Hong Kong Correctional Services

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
"Correctional Services Department" redirects here. For the department in Jamaica, see Department of Correctional Services, Jamaica.
Hong Kong Correctional Services

懲教署
HK Correctional Services Logo.svg
Agency overview
Formed 1879
Jurisdiction  Hong Kong
Headquarters 23rd, 24th and 27th Floors, Wanchai Tower, 12 Harbour Road, Wan Chai
Employees 6,659
Minister responsible Lai Tung-kwok, Secretary for Security
Agency executives YAU Chi-chiu, Commissioner
LAM Kwok-leung, Deputy Commissioner
Website www.csd.gov.hk/

Hong Kong Correctional Services (also called Correctional Services Department, CSD, 懲教署) is responsible for prisoners and prisons in Hong Kong. The Commissioner of Correctional Services reports to the Secretary for Security.

Although the Chief Magistrate (now Commissioner of Police (Hong Kong)) was given control over prisons in 1841, the legislation to create the department did not come into being until 1853. CSD was part of the Hong Kong Police Force until 1879 when the role of Superintendent of Victoria Gaol was created. Superintendent of Victoria Gaol was re-titled as Superintendent of Prisons, the department came into a new era as it became financially independent from the Hong Kong Police Force since 1921.[citation needed]

Ranks[edit]

As with all of the Hong Kong Disciplined Services, British-pattern rank insignia continue to be utilised, with the only change being the replacement of the St. Edward's Crown by the Bauhinia flower crest in 1997.[1]

  • Commissioner of Correctional Services (similar insignia to a UK General)
  • Deputy Commissioner (similar insignia to a UK Lieutenant-General)
  • Assistant Commissioner (similar insignia to a UK Major-General)
  • Chief Superintendent (similar insignia to a UK Colonel)
  • Senior Superintendent (similar insignia to a UK Lieutenant-Colonel)
  • Superintendent (similar insignia to a UK Major)
  • Chief Officer (similar insignia to a UK Captain)
  • Principal Officer (similar insignia to a UK Lieutenant with a bar beneath)
  • Officer (similar insignia to a UK Lieutenant)
  • Probationary Officer (similar insignia to a UK Second Lieutenant)
  • Assistant Officer Class I (similar insignia to a UK Sergeant)
  • Assistant Officer Class II (similar to a UK Private)

Facilities[edit]

