Hong Kong local elections, 1994

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Hong Kong local elections, 1994
Flag of Hong Kong (1959-1997).svg
← 1991 18 September 1994 1999 →

All Elected Constituencies
346 (of the 373) seats in all 18 Districts Boards
Turnout 33.1% Increase0.6pp
  First party Second party Third party
  Martin Lee 2014 cut.jpg Tsang Yok-sing.jpg Frederick Fung at Alliance for True Democracy.jpg
Leader Martin Lee Tsang Yok-sing Frederick Fung
Party Democratic DAB ADPL
Alliance Pro-democracy Pro-Beijing Pro-democracy
Last election New party New party 15 seats, 5.26%
Seats won 75 37 29
Seat change Increase13 Increase28 Increase14
Popular vote 157,929 81,126 47,740
Percentage 23.01% 11.82% 6.95%
Swing N/A N/A Increase2.20pp

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Allen Lee at 71demo 2008.jpg LDF Lau Kong-wah 2014.jpg
Leader Allen Lee Hu Fa-kuang Lau Kong-wah
Party Liberal LDF Civil Force
Alliance Pro-Beijing Pro-Beijing Pro-Beijing
Last election New party 24 seats, 8.96% New party
Seats won 18 11 10
Seat change Increase8 Increase2 Increase8
Popular vote 50,755 27,841 12,141
Percentage 7.39% 4.06% 1.77%
Swing N/A Decrease4.90pp N/A

The 1994 Hong Kong District Board elections were held on 18 September 1994 for all 18 districts of Hong Kong and 346 members from directly elected constituencies. It was the last district-level elections in the colonial period before the handover of Hong Kong in 1997. It was the first elections to be held after the abolition of the appointed seats as proposed by the new electoral arrangements, as the last step of the democratisation by the then Governor Chris Patten before the handover.

Despite set against the British-Chinese dispute over Hong Kong's political reform, the election was influenced by local issues such as bus fares and garbage collection. The turnout of 33.1%, slightly higher than the 32.5% turnout for the 1991 District Board elections. Almost 700,000 votes cast were 60% more than in the previous election and reflect the broader franchise stemming from Patten's reform package.[1]

Under the Patten's reform package, the voting age was lowered to 18 from 21, appointed members were abolished, and District Board members were given responsibility of filling ten of the 60 Legislative Council seats through Election Committee constituency in the 1995 Legislative Council election.[1] The multiple-member single-constituency electoral method was also changed to single-member constituency method.

The pro-democracy alliance, the United DemocratsMeeting Point, which was undergoing the merger plan of creating the Democratic Party, captured the lead with 75 seats and teamed up with smaller pro-democracy parties to gain control of five of the 18 District Boards, Central and Western District, Sham Shui Po District and Kwun Tong District in Hong Kong Island and Kowloon, and Tuen Mun District and Kwai Tsing District in the New Territories.[1] The biggest pro-Beijing party, the Democratic Alliance for the Betterment of Hong Kong (DAB) won 37 seats, doing better than expected, while conservative, pro-business candidates of the Liberal Party, the Liberal Democratic Federation of Hong Kong (LDF) and the Hong Kong Progressive Alliance came in below expectations with 30 seats.[1]

After the elections, Beijing appointed 200 District Affairs Advisers as the part of establishing a political structure parallel to that of the British one, as it claimed that Patten's reform violated the constitution and Sino-British agreements.[1] After the handover, the 1994 elected District Boards transformed into 18 Provisional District Boards with the reintroduction of the appointed seats by Chief Executive Tung Chee-hwa. The Provisional District Boards were replaced by the District Councils elected in 1999.

