Hong Kong local elections, 2007

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Hong Kong local elections, 2007

← 2003 18 November 2007 2011 →

All Elected Constituencies
405 (of the 534) seats in all 18 Districts Councils
Turnout 38.83% Decrease5.27pp
  First party Second party Third party
  Tam Yiu-chung.jpg Albert Ho 2014 cut.jpg Lau Kong-wah 2014.jpg
Leader Tam Yiu-chung Albert Ho Lau Kong-wah
Party DAB Democratic Civil Force
Alliance Pro-Beijing Pan-democracy Pro-Beijing
Last election 62 seats, 22.94% 95 seats, 21.27% 17 seats, 2.45%
Seats won 115 59 18
Seat change Increase40 Decrease21 Increase3
Popular vote 292,916 175,054 30,880
Percentage 25.73% 15.38% 2.71%
Swing Increase2.79pp Decrease5.90pp Increase0.26pp

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Frederick Fung at Alliance for True Democracy.jpg James Tien cut.jpg Audrey thanking her supporters.jpg
Leader Frederick Fung James Tien Audrey Eu
Party ADPL Liberal Civic
Alliance Pan-democracy Pro-Beijing Pan-democracy
Last election 25 seats, 5.07% 14 seats, 2.77% New party
Seats won 17 14 8
Seat change Decrease7 Decrease3 Increase2
Popular vote 52,386 50,026 48,837
Percentage 4.60% 4.39% 4.29%
Swing Decrease0.46pp Increase1.63pp N/A

  Seventh party Eighth party Ninth party
  Raymond Wong Yuk Man.jpg Leung Yiu-chung 2017.jpg Emily Lau cropped.jpg
Leader Wong Yuk-man Leung Yiu-chung Emily Lau
Party LSD NWSC Frontier
Alliance Pan-democracy Pan-democracy Pan-democracy
Last election New party 4 seats, 1.35% 6 seats, 2.41%
Seats won 6 4 3
Seat change Steady Steady Decrease3
Popular vote 28,601 12,565 18,203
Percentage 2.51% 1.10% 1.60%
Swing N/A Decrease0.24pp Decrease0.81pp

2007DCelectionmap.svg
Map of the winning party by constituency

The 2007 Hong Kong District Council elections were held on 18 November 2007. Elections were held to all 18 districts of Hong Kong, returned 405 members from directly elected constituencies out of total 534 councils member. A total number of 886 candidates contesting in 364 seats, while 41 seats were uncontested. A total number of 1.4 million voters cast their ballots, consisting 38% of the electorate, significantly lower than the last elections in 2003.

The pro-Beijing flagship party Democratic Alliance for the Betterment and Progress of Hong Kong (DAB) received the largest victory in its history, rebounding their loss from the 2003 with extra gain, taking total number of 115 seats, compared to 62 seats in the 2003 elections. The pan-democrats suffered a devastating loss, with its electoral coalition winning only about a hundred seats out of almost 300 candidates. The pro-democracy flagship party Democratic Party was beaten in every region especially in Kowloon, losing almost half of the seats as compared to the 2003 elections.

As a result, the pan-democrats lost control of their two traditional strongholds, Sham Shui Po and Kwai Tsing with the help of the pro-government members appointed by Chief Executive Donald Tsang to the District Councils.

Contesting parties[edit]

Parties[edit]

In September 2007, the pan-democrats announced their plan to field 289 candidates in the election, including 138 incumbents and 136 newcomers after a process of coordination initiated by the Power for Democracy under the banner of Democratic Coalition for DC Election. After the coordination, the number constituencies with more than one pro-democratic candidates reduced from 30 to 7. The pan-democrats demanded universal suffrage and abolition of the appointed seat in the District Councils as the election platform.[1]

The Democratic Party, the flagship pro-democratic party fielded 114 candidates, Civic Party 41, Hong Kong Association for Democracy and People's Livelihood (ADPL) 38, League of Social Democrats 28, The Frontier 15, as well as Democratic Alliance, Civic Act-up, Hong Kong Confederation of Trade Unions (CTU), Neighbourhood and Worker's Service Centre (NWSC) and the others.[1]

