Hong Kong local elections, 2003

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Hong Kong local elections, 2003
Hong Kong
← 1999 23 November 2003 2007 →

All Elected Constituencies
400 (of the 529) seats in all 18 Districts Councils
Turnout 44.10% Increase8.28pp
  First party Second party Third party
  Yeung Sum in 2015.jpg Tsang Yok-sing.jpg Frederick Fung at Alliance for True Democracy.jpg
Leader Yeung Sum Tsang Yok-sing Frederick Fung
Party Democratic DAB ADPL
Alliance Pro-democracy Pro-Beijing Pro-democracy
Last election 87 seats, 24.85% 81 seats, 23.53% 19 seats, 4.70%
Seats won 95 62 25
Seat change Increase20 Decrease30 Increase5
Popular vote 223,675 241,202 53,264
Percentage 21.27% 22.94% 5.07%
Swing Decrease3.57pp Decrease0.59pp Increase0.36pp

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Lau Kong-wah 2014.jpg James Tien cut.jpg
Leader Lau Kong-wah James Tien Ambrose Lau
Party Civil Force Liberal Progressive Alliance
Alliance Pro-Beijing Pro-Beijing Pro-Beijing
Last election 11 seats, 2.42% 15 seats, 3.42% 16 seats, 2.65%
Seats won 17 14 13
Seat change Increase6 Decrease3 Decrease2
Popular vote 25,720 29,108 29,091
Percentage 2.45% 2.77% 2.77%
Swing Increase0.02pp Decrease0.65pp Decrease0.12pp

2003DCelectionmap.svg
Map of the winning party by constituency

The 2003 Hong Kong District Council elections were held on 23 November 2003 for all 18 districts of Hong Kong, 400 members from directly elected constituencies out of total 529 council members. It was the second District Council election after the handover of Hong Kong in 1997.

The election was historically significant as it was the first election came after the controversies over the legislation of the Hong Kong Basic Law Article 23 and the large-scale July 1 protests in mid-2003 against the unpopular Tung Chee-hwa administration. The election saw the devastating defeat of the pro-government pro-Beijing camp.

The pro-Beijing flagship party Democratic Alliance for the Betterment of Hong Kong (DAB) received the largest defeat in the elections, only 62 of the 206 of its candidates were elected. The party's heavyweights, Yeung Yiu-chung, Lau Kong-wah and Ip Kwok-him all lost their seats to the pro-democracy challengers, with Ip lost his longtime base of Kwun Lung to Cyd Ho of The Frontier. Choy So-yuk also faced challenge from Leung Kwok-hung of April Fifth Action, only retained her seat with narrow margin. DAB chairman Tsang Yok-sing resigned for the party's defeat after the election, and subsequently replaced by Ma Lik. The pro-democracy camp received overall success, with Democratic Party won the most number of 95 seats.

After the election, Chief Executive Tung Chee-hwa appointed 102 pro-government members to the District Councils to dilute the influence of the pro-democrats and retained control of some of the councils.

Overview[edit]

Before the elections were held, media had speculated the effect of the controversy over the legislation of the Hong Kong Basic Law Article 23 to the pro-Beijing camp. With the surge of popularity after the 2003 July 1 protests, the pro-democrats managed to present a united platform in the District Council election. More than two hundred candidates form all pro-democracy parties and groups supported the direct election of the Chief Executive by 2007; direct elections of all seats of the Legislative Council by 2008; the initiation of public consultations on political reforms by the government before the end of 2003; and the abolition of all appointed seats to the District Councils after the November 2003 elections.[1]

