Daniel K. Inouye International Airport

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Daniel K. Inouye International Airport

Kahua Mokulele Kauʻāina o Daniel K. Inouye
Daniel Inouye Airport Aloha Sign.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic / military
Owner/OperatorHawaii Department of Transportation
ServesOahu
LocationHonolulu, Hawaii, U.S.
OpenedMarch 1927 (1927-03)
Hub for
Elevation AMSL13 ft / 4 m
Coordinates21°19′07″N 157°55′21″W / 21.31861°N 157.92250°W / 21.31861; -157.92250Coordinates: 21°19′07″N 157°55′21″W / 21.31861°N 157.92250°W / 21.31861; -157.92250
Websiteairports.hawaii.gov/hnl
Maps
FAA airport diagram
FAA airport diagram
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
04L/22R 6,955 2,120 Asphalt
04R/22L 9,002 2,744 Asphalt
04W/22W 3,000 914 Water
08L/26R 12,312 3,753 Asphalt
08R/26L 12,000 3,658 Asphalt
08W/26W 5,090 1,551 Water
Statistics (2021)
Aircraft operations274,771
Total passengers12,064,992
Total cargo (US tons)257,115
Sources: ACI[1][2]

Daniel K. Inouye International Airport[3] (IATA: HNL, ICAO: PHNL, FAA LID: HNL), also known as Honolulu International Airport, is the main airport of Oahu, Hawaii.[4] The airport is named after Honolulu native and Medal of Honor recipient Daniel Inouye, who represented Hawaii in the U.S. Senate from 1963 until his death in 2012. The airport is in the Honolulu census-designated place 3 miles (5 km) northwest of Honolulu's central business district.[2][5] The airport covers 4,220 acres (1,708 ha), more than 1% of Oahu's land.[2][6]

Daniel K. Inouye Airport offers nonstop flights to many places in North America, Asia, and Oceania. The airport serves as the main hub of Hawaiian Airlines[7] and is also a base for Aloha Air Cargo. The airport is included in the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems for 2017–2021, in which it is categorized as a large-hub primary commercial service facility.[8]

History[edit]

HNL opened in March 1927 as John Rodgers Airport, after World War I naval officer John Rodgers.[9] It was funded by the territorial legislature and the Chamber of Commerce, and was the first full airport in Hawaii; aircraft had previously been limited to small landing strips, fields, and seaplane docks. From 1939 to 1943, the adjacent Keehi Lagoon was dredged for use by seaplanes, and the dredged soil was moved to HNL to provide more space for conventional planes.

The U.S. military grounded all civil aircraft and took over all civil airports after the attack on Pearl Harbor, and Rodgers Field was designated Naval Air Station Honolulu. The Navy built a control tower and terminal building, and some commercial traffic was allowed during daylight hours. Rodgers Field was returned to the Territory of Hawaii in 1946. At the time, at 4,019 acres (16.26 km2), it was one of the largest airports in the United States, with four paved land runways and three seaplane runways.[9]

John Rodgers Airport was renamed Honolulu Airport in 1947; "International" being added to the name in 1951.[9] Being near the center of the Pacific Ocean it was a stop for many transpacific flights. By 1950, it was the third-busiest airport in the United States in terms of aircraft operations, and its 13,097-foot (3,992 m) runway was the world's longest in 1953.[9] In summer 1959, Qantas began the first jet service to Honolulu on its flights between Australia and California.[10] Qantas introduced these jet flights with Boeing 707 aircraft operating a routing of Sydney – Fiji – Honolulu – San Francisco.[11] Aeronautical engineer and airline consultant Frank Der Yuen advised in the design of the original building and founded its aerospace museum.[12]

The original terminal building on the southeast side of runways 4 was replaced by the John Rodgers Terminal, which was dedicated on August 22, 1962, and opened on October 14, 1962.[9] From 1970 through 1978, the architect Vladimir Ossipoff designed a terminal modernization project that remodeled this terminal and created several additions,[13][14] which included the Diamond Head Concourse in 1970, the Ewa Concourse in 1972, and the Central Concourse in 1980.[15]

