Honi language

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Honi
Native toSouthern China, Vietnam, Laos, Burma
EthnicityHani
Native speakers
140,000 (2007)[1]
Dialects
Language codes
ISO 639-3how
Glottologhoni1244[2]

The Honi language (豪尼語), also known as Haoni, Baihong, Hao-Bai, or Ho, is a language of the Loloish (Yi) branch of the Tibeto-Burman linguistic group spoken in Yunnan, China. The Chinese government groups speakers of this language into the Hani nationality, one of China's 56 recognized nationalities and considers the language to be a dialect of the wider Hani languages. Honi itself is divided into two distinct dialects, Baihong and Haoni, which may be separate languages.

Phonology[edit]

Consonants[edit]

Consonants of the Mojiang dialect
Labial Alveolar (Alveolo-)
palatal
Post-
alveolar
Velar
Plosive voiceless p t k
aspirated
Affricate voiceless ts
aspirated tsʰ tɕʰ tʃʰ
Fricative voiceless f s ɕ ʃ x
voiced v z ʒ ɣ
Nasal m n ȵ ŋ
Approximant voiceless
voiced w l j

A voiceless // may also be realized as a lateral fricative [ɬ].

Vowels[edit]

Vowels of the Mojiang dialect
Front Central Back
High i ɯ u
High-mid ɤ o
Low-mid ɛ ɔ
Low æ a
Syllabic ɹ̩

In the Mojiang dialect, vowel length is distinctive among vowels /iː ɛː/ and syllabic vowels /v̩ː ɹ̩ː/.[3]

Front Back
Diphthong Close iu ui
Mid io
Open ia ua
Nasal Close ĩ
Mid ɛ̃ õ
Open ã
Nasal
Diphthong
Mid ĩɛ̃ ĩõ ũɛ̃
Open ĩã ũã

References[edit]

  1. ^ Honi at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Honi". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ Yongsui, Li; Ersong, Wang (1986). 哈尼语简志 / Ha ni yu jian zhi. Beijing: Minzu Chubanshe. pp. 3–16.
  • Wang Hongxiao [王红晓]; Zhao Dewen [赵德文]. 2017. Zhongguo Mojiang Hanizu Haoniren wenhua shilu [中国墨江哈尼族豪尼人文化实录]. Kunming: Yunnan People's Press [云南人民出版社].