Hongzhou (prince)

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Hongzhou
Prince He of the First Rank
Hongzhou.jpg
Portrait of Hongzhou
Prince He of the First Rank
Reign 1733–1765
Predecessor None
Successor Yongbi
Born (1712-01-05)5 January 1712
Died 2 September 1770(1770-09-02) (aged 58)
Spouse Lady Ujaku
Lady Janggiya
Lady Cuigiya
Issue Yongying
Yongbi
Third son
Yongbin
Fifth son
Yonghuan
Yongkun
Yongzeng
Heshuo Princess Hewan
Full name
Aisin-Gioro Hongzhou
(愛新覺羅·弘晝)
Posthumous name
Prince Hegong of the First Rank
(和恭親王)
House Aisin Gioro
Father Yongzheng Emperor
Mother Imperial Noble Consort Chunque
Hongzhou
Traditional Chinese 弘晝
Simplified Chinese 弘昼

Hongzhou (Manchu: Hungjeo; 5 January 1712 – 2 September 1770), formally known as Prince He, was a Manchu prince of the Qing dynasty.

Life[edit]

Hongzhou was born in the Manchu Aisin Gioro clan as the fifth son of the Yongzheng Emperor. His mother was Imperial Noble Consort Chunque (纯悫皇贵妃) of the Geng (耿) clan, who was the daughter of Geng Dejin (耿德金), a guanling (內管領) in the Qing imperial court.

Hongzhou was granted the title "Prince He of the First Rank" (和親王) in 1733. In his childhood, he was adopted and raised by Empress Xiaojingxian. Unlike his brothers Hongli and Hongshi, Hongzhou chose to avoid being involved in rivalry over the succession to their father's throne. He was known to have pretended to be crazy and feminine.

Family[edit]

  • Father: Yongzheng Emperor
  • Mother: Imperial Noble Consort Chunque (纯悫皇贵妃), of the Geng (耿) clan. She was the daughter of Geng Dejin (耿德金), a guanling (內管領) in the Qing imperial court.
  • Spouses:
    • Primary spouse: Lady Ujaku (吳扎庫氏)
    • Secondary spouses:
      • Lady Janggiya (章佳氏)
      • Lady Cuigiya (崔佳氏)
  • Children:
    • Yongying (永瑛), Hongzhou's eldest son, born to Lady Ujaku.
    • Yongbi (永璧), Hongzhou's second son, born to Lady Ujaku. He was posthumously granted the title of Prince Heqin of the First Rank (和勤親王).
    • Third son, unnamed, born to Lady Janggiya.
    • Yongbin (永璸), Hongzhou's fourth son, born to Lady Ujaku. He was granted the title of "General Who Guards the Nation" (鎮國將軍).
    • Fifth son, unnamed, born to Lady Ujaku.
    • Yonghuan (永瑍), Hongzhou's sixth son, born to Lady Cuigiya. He was granted the title of "General Who Guards the Nation".
    • Yongkun (永琨), Hongzhou's seventh son, born to Lady Ujaku. He was granted the title of Burubafen Duke Who Assists the Nation (不入八分輔國公).
    • Yongzeng (永璔), Hongzhou's eighth son, born to Lady Ujaku.
    • Heshuo Princess Hewan (和碩和婉公主; 24 July 1734 - 2 May 1760), Hongzhou's eldest daughter, personal name unknown, born to Lady Ujaku. She was adopted by Hongzhou's half-brother Hongli, who became the Qianlong Emperor later. In March 1750 she married Deleke (德勒克) of the Mongol Borjigit clan.

Succession of Prince He[edit]

Ancestry[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]