Hong in 2013
|Full name||Hong Myung-bo|
|Date of birth||12 February 1969|
|Place of birth||Seoul, South Korea|
|Height||1.81 m (5 ft 11 1⁄2 in)|
|1991||Sangmu FC (draft)|
|2000||South Korea U23 (WC)||1||(0)|
|1991||South Korea Universiade|
|2009||South Korea U20|
|2009–2012||South Korea U23|
|* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only|
|Revised Romanization||Hong Myeong-bo|
Hong Myung-bo (Korean: 홍명보, Hanja: 洪明甫; Korean pronunciation: [hoŋmjʌŋbo]; born 12 February 1969) is a South Korean former footballer and former manager. A former sweeper, Hong is often considered one of the greatest Asian footballers of all time. Hong was a member of the South Korean national team in four FIFA World Cups, and was the first Asian player to play in four consecutive World Cup final tournaments. He was the first Asian player who received the Bronze Ball at the World Cup. He was also the only two Asian players, chosen among the FIFA 100, Pelé's selection about the 125 greatest living footballers in the world, with a Japanese midfielder Hidetoshi Nakata.
Hong was named in the South Korea squad for the 1990 FIFA World Cup just four months after his international debut. The youngest South Korean player who participated in the tournament, he played in all three games of the group stage, and received the most praise in South Korea, although they lost all group matches. He was also selected as a member of the South Korea Universiade team for the 1991 Summer Universiade. Scoring a goal in the first match against Algeria, he helped them advance to the final by stabilizing the defense of the team. After drawing the final with the Netherlands without a goal, he succeed to score the first shot of South Korea in the penalty shoot-out, and finally won a gold medal.
His talent was most notable during the group stage of the 1994 FIFA World Cup. When South Korea had only five minutes to catch up Spain, who was leading the match with the score of 2–0, he scored the first goal outside the penalty area, and assisted his teammate Seo Jung-won to score the equalizer goal shortly after, making the match a memorable draw against Spain. In the match that took place two weeks later, South Korea was losing during the first half with the score of 3–0 against the defending champions Germany, represented by numerous skillful players including two Ballon d'Or winners Lothar Matthäus and Matthias Sammer. After South Korean striker Hwang Sun-hong struck their first goal into the net, he scored the second goal himself with a long-range shot, but that was the last goal of the match.
He participated in the 1994 Asian Games after the World Cup, but he injured his knee during the quarter-final match against Japan. South Korea lost to Uzbekistan in the semi-finals after he quit the tournament. When Park Jong-hwan managed the South Korea squad, Hong was in conflict with Park who had a coercive disposition, and was criticized for forming his faction in the national team. He was also doubted whether he played the game lazily after South Korea lost 6–2 to Iran in the quarter-finals of the 1996 AFC Asian Cup. At the 1998 FIFA World Cup in France, South Korea was eliminated at the first round with one draw and two losses. He didn't prevent team's 5–0 loss in the second game against the Netherlands. He was selected as an over-aged player by the South Korea under-23 for the 2000 Summer Olympics, but he was injured just before the tournament, and replaced by Kang Chul.
Hong captained South Korea to a historic fourth-place finish in the 2002 FIFA World Cup. He scored the winning penalty to secure a 5–3 shootout victory in the quarter final against Spain after a goalless draw. The Technical Study Group voted him as the third best player of the tournament, the Bronze Ball winner, so he became the first ever Asian player to be named in the top three players at a World Cup. Leader of the Korean defensive trio alongside Kim Tae-young and Choi Jin-cheul, he ended his international career after a 2002 friendly match against World Cup champions Brazil as the all-time leader in appearances for the South Korea national team, with 136 caps.
Style of play
Hong didn't have rapid pace, untiring stamina and outstanding ability about man-to-man defense, but he had wide vision and great leadership, which control the other defenders. An offensive sweeper, he was noted for his accurate long-range passing skills which also largely contributed to South Korea's attack. He was nicknamed the "Eternal Libero" by South Korean media, and became the icon of South Korean football in his era.
On 26 September 2005, after his retirement as a player, Hong returned to the national team as assistant coach. Helping the manager Dick Advocaat, he took part in the 2006 FIFA World Cup, and worked with the next manager Pim Verbeek in the 2007 AFC Asian Cup. After the resignation of Verbeek, he was one of the candidates to become the next manager.
