weight limits for each saddlebag and fairing pocket;
  • ensure attachments and equipment are balanced on both sides of the vehicle.

By 2010, the ST1300PA was again popular with police departments in the UK[22] and in the US,[23][24] competing with police bikes from Harley-Davidson, BMW, Kawasaki and Yamaha on both price and performance.[25] The Automobile Association and other groups providing roadside assistance or emergency services have also chosen the ST1300 for their motorcycle fleets since 2010.[26][27]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e "Honda Touring" (PDF). Honda Ride Guide. Honda Canada. 9 May 2011. Retrieved 17 February 2014. 
  2. ^ Shirley Duglin Kennedy (2005), The Savvy Guide to Motorcycles, Indy Tech Publishing, p. 76, ISBN 9780790613161 
  3. ^ 2009 Sport-Touring Motorcycles,, 2009 
  4. ^ "Tokyo Motorshow 1999 X-Wing specifications". Honda Worldwide. Archived from the original on 2004-11-13. Retrieved 2007-07-16. 
  5. ^ "NHTSA recall defect and noncompliance letter" (PDF). North American Honda. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-21. Retrieved 2009-05-12. 
  6. ^ Purvis, Ben (9 July 2009). "Honda VFR1200 is the basis for new Pan European". Motorcycle News UK. Bauer Media. Retrieved 18 February 2014. 
  7. ^ Procter, Guy (16 July 2009). "New VFR1200T Pan European-replacement revealed". Motorcycle News UK. Bauer Media. Retrieved 18 February 2014. 
  8. ^ Yonah (11 August 2011). "Honda: Next-Gen Pan European 'On Hold'". PistonHeads. Haymarket Consumer Media. Retrieved 18 February 2014. 
  9. ^ Burns, John (4 November 2013). "2014 Honda CTX1300 and CTX1300 Deluxe- First Look". Cycle World. Retrieved 18 February 2014. 
  10. ^ "2014 CTX1300 Overview". Honda Powersports. American Honda Motor Co. Retrieved 18 February 2014. 
  11. ^ "Recall details - Potential leakage of engine oil". Vehicle & Operator Services Agency recall website. 4 November 2005. Retrieved 2007-07-16. 
  12. ^ "Recall details - Engine may cut out". Vehicle & Operator Services Agency recall website. 11 July 2005. Retrieved 2007-07-16. 
  13. ^ "Recall details - Brake fluid may leak". Vehicle & Operator Services Agency recall website. 11 July 2005. Retrieved 2007-07-16. 
  14. ^ Welsh, Jonathan (27 July 2011). "Kawasaki, Honda Announce Motorcycle Recalls". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 18 February 2014. The company said that when the bike’s rear suspension is fully compressed or bottomed-out repeatedly, the hose to the rear brake reservoir may become damaged and leak brake fluid. 
  15. ^ "Police bike is 'serious threat'". BBC News. 27 April 2007. Retrieved 27 April 2007. 
  16. ^ "Police withdraw Pan over safety concerns". Motorcycle News. 14 May 2007. Retrieved 16 July 2007. 
  17. ^ "LONDON AMBULANCE SERVICE CHOOSES HONDA'S ST1300 PAN EUROPEAN". Honda UK. 23 March 2009. Retrieved 21 February 2010. 
  18. ^ "Motorcycle responder". London Ambulance Service. 17 November 2008. Retrieved 26 February 2010. 
  19. ^ Wilkins, Ben (October 2007). "Investigation Pan-Weave". RiDE Magazine. Bauer Consumer Media Ltd. ISSN 1941-2665. 
  20. ^ "The Honda ST1300PA Police Motorcycle". Honda Powersports. American Honda Motor Co. Retrieved 17 February 2014. 
  21. ^ Monge, Alex (16 August 2007). "ST1300PA Important Advisory" (PDF). Honda Powersports. American Honda Motor Co. Retrieved 17 February 2014. 
  22. ^ Farrell, Steve (12 March 2010). "Police sell Pans off cheap – and replace with… Pans!". Motorcycle News UK. Bauer Media. Retrieved 18 February 2014. 
  23. ^ "WSP switching from BMW to Honda motorcycles". Seattle Times. 25 April 2011. Archived from the original on 24 February 2014. Retrieved 18 February 2014. 
  24. ^ Green, Nick (26 September 2012). "Torrance approves replacement of police motorcycles with newer Honda models". Daily Breeze. Retrieved 18 February 2014. 
  25. ^ "Washington Troopers Get Honda ST1300 for Highway Enforcement". Police Magazine. 25 April 2011. Retrieved 18 February 2014. The Honda ST1300PA, which was specifically manufactured for law enforcement use, was chosen because of the balance, maneuverability, acceleration, overall performance, availability of service, and lower purchase and maintenance costs, according to the Washington State Patrol. 
  26. ^ Catton, Richard (16 March 2010). "Volunteers provide emergency blood delivery service in Yorkshire". York Press. Retrieved 18 February 2014. 
  27. ^ "The AA Chooses Honda Pan European For Two-Wheel Fleet". Chicken Strip Media Ltd. 7 October 2011. Retrieved 18 February 2014. 

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