Hong Kong station

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Hong Kong

香港
MTR
MTR rapid transit station
Concourse of Hong Kong station 2019-02-01 (2).jpg
Station concourse in February 2019
Chinese name
Chinese香港
Cantonese YaleHēunggóng
Literal meaningFragrant harbour
General information
LocationHarbour View Street
Central, Hong Kong
Coordinates22°17′06″N 114°09′29″E / 22.285°N 114.158°E / 22.285; 114.158Coordinates: 22°17′06″N 114°09′29″E / 22.285°N 114.158°E / 22.285; 114.158
Operated byMTR Corporation
Line(s)
Platforms
Tracks4
Connections
Construction
Structure typeUnderground
Platform levels2
Disabled accessYes
Other information
Station codeHOK
History
Opened
Electrified1.5 kV DC (Overhead line)
Services
Preceding station MTR MTR Following station
Terminus Airport Express Kowloon
Tung Chung line Kowloon
towards Tung Chung
Tsuen Wan line
transfer at Central
Admiralty
towards Tsuen Wan
Sheung Wan
towards Kennedy Town
Island line
transfer at Central
Admiralty
towards Chai Wan
Proposed
Tamar
Terminus
Tung Chung line
Kowloon
towards Tung Chung
Route map
1
3
L2
2
4
L4
Location
Hong Kong MTR system map
Hong Kong MTR system map
Hong Kong
Location within the MTR system

Hong Kong (Chinese: 香港; Cantonese Yale: Hēunggóng) is a station of the MTR metro system in Hong Kong. It is the eastern terminus of the Tung Chung line and Airport Express. It is situated between Man Cheung Street and Harbour View Street, Central, Hong Kong Island, and sits underneath the International Finance Centre (IFC). It opened on 22 June 1998.

The station is connected to Central station by a pedestrian subway. The walk between the two stations typically takes three to six minutes. The tunnels, which cross under Connaught Road Central, are equipped with moving walkways. Hong Kong station provides an in-town check-in service for flights departing Hong Kong International Airport and free shuttle bus services to most major hotels in the Central and Wan Chai areas.

History[edit]

Platform 1 (Airport Express) in July 2017
Platform 4 (Tung Chung line) in May 2017

Built as part of the Airport Railway project of the Airport Core Programme, Hong Kong station sits on land reclaimed from Victoria Harbour in the early 1990s. The construction contract (numbered 501) was awarded to Japanese contractor Aoki Corporation and began on 12 June 1995.[1][2]

The station was designed by the Hong Kong office of Arup Associates in collaboration with Rocco Design Architects and Ove Arup and Partners.[3][4][5] The engineering company Meinhardt Group designed the building services while Davis Langdon and Seah were cost consultants.[3]

Hong Kong chief executive Tung Chee-hwa formally opened the Airport Railway by unveiling a plaque in the Hong Kong station concourse on 21 June 1998. The station opened for passenger service with the Tung Chung line on 22 June 1998.[6] Airport Express service began on 6 July 1998, the same day the new Chek Lap Kok Airport opened.

Overrun tunnel[edit]

The Airport Railway Extended Overrun Tunnel, envisaged to be 500 metres upon completion, would extend the Tung Chung line and Airport Express tracks to the east of Hong Kong station. Such a tunnel would allow trains to change tracks at a crossover east of the station, rather than using the current crossover west of the station, thereby speeding up train turnaround times and increasing the overall capacity of the rail lines by allowing more trains to be run.

In 2011, under the Central Reclamation Phase III project, a 40-metre section of the tunnel was built. The remaining 460-metre section of the tunnel, along with a new ventilation building near Tamar Park, was proposed in 2020. At that time, it was anticipated that the tunnel would be commissioned in 2032.[7]

Station layout[edit]

P1 Overlying properties Exits
IFC Mall, One ifc, Two ifc
Footbridge to Central
Mid-levels escalator system, Star Ferry Pier
G Airport Express Check-in Exits, Customer Service, MTRShops, Washrooms
Vending machines, Automatic teller machines
Luggage check-in
Carpark, Drop-off area
L1
Shops
Shops Shops, vending machine
Subway to carpark, escalators to Tung Chung line concourse
L2
Platforms
Side platform, not in service
Platform 2 No service, reserved platform
Platform 1      Airport Express towards Airport and AsiaWorld–Expo (Kowloon)
Side platform, doors will open on the right
Airport Express
Concourse
Exits, Customer Service, MTRShops, Washrooms
Hang Seng Bank, vending machines, ATMs
Taxi Stand, Airport Express shuttle buses
Douglas Street
Concourse
Exit C, Customer Service
L3 Tung Chung line
Concourse
Customer Service, MTRShops
Vending machines, ATMs
Octopus card promotion machine
Interchange
passageway
Interchange passageway to Douglas Street Concourse and Central Station
L4
Platforms
Platform 4      Tung Chung line towards Tung Chung (Kowloon)
Island platform, doors will open on the left or right
Platform 3   Tung Chung line towards Tung Chung (Kowloon)

Although two Airport Express platforms have been constructed, only Platform 1 is in use. For the convenience of passengers, a taxi rank and a hotel shuttle service are provided on the same level once the passenger has exited through the gates.[8]

The Tung Chung line and Airport Express are located considerably far away from each other. The Tung Chung line concourse is located one level below the Airport Express platform. There, passengers have to take an escalator or elevator down one additional level to access the Tung Chung line trains.[8] In addition, passengers transferring from the Tung Chung line (or other MTR lines at Central) to Airport Express line or vice versa need to exit the paid area and reenter through the designated Airport Express fare gates or vice versa. If necessary, passengers seeking to transfer between Airport Express and the other lines serving Hong Kong and Central stations must purchase another ticket or top up their Octopus card to cover the cost of the next leg.

In July 2007, MTR installed two "Self-service Point" machines, for the first time in Hong Kong, at the Tung Chung line platform. These unmanned machines help resolve passengers' issues such as having lost the ticket or being unable to use the Octopus card to exit. They also have a visual conference system so that the staff can assist passengers remotely.[9]

Entrances and exits[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "List of Current Contracts as at 31/12/96". Hong Kong Airport Core Programme. Hong Kong Government. Retrieved 13 April 2018.
  2. ^ Wallis, Keith (13 June 1995). "Fined builder in $4b contract". South China Morning Post. p. 3.
  3. ^ a b Pearce, Greg; Mercer, Stuart; Powell, Graham; Tan, Rodney (20 March 2000). Arup: Hong Kong Station. Edition Axel Menges. ISBN 3930698390.
  4. ^ "Hong Kong Station". Arup Associates. Retrieved 16 April 2018.
  5. ^ "IFC and Hong Kong Station". Rocco Design Architects Limited. Retrieved 16 April 2018.
  6. ^ Ng, Kang-chung (23 June 1998). "New line hiccups its way into service". South China Morning Post. p. 6.
  7. ^ "Tung Chung Line Extension" (PDF). Legislative Council Panel on Transport. April 2020.
  8. ^ a b "Hong Kong Station layout" (PDF). MTR Corporation. Retrieved 26 April 2015.
  9. ^ "MTR News release: Self-service Point to assist passengers; number 041/07" (PDF) (in Chinese). MTR. 19 July 2007. Retrieved 30 July 2007.
  10. ^ a b c d e f "Hong Kong Station street map" (PDF). MTR Corporation. Retrieved 26 April 2015.