Hong Kong Island (constituency)

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Hong Kong Island
Geographical constituency
for the Legislative Council of Hong Kong
Outline map
Boundary of Hong Kong Island in Hong Kong
Region Hong Kong Island
Electorate 606,678[1]
Current constituency
Created 1998
Member(s) Cyd Ho (Lab/Civic Act-up)
Jasper Tsang (DAB)
Regina Ip (NPP)
Kenneth Chan (Civic)
Sin Chung-kai (Democratic)
Christopher Chung (DAB)
Wong Kwok-hing (FTU)
Number of members Seven
Created from Hong Kong Island Central,
Hong Kong Island West,
Hong Kong Island South,
Hong Kong Island East

Hong Kong Island is a constituency in the elections for the Legislative Council of Hong Kong.

Overview[edit]

The constituency covers all the four districts on the Hong Kong Island, namely, Central and Western, Eastern, Southern and Wan Chai.

Demographics[edit]

Background[edit]

The constituency was formed since the 1998 legislative election, replacing a number of single-member constituencies in 1995. These were Island West and Island East in the 1991 election with dual-seat constituency dual vote system and Island East, Island West, Island Central, and Island South in the 1995 election. From 1985 to 1991, the seats were elected by the electoral colleges composed of the members of the district boards and Urban Council.

LegCo members for former Hong Kong Island constituencies, 1985 – 1997
Election 1985 – 1998 1988 – 1991 Election 1991 – 1995 Election 1995 – 1997
West Island Liu Lit-for So Chau Yim-ping
Civic Association
Island West Yeung Sum
United Democrat (1991–94)
Democratic (1994–95)
Island South Yeung Sum
Democratic
Huang Chen-ya
United Democrat (1991–94)
Democratic (1994–95)
Island West Huang Chen-ya
Democratic
East Island Desmond Lee
PHKS
Civic Association
Chan Ying-lun
PHKS
DF (1989—91)
Island East Martin Lee
United Democrat (1991–94)
Democratic (1994–95)
Island East Martin Lee
Democratic
Man Sai-cheong
United Democrat (1991–94)
Democratic (1994–95)
Island Central Christine Loh
Independent (1995–97)
Citizens (1997)

Return Members[edit]

Below are all the members since the creation of the Hong Kong Island constituency. The number of seats allocated to Hong Kong Island has been increased from 4 to 7 between 1998 and 2012 due to the enlargement.

LegCo members for Hong Kong Island, 1998 onwards
Election 1998 (1st LegCo) 2000 (2nd LegCo) 2004 (3rd LegCo) 2008 (4th LegCo) 2012 (5th LegCo)
Councilor
Party
Martin Lee
Democratic
Tanya Chan
Civic
Kenneth Chan
Civic
Councilor
Party
Gary Cheng[2]
DAB
Audrey Eu[2]
Independent (2000–06)
Civic (2006–)
Christopher Chung
DAB
Councilor
Party
Yeung Sum
Democratic
Kam Nai-wai
Democratic
Sin Chung-kai
Democratic
Councilor
Party
Christine Loh
Citizens
Cyd Ho
Frontier
Ma Lik[3]
DAB
Anson Chan[3] Regina Ip
Independent (2008–11)
NPP (2011–)
Councilor
Party
New Seat Choy So-yuk
DAB
Jasper Tsang
DAB
Councilor
Party
New Seat Rita Fan Cyd Ho
Civic Act-up (2008–)
Labour (2012–)
Councilor
Party
New Seat Wong Kwok-hing
FTU

Summary of seats won[edit]

1998 2000 2004 2008 2012
Democratic 2 2 2 1 1
DAB 1 2 2 1 2
Citizens 1
Frontier 1
Civic 2 1
Civic Act-up 1
Labour 1
NPP 1
FTU 1
Independent 2 1
Seats 4 5 6 6 7

Vote share summary[edit]

