Honeybee Robotics

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The Honeybee Robotics Rock Abrasion Tool (RAT) on the Opportunity Mars Rover.

Honeybee Robotics Spacecraft Mechanisms Corporation is a small spacecraft technology and robotics company[1] headquartered in Brooklyn, New York, with offices in Pasadena, California and Longmont, Colorado.[2] It was established in 1983 by Stephen Gorevan[3] and Chris Chapman.[4]


Honeybee has particular expertise in developing and operating small mechanical tools used on Mars missions. Some of the robotic devices it has developed and successfully demonstrated on Mars include:

In addition, they are developing tools to be used to live and work on the moon as part of NASA's Constellation program.[8]

Honeybee is currently developing systems for future missions to Mars,[9] Venus, the moon, two Jovian moons,[9] and asteroid[10] and comet sample return,[11] among others. They have worked with Bigelow Aerospace to develop a preliminary design for a solar array deployment mechanism that would be used on the solar arrays of their Genesis inflatable space habitat. Terrestrial projects include developing mechanisms, installations, and systems for a broad array of clients including Con Edison, the U.S. Navy, Coca-Cola, Nike, and architects Diller Scofidio + Renfro.[12]


  1. ^ Erik Baard, "Alligators Below City? Try Robo-Inchworms", New York Times, BUSINESS: DIARY; November 10, 2002
  2. ^ "Locations - Honeybee Robotics". honeybeerobotics.com. Retrieved 2 June 2016. 
  3. ^ Kenneth Chang, "Martian Robots, Taking Orders From a Manhattan Walk-Up," New York Times, November 7, 2004
  4. ^ Greg Clark, "Mars Sample Mission -- Here's the Drill," Space.com, posted August 11, 1999
  5. ^ "Touch and Go Days - Astrobiology Magazine". astrobio.net. 7 February 2004. Retrieved 2 June 2016. 
  6. ^ "http://www.honeybeerobotics.com/isad.html". honeybeerobotics.com. Retrieved 2 June 2016.  External link in |title= (help)
  7. ^ http://msl-scicorner.jpl.nasa.gov/Instruments/SAM/
  8. ^ "How to build lunar homes from moon dirt - USATODAY.com". usatoday.com. Retrieved 2 June 2016. 
  9. ^ a b K. Zacny, G. Paulsen, K. Davis, E. Mumm, and S. Gorevan, Honeybee Robotics Planetary Sample Acquisition, Transfer and Processing Technologies, presented at Mars Sample Return 2008, Lunar and Planetary Science Institute.
  10. ^ Derek Sears, Carl Allen, Dan Britt, Don Brownlee, Melissa Franzen, Leon Gefert, Stephen Gorovan, Carle Pieters, Jeffrey Preble, Dan Scheeres and Ed Scott, "The Hera mission: multiple near-earth asteroid sample return," Advances in Space Research, Volume 34, Issue 11, 2004, pp. 2270-2275 doi:10.1016/j.asr.2003.05.059
  11. ^ S. Gorevan, I. Yachbes, P. Bartlett, K.Zacny, G. L. Paulsen, T. Kennedy, B. Basso, and J. Wilson, "Comet and Asteroid Sample Acquisition, Containerization, and Transfer for Sample Return", presented at Spacecraft Reconnaissance of Asteroid and Comet Interiors (2006).
  12. ^ "http://www.honeybeerobotics.com/mission.html". honeybeerobotics.com. Retrieved 2 June 2016.  External link in |title= (help)

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