Hongkou District

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Hongkou
虹口区
District
View of Hongkou from a building near Lu Xun Park
View of Hongkou from a building near Lu Xun Park
Hongkou in Shanghai
Hongkou in Shanghai
Country China
Region Shanghai
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Hongkou District
Simplified Chinese 虹口区
Traditional Chinese 虹口區
Postal Map Hongkew

About this sound Hongkou , is a northern district of Shanghai proper, People's Republic of China. It has a land area of 23.48 km2 (9.07 sq mi) and a population of 799,700 as of 2001.

It is the location of the Astor House Hotel, Broadway Mansions, Lu Xun Park, and Hongkou Football Stadium.

Hongkou is home to the Shanghai International Studies University (SISU) and the Shanghai University of Finance and Economics.

History[edit]

During the Second World war when Shanghai was occupied by the Japanese, 20,000 Jewish refugees from Nazi-occupied Europe lived in an overcrowded square-mile section known to as the Shanghai ghetto, in the Tilanqiao neighborhood of Hongkew.[1]

Subdistricts[edit]

Hongkou is responsible for the administration of the following subdistricts.

Name Chinese (S) Hanyu Pinyin Shanghainese Romanization Population (2010)[2]
Ouyang Road Subdistrict 欧阳路街道 Ōuyánglù Jiēdào oe yan lu ka do 73,328
Quyang Road Subdistrict 曲阳路街道 Qūyánglù Jiēdào chioq yan lu ka do 102,564
Guangzhong Road Subdistrict 广中路街道 Guǎngzhōnglù Jiēdào kuaon tzon lu ka do 122,669
Jiaxing Road Subdistrict 嘉兴路街道 Jiāxìnglù Jiēdào cia ka xin lu ka do 125,634
Liangcheng Xincun Subdistrict 凉城新村街道 Liángchéng Xīncūn Jiēdào lian zen sin tsen ka do 98,094
North Sichuan Road Subdistrict 四川北路街道 Sìchuān Běilù Jiēdào sy tseu poq lu ka do 87,401
Tilanqiao Subdistrict 提篮桥街道 Tílánqiáo Jiēdào dij zy le djio ka do 113,751
Jiangwanzhen Subdistrict 江湾镇街道 Jiāngwānzhèn Jiēdào kaon ue tzen ka do 129,035

Economy[edit]

Previously Lianhua Supermarket had its Shanghai office in the district.[3]

Schools[edit]

Russian Consulate School in Shanghai is a Russian overseas primary school operated by the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, located on the grounds of the Consulate-General of Russia in Shanghai in Hongkou District.[4]

Transportation[edit]

Metro[edit]

Hongkou is currently served by five metro lines operated by Shanghai Metro:

References[edit]

  1. ^ James Griffiths (21 November 2013). "Shanghai's Forgotten Jewish Past". The Atlantic. 
  2. ^ shi, Guo wu yuan ren kou pu cha ban gong; council, Guo jia tong ji ju ren kou he jiu ye tong ji si bian = Tabulation on the 2010 population census of the people's republic of China by township / compiled by Population census office under the state; population, Department of; statistics, employment statistics national bureau of (2012). Zhongguo 2010 nian ren kou pu cha fen xiang, zhen, jie dao zi liao (Di 1 ban. ed.). Beijing Shi: Zhongguo tong ji chu ban she. ISBN 978-7-5037-6660-2. 
  3. ^ Lianhua 2003(?) Annual Report (Archive). Lianhua Supermarket. p. 2. "Registered Office 11th to 15th Floors 1666 Sichuan (North) Road Shanghai The PRC Place of Business in Hong Kong 26th to 27th Floors Harcourt Building 39 Gloucester Road Wanchai Hong Kong" - Traditional Chinese (Archive): "註冊辦事處 中國上海 四川北路1666號 11至15樓 香港營業地點 香港灣仔告士打道39號 夏愨大廈26至27樓"
  4. ^ "Контакты" (Archive). Russian Consulate School in Shanghai. Retrieved on April 14, 2015. "Адрес: 200080, КНР, г. Шанхай ул. Хуанпу № 20. English: 200000, PRC, Shanghai, Hong Kou Qu Districs [sic], 20 Huang Pu Lu"

Further reading[edit]

Coordinates: 31°16′13″N 121°30′14″E / 31.2703°N 121.504°E / 31.2703; 121.504