1998 2000 2004 2008 2012
Democratic 46.8 35.3 37.2 12.7 12.3
DAB 29.3 27.8 21.1 19.3 21.3
Citizens 12.8
Frontier 10.0
Civic 26.4 21.3
Civic Act-up 9.9
LSD 3.3 1.0
Liberal 0.7 5.4
Labour 9.5
NPP 9.2
FTU 8.3
People Power 5.6
Independent 11.15 26.9 41.7 27.9 6.2

History[edit]

The constituency was set up in 1998 election when the largest remainder method (with Hare quota) of the proportional representative electoral system was introduced, replacing four single-member constituencies of the 1995 election. 4, 5, 6, and 7 members were returned from this constituency in the 1998, 2000, 2004 and 2012 elections respectively. No change of boundary had been made throughout since 1998.

2010s[edit]

Legislative Election 2012: Hong Kong Island
List Candidates Votes % ±%
Civic Chan Ka-lok
Tanya Chan
70,475 21.31
(14.29+7.02)
−5.09
Democratic Sin Chung-kai
Yeung Sum, Chai Man-hon, Cheng Lai-king, Leung Suk-ching, Hui Chi-fung
40,558 12.26 −0.44
DAB Jasper Tsang Yok-sing 36,517 11.04 −8.26
DAB Christopher Chung Shu-kun
Eddie Ting Kong-ho, Jennifer Chow Kit-bing, Kung Pak-cheung, Ngan Chun-lim, Kenny Lee Kwun-yee, Cheng Chi-sing
33,901 10.25 N/A
Labour Cyd Ho Sau-lan
Cheng Sze-lut, Chung Chung-fai
31,523 9.53 −0.37
NPP Regina Ip Lau Suk-yee
Wong Chor-fung, Tse Tsz-kei
30,289 9.16 −10.34
FTU Wong Kwok-hing
Pan Pey-chyou, Chu Ting-lok, Stanley Ho Ngai-kam, Chan Chi-hang
27,336 8.26 N/A
People Power Christopher Lau Gar-hung, Shiu Yeuk-yuen, Jeff Au Yeung Ying-kit 18,667 5.64 N/A
Liberal Miriam Lau Kin-yee, Shiu Ka-fai, Lee Chun-keung 17,686 5.35 +4.65
Independent Lo Wing-lok 16,900 5.11 −1.39
LSD Avery Ng Man-yuen 3,169 0.96 −2.34
Nonpartisan Hui Ching-on 2,980 0.90 N/A
Independent Ng Wing-chun 422 0.13 N/A
Nonpartisan Ho Kar-tai 343 0.10 N/A
Turnout 330,766 54.69 +4.52
Hong Kong Island by-election 2010: Hong Kong Island[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Civic Tanya Chan 103,564 92.7
Nonpartisan Tai Cheuk-yin 3,144 2.8
Tertiary 2012 Leung Wing-ho 2,715 2.4
Nonpartisan Lee Chun-hung 1,542 1.4
Nonpartisan Wong Hing 799 0.7
Turnout 115,173 18.49
Civic hold Swing

2000s[edit]

Legislative Election 2008: Hong Kong Island[5]
List Candidates Votes % ±%
Civic Tanya Chan, Audrey Eu Yuet-mee
Amy Yung Wing-sheung
82,600 26.4
(16.67+9.68)
N/A
Independent Regina Ip Lau Suk-yee
Louis Shih Tai-cho, Wong Kin-hing, Ronald Chan Ngok-pang
61,073 19.5
(16.67+2.82)
N/A
DAB Jasper Tsang Yok-sing
Choy So-yuk, Christopher Chung Shu-kun, Cheung Kwok-kwan, Chan Hok-fung, Kwok Wai-keun
60,417 19.3
(16.67+2.61)
−1.8
Democratic Kam Nai-wai
Yeung Sum, Tsui Yuen-wa
39,808 12.7 −24.5
Civic Act-up Cyd Ho Sau-lan 30,887 9.9 N/A
Independent Lo Wing-lok 20,523 6.5 N/A
LSD Tsang Kin-shing 10,202 3.3 +1.8
Independent Democrat Joseph Lai Chi-keong 3,955 1.3 N/A
Liberal Lam Chui-lin, Wong Kam-chuen, Ngan Choi-chik 2,166 0.7 N/A
Nonpartisan Myra Sophia Siu Man-wa 1,798 0.6 N/A
Turnout 313,429 50.17 −7.45
Hong Kong Island by-election 2007[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Nonpartisan (Pro-democracy) Anson Chan Fang 175,874 54.84
Nonpartisan (Pro-Beijing) Regina Ip Lau Suk-yee 137,550 42.89
Nonpartisan Tandon Lai Chiang 3,518 1.10
Nonpartisan Ho Loy 1,593 0.50
Nonpartisan Ling Wai-wan 822 0.19
Nonpartisan Siu See-kong 613 0.19
Nonpartisan Lee Wing-kin 401 0.12
Nonpartisan Lau Yuk-shing 344 0.11
Turnout 321,938 52.06
Nonpartisan gain from DAB Swing

