Hong Kong local elections, 2007

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Hong Kong local elections, 2007
Hong Kong
← 2003 18 November 2007 2011 →

All Elected Constituencies
405 (of the 534) seats in all 18 Districts Councils
Turnout 38.83% Decrease5.27pp
  First party Second party Third party
  Tam Yiu-chung.jpg Albert Ho 2014 cut.jpg Lau Kong-wah 2014.jpg
Leader Tam Yiu-chung Albert Ho Lau Kong-wah
Party DAB Democratic Civil Force
Alliance Pro-Beijing Pan-democracy Pro-Beijing
Last election 62 seats, 22.94% 95 seats, 21.27% 17 seats, 2.45%
Seats won 115 59 18
Seat change Increase38 Decrease14 Increase1
Popular vote 292,916 175,054 30,880
Percentage 25.73% 15.38% 2.71%
Swing Increase2.79pp Decrease5.90pp Increase0.26pp

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Frederick Fung at Alliance for True Democracy.jpg James Tien cut.jpg Audrey thanking her supporters.jpg
Leader Frederick Fung James Tien Audrey Eu
Party ADPL Liberal Civic
Alliance Pan-democracy Pro-Beijing Pan-democracy
Last election 25 seats, 5.07% 14 seats, 2.77% new party
Seats won 17 14 8
Seat change Decrease8 Increase4 Increase1
Popular vote 52,386 50,026 48,837
Percentage 4.60% 4.39% 4.29%
Swing Decrease0.46pp Increase1.63pp N/A

2007DCelectionmap.svg
Map of the winning party by constituency

The 2007 Hong Kong District Council elections were held on 18 November 2007. Elections were held to all 18 districts of Hong Kong, returned 405 members from directly elected constituencies out of total 534 councils member. A total number of 886 candidates contesting in 364 seats, while 41 seats were uncontested. A total number of 1.4 million voters cast their ballots, consisting 38% of the electorate, significantly lower than the last elections in 2003. The pro-Beijing flagship party Democratic Alliance for the Betterment and Progress of Hong Kong (DAB) received the largest victory in its history, rebounding their loss from the 2003 with extra gain. The pan-democrats suffered a devastating loss.

Contesting parties[edit]

Parties[edit]

In September 2007, the pan-democrats announced their plan to field 289 candidates in the election, including 138 incumbents and 136 newcomers after a process of coordination initiated by the Power for Democracy under the banner of Democratic Coalition for DC Election. After the coordination, the number constituencies with more than one pro-democratic candidates reduced from 30 to 7. The pan-democrats demanded universal suffrage and abolition of the appointed seat in the District Councils as the election platform.[1]

The Democratic Party, the flagship pro-democratic party fielded 114 candidates, Civic Party 41, Hong Kong Association for Democracy and People's Livelihood (ADPL) 38, League of Social Democrats 28, The Frontier 15, as well as Democratic Alliance, Civic Act-up, Hong Kong Confederation of Trade Unions (CTU), Neighbourhood and Worker's Service Centre (NWSC) and the others.[1]

The Civic Party, derived from the Article 45 Concern Group established after the 2003 July 1 protests was a relatively new party without much resources and district network with only 7 incumbent district councillors. The party fielded around 42 candidates in constituencies where the pan-democrats had not contested with its new image to appeal to the voters. Another new founded League of Social Democrats fielded about 30 candidates in lower-income areas such as Wong Tai Sin, Kwun Tong and Tsuen Wan, seeking to appeal to the lower class voters.[2]

The thinktank Savantas Policy Institute set up by former Secretary for Security Regina Ip also fielded four candidates with independent affiliation in the election, including two retired civil servant and a former administrative officer.[2]

Candidates[edit]

A historic record of 917 nominations were received since the handover of Hong Kong. 39 of the 405 seats received only one nomination thus were returned uncontestedly, of which 12 of them were taken by the Democratic Alliance for the Betterment and Progress of Hong Kong (DAB), 2 by Liberal Party and 1 by the Democratic Party.

Cyd Ho, the incumbent district councillor who beat DAB's Ip Kwok-him in his own constituency Kwun Lung in 2003, did not seek for re-election. Ip faced challenged by activist Ho Loy. Two Civic Party rising stars, barrister Tanya Chan and Tsang Kwok-fung challenged incumbent Peak district councillor Lam Man-kit of the Liberal Party and DAB legislator Li Kwok-ying in Tai Po Market. Priscilla Leung, a pro-Beijing assistant professor of law at the City University of Hong Kong also ran in the election, challenging Democrat Chan Ka-wai in Whampoa East.[3]

Pre-election events[edit]