Lantau
Name of Facility Location Years of Operation Facility Type Capacity Status/Remarks
Shek Pik Prison Shek Pik 1984–present Maximum security institution 426 active
Sha Tsui Correctional Institution Shek Pik 1972–present Minimum security institution 121 active
Tong Fuk Correctional Institution Ma Po Ping 1966–present Medium security institution 925 active
Lai Chi Rehabilitation Centre Shek Pik 2002–present Rehabilitation Centre 90 active
New Territories
Name of Facility Location Years of Operation Facility Type Capacity Status/Remarks
Bauhinia House Tai Lam Chung 1984–present Half-way House 24 active; moved to current location in 2002
Lai King Correctional Institution Kwai Chung 2008–present Minimum security institution 200 active
Chi Lan Rehabilitation Centre Kwai Chung 2008–present rehabilitation centre 40 active; relocated from Shek O Road in 2008
Pik Uk Correctional Institution Sai Kung 1975–present Maximum security institution 385 active
Pik Uk Prison Sai Kung 1975–present Minimum security prison 550 active
Siu Lam Psychiatric Centre Tai Lam Chung 1972–present Maximum security institution 261 active
Tai Lam Centre for Women Tai Lam Chung 1969–present Maximum security institution 151 active
Tai Lam Correctional Institution Tai Lam Chung 1980–present Minimum security institution 598 active
Wai Lan Rehabilitation Centre Tai Lam Chung 2002–present Minimum security institution 24 active
Lo Wu Correctional Institution Lo Wu 2010–present medium security institution 1400 active
Kowloon
Name of Facility Location Years of Operation Facility Type Capacity Status/Remarks
Lai Chi Kok Reception Centre Lai Chi Kok 1977–present Maximum security institution 1484 active
Lai Hang Rehabilitation Centre Tai Wo Ping 2002–present Rehabilitation Centre 70 active
Phoenix House Tai Wo Ping 1983–present Half-way house 30 active
Pelican House Tai Wo Ping 1995–present Half-way house 30 active; moved to location in 2004
Hong Kong Island
Name of Facility Location Years of Operation Facility Type Capacity Status/Remarks
Cape Collison Correctional Institution Cape Collison 1958–present Training centre 192 active
Ma Hang Prison Stanley 1974–1/2015 Minimum security institution NA decanted
Pak Sha Wan Correctional Institution Stanley 1999–present Medium security institution 424 active, adult no smoking correctional facility
Tai Tam Gap Correctional Institution Tai Tam Gap 1980–present Minimum security institution 160 active
Tung Tau Correctional Institution Stanley 1982–present Minimum security institution 452 active, adult no smoking correctional facility
Victoria Prison Central 1841-2005 Maximum security institution NA closed; see publication entitled "Victoria Prison Memorial Book" published by the CSD and available from the Correctional Services Museum Gift Shop at the Stanley Prison.
Stanley Prison Stanley 1937–present Maximum security institution 1511 active
Hei Ling Chau
Name of Facility Location Years of Operation Facility Type Capacity Status/Remarks
Lai Sun Correctional Institution Hei Ling Chau 1984–present Minimum security institution 164 active
Hei Ling Chau Correctional Institution Hei Ling Chau 1984–present Medium security institution 532 active
Hei Ling Chau Addiction Treatment Centre Hei Ling Chau 1975–present Drug Addiction Treatment Centre 672 active
Nei Kwu Correctional Institution Hei Ling Chau 2002–present Minimum security institution 236 active

Crest[edit]

Badge of the Correctional Service Department before 1 July 1997.

The current crest of the force was adopted in 1997 to replace most of the colonial symbols:[2]

  • St Edward's Crown replaced by the stylised Bauhinia flower crest
  • Replacement of the Royal cypher by a Compass rose, with the words "Correctional Services 懲教署" circling it
  • Addition of a laurel wreath bearing the words "Correctional Services Hong Kong"

Weapons[edit]

CSD officers are trained in the use of, and can be issued, revolvers as lethal sidearms, the ASP expendable baton and the Sabre Red pepper spray are the standard less-than-lethal options; additionally a type of pepper gun and the rubber bullet rifle form the standard-issue equipment of the elite anti-riot team officers, known as the Correctional Emergency Response Team (CERT). Aside from handguns officers are also trained in the use of shoulder weapons such as shotguns and rifles, however the long arms are rarely issued.

Revolvers are issued to staff escorting prisoners outside the prison, to those stationed in the watchtowers of the maximum security prisons. Other firearms are authorized for use under the observation of senior officers such as when prisoners escape from the prison, riot or when causing damage to the prison.

Rehabilitation Pioneer Project[edit]

Rehabilitation Pioneer Project

Background

Aiming at a more focused development, the Correctional Services Department (CSD) has, from September 2008 onwards, adopted a coordinated approach to implement the enhanced public education initiatives under a new project entitled "Rehabilitation Pioneer Project" (RPP), covering education talks, the Personal Encounter with Prisoner Scheme (PEPS), the Green Haven Scheme (GHS), visits to the Hong Kong Correctional Services Museum and Student Forum. A Kick-off-Ceremony of the RPP cum Student Forum was held on May 22, 2008.

Objective

The primary objective of RPP is to advocate a law-abiding and drug-free life amongst young people as well as enlisting their support for offender rehabilitation through organizing various public education activities.

Operations

1. Education talks

CSD has arranged its part-time staff to deliver education talks in schools / youth organizations. The purpose of these education talks are to provide students / youth with basic information on the criminal justice system in Hong Kong and the CSD's custodial and rehabilitative services, and to help simulate them to think about the consequences of committing crime and abusing drugs.