In 2004, the population in this constituency was ?. Out of those who were eligible to register as voters (permanent residents who are over 18 of age), ? registered. ? or ?% of registered voters voted in the election, with 379,913 valid votes.

The Hong Kong legislative election on 12 September 2004 returned six candidates to office based on a party list proportional representation system, with the seats assigned according to the largest remainder method. The pro-Beijing camp returned two candidates, and pro-democracy camps three, with the remainder filled by the independent Rita Fan.

Six lists or tickets took part in the election, with the pro-Beijing DAB filling Ma Lik, Choy So Yuk and four other candidates on one ticket, and the pro-democracy camp filled two tickets, one consisted of Martin Lee, Yeung Sum and Lai Chi Keung of the Democratic Party, and the other consisted of Audrey Eu and Cyd Ho, both ran as independents. Other candidates included Tsang Kin Shing, also belonged to the pro-democracy camp, who ran with two other candidates on his ticket without cooperating with the rest of the camp; and Kelvin Wong, an independent who declared his occupation as insurance agent.

Rita Fan, the President (i.e. Speaker) of the Legislative Council and a Hong Kong deputy to the National People's Congress of the People's Republic of China, joined the election with her own one-candidate ticket. She attracted support mainly from the middle and upper class voters from the sandwich of Hong Kong's pro-Beijing vs. pro-democracy political spectrum, but was also backed strategically by the pro-Beijing camp.

The election returned Lee, Yeung, Ma, Eu, Fan and Choy to the Council.

Legislative Election 2004: Hong Kong Island[7]
List Candidates Votes % ±%
Democratic Yeung Sum, Martin Lee Chu-ming
Joseph Lai Chi-keong
131,788 37.2
(16.67+16.67+3.88)
+1.9
DAB Ma Lik, Choy So-yuk
Christopher Chung Shu-kun, Yeung Wai-foon, Lee Yuen-kwong, Cheung Kwok-kwan
74,659 21.1
(16.67+4.42)
−6.7
Independent (Frontier) Audrey Eu Yuet-mee
Cyd Ho Sau-lan
73,844 20.9
(16.67+4.15)
N/A
Nonpartisan Rita Fan Hsu Lai-tai 65,661 18.5 N/A
Grass-root pro-democrats Tsang Kin-shing, Chung Chung-fai, Tang Chui-chung 5,313 1.5 −2.3
Nonpartisan Kelvin Wong Kam-fai 2,830 0.8 N/A
Turnout 354,095 57.62 +15.59

The two mainstream tickets of the pro-democracy camp intended to translate their support into four seats, with the slogan "1+1=4", provided that their supporters would have cast their votes evenly to the two tickets. Pre-election polls showed, nevertheless, that the Eu-Ho ticket had far more supporters, causing the Democratic Party to request all supporters of the camp to vote instead for their ticket just two weeks before the election.

It turned out that the Democratic Party drew too many votes from the Eu-Ho ticket, causing Cyd Ho defeat by DAB's Choy So Yuk, by a slim margin of 815 votes (or 0.23% of all valid votes). Should the Democratic Party drew around 1900 more votes from the Eu-Ho ticket, the third-rank candidate on their list would have defeated Choy.

