Honnavar

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Image of the Portuguese fort .

Honnavar
Town
A railway bridge near the town
A railway bridge near the town
Honnavar is located in Karnataka
Honnavar
Honnavar
Honnavar is located in India
Honnavar
Honnavar
Coordinates: 14°16′48″N 74°26′38″E / 14.28°N 74.4439°E / 14.28; 74.4439Coordinates: 14°16′48″N 74°26′38″E / 14.28°N 74.4439°E / 14.28; 74.4439
Country India
StateKarnataka
RegionCanara
DistrictUttara Kannada
TalukHonnavar
Established1890[2]
Government
 • TypeMunicipality
 • BodyHonnavar Town Panchayat
Elevation
2 m (7 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total19,109[1]
Languages
 • OfficialKannada
 • OtherKonkani
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
ISO 3166 codeIN-KA
Vehicle registrationKA 47
Websitewww.honnavaratown.gov.in

Honavar (also Honnavar) is a port town in Uttara Kannada district of Karnataka, India.

History[edit]

Honnavar is a port town in Coastal Karnataka known for its beautiful landscapes and rich history. The port hosted foreign traders from the Arab world, as well as later from European countries such as Portugal, England and the Netherlands. The 14th century Moroccan traveler Ibn Batutta stopped in the port during his voyage.[3] The principal export from Honnavar was black pepper. The early traders in the town were of mixed arab and Indian descent.

Portuguese Rule[edit]

During the Portuguese domination a Fortress was built in the 16th century to protect trade in the Indian Ocean. Later in the 18th the English built warehouses at the port.[4]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Honnavar (1981–2010, extremes 1939–2012)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 37.7
(99.9)
38.6
(101.5)
38.3
(100.9)
37.5
(99.5)
38.5
(101.3)
35.4
(95.7)
33.7
(92.7)
32.1
(89.8)
33.2
(91.8)
37.1
(98.8)
37.0
(98.6)
37.2
(99.0)
38.5
(101.3)
Average high °C (°F) 32.8
(91.0)
32.2
(90.0)
32.5
(90.5)
33.1
(91.6)
33.0
(91.4)
30.0
(86.0)
28.7
(83.7)
28.6
(83.5)
29.8
(85.6)
31.5
(88.7)
33.4
(92.1)
33.4
(92.1)
31.6
(88.9)
Average low °C (°F) 20.3
(68.5)
20.2
(68.4)
22.8
(73.0)
24.9
(76.8)
25.9
(78.6)
24.3
(75.7)
23.8
(74.8)
23.6
(74.5)
23.6
(74.5)
23.5
(74.3)
22.8
(73.0)
21.7
(71.1)
23.1
(73.6)
Record low °C (°F) 13.5
(56.3)
14.2
(57.6)
17.4
(63.3)
20.4
(68.7)
20.5
(68.9)
20.3
(68.5)
19.6
(67.3)
19.4
(66.9)
18.2
(64.8)
18.3
(64.9)
15.6
(60.1)
14.9
(58.8)
13.5
(56.3)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 0.4
(0.02)
0.0
(0.0)
0.9
(0.04)
9.5
(0.37)
126.9
(5.00)
1,009.3
(39.74)
1,115.6
(43.92)
842.7
(33.18)
344.7
(13.57)
204.4
(8.05)
48.5
(1.91)
9.4
(0.37)
3,712.4
(146.16)
Average rainy days 0.1 0.0 0.1 1.0 5.3 23.0 27.8 26.3 15.1 8.5 2.2 0.7 110.0
Average relative humidity (%) (at 17:30 IST) 57 60 66 67 70 84 88 88 82 76 62 55 72
Source: India Meteorological Department[5][6]

Transportation[edit]

Rail

The Konkan Railway line passes through Honnavar, and its longest bridge is 2.065 km in length and is in Honnavar, over the Sharavati River.[7]

Sea

In October 2013 the Karnataka government announced plans to develop a new port at Honnavar, to be funded by a public–private partnership (PPP) model.[8]

Inland Water

There are proposals for improvements to the Inland Water Transportation system between Honnavar and Gerusoppa along the Sharavati river coast.[9] Also, the Office of Ferries Inspector (Mangalore Circle) that oversees Inland Water Transportation System of the entire coastal belt of Karnataka State is headquartered at Honnavar.[10]

Famous personalities[edit]

Honnavar has given birth to many eminent personalities. Some of them are 1) Shankar Nag 2) Anant Nag 3) Chittani Ramachandra Hegde 4) Keremane Shambhu Hegde 5) Justice N D V Bhat 6) Chakravarti Sulibele 7) Santosh G Honavar 8) Smruti Shenoy 9) Abhijeeth Bhat

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Honnavar Town Panchayath". Government of Karnataka. Archived from the original on 26 October 2014. Retrieved 26 October 2014.
  2. ^ "Basic City Statistics" (PDF). honnavaratown.gov.in. Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 August 2013.
  3. ^ Ross E. Dunn; University Ross E Dunn (2005). The Adventures of Ibn Battuta: A Muslim Traveler of the Fourteenth Century. University of California Press. p. 221. ISBN 978-0-520-24385-9.
  4. ^ Naik, B. Shreedhara (2008). "European Trade and Politics in Medieval South Canara". Proceedings of the Indian History Congress. 69: 361–372. JSTOR 44147201.
  5. ^ "Station: Honavar Climatological Table 1981–2010" (PDF). Climatological Normals 1981–2010. India Meteorological Department. January 2015. pp. 325–326. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 19 April 2020.
  6. ^ "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. December 2016. p. M97. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 19 April 2020.
  7. ^ http://www.konkanrailway.com/node/120[dead link]
  8. ^ "Karnataka plans new port at Honnavar for Rs 600 crore". Business Standard. Bangalore. 10 October 2013. Retrieved 23 November 2013.
  9. ^ http://www.karnatakaports.in/ongoing_projects.htm Archived 21 September 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ http://www.karnatakaports.in/organization.htm Archived 21 September 2013 at the Wayback Machine

External links[edit]

http://fortalezas.org/index.php?ct=fortaleza&id_fortaleza=739