The Civic Party, derived from the Article 45 Concern Group established after the 2003 July 1 protests was a relatively new party without much resources and district network with only 7 incumbent district councillors. The party fielded around 42 candidates in constituencies where the pan-democrats had not contested with its new image to appeal to the voters. Another new founded League of Social Democrats fielded about 30 candidates in lower-income areas such as Wong Tai Sin, Kwun Tong and Tsuen Wan, seeking to appeal to the lower class voters.[2]

The thinktank Savantas Policy Institute set up by former Secretary for Security Regina Ip also fielded four candidates with independent affiliation in the election, including two retired civil servant and a former administrative officer.[2]

Candidates[edit]

A historic record of 917 nominations were received since the handover of Hong Kong. 39 of the 405 seats received only one nomination thus were returned uncontestedly, of which 12 of them were taken by the Democratic Alliance for the Betterment and Progress of Hong Kong (DAB), 2 by Liberal Party and 1 by the Democratic Party.

Cyd Ho, the incumbent district councillor who beat DAB's Ip Kwok-him in his own constituency Kwun Lung in 2003, did not seek for re-election. Ip faced challenged by activist Ho Loy. Two Civic Party rising stars, barrister Tanya Chan and Tsang Kwok-fung challenged incumbent Peak district councillor Lam Man-kit of the Liberal Party and DAB legislator Li Kwok-ying in Tai Po Market. Priscilla Leung, a pro-Beijing assistant professor of law at the City University of Hong Kong also ran in the election, challenging Democrat Chan Ka-wai in Whampoa East.[3]

Pre-election events[edit]

On 15 November, two days before the election, Ko Keung-wah, a village representative of Shung Ching San Tsuen in Yuen Long and an assistant to the Liberal Party candidate Philip Wong Pak-yan in Shap Pat Heung North and Lam Tim-fook in Shap Pat Heung South, was attacked. Ko got a finger on his right hand was chopped off and suffered at least four deep slice wounds to his back and one to his abdomen. Anti-triad officers said the attack might be linked with the election.[4] On the election day, a triad member was spotted campaigning for an independent candidate in Shap Pat Heung North influential rural leader Leung Fuk-yuen.[5]

Results[edit]

e • d Summary of the 18 November 2007 District Councils of Hong Kong election results
Political Affiliation Popular vote % Standing Elected ±
Democratic Alliance for the Betterment and Progress of Hong Kong 292,916 25.73 Increase2.79 178 115 Increase40
Civil Force 30,880 2.71 Increase0.27 20 18 Increase3
Liberal Party 50,026 4.39 Increase1.63 55 14 Decrease3
Hong Kong Federation of Trade Unions 4,208 0.37 Increase0.11 3 1 Increase1
Tseung Kwan O Residents' Association 1,922 0.17 - 1 1 -
Tin Shui Wai Women Association 1,457 0.13 - 1 1 -
Federation of Hong Kong and Kowloon Labour Unions 1,339 0.12 Increase0.12 1 1 Steady0
New Territories General Chamber of Commerce 818 0.07 - 1 0 -
New Century Forum 543 0.05 Decrease0.03 1 0 Steady0
Hong Kong Civic Association 390 0.03 - 5 0 -
Independents 226,645 19.91 - 161 118
Total for pro-Beijing camp 614,621 53.98 Increase7.38 430 273 Increase61
Democratic Party 175,054 15.38 Decrease5.90 110 59 Decrease21
Hong Kong Association for Democracy and People's Livelihood 52,386 4.60 Decrease0.46 37 17 Decrease7
Civic Party 48,837 4.29 - 41 8 Increase2
League of Social Democrats 28,601 2.51 - 29 6 Steady0
Neighbourhood and Worker's Service Centre 12,565 1.10 Decrease0.24 5 4 Steady0
Frontier 18,203 1.60 Decrease0.81 15 3 Decrease3
Yuen Long Tin Shui Wai Democratic Alliance 9,530 0.84 Increase0.04 11 1 Decrease4
Hong Kong Confederation of Trade Unions 2,273 0.20 Decrease0.18 2 0 Decrease2
Civic Act-up 991 0.09 Decrease0.40 2 0 Decrease2
Individuals 60,510 5.31 - 44 10 -
Total for Democratic Coalition for DC Election 409,573 35.97 - 296 108 -
Independent democrats and others 36,208 3.18 - 39 19 -
Total for pan-democracy camp 445,781 39.15 Decrease5.51 335 127 Decrease56
Independent and others 78,133 6.86 Decrease2.21 142 5 -
Total (turnout 38.83%) 1,138,358 100.0 - 907 405 Increase5