When the results were announced in the morning of the following day, Martin Lee said before cameras "I'd rather lose with dignity than win like this",[8] on the "unexpected" defeat of Cyd Ho.

Hong Kong Island by-election 2000[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent (Pro-democracy) Audrey Eu Yuet-mee 108,401 52.11
DAB Christopher Chung Shu-kun 78,282 37.63
Nonpartisan Jennifer Chow Kit-bing 13,717 6.59
Nonpartisan Paul Tse Wai-chun 5,076 2.44
Nonpartisan Simon Lo Ching-cheung 1,317 0.63
Independent Shi Kai-biu 1,231 0.59
Turnout 208,024 33.27
Independent gain from DAB Swing
Legislative Election 2000: Hong Kong Island[10]
List Candidates Votes % ±%
Democratic Martin Lee Chu-ming, Yeung Sum
Kam Nai-wai, Joseph Lai Chi-keong, Cheng Lai-king
131,788 35.3
(20+15.31)
−11.46
DAB Gary Cheng, Choy So-yuk
Suen Kai-cheong, Christopher Chung Shu-kun, Yeung Wai-foon
72,617 27.8
(20+7.85)
−1.52
Frontier Cyd Ho Sau-lan 25,988 10.0 N/A
Nonpartisan Fung Leung-lo 15,419 5.9 N/A
Nonpartisan Jennufer Chow Kit-bing 14,534 5.6 +2.04
New Forum David Lan Hong-tsung, Fung Ho-keung, Chan Choi-hi, Regina Yeung Sum-yu 14,329 5.5 N/A
Independent Democrats Tsang Kin-shing, Manuel Chan Tim-shing, Steve Chan Kwok-leung 9,896 3.8 N/A
Nonpartisan Angel Leung On-kay 6,967 2.7 N/A
Nonpartisan Paul Tse Wai-chun 6,398 2.5 N/A
Nonpartisan Allen Yung Chan-lung 1,434 0.5 N/A
Nonpartisan Andrew Shuen Pak-man 1,132 0.4 N/A
Turnout 260,788 42.03 −9.93

1990s[edit]

Legislative Election 1998: Hong Kong Island[11]
List Candidates Votes % ±%
Democratic Martin Lee Chu-ming, Yeung Sum
Yuen Bun-keung, Chan Kwok-leung
143,843 46.76
(25+21.76)
DAB Gary Cheng
Ip Kwok-him, Suen Kai-cheong, Christopher Chung Shu-kun
90,182 29.32
(25+4.32)
Citizens Christine Loh Kung-wai 39,251 12.76
Independent Chong Chan-yau 12,377 4.02
Nonpartisan Jennifer Chow Kit-bing 10,950 3.56
Liberal Ada Wong Ying-kay, Alice Tso Shing-yuk, Alice Lam Chui-lin 7,845 2.43
Nonpartisan Louis Leong Wing-on 2,588 0.84
Independent Li Hung 935 0.3
Turnout 307,611 51.96

1995 Constituencies[edit]

Hong Kong Island Central[edit]

Legislative Election 1995: Hong Kong Island Central[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent Christine Loh Kung-wai 27,199 65.33
Independent Peggy Lam Pei 14,437 34.67
Majority 12,762 30.66
Independent win (new seat)

Hong Kong Island East[edit]

Legislative Election 1995: Hong Kong Island East[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Martin Lee Chu-ming 37,459 72.28
Progressive Alliance Choy So-yuk 14,119 27.37
Majority 23,340 44.91
Democratic win (new seat)

Hong Kong Island South[edit]

Legislative Election 1995: Hong Kong Island South[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Yeung Sum 32,875 52.36
DAB Cheng Kai-nam 29,910 47.64
Majority 2,965 4.72
Democratic win (new seat)

Hong Kong Island West[edit]

Legislative Election 1995: Hong Kong Island West[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Huang Chen-ya 31,156 66.32
Progressive Alliance Lam Kin-lai 11,845 25.21
ACE Guy Lam Kwok-hung 3,979 8.47
Majority 16,732 41.11
Democratic win (new seat)

1991 Constituencies[edit]

Dual-seat constituency dual vote system was used with two seats to be filled in each constituency.

