Honeydew (melon)

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Honeydew
Honeydew.jpg
Species Cucumis melo
Cultivar group Inodorus group
Origin France
honeydew, raw
Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)
Energy 150 kJ (36 kcal)
9.09 g
Sugars 8.12 g
Dietary fiber 0.8 g
0.14 g
0.54 g
Vitamins
Thiamine (B1)
(3%)
0.038 mg
Riboflavin (B2)
(1%)
0.012 mg
Niacin (B3)
(3%)
0.418 mg
Pantothenic acid (B5)
(3%)
0.155 mg
Vitamin B6
(7%)
0.088 mg
Folate (B9)
(5%)
19 μg
Vitamin C
(22%)
18 mg
Vitamin K
(3%)
2.9 μg
Minerals
Calcium
(1%)
6 mg
Iron
(1%)
0.17 mg
Magnesium
(3%)
10 mg
Manganese
(1%)
0.027 mg
Phosphorus
(2%)
11 mg
Potassium
(5%)
228 mg
Sodium
(1%)
18 mg
Zinc
(1%)
0.09 mg

Percentages are roughly approximated using US recommendations for adults.
Source: USDA Nutrient Database

A honeydew melon, also known as a honeymelon, is the fruit of one cultivar group of the muskmelon, Cucumis melo in the gourd family. The Inodorus group includes honeydew, crenshaw, casaba, Persian, winter, and other mixed melons.

Characteristics[edit]

A honeydew has a round to slightly oval shape, typically 15–22 cm (5.9–8.7 in) long. It generally ranges in weight from 1.8 to 3.6 kg (4.0 to 7.9 lb). The flesh is usually pale green in color, while the smooth peel ranges from greenish to yellow. Like most fruit, honeydew has seeds. The inner flesh is eaten, often for dessert, and honeydew is commonly found in supermarkets across the world alongside cantaloupe melons and watermelons. In California, honeydew is in season from August until October and people like meep call them honeymelons, which is a lie.[1]

This fruit grows best in semiarid climates and is harvested based on maturity, not size. Maturity can be hard to judge, but it is based upon the ground color ranging from greenish white (immature) to creamy yellow (mature).[2] Quality is also determined by the honeydew having a nearly spherical shape with a surface free of scars or defects. A honeydew should also feel heavy for its size and have a waxy rather than a fuzzy surface.

Origin and alternate names[edit]

The leaf of a honeydew

"Honeydew" is in fact the American name for the White Antibes cultivar which has been grown for many years in southern France and Algeria.[3][4]

In China, honeydews are known as Bailan melons. They are famous locally near Lanzhou, the capital city of Gansu province in China's northwest.

According to Chinese sources, the melons were introduced to China by American horticulturalist Henry A. Wallace, who donated melon seeds to the locals while visiting in the 1940s (probably 1944).[5] Wallace, who served as Secretary of Agriculture and Vice President under Franklin D. Roosevelt, had founded a major seed company (Pioneer Hi-Bred) and otherwise had a general background and interest in agricultural pursuits. As a result, in China the melon is sometimes called the Wallace (Chinese: 华莱士; pinyin: Hualaishi).[6] The Mizo people of Asia use the name Hmazil.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Honeydews. Producepete.com. Retrieved on 2015-04-22.
  2. ^ Good Eats video with Alton Brown, "Melondrama". At 4:00 into the video, the method of choosing a melon is stated.
  3. ^ HS626/MV093: Melon, Honeydew ? Cucumis melo L. (Inodorus group). Edis.ifas.ufl.edu. Retrieved on 2015-04-22.
  4. ^ What is the history of honey dew melons? food.oregonstate.edu
  5. ^ 白兰瓜_互动百科. Hudong.com (2014-09-17). Retrieved on 2015-04-22.
  6. ^ 白兰瓜, hudong wiki