Hong Kong legislative election, 2000

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Hong Kong legislative election, 2000
Hong Kong
← 1998 10 September 2000 2004 →

All 60 seats to the Legislative Council
Turnout 43.57% (GC) Decrease9.72pp
  First party Second party Third party
  Martin Lee Tsang Yok-sing James Tien
Leader Martin Lee Tsang Yok-sing James Tien
Party Democratic DAB Liberal
Alliance Pro-democracy Pro-Beijing Pro-Beijing
Leader's seat Hong Kong Island Kowloon West Commercial (First)
Last election 13 seats, 42.87% 10 seats, 25.23% 10 seats, 3.4%
Seats won 12
(9 GCs + 3 FCs)
11
(7 GCs + 3 FCs + 1 EC)
8
(0 GC + 8 FCs)
Seat change Steady Increase1 Decrease2
Popular vote 417,873 374,780 24,858
Percentage 31.66% 28.40% 1.88%
Swing Decrease11.21pp Increase3.17pp Decrease1.52pp

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  PA Lau Chin-shek Emily Lau
Leader Ambrose Lau Lau Chin-shek Emily Lau
Party Progressive Alliance CTU Frontier
Alliance Pro-Beijing Pro-democracy Pro-democracy
Leader's seat Election Committee Kowloon West New Territories East
Last election 5 seats N/A 3 seats, 10.03%
Seats won 4
(1 GC + 1 FC + 2 EC)
2
(2 GC)
2
(2 GCs)
Seat change Decrease1 Steady Steady
Popular vote 25,773 96,752 89,529
Percentage 1.95% 7.33% 6.78%
Swing N/A N/A Decrease3.25pp

LegCoElection2000.svg
Elected candidates by each constituency

President before election

Rita Fan
Independent

Elected President

Rita Fan
Independent

The 2000 Hong Kong Legislative Council election was held on 10 September 2000 for members of the 2nd Legislative Council (LegCo) of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR). The election returned 24 members from directly elected geographical constituencies, 6 seats from the Election Committee constituency and 30 members from functional constituencies, of which 9 uncontested.

The election saw the decline in turnout rate from 53.29 percent in 1998 to 43.57 percent. The Democratic Party was able to maintain the largest party status in the legislature by retaining 12 seats, despite its vote share fell sharply by eight percent, if including Lau Chin-shek from the Hong Kong Confederation of Trade Unions (CTU) running in the same ticket with Democrat James To in Kowloon West, from 42 percent in 1998 to 34 percent in 2000.[1]

In contrast, the pro-Beijing rival Democratic Alliance for the Betterment of Hong Kong (DAB) raised its vote share over two years by five percent, to 29.6 percent if including Tang Siu-tong from the Hong Kong Progressive Alliance (HKPA). As a result, the DAB won 11 seats, a sharp increase of three seats from the previous election, making it the second largest political party in the legislature, despite an alleged corruption scandal involving its vice-chairman Cheng Kai-nam at the peak of the campaign.[1] Cheng did not take his office and a by-election in December was won by a pro-democracy independent Audrey Eu.

The pro-democracy camp won 21 seats in total, of which 16 of those returned from the directly elected geographical constituencies, one seat more than the previous election which secured the one-thirds vote to veto any government's proposal of any constitutional amendment.

Retiring incumbents[edit]

Ambrose Cheung, representing the Provisional Urban Council resigned from the Legislative Council as protest to the government's decision on abolishing the two municipal councils, Urban Council and Regional Council and their corresponding Legislative Council constituencies in 2000. No by-elected was held due to the short period before the general election.

Constituency Departing incumbents Party
Medical Leong Che-hung Independent
Health Services Michael Ho Mun-ka Democratic
Labour Lee Kai-ming FLU
Chan Wing-chan DAB
Real Estate and Construction Ronald Joseph Arculli Liberal
Import and Export Hui Cheung-ching Progressive Alliance
District Council (First) Ip Kwok-him DAB

General result[edit]

Before election:

20 1 39
Pro-democracy V. Pro-Beijing

Change in composition:

21 39
Pro-democracy Pro-Beijing
Ring charts of the election results showing popular vote against seats won, coloured in green (Pro-democracy camp) and red (Pro-Beijing camp) on the left and the party colours on the right. Seats won in the election (outer ring) against number of votes (inner ring).
e • d Overall Summary of the 10 September 2000 Legislative Council of Hong Kong election results
Parties and allegiances Geographical constituencies Functional
Constituencies
Seats gained
Elections
Committee
Seats gained
Total seats gained +/-
Popular vote % Seats gained
Democratic Party 417,873 31.66 9 3 0 12 ±0
Hong Kong Confederation of Trade Unions 96,752 7.33 2 0 0 2 ±0
The Frontier 89,529 6.78 2 0 0 2 ±0
Hong Kong Association for Democracy and People's Livelihood 62,717 4.75 1 0 0 1 +1
Neighbourhood and Workers Service Centre 59,348 4.50 1 0 0 1 ±0
April Fifth Action 18,235 1.38 0 0
Pro-democracy individuals and others 54,795 4.15 1 2 0 3
Total for pro-democracy camp 799,249 60.56
(63.41)
16
(66.7%)
5
(16.7%)
0
(0%)
21
(35%)
+1
Democratic Alliance for the Betterment of Hong Kong 374,780 28.40 7 3 1 11 +2
Hong Kong Progressive Alliance 25,773 1.95 1 1 2 4 −1
Liberal Party 24,858 1.88 0 8 0 8 −2
New Century Forum 21,103 1.60 0 0 1 1 −1
Pro-government individuals and others 14,534 1.10 0 13 2 15
Total for pro-Beijing camp 461,048 34.94
(36.59)
8
(33.3%)
25
(83.3%)
6
(100%)
39
(65%)
±0
Non-partisan individuals and others 59,397 4.50 0 0 0 0
Invalid votes 11,386 0.86
Total (turnout 43.57%) 1,331,080 100.00 24 30 6 60 ±0
9 candidates in 9 functional constituencies were elected unopposed to the Legislative Council.

(Total votes added up by this reference)

Vote summary[edit]

Popular vote
Democratic
  
31.66%
DAB
  
28.40%
CTU
  
7.33%
Frontier
  
6.78%
ADPL
  
4.75%
NWSC
  
4.50%
PA
  
1.95%
Liberal
  
1.88%
NCF
  
1.60%
AFA
  
1.38%
Independents
  
9.75%

Seat summary[edit]

Seats
Democratic
  
20.00%
DAB
  
18.33%
Liberal
  
13.33%
PA
  
6.67%
CTU
  
3.33%
Frontier
  
3.33%
ADPL
  
1.67%
NWSC
  
1.67%
NCF
  
1.67%
Independents
  
30.00%

Incumbents defeated[edit]

Four incumbents lost re-election

Party Name Constituency Remarks
Liberal Edward Ho Sing-tin Architectural, Surveying and Planning
Ho Sai-chu Election Committee
Democratic Lee Wing-tat New Territories West
Progressive Alliance Fung Chi-kin Financial Services
New Forum Ma Fung-kwok Election Committee

Results breakdown[edit]

Geographical constituencies (24 seats)[edit]

Voting System: Closed party-list proportional representation with the largest remainder method and Hare Quota.