The pro-democrat candidates challenged the heavyweights of the Democratic Alliance for the Betterment of Hong Kong (DAB), the flagship pro-government party in many constituencies, including the party vice-chairman Ip Kwok-him's Kwun Lung, Choy So-yuk's Kam Ping, Yeung Yiu-chung's Mei Foo and Lau Kong-wah's Kam To.[2] Lau Kong-wah stood in Kam To, challenging Democratic Party's Shirley Ho Suk-ping. As Lau was the Legislative Councillor for New Territories, pro-democrats saw Kam To as a crucial target. Icons like Audrey Eu, Alan Leong and Cheung Man-kwong took turns campaigning for Shirley Ho. Standing in the traditional Hokkien community Kam Ping, Choy so-yuk faced the challenged from Leung Kwok-hung of the April Fifth Action, while The Frontier's Cyd Ho stood in Kwun Lung against Ip Kwok-him. Both Ho and Ip were members of the Legislative Council, while Ip chaired the Legco committee on the national security bill. Ho was supported by Article 45 Concern Group's Ronny Tong and Ip was supported by the DAB chairman Tsang Yok-sing.[2]

A historical record of 44 percent, in total of 10.6 millions voters cast their vote in the election. In result, Yeung Yiu-chung, Lau Kong-wah and Ip Kwok-him were all defeated by the pro-democrats while Choy So-yuk retained her seat with narrow margin. The pro-democracy flagship party Democratic Party became the clear winner by winning the most number of 95 seats. Cyd Ho's Civic Act-up which was established after the July 1 protest also captured three seats in the Wan Chai District Council and was able to control the council for the first time with the other independent councillors. Only 62 of the 206 DAB candidates were elected, which became the worst defeat in DAB's history. Tsang Yok-sing took responsibility for the electoral setback and resigned his chairman post. He claimed that the defeat was due to the DAB's unfortunate "Tung loyalist" public image.[2]

Results[edit]

General outcome[edit]

e • d Summary of the 23 November 2003 District Councils of Hong Kong election results
Political Affiliation Popular vote % % +/− Standing Elected +/−
Democratic Alliance for the Betterment of Hong Kong 241,202 22.94 -0.59 200 62 -30
Liberal Party 29,108 2.77 -0.65 27 14 -3
Hong Kong Progressive Alliance 29,091 2.77 -0.05 23 13 -2
Civil Force 25,720 2.45 +0.02 22 17 +6
Hong Kong Federation of Trade Unions 2,766 0.26 +0.13 3 0 -1
New Youth Forum 1,314 0.12 - 2 0 -
Wan Chai Community Union 1,189 0.11 - 1 1 -
New Century Forum 833 0.08 - 1 0 -
Federation of Hong Kong and Kowloon Labour Unions - - - 1 1 -
Independent and others 158,005 15.03 - 136 92 -
Total for pro-Beijing camp 489,878 46.59 - 416 200 -
Democratic Party 223,675 21.27 -3.57 120 95 +20
Hong Kong Association for Democracy and People's Livelihood 53,264 5.07 +0.36 37 25 +5
Frontier 25,349 2.41 +1.25 14 6 +2
Neighbourhood and Workers Service Centre 14,146 1.35 +0.94 5 4 +2
Yuen Long Tin Shui Wai Democratic Alliance 8,418 0.80 - 6 4 +2
Central and Western Democratic Power 5,748 0.55 - 4 2 -
Civic Act-up 5,170 0.49 - 5 3 -
Hong Kong Confederation of Trade Unions 4,032 0.38 - 3 2 -
7.1 People Pile 2,888 0.27 - 3 0 -
Yuen Long Democratic Alliance 1,489 0.14 - 1 1 -
April Fifth Action 1,149 0.11 - 1 0 -
Citizens Party 361 0.03 -0.22 1 0 -1
Independent democrats 126,544 12.04 - 85 54 -
Total for pro-democracy camp 474,876 45.17 - 287 197 -
Independent and others 86,670 8.24 - 134 3 -
Total (turnout 44.10%) 1,051,424 100.0 - 837 400 +5


Results by district[edit]

Council Previous
control
Previous
party
Camp
control
Largest
party
DP DAB ADPL CF Lib PA TF/CA Others Pro-dem Pro-Beijing Appointed
& ex officio
Composition Details
Central & Western Pro-Beijing Democratic Pro-Beijing Democratic 6 1 2 2 4 9 6 4