Results[edit]

General outcome[edit]

e • d Overall Summary of the 18 September 1994 District Boards of Hong Kong election results
Political Affiliation Popular vote % Standing Elected
Democratic Alliance for the Betterment of Hong Kong 81,126 11.82 83 37
Liberal Party 50,755 7.39 89 18
Liberal Democratic Federation of Hong Kong 27,841 4.06 30 13
Civil Force 12,141 1.77 10 10
Kwun Tong Man Chung Friendship Promotion Association 11,952 1.74 12 7
United Front for the Service of the People 9,720 1.42 8 4
East Kowloon District Residents' Committee 9,197 1.34 11 8
Public Affairs Society 6,982 1.02 15 2
Hong Kong Progressive Alliance 4,516 0.66 8 2
Tai Po District Residence Association 3,325 0.48 4 1
New Territories West Residents Association 2,187 0.32 5 1
Kowloon City District Residence Association 1,486 0.22 2 2
Mongkok District Residence Association 1,450 0.21 2 2
Sham Shui Po Residents Association 332 0.05 3 2
Pro-China independents and others 151,209 22.03 161 89
Total for pro-China camp 374,070 54.50 444 199
United DemocratsMeeting Point 157,929 23.01 133 75
Hong Kong Association for Democracy and People's Livelihood 47,740 6.95 40 29
123 Democratic Alliance 13,779 2.01 19 5
Kowloon City Observers 5,164 0.75 6 2
Hong Kong Democratic Foundation 4,048 0.59 5 2
Hong Kong Public Doctors' Association 3,273 0.48 3 2
Hong Kong Confederation of Trade Unions 2,850 0.42 2 2
Hong Kong Professional Teachers' Union 2,127 0.31 1 1
Neighbourhood and Workers Service Centre 859 0.13 3 1
Pioneer 387 0.06 1 0
Independent democrats and others 39,936 5.82 34 24
Total for pro-democracy camp 278,092 40.51 247 143
Total for others 34,255 4.99 66 4
Total (turnout 33.1%) 686,417 100.0 757 346

Results by district[edit]

Council Camp control Largest party UD/MP DAB ADPL LP LDF CF 123DA Others Pro-dem Pro-Beijing Ex officio Composition Details
Central & Western Pro-democracy Democratic (majority) 8 2 1 3 9 5 N/A




Details
Wan Chai Pro-Beijing DAB 3 3 1 1 2 3 7 N/A




Details
Eastern Pro-Beijing DAB 4 9 3 18 10 22 N/A




Details
Southern Pro-Beijing Democratic 4 2 10 4 12 N/A




Details
Yau Tsim Mong Pro-Beijing ADPL 1 1 2 1 1 9 5 9 N/A




Details
Sham Shui Po Pro-democracy ADPL (majority) 3 11 1 5 14 6 N/A




Details
Kowloon City Pro-Beijing LDF 2 2 2 6 1 8 4 16 N/A




Details
Wong Tai Sin Pro-Beijing DAB 4 4 3 1 10 8 14 N/A




Details
Kwun Tong Pro-democracy Democratic 7 4 1 1 1 19 17 16 N/A




Details
Tsuen Wan Pro-Beijing Democratic 2 1 12 4 11 2




Details
Tuen Mun Pro-democracy Democratic 9 2 4 2 2 6 15 10 1




Details
Yuen Long Pro-Beijing Democratic 3 1 15 3 16 6




Details
North Pro-Beijing DAB 2 4 5 3 8 4




Details
Tai Po Pro-Beijing Democratic 4 2 4 3 4 4 13 2




Details
Sai Kung Pro-Beijing Democratic 2 2 7 5 6 2




Details
Sha Tin Pro-Beijing Civil Force 8 2 10 11 12 19 1




Details
Kwai Tsing Pro-democracy Democratic 9 6 11 21 5 1




Details
Islands Pro-Beijing DAB 2 4 0 6 8




Details

Vote summary[edit]

Popular vote
UDHK/MP
  
23.01%
DAB
  
11.82%
Liberal
  
7.39%
ADPL
  
6.95%
LDF
  
4.06%
123DA
  
2.01%
Civil Force
  
1.77%
Others
  
41.31%

Seat summary[edit]

Seats
UDHK/MP
  
21.68%
DAB
  
10.69%
ADPL
  
8.38%
Liberal
  
5.20%
LDF
  
3.76%
Civil Force
  
2.90%
123DA
  
1.45%
Others
  
45.94%

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Tefft, Sheila (20 September 1994). "Pro-Democracy Parties Capture Lead in Hong Kong Elections". The Christian Science Monitor.