The Korean FA announced that it had appointed him as the South Korea under-20 team, on 19 February 2009. Under his guidance the team reached the quarter-finals of the 2009 FIFA U-20 World Cup, but were eliminated due to a 3–2 defeat to Ghana, the eventual champions.
Hong also served an assistant coach for South Korea under-23 team under Park Sung-hwa. In October 2009, he took over the coaching duties at under-23 team. He led his team into third place in the 2010 Asian Games. On 10 August 2012, Hong Myung-bo coached the men's Olympic team to a 2-0 win over Japan to secure the bronze medal at the 2012 Summer Olympics, which set up a record by obtaining the first medal ever for South Korea in Olympic football as well as being the first Asian team in 44 years to win a medal at that event.
He was named as assistant manager to Guus Hiddink at Anzhi Makhachkala in August 2012. After Choi Kang-hee, the former head coach of South Korea, took the responsibility of the team's poor performance in 2014 FIFA World Cup qualification and resigned from his position, Hong Myung-bo was appointed as the new head coach of the team on 24 June 2013 to prepare the team for the 2014 FIFA World Cup. After a winless World Cup campaign, Hong resigned from his post on 10 July 2014.
Hong married Cho Soo-mi, who was five years younger than him, in 1997. He has two sons, Hong Seong-min and Hong Jeong-min. One of them is currently attending Korea International School. Hong also has two younger siblings. Hong is known for his reticence and charisma.
|Club||Season||League||National Cup||League Cup||Continental||Total|
|Sangmu FC (draft)||1991||Semi-pro League||[a]||[b]||—|
|Pohang Steelworks||1992||K League||29||1||—||8||0||—||37||1|
|Bellmare Hiratsuka||1997||J1 League||10||0||3||1||0||0||—||13||1|
|Kashiwa Reysol||1999||J1 League||28||5||4||2||5||2||—||37||9|
|Pohang Steelers||2002||K League||19||0||[c]||0||0||—||19||0|
|South Korea U23||2000||1||0|
- Results list South Korea's goal tally first.
|1.||3 August 1990||Beijing, China||China PR||1 goal||1–1 (6–5 PSO)||1990 Dynasty Cup|
|2.||23 September 1990||Beijing, China||Singapore||1 goal||7–0||1990 Asian Games|
|3.||24 August 1992||Beijing, China||North Korea||1 goal||1–1||1992 Dynasty Cup|
|4.||13 May 1993||Beirut, Lebanon||India||1 goal||3–0||1994 FIFA World Cup qualification|
|5.||19 October 1993||Doha, Qatar||Iraq||1 goal||2–2||1994 FIFA World Cup qualification|
|6.||5 June 1994||Boston, United States||Ecuador||1 goal||1–2||Friendly match|
|7.||17 June 1994||Dallas, United States||Spain||1 goal||2–2||1994 FIFA World Cup|
|8.||27 June 1994||Dallas, United States||Germany||1 goal||2–3||1994 FIFA World Cup|
|9.||11 September 1994||Gangneung, South Korea||Ukraine||1 goal||1–0||Friendly match|
|10.||8 August 1996||Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam||Chinese Taipei||1 goal||4–0||1996 AFC Asian Cup qualification|
- Korean Semi-professional League: 1991 Autumn
South Korea Universiade
- FIFA World Cup fourth place: 2002
- Asian Games bronze medal: 1990
- AFC Asian Cup third place: 2000
- Dynasty Cup: 1990
- K League 1 Most Valuable Player: 1992
- K League 1 Best XI: 1992, 1994, 1995, 1996, 2002
- FIFA XI: 1997
- AFC All Stars XI: 1997, 2000
- AFC Asian Cup Team of the Tournament: 2000
- J.League Best XI: 2000
- FIFA World Cup Bronze Ball: 2002
- FIFA World Cup All-Star Team: 2002
- FIFA World Player of the Year nominee: 2002
- FIFA 100: 2004
- K League 30th Anniversary Best XI: 2013
- AFC Hall of Fame: 2014
South Korea U23
- 체육계 쪽지. Naver.com (in Korean). The Hankyoreh. 19 May 1991.