Pan American World Airways (Pan Am) used Honolulu as a transpacific hub for many years, initially as a connecting point between the West Coast and Polynesia (Fiji, New Caledonia, and New Zealand) in 1946,[16] followed by service to East Asia through Midway Island and Wake Island from 1947.[17] By 1960, Pan American was serving the airport with Boeing 707 jets. Pan Am flight number 1, operating a 707, flew a westbound routing of San Francisco – Honolulu – Wake Island – Tokyo – Hong Kong and continuing on to New York City via stops in Asia and Europe. The airline also operated nonstop 707 service to Portland, Oregon (continuing to Seattle) and Los Angeles. Pan Am also had direct 707 flights from Honolulu to Calcutta, Guam, Jakarta, Karachi, Manila, Rangoon, Saigon, and Singapore in 1960.[18] United Airlines was flying nonstop Douglas DC-6 "Mainliner" service from San Francisco in 1947 and by 1961 was operating Douglas DC-8 jet service nonstop from Los Angeles and San Francisco with direct one-stop DC-8 flights from both Chicago and New York City .[19] British Commonwealth Pacific Airlines (BCPA) began serving the airport during the mid-1940s with Douglas DC-4 aircraft flying a routing of Sydney – Auckland – Fiji – Canton Island – Honolulu – San Francisco – Vancouver, B.C.[20] In 1950, Northwest Airlines was operating nonstop flights from Seattle with Boeing 377 Stratocruiser propliners; by 1961, Northwest was flying daily Douglas DC-8 jet service on a round trip routing of New York City – Chicago – Seattle – Portland, OR – Honolulu.[21] Also in 1950, Canadian Pacific Air Lines (which later became CP Air) was operating service between western Canada and Australia with a routing of Vancouver – Honolulu – Canton Island – Fiji – Sydney.[22]

Honolulu-based air carriers Aloha Airlines and Hawaiian Airlines had both introduced jet service on their respective inter-island routes in Hawaii by 1966 with Aloha operating British Aircraft Corporation BAC One-Eleven jets and Hawaiian flying Douglas DC-9-10 jets with both airlines also continuing to operate turboprops on their island services at this time.[23][24] According to their respective timetables, Aloha was flying Fairchild F-27 and Vickers Viscount propjets while Hawaiian was operating Convair 640 propjets in addition to their new jet aircraft in 1966. Both local air carriers would eventually operate service to the U.S. mainland as well as to the South Pacific while continuing to operate inter-island flights. In 1986, Hawaiian was operating nonstop Lockheed L-1011 Tristar service from Honolulu to Las Vegas, Los Angeles, San Francisco, and Seattle as well as one-stop direct service to Portland, Oregon, and also nonstop Douglas DC-8 service to Pago Pago with this flight continuing on to Tonga.[25] By 2003, Aloha was flying nonstop Boeing 737-700 service to Burbank, Oakland, Orange County, and Vancouver, B.C., with one-stop service to Las Vegas, Phoenix, Reno, and Sacramento in addition to operating nonstop flights to Kwajalein and Pago Pago with one-stop service to Majuro and Rarotonga.[26]

In the spring of 1969, Braniff International introduced nonstop Boeing 707-320 service to Honolulu from Dallas Love Field, Houston Hobby Airport, and St. Louis, with one-stop service from Atlanta, Miami, and New Orleans.[27] At the same time, United Airlines introduced daily nonstop Douglas DC-8-62 flights from New York City and was continuing to operate nonstop DC-8 service to Honolulu from Los Angeles and San Francisco.[28] Also in 1969, Western Airlines was operating nonstop Boeing 707 and Boeing 720B service not only from several California cities but also from Anchorage, Denver, Minneapolis–St. Paul, and Phoenix. By 1981, Western was operating one-stop McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30 service from London Gatwick Airport via a polar route with a stop in Anchorage.[29][30] By the mid-1970s Pan Am offered nonstop service from Honolulu to Japan, Guam, Australia, New Zealand, and Fiji, as well as to cities on the West Coast.[31] Continental Airlines used Honolulu as a stopover point for charter service to Southeast Asia during the Vietnam War era, and to feed its Guam-based Air Micronesia operation.[32] By the early 1970s, Continental was operating scheduled nonstop flights between Honolulu and Los Angeles, Portland, Oregon, and Seattle, including Boeing 747-100 nonstops from Los Angeles and one-stop 747 flights from Chicago. Air Micronesia had service to Guam via stops at Midway Island, Kwajalein, Majuro, Ponape, (now Pohnpei) and Truk (now Chuuk State) flying a Boeing 727-100.[33][34] American Airlines also operated flights to Auckland, Sydney, Fiji and Pago Pago via Honolulu during the early 1970s in addition to operating nonstop Boeing 707-320 flights from St. Louis.[35][36][37]