Hong Kong Island (香港島) (5 seats)
List № Party/Allegiance Votes Received  % elected not elected
1   9,896 3.8   Tsang Kin-shing, Manuel Chan Tim-shing, Steve Chan Kwok-leung
2   6,967 2.7   Angel Leung On-kay
3 DAB 72,617 27.8 Cheng Kai-nam, Choy So-yuk Suen Kai-cheong, Christopher Chung Shu-kun, Yeung Wai-foon
4   14,534 5.6   Jennifer Chow Kit-bing
5 Independent 6,398 2.5   Paul Tse Wai-chun
6 New Forum 14,329 5.5   David Lan Hong-tsung, Fung Ho-keung, Chan Choi-hi, Regina Yeung Sum-yu
7 Frontier 25,988 10.0 Cyd Ho Sau-lan  
8   1,132 0.4   Andrew Shuen Pak-man
9   15,419 5.9   Fung Leung-lo
10   1,434 0.5   Allen Yung Chan-lung
11 Democratic 92,074 35.3 Martin Lee Chu-ming, Yeung Sum Kam Nai-wai, Joseph Lai Chi-keong, Cheng Lai-king
    260,788 100.0    
Kowloon West (九龍西) (4 seats)
List № Party/Allegiance Votes Received  % elected not elected
1 ADPL 62,717 35.2 Frederick Fung Kin-kee Liu Sing-lee
2 DAB 41,942 23.5 Tsang Yok-sing Chung Kong-mo, Pun Kwok-wah, Wong Wai-chuen
3 Democratic/CTU 73,540 41.3 Lau Chin-shek, James To Kun-sun  
    178,199 100.0    
Kowloon East (九龍東) (4 seats)
List № Party/Allegiance Votes Received  % elected not elected
1   9,805 4.3   Lam Hoi-shing
2 DAB 108,587 47.4 Chan Yuen-han, Chan Kam-lam Lam Man-fai, Angelis Chan Joy-kong
3 Democratic 103,863 45.3 Szeto Wah, Li Wah-ming Wu Chi-wai, Andrew To Kwan-hang
4   7,023 3.1   Shi Kai Biu, Lam Wai Yin
    229,278 100.0    
New Territories West (新界西) (6 seats)
List № Party/Allegiance Votes Received  % elected not elected
1 Liberal 9,408 2.74   David Yeung Fuk-kwong
2 NWSC 59,348 17.27 Leung Yiu-chung  
3 Democratic 43,613 12.69 Albert Chan Wai-yip Cosmas Kwong Kwok-chuen
4 CTU 52,202 15.19 Lee Cheuk-yan  
5   3,274 0.95   Angela Man Yun-fei
6 DAB 101,629 29.58 Tam Yiu-chung, Tang Siu-tong Leung Che-cheung, Chau Chuen-heung, Chan Yau-hoi, Au Yeung Po-chun
7 Democratic 38,472 11.20 Ho Chun-yan Josephine Chan Shu-ying, Cheung Yuet-lan, Catherine Wong Lai-sheung
8 Democratic 35,648 10.38   Lee Wing-tat, Wong Bing-kuen
    343,594 100.00  
New Territories East (新界東) (5 seats)
List № Party/Allegiance Votes Received  % elected not elected
1 Democratic 25,971 8.44 Wong Sing-chi Chow Wai-tung, Wong Leung-hi
2 DAB 66,943 21.75 Lau Kong-wah Wan Yuet-kau, Wong Mo-tai, Wan Chung-ping, Li Kwok-ying
3   7,945 2.58   Brian Kan Ping-chee
4 Progressive Alliance 8,835 2.87   Choy Kan-pui, Ling Man-hoi, Cheng Chun-wo, Ho Sau-mo
5 Frontier 63,541 20.64 Emily Lau Wai-hing Richard Tsoi Yiu-cheong
6 New Forum 6,774 2.20   Law Cheung-kwok
7 Democratic 49,242 16.00 Andrew Cheng Kar-foo Gary Fan Kwok-wai, Shirley Ho Suk-ping, Leung Wing-hung, Kwan Wing-yip
8   44,899 14.59 Andrew Wong Wang-fat  
9 Liberal 15,450 5.02   Lau Hing-kee, Leung Chi-wai, Susana Ho Shu-tee
10 April Fifth Action 18,235 5.92   Leung Kwok-hung
    307,835 100.00    

Functional Constituencies (30 seats)[edit]

Voting systems: Different voting systems apply to different functional constituencies, namely for the Heung Yee Kuk, Agriculture and Fisheries, Insurance and Transport, the preferential elimination system of voting; and for the remaining 24 FCs used the first-past-the-post voting system.[2]

