Honga River

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Coordinates: 38°18′N 76°10′W / 38.3°N 76.17°W / 38.3; -76.17 (Honga River)

Honga River
Hongarivermap.png
Honga River Watershed
Native nameKahunge
Location
CountryUnited States
StateMaryland
RegionEastern Shore
CitiesHoopersville, Bishops Head, Wingate, Crapo, Church Creek
Physical characteristics
Source 
 - locationChurch Creek, Maryland
MouthChesapeake Bay
 - location
Hooper's Island
 - elevation
0 ft (0 m)
Basin features
Tributaries 
 - leftWallace Creek, Spicer Creek
 - rightWorlds End Creek, Fox Creek

The Honga River is an estuary on the eastern side of the Chesapeake Bay, bounded on the west by Hooper's Island and on the east by the mainland of Dorchester County, Maryland.[1][2] 14 miles (23 km) in length and over 1 mile (1.6 km) wide, it runs southeast to the west entrance of Hooper Strait, north of Tangier Island; the Hooper Strait Light stood between the two.[2] Towns on the river include Crapo, Fishing Creek and Wingate.

The Honga River is actually the widened, southern end of a strait that also includes Slaughter Creek, Upper Keene Broad, Dunnock Island Creek, and Lower Keene Broad.

The river was sometimes called "tunger" or even "Hungary" River,[3] Historians hold, however, that the name is derived from the Powatan word kahunge meaning "goose".[4][5] The Honga was a historic center of the oyster fishery in the bay and continues to be popular with sport fishermen.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Fact Sheet: Honga River, Dorchester County, MD" (PDF). U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. February 17, 2011. Retrieved 2012-01-27.[permanent dead link]
  2. ^ a b Griffes, Peter L. (2004). Atlantic Boating Almanacs: Sandy Hook, Nj To St. John River, Fl & Bermuda. 3. Annapolis, Maryland: ProStar Publications. p. 323.
  3. ^ for example, George Fox refers to a stop at house on the "Hunger River". Penney, Norman, ed. (1924). The Journal of George Fox. New York: Cosimo. p. 306. Retrieved 2012-01-27.
  4. ^ Kenny, Hamill (1984). The Place Names of Maryland: Their Origin and Meaning. Baltimore: Maryland Historical Society. p. 116.
  5. ^ Stewart, George R. (1970). American Place-Names: A Concise and Selective Dictionary for the Continental United States of America. Oxford University Press. p. 210.