Note 1: The total seats of the District Councils are 534 including 27 ex-officio members (Rural Committee Chairmen in the New Territories), and 102 members appointed members by the Chief Executive of Hong Kong.
Note 2: Candidates ran under both DAB and FTU banners were all counted as DAB in this chart.


Results by district[edit]

Council Previous
control
Previous
party
Camp
control
Largest
party
DAB DP CF ADPL Lib Civ LSD Others Pro-dem Pro-Beijing Appointed
& ex officio
Composition Details
Central & Western Pro-Beijing Democratic Pro-Beijing Democratic 3 6 1 1 4 7 8 4




Details
Wan Chai NOC Civic Act-up Pro-Beijing DAB 2 1 8 4 7 3




Details
Eastern Pro-Beijing DAB Pro-Beijing DAB 14 3 2 2 2 14 10 26 9



Details
Southern Pro-Beijing Democratic Pro-Beijing Democratic 1 3 1 12 3 14 4




Details
Yau Tsim Mong Pro-Beijing Democratic Pro-Beijing DAB 7 1 8 3 13 4




Details
Sham Shui Po Pro-democracy ADPL NOC ADPL 3 2 10 6 13 8 5




Details
Kowloon City Pro-Beijing DAB Pro-Beijing DAB 6 2 3 2 1 8 6 16 5




Details
Wong Tai Sin Pro-Beijing DAB Pro-Beijing DAB 8 3 2 1 2 9 11 14 6




Details
Kwun Tong Pro-Beijing Democratic Pro-Beijing DAB 9 3 22 8 25 8



Details
Tsuen Wan Pro-Beijing Democratic Pro-Beijing DAB 3 3 1 2 1 7 8 9 5+2




Details
Tuen Mun Pro-Beijing DAB Pro-Beijing DAB 11 7 2 1 18 9 20 7+1




Details
Yuen Long Pro-Beijing DAB Pro-Beijing DAB 7 2 3 16 4 25 7+6




Details
North Pro-Beijing Democratic Pro-Beijing DAB 9 4 3 5 11 5+4




Details
Tai Po Pro-Beijing Democratic Pro-Beijing DAB 7 4 8 4 15 5+2




Details
Sai Kung Pro-Beijing DAB Pro-Beijing DAB 9 4 3 7 8 15 5+2




Details
Sha Tin Pro-Beijing Civil Force Pro-Beijing Civil Force 8 3 15 1 9 5 31 9+1




Details
Kwai Tsing Pro-democracy Democratic Pro-Beijing Democratic 4 9 1 14 17 11 7+1




Details
Islands Pro-Beijing DAB Pro-Beijing DAB 4 2 4 2 8 4+8




Details
TOTAL 115 59 18 17 14 8 6 176 129 276 129



Vote summary[edit]

Votes, of total, by camp

  Pro-Beijing (53.98%)
  Pan-democrats (39.15%)
  Other (6.87%)

Seats, of total, by camp

  Pro-Beijing (67.41%)
  Pan-democrats (31.36%)
  Other (1.23%)
Popular vote
DAB
25.73%
Democratic
15.78%
ADPL
4.60%
Liberal
4.39%
Civic
4.29%
Civil Force
2.71%
LSD
2.51%
Frontier
1.60%
NCF
1.29%
NWSC
1.10%
Others
36.00%

Seat summary[edit]