Results of the Functional Constituencies
Constituency Incumbent Result Candidate(s)
Heung Yee Kuk Lau Wong-fat
(Liberal)
Incumbent hold Lau Wong-fat (Liberal)
uncontested
Agriculture and Fisheries Wong Yung-kan
(DAB)
Incumbent hold Wong Yung-kan (DAB)
uncontested
Insurance Bernard Charnwut Chan Incumbent hold Bernard Charnwut Chan
uncontested
Transport Miriam Lau Kin-yee
(Liberal)
Incumbent hold Miriam Lau Kin-yee (Liberal) 76.26%
Thomas Pang Cheung-wai (DAB) 23.74%
Education Cheung Man-kwong
(PTU/Democratic)
Incumbent hold Cheung Man-kwong (PTU/Democratic) 86.29%
Lee Kit-kong 13.71%
Legal Margaret Ng Ngoi-yee
(Independent)
Incumbent hold Margaret Ng Ngoi-yee (Independent) 60.75%
Anthony Chow Wing-kin (Independent) 39.25%
Accountancy Eric Li Ka-cheung
(Independent)
Incumbent hold Eric Li Ka-cheung (Independent) 64.55%
Edward Chow Kwong-fai (Independent) 22.75%
Peter Chan Po-fun(Independent) 12.70%
Medical Leong Che-hung
(Independent)
Incumbent retired
Independent gain
Lo Wing-lok (Independent) 39.96%
Dennis Lam Shun-chiu (Independent) 32.29%
Kwok Ka-ki (Independent) 19.20%
So Kai-ming (Independent) 8.55%
Health Services Michael Ho Mun-ka
(Democratic)
Incumbent retired
Independent gain
Michael Mak Kwok-fung (Independent) 43.60%
Thomas Wong Kwok-shing (Independent) 29.09%
Alice Tso Shing-yuk 27.31%
Engineering Raymond Ho Chung-tai
Incumbent hold Raymond Ho Chung-tai 60.69%
Luk Wang-kwong 39.31%
Architectural, Surveying and Planning Edward Ho Sing-tin (Liberal) Incumbent lost re-election
Independent gain
Kaizer Lau Ping-cheung 39.88%
Kenneth Law Kin-chung (Independent) 32.61%
Edward Ho Sing-tin (Liberal) 27.51%
Labour (3 seats) Lee Kai-ming
(Nonpartisan)
Incumbent retired
Nonpartisan gain
Li Fung-ying (Nonpartisan) 283
Leung Fu-wah (Nonpartisan) 259
Chan Kwok-keung (DAB) 226
Leung Suet-fong 102
Chan Wing-chan
(DAB)
Incumbent retired
Nonpartisan gain
Chan Kwok-keung
(DAB)
Incumbent hold
Social Welfare Law Chi-kwong
(Democratic)
Incumbent hold Law Chi-kwong (Democratic) 65.93%
Grace Leung Yuet-ming (Nonpartisan) 34.07%
Real Estate and Construction Ronald Joseph Arculli
(Independent)
Incumbent retired
Independent gain
Abraham Shek Lai-him (Independent) 75.48%
Jimmy Tse Lai-leung (Independent) 24.52%
Tourism Howard Young
(Liberal)
Incumbent hold Howard Young (Liberal) 45.07%
Joseph Tung Yao-chung (Nonpartisan) 32.40%
Francis Bagaman (Nonpartisan) 22.53%
Commercial (First) James Tien Pei-chun
(Liberal)
Incumbent hold Jeffrey Lam Kin-fung (Liberal)
uncontested
Commercial (Second) Philip Wong Yu-hong Incumbent hold Philip Wong Yu-hong
uncontested
Industrial (First) Kenneth Ting Woo-shou
(Liberal)
Incumbent hold Kenneth Ting Woo-shou (Liberal) 57.22%
Chan Siu-king (Nonpartisan) 42.78%
Industrial (Second) Lui Ming-wah Incumbent hold Lui Ming-wah
uncontested
Finance David Li Kwok-po Incumbent hold David Li Kwok-po 73.55%
Leo Kung Lin-cheng 26.45%
Financial Services Fung Chi-kin Incumbent lost re-election
Nonpartisan gain
Wu King-cheong 53.47%
Fung Chi-kin (Progressive Alliance) 40.18%
Irene So Wai-yin 6.35%
Sports, Performing Arts, Culture and Publication Timothy Fok Tsun-ting Incumbent hold Timothy Fok Tsun-ting
uncontested
Import and Export Hui Cheung-ching
(Progressive Alliance)
Incumbent hold Hui Cheung-ching (Progressive Alliance)
uncontested
Textiles and Garment Sophie Lau Yau-fun
(Liberal)
Incumbent hold Sophie Lau Yau-fun (Liberal)
uncontested
Wholesale and Retail Selina Chow Liang Shuk-yee
(Liberal)
Incumbent hold Selina Chow Liang Shuk-yee (Liberal) 75.40%
Lau Chi-wing 24.60%
Information Technology Sin Chung-kai
(Democratic)
Incumbent hold Sin Chung-kai (Democratic) 73.69%
Kan Wing-kay 26.31%
Catering New constituencies Tommy Cheung Yu-yan (Liberal) 53.59%
Leung Kwok-cheong 26.11%
David Ng Tak-leung (DAB) 20.30%
District Council Ip Kwok-him (DAB) 57.39%
Cosmas Chiang Sai-cheong (Liberal) 42.61%

Election Committee (6 seats)[edit]

No. Party Candidate Votes
21 Independent Ma Fung-kwok 376
22 Independent Shiu Sin-por 360
23 Independent Ng Ching-fai 401
24 Progressive Alliance David Chu Yu-lin 464
25 DAB Yeung Yiu-chung 490
26 Independent Rita Fan Hsu Lai-tai 651
27 Independent Ho Ka-cheong 117
28 Independent Ng Leung-sing 483
29 Progressive Alliance Ambrose Lau Hon-chuen 594
30 Liberal Ho Sai-chu 378

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Poon, Kit (2007). The Political Future of Hong Kong: Democracy Within Communist China. Routledge. p. 72. 
  2. ^ "2004 LegCo Election- Facts about the Election". Elections.gov.hk. 

External links[edit]