On 15 November, two days before the election, Ko Keung-wah, a village representative of Shung Ching San Tsuen in Yuen Long and an assistant to the Liberal Party candidate Philip Wong Pak-yan in Shap Pat Heung North and Lam Tim-fook in Shap Pat Heung South, was attacked. Ko got a finger on his right hand was chopped off and suffered at least four deep slice wounds to his back and one to his abdomen. Anti-triad officers said the attack might be linked with the election.[4] On the election day, a triad member was spotted campaigning for an independent candidate in Shap Pat Heung North influential rural leader Leung Fuk-yuen.[5]

Results[edit]

e • d Summary of the 18 November 2007 District Councils of Hong Kong election results
Political Affiliation Popular vote % % +/− Standing Elected +/−
Democratic Alliance for the Betterment and Progress of Hong Kong 292,916 25.73 +2.79 178 115 +38
Liberal Party 50,026 4.39 +1.63 55 14 +4
Civil Force 30,880 2.71 +0.27 20 18 +1
Hong Kong Federation of Trade Unions 4,208 0.37 +0.11 3 1 +1
Tseung Kwan O Residents' Association 1,922 0.17 - 1 1 -
Tin Shui Wai Women Association 1,457 0.13 - 1 1 -
Federation of Hong Kong and Kowloon Labour Unions 1,339 0.12 +0.12 1 1 0
New Territories General Chamber of Commerce 818 0.07 - 1 0 -
New Century Forum 543 0.05 -0.03 1 0 0
Hong Kong Civic Association 390 0.03 - 5 0 -
Independents 226,645 19.91 - 161 118 -
Total for pro-Beijing camp 614,621 53.98 +7.38 430 273 -
Democratic Party 175,054 15.38 -5.90 110 59 -14
Hong Kong Association for Democracy and People's Livelihood 52,386 4.60 -0.46 37 17 -8
Civic Party 48,837 4.29 - 41 8 +1
League of Social Democrats 28,601 2.51 - 29 6 -6
Frontier 18,203 1.60 -0.81 15 3 -3
Neighbourhood and Workers Service Centre 12,565 1.10 -0.24 5 4 0
Yuen Long Tin Shui Wai Democratic Alliance 9,530 0.84 +0.04 11 1 -2
Hong Kong Confederation of Trade Unions 2,273 0.20 -0.18 2 0 -2
Civic Act-up 991 0.09 -0.40 2 0 -2
Individuals 60,510 5.31 - 44 10 -
Total for Democratic Coalition for DC Election 409,573 35.97 - 296 108 -
Independent democrats and others 36,208 3.18 - 39 19 -
Total for pan-democracy camp 445,781 39.15 -5.51 335 127 -
Independent and others 78,133 6.86 -2.21 142 5 -
Total (turnout 38.83%) 1,138,358 100.0 - 907 405 +5

Note 1: The total seats of the District Councils are 534 including 27 ex-officio members (Rural Committee Chairmen in the New Territories), and 102 members appointed members by the Chief Executive of Hong Kong.
Note 2: Candidates ran under both DAB and FTU banners were all counted as DAB in this chart.


Results by district[edit]

Council Previous control Previous party Camp control Largest party DAB DP CF ADPL Lib Civ Others
Central and Western Pro-Beijing Democratic Pro-Beijing Democratic 3 6 1 1 4
Wan Chai No Overall Control Civic Act-up Pro-Beijing DAB 2 9
Eastern Pro-Beijing DAB Pro-Beijing DAB 14 3 2 2 16
Southern Pro-Beijing Democratic Pro-Beijing Democratic 1 3 1 12
Yau Tsim Mong Pro-Beijing Democratic Pro-Beijing DAB 7 1 8
Sham Shui Po Pro-democracy ADPL No Overall Control ADPL 3 2 10 6
Kowloon City Pro-Beijing Democratic Pro-Beijing DAB 6 2 3 2 1 8
Wong Tai Sin Pro-Beijing DAB Pro-Beijing DAB 8 3 2 1 11
Kwun Tong Pro-Beijing Democratic Pro-Beijing DAB 9 3 22
Tsuen Wan Pro-Beijing Democratic Pro-Beijing DAB 3 3 1 2 8
Tuen Mun Pro-Beijing DAB Pro-Beijing DAB 11 7 2 1 18
Yuen Long Pro-Beijing DAB Pro-Beijing DAB 7 2 3 16
North Pro-Beijing Democratic Pro-Beijing DAB 9 4 3
Tai Po Pro-Beijing Democratic Pro-Beijing DAB 7 4 8
Sai Kung Pro-Beijing DAB Pro-Beijing DAB 9 4 3 7
Sha Tin Pro-Beijing Civil Force Pro-Beijing Civil Force 8 3 15 1 9
Kwai Tsing Pro-democracy Democratic Pro-Beijing Democratic 5 9 1 13
Islands Pro-Beijing DAB Pro-Beijing DAB 4 2 4

Vote summary[edit]