2. Personal Encounter with Prisoners Scheme (PEPS)

To generate attitude and behavioral changes among youths through their visits to correctional institutions and face-to-face discussions with reformed offenders. Currently, CSD has designated eleven correctional institutions for such visits, namely Cape Collinson Correctional Institution, Sha Tsui Correctional Institution, Tai Tam Gap Correctional Institution, Lai King Correctional Institution, Tong Fuk Correctional Institution, Pak Sha Wan Correctional Institution, Pik Uk Prison, Tai Lam Correctional Institution, Tung Tau Correctional Institution, Lai Chi Rehabilitation Centre and Lo Wu Correctional Institution.

3. Green Haven Scheme (GHS)

The scheme is to promote the anti-drug message and environmental protection messages among young people through visits to a Drug Addiction Treatment Centre on Hei Ling Chau. Participants will meet with young inmates there so as to facilitate individuals to gain insight into the detrimental effects of drug abuse. To publicize the anti-drug messages, in particular the serious consequences of psychotropic drug abuse, participants will also visit the GHS Resource Centre on Hei Ling Chau where drug replicas and ingestion tools for different drugs are exhibited.

4. Visits to Hong Kong Correctional Services (HKCS) Museum

Guided tours are provided to enable participants to have a better understanding of the development of CSD, particularly on rehabilitative services and the various publicity initiatives to enlist public support for offender rehabilitation. To highlight the rehabilitative work of CSD, information on rehabilitative services has been displayed at the Community Education Centre at the Annex of the Museum.

5. Visits by Education Professionals

CSD also proactively promotes RPP to schools where educational professionals will be invited to visit correctional institutions and to attend sharing session with reformed offenders with a view to enhancing their understanding on the programs of RPP and encouraging them to arrange students to participate in RPP in future.

6. Student Forum

To provide opportunities for secondary school students to interact with rehabilitated persons and discuss with them the detrimental consequences of committing crimes and drug abuses, CSD organizes large-scale Student Forum regularly. The forum is designed to provide further support or services to reinforce the participants’ determination to resist temptations against committing crimes or drug abuses.

By adopting a more interactive way of presentation, the forum featured a drama about the problem faced by a rehabilitated person when he reintegrates into the society as well as the temptation of drugs to misguided youths. Students will be invited to participate in a role play as different cast in the drama to examine the struggle in their mind, the forum enables the students understand the dire consequences of taking drugs and committing crimes so that they can make the right decisions in life and understand the importance and meaning of rehabilitation. It also encourages them to support and accept rehabilitated offenders to re-integrate into the community.

7. RPP Extended Training Camps

Since July 2012, CSD launched the RPP Extended Training Camp to strengthen youth training in the area of leadership, discipline and team building. The 3-days’ training camp takes places at the Correctional Services Staff Training Institute and Hei Ling Chau. The purposes of the camp are three folds:

  • to help participants build up self-confidence, develop positive self-image and enhance their ability to overcome adversity;
  • to encourage participants to play a more active role in community activities in future; and
  • to enhance young participants’ understanding of CSD’s work and services.

8. RPP Creation and Rehabilitation

To acquire more community support, CSD has arranged students and teachers to participate in an innovative activity held in the Stanley Prison, namely “Creation and Rehabilitation (CAR) - a Music and Drama Performance” since April 2013.

Through the drama and music performance by a group of Category A prisoners in Stanley Prison, students are inspired of the diverse rehabilitative services of CSD and the effectiveness of the services. It also provides students with a chance to understand persons in custody from another perspective so that they would be aware of the importance of offender rehabilitation and social inclusion and in turn render support for offender rehabilitation.

CSD in popular media[edit]

  • TVB drama series Tomorrow Is Another Day was filmed with the full co-operation of the CSD who allowed the film crew to film and access to Stanley and other prisons.

References[edit]

Flag of the Correctional Service Department before 1 July 1997.

External links[edit]

Media related to Hong Kong Correctional Services at Wikimedia Commons