The Hongkong Hotel on the Central Praya (c.1900); Jardine Matheson opposite (right)
|Owner||The Hongkong Hotel Company|
The Hongkong Hotel was Hong Kong's first luxury hotel modelled after sumptuous London hotels. It opened on Queen's Road and Pedder Street in 1868, later expanding into the Victoria Harbour waterfront of Victoria City in 1893.
The original hotel stood roughly on the site of the present Central Building at Queen's Road Central and Pedder Street. It was owned by The Hongkong Hotel Company, which later became The Hongkong and Shanghai Hotels, Limited, current owner of The Peninsula Hotels chain.
In the late 1880s the six-storey north wing extension was built on the waterfront, with entrances on Pedder Street, Queen's Road and Praya Central (now Des Voeux Road Central). Competing in all respects with the Peak Hotel, owned by The Star Ferry Company, the management provided a special launch to meet arriving passengers on incoming P&O mail steamers and ferry them direct to the hotel's pier.
After the north wing burned down in 1929, the original part of the hotel, especially the large Gripps Restaurant, continued to be popular with the public, but the hotel eventually closed in 1952. The hotel building was bought by the owner of the 1949 Hong Kong Derby Champion and lead investor of a company which was later renamed Central Development Limited. Extensive renovation was done, but the part which once housed the popular Gripps Restaurant was torn down. In 1958, Central Building opened as a modern retail and office building, as it has remained at the present day.
The north wing
The six-storey north wing of the hotel facing the waterfront opened in 1893. It replaced the Melcher's Building, which itself was formerly owned by Dent & Co., where the west wing of its "princely hong" headquarters was located.
The north wing of the hotel burned down on New Year's Day, 1926 and in 1928 the site was acquired by Hong Kong Land and Gloucester Tower constructed in 1932. It was redeveloped into The Landmark in 1979.
- John Thomson (1837-1921), Illustrations of China and Its People, (London,1873-1874) "The Clock Tower, Hong Kong"
- "Hongkong and Shanghai Hotels, History". Retrieved 2 December 2014.
- "Hongkong and Shanghai Hotels, Corporate profile". Retrieved 2 December 2014.
- Who's who in the Far East, 1906-7. Hong Kong: The China Mail. June 1906. p. xliii. LCCN 07015908. OL 7056041M.
- "Hongkong Hotel - Queen's Road at Pedder Street". Retrieved 2 December 2014.
- Feature: Buildings for Pedder Street since colonialisation，Sing Pao，29 October 2005 (Chinese)
- Moss, Peter (2002). Hong Kong - Another City Another Age. Hong Kong: FormAsia Books Limited. p. 63. ISBN 962-7283-46-0.
- Trevor Bedford, Hong Kong Land, reported in "Meeting heritage challenge", South China Morning Post, 30 Nov 1978
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