Hone Heke Ngapua

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1896 caricature of Hone Heke Ngapua

Hone Heke Ngapuha (6 June 1869 – 9 February 1909) was a Māori and Liberal Party Member of Parliament in New Zealand. He was born in Kaikohe, and was named after his great-uncle Hōne Heke.

Biography[edit]

New Zealand Parliament
Years Term Electorate Party
1893–1896 12th Northern Maori Liberal
1896–1899 13th Northern Maori Liberal
1899–1900 14th Northern Maori Liberal
1901–1905 14th Northern Maori Liberal
1902–1905 15th Northern Maori Liberal
1905–1908 16th Northern Maori Liberal
1908–1909 17th Northern Maori Liberal

Ngapua was born on 6 June 1869 at Kaikohe, the eldest child of Niurangi Puriri and Hone Ngapua.[1] His paternal grandfather was Tuhirangi, the elder brother of Hōne Heke Pokai.

He won the Northern Maori electorate in 1893, with the support of Kotahitanga. He was adjudged bankrupt and vacated the seat on 29 October 1900. However, he was re-elected to the seat in a by-election on 9 January 1901 (as Joseph Ward was in 1897).[2] He died in Wellington of tuberculosis at only 40 while an MP in 1909.

He was influential in the development of the Young Maori Party, and helped defuse the conflict of the Dog Tax War of 1897. He introduced a Native Rights Bill, some of which was incorporated into legislation passed in 1900.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Kawharu, Freda Rankin. "Ngapua, Hone Heke - Biography". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 13 July 2012. 
  2. ^ Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First ed. published 1913]. New Zealand parliamentary record, 1840–1984 (4 ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. p. 204. OCLC 154283103. 

References[edit]

New Zealand Parliament
Preceded by
Eparaima Te Mutu Kapa
Member of Parliament for Northern Maori
1893–1909
Succeeded by
Te Rangi Hīroa