Honesta missio

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The honesta missio was the honorable discharge from the military service in the Roman Empire. It was associated with particular privileges (praemia militiae). Among other things, it was paid discharge money to the legionaries by a treasury established by Augustus, the Aerarium militare, which amounted to 12,000 Sesterces[1] until to the Principate of Caracalla.[2]

The dismissed legionary presumably received a certificate after a service of approximately 20 to 26 years from which only a few have kept, by the modern research called as tabulae honestae missionis copies, because they might have been made predominantly from transient material.

Auxiliary soldiers as peregrini (non-Roman citizens of the Empire) received usually together with honesta missio the Roman citizenship and the marriage permission (Conubium)[3] for themselves and their descendants.[4] The imperial order about this grants were often documented on bronze military certificates which stood not necessarily, however, in direct connection with the discharge.

Beside honesta missio there was still the premature discharge for health reasons (missio causaria) and in dishonorary (missio ignominiosa).[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Alföldy, Géza; Mann, J. C. (2000). "Honesta Missio from the legions". Kaiser, Heer und Gesellschaft in der Römischen Kaiserzeit: Gedenkschrift für Eric Birley. Franz Steiner Verlag. p. 153. ISBN 978-3-515-07654-8. Retrieved 26 July 2017.
  2. ^ Phang, Roman Military Service, p. 163.
  3. ^ Phang, Sara Elise (2001). The Marriage of Roman Soldiers (13 B.C.-A.D. 235): Law and Family in the Imperial Army. BRILL. p. 84. ISBN 978-9-004-12155-3. Retrieved 28 July 2017.
  4. ^ Andreas Pangerl (17 January 2015). "Roman Military Diploma Museum: Introduction". Retrieved 24 July 2017.
  5. ^ Watson, George Ronald (1985). The Roman Soldier. Cornell University Press. p. 124. ISBN 978-0-801-49312-6. Retrieved 26 July 2017.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Phang, Sara (2008). Roman Military Service: Ideologies of Discipline in the Late Republic and Early Principate. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-88269-9.
  • Millar, Fergus (2004). Rome, the Greek World, and the East: Government, Society and Culture in the Roman Empire. University of North Carolina Press.
  • Swan, Peter Michael (2004). The Augustan Succession: An Historical Commentary on Cassius Dio's Roman History Books 55–56 (9 B.C–A.D. 14). Oxford University Press.