Hong Jun-pyo

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Hong Jun-pyo
Hong Junpyo - 2018 (cropped).jpg
Chairman of the Liberty Korea Party
In office
3 July 2017[1] – 14 June 2018[2]
Preceded byChung Woo-taik (acting)
Succeeded byKim Sung-tae (acting)
In office
4 July 2011 – 9 December 2011
Preceded byJeong Ui-ha
Succeeded byNa Kyung-won (acting)
Governor of South Gyeongsang Province
In office
20 December 2012 – 9 April 2017
Preceded byKim Doo-kwan
Succeeded byKim Kyoung-soo
Member of the National Assembly
In office
26 October 2001 – 29 May 2012
Preceded byKim Young-koo
Succeeded byMin Byung-doo
ConstituencySeoul Dongdaemun B
In office
30 May 1996 – 9 March 1999
Preceded byCho Soon-hwan
Succeeded byLee Hoi-chang
ConstituencySeoul Songpa A
Personal details
Born (1954-12-05) 5 December 1954 (age 64)
Changnyeong, South Korea
Political partyLiberty Korea Party
Alma materKorea University
Korean name
Revised RomanizationHong Jun-pyo
McCune–ReischauerHong Chun-p'yo

Hong Jun-pyo (born 5 December 1954), also spelled as Hong Joon-pyo, is a South Korean right-wing populist politician and prosecutor who was the governor of South Gyeongsang Province. He was the presidential nominee of the Liberty Korea Party, known prior to the collapse of the Park Geun Hye administration as the Saenuri Party, in the 2017 South Korean presidential election. Often compared to the U.S. President Donald Trump, he has been nicknamed "Hong Trump" due to his aggressive campaigning style.[3] He served as the Chairperson of the Liberty Korea Party from July 2017 to June 2018.

Early life and career[edit]

He was born in Changnyeong. South Gyeongsang Province. Hong graduated from Yeungnam High School[4] and received his undergraduate degree in Public Administration from Korea University.

Political career[edit]

Hong is known to have strong conservative, right-wing populist[5] characteristics.[6]

Grand National/Saenuri Party[edit]

Hong was formerly the chairperson of the Grand National Party (now known as Liberty Korea Party). He stepped down as the chairperson on 9 December 2011[7] and was replaced by future President Park Geun-hye.

Comments on Park Won-soon[edit]

On 20 October 2011, Hong criticized Seoul Mayor Park Won-soon's The Beautiful Foundation (아름다운재단) for sending money to left-wing citizen groups.[8] Hong was known to have generated much criticism against Park Won-soon in regards to Park's possible allegation of extorting tax money for his oversea visits.[9]

Comments on former Grand National Party[edit]

He considered to rename the Grand National Party to another name after Park Won-soon won the October 2011 election.[10]

Liberty Korea Party[edit]

Governor of South Gyeongsang Province[edit]

Hong was first elected as Governor of South Gyeongsang Province in 2012, and re-elected in 2014.

2017 South Korean presidential election[edit]

Hong secured the nomination of the Liberty Korea Party. His campaign appealed to older, conservative voters with a platform describing Hong as a "strongman." Hong has stated he wanted to be a strong man similar to Park Chung-hee, a former Korean president and dictator who is popular with older conservatives[11] and whose daughter Park Geun Hye was recently impeached amidst allegations of corruption.

Hong finished second among the five major candidates with 24% of the vote behind Moon Jae-in.[12]

Party chairmanship[edit]

Hong was elected as the chairperson of the Liberty Korea Party following his loss in the presidential election.[13]

Political positions[edit]

Corporate corruption[edit]

Hong holds economically conservative views. He supports Korean conglomerates, also known as chaebols and wants to reduce the power of labor unions. When asked how he would respond to growing concerns around corrupt practices amongst chaebols, such as those that brought down former President Park Geun Hye's administration, he simply stated that he would reduce corruption by putting it through a "washing machine",[14] without providing a concrete course of action.

National security[edit]

Hong has supported maintaining a vigilant approach to national security, supporting the deployment of the Terminal High altitude Area Defense System (THAAD) from the United States. He supports "armed peace."[14]

Anti-LGBT stance[edit]

Hong has publicly indicated that he believes that AIDS and HIV are a result of homosexuality, in order to attract the support of conservative voters. In a televised presidential debate, Hong criticized Moon Jae-in on his stances on homosexuality and remarked gay soldiers were a source of weakness in Korean military.[15]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Will new leader turn around Liberty Korea Party?". The Korea Herald. 2 July 2017. Retrieved 24 June 2018.
  2. ^ http://english.yonhapnews.co.kr/news/2018/06/14/0200000000AEN20180614007451315.html
  3. ^ "South Korean opposition leader: Nukes are the only way to guarantee peace". CNN. 18 October 2017. Retrieved 30 October 2017.
  4. ^ 한나라당 제18대 총선 서울지역 공천 신청자 명단(1)
  5. ^ Cho Soon-hyun. "Speak roughly, populist Hong Joon Pyo". InjuryTime. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  6. ^ "돌아온 홍준표, 새누리당 경남지사 후보 확정". MK News. Retrieved 21 April 2013.
  7. ^ Lee, Sun-young (9 December 2011). "Hong bows out amid mounting calls for reform". Korean Herald. Retrieved 10 December 2011.
  8. ^ Kim (김), Ho-jun (호준) (20 October 2011). 아름다운재단 모금액 좌파단체 지원. Yonhap News (in Korean). Retrieved 22 October 2011.
  9. ^ Chang (장), Jae-yong (재용) (21 October 2011). 13차례 걸쳐 해외체류… 경비 2~3억 누가 댔나. Hankook Ilbo (in Korean). Archived from the original on 4 November 2011. Retrieved 10 December 2011.
  10. ^ Lee (이), Min-jeong (민정) (28 October 2011). `이참에 다 바꿔?`..홍준표 "당명 개명 검토". 이데일리 (in Korean). Retrieved 29 October 2011.
  11. ^ "Meet the candidates in South Korea's unusual election". ABC News. 8 May 2017. Retrieved 8 May 2017.
  12. ^ CNN, K. J. Kwon, Pamela Boykoff and James Griffiths. "South Korea election: Moon Jae-in declared winner". CNN. Retrieved 10 May 2017.
  13. ^ Herald, The Korea (2 July 2017). "Will new leader turn around Liberty Korea Party?". Retrieved 4 July 2017.
  14. ^ a b Mullany, Gerry (8 May 2017). "South Korea's Presidential Election: A Look at the Pivotal Issues". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 8 May 2017.
  15. ^ "[JTBC 대선토론] 문재인 "동성애 합법화 반대"…심상정 "유감스럽다"". Naver. Hankyung. Retrieved 7 May 2017.

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