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- "Awards". FIFA. Retrieved 29 July 2018.
- "The Fifa 100". The Guardian. 4 March 2004.
- 월드컵 축구팀 22명 최종확정. Naver.com (in Korean). The Hankyoreh. 30 May 1990. Retrieved 18 May 2020.
- 崔순호·洪명보 두명만 뛰었다. Naver.com (in Korean). Kyunghyang. 13 June 1990. Retrieved 18 May 2020.
- Han, Hong-ki (22 June 1990). 마지막30초 虚찔렸지만 잘싸웠다. Naver.com (in Korean). Dong-A Ilbo. Retrieved 18 May 2020.
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- 궂은 비 맞으며 활활 타오른 투혼 한국축구 유니버시아드制覇. Naver.com (in Korean). Dong-A Ilbo. 25 July 1991. Retrieved 18 May 2020.
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- 축구계「열하나회」있다. Naver.com (in Korean). Kyunghyang. 17 December 1996. Retrieved 18 May 2020.
- Jeong, Hee-jun (8 July 2013). 기성용 전에는 홍명보가 있었다…"그러다 다친" 감독들 (in Korean). Pressian. Retrieved 18 May 2020.
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- Jiang, Allan (5 August 2012). "South Korea 2002 FIFA World Cup Retrospective". Bleacher Report. Retrieved 23 March 2018.
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- [홍의택의 대담] 아시아의 리베로가 말한다, '한국 중앙 수비수' (in Korean). Sportalkorea. 24 May 2017. Retrieved 17 May 2020.
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- '영원한 리베로' 홍명보, 24년 대표팀 영욕의 역사 (in Korean). JoongAng Ilbo. 10 July 2014. Retrieved 17 May 2020.
- "South Korea blanks Japan for men's soccer bronze – CBC Sports". CBC Sports. Retrieved 23 March 2018.
- 국가대표 복귀문제로 논란 이는 한국축구 간판스타 홍명보·조수미 부부 (in Korean). W Dong-A. Archived from the original on 23 September 2015. Retrieved 22 August 2012.
- #20 홍명보 (in Korean). K League. Retrieved 27 June 2019.
- "Myung-Bo Hong – Century of International Appearances". RSSSF. Retrieved 23 March 2018.
- 포철 홍명보 '올해의 선수'뽑혀 (in Korean). The Hankyoreh. 4 December 1992.
- 올 최우수선수 홍명보 (in Korean). The Hankyoreh. 6 December 1992.
- 「적토마」고정운 MVP영예 (in Korean). Kyunghyang. 20 November 1994.
- 신태용 올 축구 황금발 (in Korean). The Hankyoreh. 24 November 1995.
- 프로축구 MVP 김현석 뽑혀 (in Korean). The Hankyoreh. 30 November 1996.
- 2002년 K-리그 시상식 21일 개최 (in Korean). Yonhap. 20 December 2002.
- "FIFA XI´s Matches – Full Info". RSSSF. 20 October 2015.
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- アジアカップ2000・レバノン大会 (in Japanese). WorldCup's world. Retrieved 15 June 2020.
- Jリーグ 歴代のMVP・ベストイレブン・得点王 (in Japanese). ULTRAZONE. 5 December 2017.
- "2002 FIFA World Cup Korea/Japan: Report and Statistics" (PDF). FIFA.
- "FIFA World player 2002 Elected by 148 managers of national teams". European Football Statistics.
- 한국 축구 레전드 베스트11 발표 (in Korean). YTN. 31 May 2013.
- Johnston, Patrick (21 November 2014). Peter Rutherford (ed.). "Kewell, Hong, Daei among AFC's first Hall of Fame inductees". Reuters. Retrieved 21 November 2014.
- Hong Myung-bo – K League stats at kleague.com (in Korean)
- Hong Myung-bo – National Team Stats at KFA (in Korean)
- Hong Myung-bo – FIFA competition record
- Hong Myung-bo at National-Football-Teams.com
- Hong Myung-bo at J.League (in Japanese)
- International Appearances & Goals rsssf.com
- Hong`s match winning goal Jleague 2000 FCTokyo vs Reysol