Over the years, many foreign air carriers used Honolulu as a transpacific stopover point, including Air New Zealand, BOAC (now British Airways), British Commonwealth Pacific Airlines, Canadian Pacific Air Lines, China Airlines, Garuda Indonesia, Japan Airlines, Korean Air, Philippine Airlines, Qantas, Real Transportes Aereos (a Brazilian airline), and Singapore Airlines as well as French air carriers Union de Transports Aeriens (UTA) and its predecessor Transports Aeriens Intercontinentaux (TAI).[38][39] BOAC served Honolulu as part of its around the world services during the 1960s and early 1970s, first with Bristol Britannia turboprop airliners and later with Boeing 707 and Vickers VC10 jets.[40] Pan Am and Trans World Airlines (TWA) also served Honolulu as a stop on their respective around the world services during the early 1970s.[41][42] In 1979, Braniff International was operating all of its flights from the airport with Boeing 747 aircraft with nonstops to Dallas–Fort Worth, Guam, and Los Angeles as well as one-stop service to Hong Kong and also one-stop service to Bogota in South America.[43] Several small airlines based in the South Pacific also served Honolulu. In 1983, Air Nauru was operating Boeing 737-200 nonstop flights from Majuro with direct service from Nauru, Air Niugini was flying Boeing 707 aircraft nonstop from Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea and Air Tungaru was operating Boeing 727-100 aircraft nonstop from Christmas Island .[44] Also in 1983, Honolulu-based South Pacific Island Airways was operating nonstop Boeing 707 service from Anchorage, Guam, Pago Pago and Papeete.[45]

In April 1974, American Airlines, Braniff International, Continental Airlines, Northwest Airlines, Pan Am, TWA, United Airlines and Western Airlines were all operating nonstop services on domestic routes from the U.S. mainland while CP Air, a Canadian airline, was operating international nonstop service from Vancouver and on to the South Pacific during the mid-1970s.[46][47] Just over 25 years later, in June 1999, U.S.-based air carriers operating domestic nonstop services from the mainland included American Airlines, American Trans Air, Continental, Delta Air Lines, Hawaiian Airlines, Northwest, TWA, and United, while Air Canada, Canadian Airlines International (the successor to CP Air), and Canada 3000 were operating nonstop services from Canada.[48]

Modernization and history since 2006[edit]

After thirty years, Ossipoff's "forward-looking and flexible design" for the Overseas Terminal had become quite dated.[14] A 2007 retrospective book on Ossipoff's architecture noted that his terminal design was "facing the challenges of new standards of accessibility, comfort, and security", and was therefore likely to be altered or obliterated in the near future.[14]

On March 24, 2006, Hawaii Governor Linda Lingle unveiled a $2.3 billion modernization program for Hawaii airports over a 12-year period, with $1.7 billion budgeted for Honolulu International Airport.[49] The plan involves implementing short-term projects within the first five years to improve passenger service and increase security and operational efficiencies.[50]

As part of the modernization, flight display monitors throughout the airport have been upgraded, new food and beverage vendors have been added, and a new parking garage across from the international arrival terminal has been completed. Current projects include an international arrivals corridor with moving sidewalks built atop the breezeway leading to the Ewa Concourse. The first phase of the project was completed in October 2009, while the remainder of the two phase project was completed in 2010.[51]

In 2011, Hawaiian Airlines renovated the check-in lobby of the Interisland Terminal, replacing the traditional check-in counters with six circular check-in islands in the middle of the lobbies, which can be used for inter-island, mainland, and international flights. This renovation project was fully funded by Hawaiian Airlines and not a part of the modernization program.[52]

Future projects include construction of a Mauka Concourse branching off the Interisland Terminal, the first concourse expansion at Honolulu International Airport in 15 years. Construction of the concourse will involve replacing the existing Commuter Terminal.[53] This new concourse will be for the exclusive use of Hawaiian Airlines, and will allow it to reduce use of overseas terminal gates for international and US mainland flights. This will mean less walking for passengers who check in, clear security, and use the baggage claim at the inter-island terminal. It will also free up gates in the overseas terminal for use by other airlines. Landside plans include construction of a consolidated rental car facility (CONRAC). A temporary rental car center is currently being built in the overseas parking garage so that the existing rental car facilities can be demolished to make way for the new permanent facility.

By 2012, Hawaiian Airlines was re-establishing Honolulu International Airport as a connecting hub between the United States mainland and the Asia-Pacific region.[54] That year, according to a Massachusetts Institute of Technology study, the airport had 24% fewer domestic departure flights than it did in 2007.[55]

During the 2016 legislative session, the Hawaii state legislature passed a resolution requesting that the U.S. Department of Transportation rename Honolulu International Airport for the late U.S. senator and Medal of Honor recipient Daniel Inouye.[56] The new name first appeared in Federal Aviation Administration documentation on April 27, 2017,[57] and the airport was officially renamed in a ceremony at the airport on May 30, 2017.

