Hongdu

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Coordinates: 28°38′05″N 115°55′50″E / 28.634818°N 115.93061°E / 28.634818; 115.93061

Hongdu Aviation Industry Group
State-owned
Industry Defence
Founded December 1934; 83 years ago (1934-12), as Sino-Italian National Aircraft Works
1951; 67 years ago (1951), as Hongdu
Headquarters Nanchang, Jiangxi, China
Key people
Song Chengzhi (Chairman)[1]
Products Military aircraft
Number of employees
20,000
Parent Aviation Industry Corporation of China
Website www.hongdu.com.cn

Hongdu Aviation Industry Group Ltd. (Chinese: 洪都航空工业集团), formerly China Nanchang Aircraft Manufacturing Corporation or CNAMC, is a Chinese aircraft manufacturer and supplier to the Chinese military. It is based in Nanchang, the capital of Jiangxi province and is part of the Aviation Industry Corporation of China (AVIC).

History[edit]

Republic of China[edit]

Hongdu's predecessor was the Sino-Italian National Aircraft Works (SINAW), established in December 1934 in Nanchang as a joint venture between the Republic of China and the Kingdom of Italy, after Chiang Kai-shek signed an agreement with Italian Prime Minister Benito Mussolini a year before. In 1935, factories were built at Qingyunpu Airport (then known as Sanjiadian) and Laoyingfang Airport.[2] Song Ziliang (zh) (T. L. Soong) served as the first chairman, and an Italian served as general manager.[2]

After the outbreak of the Second Sino-Japanese War in 1937, SINAW factories were severely damaged by Japanese aerial bombing.[2] When the Chinese government discovered that Italians served as guides for Japanese pilots, it broke off its relationship with Italy, and all Italian employees left the company by the end of the year, with 300 Chinese employees remaining. On 9 December 1937, Chiang Kai-shek confiscated Italian shares and properties and renamed the company Central Nanchang Aircraft Works (中央南昌飞机制造厂). It was then relocated to Chongqing to evade Japanese attacks.[2] It returned to Sanjiadian Airport in Nanchang in 1947, after the end of the war.[2]

People's Republic of China[edit]

After the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949, the company was re-established in 1951 as the state-run Hongdu Machinery-building Factory and later as Nanchang Aircraft Manufacturing Corporation.[3] In March 1998 the company's name was changed to Hongdu Aviation Industry (Group) Corporation.[4]

Since its founding, Hongdu used Qingyunpu Airport for test flights. On 23 December 2009, the Jiangxi provincial government reached an agreement with Aviation Industry Corporation of China to build the new Nanchang Yaohu Airport in the Nanchang Aviation Industrial City to replace Qingyunpu Airport. Construction began in November 2016, and Yaohu Airport was opened on 16 August 2018.[5]

Products[edit]

Hongdu L-15 supersonic trainer

Attackers

Cancelled Fighters

  • J-12 - a 1970 Chinese lightweight supersonic fighter, Development abandoned in 1977. Only Prototypes built.

Trainers

Utility

  • Hongdu N-5 - multi-use agriculture & forest aircraft

Helicopters

  • MD500E - light and multi-purpose helicopter
  • MD520N - light and multi-purpose helicopter
  • MD530F - light and multi-purpose helicopter
  • MD600N - single-turbine engine helicopter, stretched version of MD600

Transport

Vehicles

References[edit]

  1. ^ "吴晓军主任会见洪都航空工业集团公司董事长宋承志一行". 江西省工业和信息化委员会. Retrieved January 1, 2015.
  2. ^ a b c d e Zhu Weiguo 朱伟国 (2015-09-01). "历史的记忆". Hongdu Aviation. Retrieved 2018-10-02.
  3. ^ "Enterprise Brief Introduction". Retrieved 2008-12-09.
  4. ^ Mondey, David (2000). The New Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft. London: Quantum. p. 296.
  5. ^ ""83岁"青云谱机场今年要"退休"". People's Daily. 2018-08-17. Retrieved 2018-09-29.

External links[edit]