Seats
DAB
28.40%
Democratic
14.57%
Civil Force
4.44%
ADPL
4.20%
Liberal
3.46%
Civic
1.98%
LSD
1.48%
NCF
1.48%
NWSC
0.99%
Frontier
0.74%
Others
39.26%

Overview[edit]

Without a major political issue like the last election in 2003, the voter turnout significantly dropped about six percentage point to only about 38%, although a total of 1.4 million voters cast their ballots, 80,000 more than the last elections. A total number of 886 candidates contesting in 364 seats, while 41 seats were without contest.[6]

The Democratic Alliance for the Betterment and Progress of Hong Kong (DAB) received the largest victory in its history by winning 115 seats, nearly double than the 2003 results. The party vice-chairman Ip Kwok-him who lost to Cyd Ho in 2003 in his Kwun Lung constituency retook his seat by large margin.[6] Kenny Lee Kwun-yee received a large number of votes in Tai Fat Hau, defeating pro-democratic candidate Ivy Chan Siu-ping of the Civic Act-up. Incumbent legislators Choy So-yuk, Li Kwok-ying and Wong Yung-kan all retained their seats in Kam Ping, Tai Po Market and Po Nga respectively.[6]

The pan-democrats suffered a devastating defeat in the election. The Democratic Party was beaten in every region especially in Kowloon, losing almost half of the seats as compared to the 2003 elections. Veteran Chan Ka-wai in Whampoa East was ousted by Priscilla Leung, a pro-Beijing law scholar at the City University of Hong Kong backed by the Hong Kong Federation of Trade Unions (FTU). In Sheung Shun, incumbent Law Chun-ngai was defeated by Fu Pik-chun of the DAB by 1,220 votes. Former Democratic Party secretary Cheung Yin-tung also lost his seat in Wang King to DAB newcomer Yiu Kwok-wai by 1,321 to 1,684 votes.[6]

The Civic Party failed to challenge the pro-Beijing candidates, winning only 8 seats out of 41 candidates. The party's rising star Yu Kwun-wai lost in a large margin to DAB's Bernard Chan in Ping Shek, while Civic legislator Mandy Tam lost her seat to Choi Luk-sing in Lung Sing.[6] The Hong Kong Association for Democracy and People's Livelihood (ADPL) who had stronghold in Sham Shui Po also saw its candidate Leung Kam-tao lost his seat in Yau Yat Tsuen to pro-Beijing independent Jimmy Kwok Chun-wah. Richard Tsoi of the Hong Kong Confederation of Trade Unions (CTU) who took the seat in Fo Tan in 2003 failed to retain his seat, being beaten by Scarlet Pong Oi-lan of the New Century Forum.[6]

Aftermath[edit]

In December 2007, Chief Executive Donald Tsang named 102 government-appointed Council members, of which all of them had pro-government background and one-fifth of them were members of the Democratic Alliance for the Betterment and Progress of Hong Kong (DAB) and the Liberal Party. 15 of them were appointed for the third time.[7] Tsang was criticised for not appointing a single member of the pan-democrats.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "力爭2012雙普選 要求即撤委任席 民主派289人出戰區選". Apple Daily (in Chinese). 24 September 2007. 
  2. ^ a b "地區戰績不彰 硬銷政治理念 11.18區議會選舉 新興政黨搶灘有難度". Apple Daily (in Chinese). 16 November 2011. 
  3. ^ "區會917人參選 回歸以來新高 何來空降中西區鬥葉國謙". Apple Daily (in Chinese). 16 October 2007. 
  4. ^ "Anti-triad police probing knife attack on campaign manager". South China Morning Post. 16 November 2007. 
  5. ^ "警方如臨大敵 盤查助選金毛 元朗之虎招搖拉票". Apple Daily (in Chinese). 19 November 2007. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f "民建聯收復失地 泛民區選大敗 何俊仁:將反思及檢討" (in Chinese). 19 November 2007. 
  7. ^ "委102名區議員政府趕絕泛民 民建聯自由黨佔1/5議席". Apple Daily (in Chinese). 15 December 2007. 
  8. ^ Frank Ching, "Tsang grooms his kind of political talent", Pg A12, South China Morning Post, 24 June 2008