Hong Kong Island East[edit]

Legislative Election 1991: Hong Kong Island East
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
United Democrats Martin Lee Chu-ming 76,831 40.2
United Democrats Man Sai-cheong 43,615 22.8
Citizen Forum Cheng Kai-nam 29,902 15.6
Democratic Foundation Chan Ying-lun 19,806 10.4
Independent Diana Leung Wai-tung 15,230 8.0
Independent Jennifer Chow Kit-bing 5,805 3.0
Turnout 103,028 39.4
United Democrats win (new seat)
United Democrats win (new seat)

Hong Kong Island West[edit]

Legislative Election 1991: Hong Kong Island West
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
United Democrats Yeung Sum 45,108 37.8
United Democrats Huang Chen-ya 31,052 24.0
Independent David Chan Yuk-cheung 29,413 22.7
LDF Alexander Cheung Yau-hung 12,145 9.4
NHKA Ronnie Wong Man-chiu 6,113 4.7
NHKA Winnie Cheung Wai-sun 5,821 4.5
Turnout 68,979 40.3
United Democrats win (new seat)
United Democrats win (new seat)

1985–88[edit]

East Island[edit]

Legislative Election 1988: East Island
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
PHKS Chan Ying-lun 21 51.22
ADPL (Civic Association) Desmond Lee Yu-tai 20 48.78 -11.22
Nonpartisan gain from Civic Association Swing
Legislative Election 1985: East Island
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
PHKS (Civic Association) Desmond Lee Yu-tai 24 60
Reform Club Kwan Lim-ho 16 40
Nonpartisan Albert Cheung Chi-piu 0 0
Nonpartisan Lee Kam-kee 0 0
Nonpartisan Peggy Lam Pei 0 0
Nonpartisan Tam Ting-bong 0 0
PHKS win (new seat)

West Island[edit]

Legislative Election 1988: West Island
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Civic Association So Chau Yim-ping 18 40.00
PHKS Liu Lit-for 16 35.56 -12.92
Civic Association Joseph Chan Yuek-Sut 11 24.44
Civic Association gain from PHKS Swing
Legislative Election 1985: West Island
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Nonpartisan Liu Lit-for 16 48.48
HKAS Anthony Ng Sung-man 9 27.27
Nonpartisan Keith Lam Hon-keung 8 24.24
Nonpartisan win (new seat)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Voter Registration Statistics". Hong Kong Government. 24 October 2012. Retrieved 24 March 2013. 
  2. ^ a b Gary Cheng was in suspect for corruption and gave up his membership. Audrey Eu was elected and took over the seat in the 10 December 2000 by-election.
  3. ^ a b Ma Lik deceased on 8 August 2007 and an by-election was held. Anson Chan was elected and took over the seat.
  4. ^ http://www.elections.gov.hk/legco2010by/eng/results_LC1.html
  5. ^ "2008 Legislative Election". Electoral Affairs Commission. 2008-09-08. Retrieved 2012-03-09. 
  6. ^ http://www.elections.gov.hk/legco2007by/eng/result.html
  7. ^ "2004 Legislative Election". Electoral Affairs Commission. 2004-12-15. Retrieved 2012-03-09. 
  8. ^ South China Morning Post, 14 September 2004
  9. ^ http://www.elections.gov.hk/elections/legco2000by/result/index_e.htm
  10. ^ http://www.elections.gov.hk/elections/legco2000/update/result/index_e.htm
  11. ^ http://www.info.gov.hk/gia/general/199805/25/0525201.htm
  12. ^ a b c d http://ebook.lib.hku.hk/HKG/B35838851.pdf

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 22°24′N 114°10′E / 22.400°N 114.167°E / 22.400; 114.167