Hong Kong Film Award
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|Hong Kong Film Award|
|Current: 39th Hong Kong Film Awards|
|Awarded for||Achievements in filmmaking|
|Presented by||Hong Kong Film Awards Association Ltd|
|Reward(s)||Hong Kong Film Award statuette|
|First awarded||9 March 1982|
The Hong Kong Film Awards (HKFA; Chinese: 香港電影金像獎), founded in 1982, is an annual film awards ceremony in Hong Kong. The ceremonies are typically in April. The awards recognise achievement in various aspects of filmmaking, such as directing, screenwriting, acting and cinematography. The awards are the Hong Kong equivalent to the American Academy Awards.
The HKFA, incorporated into Hong Kong Film Awards Association Ltd. since December 1993, are currently managed by a board of directors, which consists of representatives from thirteen professional film bodies in Hong Kong. Voting on eligible films for the HKFA is conducted January through March every year and is open to all registered voters, which include local film workers as well as critics, and a selected group of adjudicators.
The Hong Kong Film Awards are open to all Hong Kong films which are longer than an hour and commercially released in Hong Kong within the previous calendar year. A film qualifies as a Hong Kong film if it satisfies two of the three criteria, namely: the film director is a Hong Kong resident, at least one film company is registered in Hong Kong, and at least six persons of the production crew are Hong Kong residents. Since 2002, the HKFA also feature a Best Asian Film category, which accepts non-Hong Kong films which are commercially released in Hong Kong.
In January each year, a first round of election, open to all registered voters and a selected group of 100 professional adjudicators, is held to determine the five nominees for each award category. In the rare case where there is a tie between two nominees within the top five slots, six nominees will be allowed. Nominations are usually announced in February, after which a second round of election is held to determine the winner. Voting in the second round is open to a group of 50 professional adjudicators, Executive Committee members of the HKFA, as well as members of the thirteen professional film bodies. Each voting group holds a percentage of the ultimate score for each nominee, and each film body holds a higher share in the categories associated with it.
Board of directors
The Board of Directors consists of representatives from thirteen professional film bodies in Hong Kong, listed below.
- City Entertainment
- Hong Kong Kowloon and New Territories Motion Picture Industry Association
- Hong Kong Film Directors' Guild
- Hong Kong Theatres Association
- Hong Kong Society of Cinematographers
- Hong Kong Movie Production Executives Association
- Hong Kong Cinematography Lighting Association
- Hong Kong Stuntman Association
- Hong Kong Screen Writer's Guild
- Hong Kong Performing Artistes Guild
- Hong Kong Film Arts Association
- Hong Kong Society of Film Editors
- Hong Kong Chamber of Films
The Hong Kong Film Awards currently feature 19 regular categories, listed below.
- Best Film
- Best Director
- Best Screenplay
- Best Actor
- Best Actress
- Best Supporting Actor
- Best Supporting Actress
- Best New Performer
- Best New Director
- Best Cinematography
- Best Film Editing
- Best Art Direction
- Best Costume Make Up Design
- Best Action Choreography
- Best Original Film Score
- Best Sound Design
- Best Original Film Song
- Best Visual Effects
- Best Film from Mainland and Taiwan
- Most wins for a film: The Grandmaster — won 12 awards in 2014, including Best Film, Best Director, Best Screenplay, Best Actress, Best Supporting Actor, Best Cinematography, Best Film Editing, Best Art Direction, Best Costume & Make Up Design, Best Action Choreography, Best Sound Design and Best Original Film Score.
- Most wins for Best Director: Ann Hui — awarded 6 times in 1983, 1996, 2009, 2012 and 2015, 2018.
- Most wins for Best Actor: Tony Leung Chiu Wai — awarded 5 times in 1995, 1998, 2001, 2003 and 2005.
- Most wins for Best Actress: Maggie Cheung — awarded 5 times in 1990, 1993, 1997, 1998 and 2001.
- Most wins for Best Supporting Actor: Tony Leung Chiu Wai, Paul Chun, Anthony Wong Chau Sang, Liu Kai-Chi, and Eric Tsang with 2 times each.
- Most nominations for a film: Bodyguards and Assassins - received 18 nominations in 2010 and won 8 including Best Film.
- Most nominations for Best Director: Johnnie To — nominated 16 times between his first nomination in 1990 and his latest in 2012.
- Most nominations for Best Actor: Chow Yun-fat — nominated 14 times between his first nomination in 1985 and his latest in 2019.
- Most nominations for Best Actress: Maggie Cheung — nominated 9 times between her first nomination in 1989 and her latest in 2003.
- Most nominations without win: Jackie Chan — nominated for Best Actor 10 times between 1985 and 2005, and not a single win.
- Most consecutive wins in the same category: Arthur Wong, awarded Best Cinematography in 1998, 1999 and 2000.
- First winner: Kara Hui — awarded Best Actress in the 1st Hong Kong Film Awards, making her the first recipient of the Hong Kong Film Awards.
- First winner: Anita Mui — awarded Best Supporting Actress in 1985, for her role in film Behind the Yellow Line
- First non-Hong Kong resident winner: Song Hongrong — born in Mainland China, awarded Best Art Direction in 1984.
- First non-Hong Kong resident winner for Best Actor: Jet Li — born in Mainland China, awarded Best Actor in 2008 for his role in film The Warlords.
- First non-Hong Kong resident winner for Best Actress: Siqin Gaowa — born in Mainland China, awarded Best Actress in 1985 for her role in film Homecoming.
- The films winning all 5 major awards (film, director, screenplay, actor, actress): Summer Snow by Ann Hui in 1996, and is succeeded by A Simple Life — also directed by Ann Hui in 2012.
Best 100 Chinese Motion Pictures
To celebrate a century of Chinese cinema, the Hong Kong Film Awards unveiled a list of Best 100 Chinese Motion Pictures (which in fact includes 103 films) during the 24th Hong Kong Film Awards ceremony on 27 March 2005. The list, selected by a panel of 101 filmmakers, critics and scholars, includes 24 films from Mainland China (11 from pre-1949 and 13 from post-1949), 61 from Hong Kong, 16 from Taiwan, and 2 co-productions.
- "Mainland blocks Hong Kong Film Awards as Trivisa wins top prize". Scmp.com. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
- "4th Hong Kong Film Awards" (in Chinese). Official website of Hong Kong Film Awards.
- "Hong Kong Film Awards to celebrate Chinese cinema". China Daily. 12 December 2004. Retrieved 22 April 2007.
- "The Best 100 Chinese Motion Pictures" (in Chinese). Hong Kong Film Award. Retrieved 2 October 2013.
- "The 26th Hong Kong Film Awards - Rules of Election". Retrieved on 2007-04-21.
- 香港电影金像奖，不少经典片段 - The Hong Kong Film Awards: Many classic moments, a news article about The 30th Hong Kong Film Awards, Thinking Chinese.
- Hong Kong Film Awards Official Site