Hongqiao transportation hub

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Shanghai Hongqiao railway station, a major component of the hub

The Hongqiao comprehensive transportation hub (Chinese: 虹桥综合交通枢纽; pinyin: Hóngqiáo Zōnghé Jiāotōng Shūniǔ) is a major intermodal passenger transport hub situated in western suburb district of Changning and Minhang of Shanghai. The hub consists of Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport, the intercity high-speed Shanghai Hongqiao railway station, three metro lines, buses, taxicabs and an reserved maglev station for future uses. Hongqiao hub is the first of its kind in China and the model has been followed by various other Chinese cities, including Hangzhou,[1] Guangzhou[2] and Shenzhen.[3]

History[edit]

Prior to the intermodal transportation center, Hongqiao Airport was refurbished in 1964 as then Shanghai's new major airport. In 2005, the idea of Hongqiao comprehensive transportation hub was officially put forward by Ministry of Railways of China and Shanghai municipal government. Shanghai Rainbow Investment Corp. was founded in 2006 by Shanghai government to be the sole authorized entity in charge of the construction and development project of the hub.[4] As part of the infrastructure plan of World Expo 2010, the hub was completed before the end of 2009 and was put into use before the expo in 2010.

Modes of transport[edit]

Air[edit]

Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport mainly serves domestic flights and regional flights to Japan and South Korea. In 2016, Hongqiao Airport handled 40,460,135 passengers, making it the 7th busiest airport in China and the 45th busiest in the world.[5]

High-speed rail[edit]

Shanghai Hongqiao railway station is one of the three major railway stations of Shanghai and the largest railway station in Asia.[6] It offers intercity high-speed railway services to all of the major Chinese cities. Most important and well-known rail lines includes the Shanghai–Nanjing intercity railway, the Shanghai–Hangzhou high-speed railway (the first section of the future Shanghai–Kunming high-speed railway), and the Beijing–Shanghai high-speed railway.

Shanghai metro[edit]

There are currently three metro lines serving the hub: Line 2, Line 10 and Line 17. Line 2 (Shanghai Metro) is an east–west line, connecting the hub to old city center, Lujiazui financial district, Zhangjiang Hi-Tech Park and Shanghai Pudong International Airport. Line 10 (Shanghai Metro)is a southwest–northeast line, offering connections to the dense residential districts of Yangpu and Hongkou via downtown Shanghai. Line 17 (Shanghai Metro) runs further westward, serving the suburban Qingpu District.

Line Termini
(Location)
Service patterns Length
km
Stations
02 2  East Xujing
(Qingpu)
Pudong International Airport
(Pudong)
Rush Hour: East XujingTangzhen[7]

Mainline: East XujingGuanglan Road
Partial: Songhong RoadGuanglan Road
Suburban segment: Guanglan RoadPudong International Airport[8]

63.8 30
10 10  Xinjiangwancheng
(Yangpu)
Hongqiao Railway Station (Minhang) XinjiangwanchengHongqiao Railway Station
XinjiangwanchengHangzhong Road[9]
35.4 31
Hangzhong Road (Minhang)
17 17  Hongqiao Railway Station
(Minhang)
Oriental Land
(Qingpu)
Hongqiao Railway StationOriental Land
Partial: Hongqiao Railway StationDianshanhu Avenue
35.3 13

Other means[edit]

Bus services and taxicab services are available inside the terminal building of airport and the railway station.

Elevated roads are constructed and have been put into service, offering access to various destinations in Shanghai and neighboring cities.

Remarks[edit]

Various other major Chinese cities are currently investing to build similar transportation hub in their cities, including Hangzhou, Guangzhou and Shenzhen. Shanghai government is committed to construct another such hub in eastern Shanghai. Based on Shanghai Pudong International Airport, the planned "Pudong transportation hub" consists of the existing airport and a maglev station, with an additional high-speed railway station and multiple metro lines.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "机场高铁站位置确定,将直接通入萧山机场,总投资230亿". sohu.com.
  2. ^ "广州白云机场将设增高铁站 机场规划效果图及方案一览(图)". bendibao.com.
  3. ^ "深圳机场东高铁站2018年拟建 4条地铁接入成枢纽". bendibao.com.
  4. ^ "公司概况". sh-sr.com.
  5. ^ ACI releases World Airport Traffic Report 2010
  6. ^ Shanghai to have Asia's largest railway station
  7. ^ "上海地铁".
  8. ^ "Line 2: Timetable of the First and Last Train". service.shmetro.com. Retrieved 2018-02-04.
  9. ^ "Line 5: Timetable of the First and Last Train". service.shmetro.com. Retrieved 2018-02-04.
  10. ^ "定了!"上海东站"真的要来了!". sohu.com.