Details
Wan Chai Pro-Beijing DAB NOC CAU 2 1 3 5 7 4 3




Details
Eastern Pro-Beijing DAB Pro-Beijing DAB 6 12 1 1 17 12 24 9



Details
Southern Pro-Beijing Democratic Pro-Beijing Democratic 2 1 2 12 2 15 4




Details
Yau Tsim Mong Pro-Beijing Democratic Pro-Beijing Democratic 4 2 3 7 9 7 4




Details
Sham Shui Po Pro-democracy ADPL Pro-democracy ADPL 2 1 13 5 17 4 5




Details
Kowloon City Pro-Beijing PA Pro-Beijing Democratic 7 2 3 3 1 6 12 10 5




Details
Wong Tai Sin Pro-Beijing DAB Pro-Beijing DAB 4 5 2 1 2 11 13 12 6




Details
Kwun Tong Pro-Beijing Democratic Pro-Beijing Democratic 9 4 1 20 19 15 8




Details
Tsuen Wan Pro-Beijing Democratic Pro-Beijing Democratic 5 1 1 1 9 6 11 5+2




Details
Tuen Mun Pro-Beijing Democratic Pro-Beijing DAB 9 9 4 1 6 13 16 7+1




Details
Yuen Long Pro-Beijing DAB Pro-Beijing DAB 2 4 1 1 21 7 22 7+6




Details
North Pro-Beijing Democratic Pro-Beijing Democratic 8 5 3 10 6 5+4




Details
Tai Po Pro-Beijing Democratic Pro-Beijing Democratic 7 3 2 1 6 9 10 5+2




Details
Sai Kung Pro-Beijing DAB Pro-Beijing DAB 4 4 3 4 5 8 12 5+2




Details
Sha Tin Pro-Beijing Civil Force Pro-Beijing Civil Force 7 2 14 1 1 2 9 14 21 9+1




Details
Kwai Tsing Pro-democracy Democratic Pro-democracy Democratic 11 1 1 1 14 23 5 7+1




Details
Islands Pro-Beijing DAB Pro-Beijing DAB 4 4 1 7 4+8




Details

Vote summary[edit]

Circle frame.svg

Votes, of total, by camp

  Pro-Beijing (46.59%)
  Pro-democrats (45.17%)
  Other (8.24%)
Circle frame.svg

Seats, of total, by camp

  Pro-Beijing (49.25%)
  Pro-democrats (48.25%)
  Other (2.5%)
Popular vote
DAB
  
22.94%
Democratic
  
21.27%
ADPL
  
5.07%
Liberal
  
2.77%
PA
  
2.77%
Civil Force
  
2.45%
Frontier
  
2.41%
NWSC
  
1.35%
Others
  
40.31%

Seat summary[edit]

Seats
Democratic
  
23.75%
DAB
  
15.50%
ADPL
  
6.25%
Civil Force
  
4.25%
Liberal
  
3.50%
PA
  
3.25%
Frontier
  
1.75%
NWSC
  
1.00%
Others
  
40.75%

Aftermath[edit]

In December 2003 after the elections, Tung appointed 21 political party appointees to the District Councils to dilute the influence of the pro-democrats as follows:[3]

  • 8 members of the Liberal Party
  • 6 members of the DAB
  • 6 members from the Progressive Alliance
  • 1 from the New Century Forum

Professor of politics and sociology at Lingnan University, Dr. Li Pang-kwong said "As in the past, most of the appointees were pro-government or persons without a clear political stance... ensur[ing] that no district council is in the hands of the democrats."[4]

A spokesman for the democrats said the appointees "will have an unfair advantage in that they are getting financial support from the government which will help them run for office in future elections."[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cheng, Joseph Y. S. (2007). The Hong Kong Special Administrative Region in Its First Decade. City University of HK Press. pp. 42–3. 
  2. ^ a b c "【蘋話當年】2003年民建聯區選大敗 曾鈺成辭任主席". Apple Daily. 24 November 2014. 
  3. ^ Frank Ching, "Tsang grooms his kind of political talent", Pg A12, South China Morning Post, 24 June 2008
  4. ^ a b Michael Ng, Tung picks 'dilute' bodies, The Standard, 29 December 2003