Circle frame.svg

Votes, of total, by camp

  Pro-Beijing (53.98%)
  Pan-democrats (39.15%)
  Other (6.87%)
Circle frame.svg

Seats, of total, by camp

  Pro-Beijing (67.41%)
  Pan-democrats (31.36%)
  Other (1.23%)
Popular vote
DAB
  
25.73%
Democratic
  
15.78%
ADPL
  
4.60%
Liberal
  
4.39%
Civic
  
4.29%
Civil Force
  
2.71%
LSD
  
2.51%
Frontier
  
1.60%
NCF
  
1.29%
NWSC
  
1.10%
Others
  
36.00%

Seat summary[edit]

Seats
DAB
  
28.40%
Democratic
  
14.57%
Civil Force
  
4.44%
ADPL
  
4.20%
Liberal
  
3.46%
Civic
  
1.98%
LSD
  
1.48%
NCF
  
1.48%
NWSC
  
0.99%
Frontier
  
0.74%
Others
  
39.26%

Overview[edit]

Without a major political issue like the last election in 2003, the voter turnout significantly dropped about six percentage point to only about 38%, although a total of 1.4 million voters cast their ballots, 80,000 more than the last elections. A total number of 886 candidates contesting in 364 seats, while 41 seats were without contest.[6]

The Democratic Alliance for the Betterment and Progress of Hong Kong (DAB) received the largest victory in its history by winning 115 seats, nearly double than the 2003 results. The party vice-chairman Ip Kwok-him who lost to Cyd Ho in 2003 in his Kwun Lung constituency retook his seat by large margin.[6] Kenny Lee Kwun-yee received a large number of votes in Tai Fat Hau, defeating pro-democratic candidate Ivy Chan Siu-ping of the Civic Act-up. Incumbent legislators Choy So-yuk, Li Kwok-ying and Wong Yung-kan all retained their seats in Kam Ping, Tai Po Market and Po Nga respectively.[6]

The pan-democrats suffered a devastating defeat in the election. The Democratic Party was beaten in every region especially in Kowloon, losing almost half of the seats as compared to the 2003 elections. Veteran Chan Ka-wai in Whampoa East was ousted by Priscilla Leung, a pro-Beijing law scholar at the City University of Hong Kong backed by the Hong Kong Federation of Trade Unions (FTU). In Sheung Shun, incumbent Law Chun-ngai was defeated by Fu Pik-chun of the DAB by 1,220 votes. Former Democratic Party secretary Cheung Yin-tung also lost his seat in Wang King to DAB newcomer Yiu Kwok-wai by 1,321 to 1,684 votes.[6]

The Civic Party failed to challenge the pro-Beijing candidates, winning only 8 seats out of 41 candidates. The party's rising star Yu Kwun-wai lost in a large margin to DAB's Bernard Chan in Ping Shek, while Civic legislator Mandy Tam lost her seat to Choi Luk-sing in Lung Sing.[6] The Hong Kong Association for Democracy and People's Livelihood (ADPL) who had stronghold in Sham Shui Po also saw its candidate Leung Kam-tao lost his seat in Yau Yat Tsuen to pro-Beijing independent Jimmy Kwok Chun-wah. Richard Tsoi of the Hong Kong Confederation of Trade Unions (CTU) who took the seat in Fo Tan in 2003 failed to retain his seat, being beaten by Scarlet Pong Oi-lan of the New Century Forum.[6]

Aftermath[edit]

In December 2007, Chief Executive Donald Tsang named 102 government-appointed Council members, of which all of them had pro-government background and one-fifth of them were members of the Democratic Alliance for the Betterment and Progress of Hong Kong (DAB) and the Liberal Party. 15 of them were appointed for the third time.[7] Tsang was criticised for not appointing a single member of the pan-democrats.[8]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "力爭2012雙普選 要求即撤委任席 民主派289人出戰區選". Apple Daily (in Chinese). 24 September 2007. 
  2. ^ a b "地區戰績不彰 硬銷政治理念 11.18區議會選舉 新興政黨搶灘有難度". Apple Daily (in Chinese). 16 November 2011. 
  3. ^ "區會917人參選 回歸以來新高 何來空降中西區鬥葉國謙". Apple Daily (in Chinese). 16 October 2007. 
  4. ^ "Anti-triad police probing knife attack on campaign manager". South China Morning Post. 16 November 2007. 
  5. ^ "警方如臨大敵 盤查助選金毛 元朗之虎招搖拉票". Apple Daily (in Chinese). 19 November 2007. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f "民建聯收復失地 泛民區選大敗 何俊仁:將反思及檢討" (in Chinese). 19 November 2007. 
  7. ^ "委102名區議員政府趕絕泛民 民建聯自由黨佔1/5議席". Apple Daily (in Chinese). 15 December 2007. 
  8. ^ Frank Ching, "Tsang grooms his kind of political talent", Pg A12, South China Morning Post, 24 June 2008