Hong (Korean surname)
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Hong is the common English spelling of 홍, in Korean and Chinese it means "wide" or "big".
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As with all Korean family names, the holders of the Hong surname are divided into different patrilineal clans, or lineages, based on their ancestral seat. Most such clans trace their lineage back to a specific founder. This system was at its height under the yangban aristocracy of the Joseon Dynasty, but it remains in use today. There are approximately 241 such clans claimed by South Koreans. Historically, there had been 10 clans known but currently there are four clans remaining. Hong clans include Namyang, Pungsan, Bugye, and Hongju.
The biggest clan is Namyang clan (Korean: 남양 홍씨; Hanja: 南陽 洪氏; RR: Namyang Hongssi) whose founder was Hong Eun-yeol in the Goryeo Dynasty. Another founder of this clan was Hong Seon-haeng. Thus, the Namyang Hong clan is unique among Korean surnames in that it includes two separate unrelated family lines. The former, named "Tang Hong" because it claims to have descended from the Chinese who took refuge in Korea following the fall of Tang Dynasty, comprises 80 percent of the clan.
All ancestry of Andong's Pungsan Hong (Korean: 풍산 홍씨; Hanja: 豊山 洪氏; RR: Pungsan Hongssi) may be traced to the Goryeo dynasty's Hong Ji-gyeong, later known as a great master of Korean classical verse in the Joseon Dynasty. The Pungsan Hong were known as yangban among yangbans. Hong Jin was a direct descendant of Hong Ji-gyeong.
Famous Koreans with this family name:
- Sin Cha Hong, avant-garde dancer (born 1943)
- Hong Dae-yong, Silhak scholar
- Francis Hong Yong-ho, Roman Catholic bishop of Pyongyang
- Gene Hong, Korean American actor, producer, and screenwriter
- Hong Gildong (character), fictitious character
- Hong Gyeong-nae (1771–1812), a leader of a farmer's revolt during Joseon Dynasty
- Hong Hei-Kyung (born 1959), Korean-American operatic soprano.
- Jay Hong, South Korean Singer-songwriter, Producer
- Hong Jin (1877–1946), Korean independence activist, Pungsan clan
- Hong Jun-pyo finance ministry of President Moon administration
- Hong Jung-wook (born March 14, 1970) is a Korean entrepreneur, businessman, and politician. ,
- Hong young-pyo Politician, Deputy President at The Export-Import Bank of Korea.
- Hong il-pyo Politician, a national assemblyman
- Hong Seok-woo professor, ex-minister of the ministry of Knowledge Economy
- Hong La-hee Ex-chief director of the LeeUm art center, The mother of Lee Jae Yong who are the leader of SAMSUNG conglomerate
- Hong Seok-jo Ex-judge, a lawyer. entrepreneur leading big corporation (BGF retail)
- Hong Won-Sik the Chairman of Nam Yang Dairy Product Co., Ltd (one of the major corporation of the dairy industry in Korea)
- Hong Jin-kyung, South Korean entrepreneur, model, actress and comedian
- Hong Jin-young, South Korean trot singer
- Hong Jisoo, better known as his English name Joshua Hong, member of South Korean boy group Seventeen
- Hong Kyung Min (born 1976), South Korean singer
- Hong Myung-Bo (born 1969), South Korean footballer
- Hong Jeong-Ho (born 1989), South Korean footballer
- Hong Chul (born 1990), South Korean footballer
- Nansook Hong (born 1966), daughter-in-law of Sun Myung Moon
- Hong Sa-ik (1889–1946), highest-ranking ethnic Korean general in the Imperial Japanese Army, executed for war crimes.
- Hong Sang-soo, film director
- Hong Seok-cheon (born 1971), South Korean actor famous for publicly coming out
- Hong Seok-hyun, South Korean media corporation executive
- Hong Seung-sung or Simon Hong, founder of Cube Entertainment
- Hong Song-nam, former premier of North Korea
- Hong Sook-ja, diplomat, writer, and first female presidential candidate
- Hong Yong-Jo (born 1982), North Korean footballer
- Hong Jong-hyun (born 1990), South Korean model and actor
- Hong Joo-chan (born 1999), member of South Korean boy group Golden Child (band)