After years of delays, on May 30, 2018, the state airports division broke ground on the Mauka Concourse with completion on August 26, 2021.[58]

On June 1, 2018, the Hawaii Department of Transportation started renumbering all gates and baggage claim carousels.[59] Gates were renamed alphanumerically and baggage carousels were renumbered from alphanumerical to numerical. HDOT cited the expansion of existing terminals in the airport as a reason to renumber all gates and baggage carousels. The renumbering was the first done since 1993.

Facilities[edit]

The Reef Runway with Honolulu in the background

The airport has four major runways, which it operates in conjunction with the adjacent Hickam Air Force Base.[60] The principal runway designated 8R/26L, also known as the Reef Runway, was the world's first major runway constructed entirely offshore. Completed in 1977, the Reef Runway was a designated alternate landing site for the Space Shuttle.

In addition to the four paved runways, Daniel K. Inouye International Airport has two designated offshore waterways designated 8W/26W and 4W/22W for use by seaplanes.

Terminals[edit]

Terminal 1
Terminal 2

Daniel K. Inouye International Airport has 60 gates (54 jet-way gates and 6 hard stands) in three terminals. The Wiki Wiki Shuttle provides inter-terminal transportation between the ticket lobbies of all three terminals and between the concourses in terminals 1 and 2. All gates in terminals 1 and 2 are connected post-security; however, passengers walking from Terminal 1 to gates in Terminal 2 must pass through a USDA agricultural inspection station for carry-on luggage.

Terminal 1 (formerly known as the "Interisland Terminal") opened in 1993 and has 25 gates.[61] The $130 million 8-gate terminal was the largest construction project undertaken at that time by the State Airports Division and replaced an earlier terminal built in 1961.[62] In 1995, a 5-gate extension to the terminal, which also featured a new post-security walkway to Terminal 2, opened.[62]

On May 30, 2018, the state airports division broke ground on the Mauka Concourse after years of delays. This new concourse adds space for 11 narrow-body aircraft or six wide-body aircraft and also features a post-security walkway to the rest of Terminal 1 and a new six-lane TSA security checkpoint.[63] The Mauka Concourse opened for passenger use on August 27, 2021.[64]

Terminal 2 (formerly known as the "Overseas Terminal") opened in 1962 and has 29 gates. Terminal 2 is the largest terminal at HNL and is the only terminal which can take international arrivals and departures.[65] From 1970 through 1978, architect Vladimir Ossipoff designed a terminal modernization project that remodeled this terminal and created several additions,[13] which included the Diamond Head Concourse in 1970, the Ewa Concourse in 1972, and the Central Concourse in 1980.[66][67] 2 3-jetway gates to handle an Airbus A380 were added to the terminal in 2018; this was done to support All Nippon Airways's A380 flights between Tokyo's Narita Airport and Honolulu.[68]

Terminal 3 opened in 2018 between the Delta and United Cargo facilities on the Diamond Head side of the airport.[69][70] The terminal was originally a single-story facility located north of Terminal 1 adjacent to Nimitz Highway, but this older facility was closed on June 1, 2018, for demolition in order to make way for the Mauka Concourse expansion of Terminal 1.[71] Originally a larger replacement commuter terminal was planned to be built on the Diamond Head side of the airport, but those plans were ultimately canceled. This was largely due to bankruptcy of three of the four airlines occupying the terminal and the higher-than-expected cost of the project.[72]

Ground transportation[edit]

Main roads leading to the airport are Nimitz Highway and the Queen Liliuokalani Freeway of Interstate H-1.

TheBus routes 20 and 303 stop on the upper (departure) level of the airport. Route 20 connects the airport to Pearlridge Center, Downtown Honolulu, Ala Moana Center, and Waikiki. Hickam AFB is served by the new Route 303. Routes 9, 40, 42, and 51 run on Nimitz Highway within walking distance of the airport. Route 19 (Waikiki-Airport-Hickam) is no longer in service.

When Honolulu Rail Transit phase II opens, it will serve a station at the airport connecting it to Downtown Honolulu and points west of the airport.[73]

Rental car facility[edit]

A new consolidated rental car facility was opened at Daniel K. Inouye International Airport on December 1, 2021. The LEED-certified facility features customer service counters, with 4,500 cars in the facility, eliminating the need for shuttle buses.[74]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

AirlinesDestinationsRefs
AirAsia X Kuala Lumpur–International, Osaka–Kansai (both resume July 3, 2023) [75]
Air Canada Vancouver
Seasonal: Toronto–Pearson
[76]
Air New Zealand Auckland [77]
Alaska Airlines Anchorage, Los Angeles, Portland (OR), San Diego, San Francisco, San Jose (CA), Seattle/Tacoma[78]
All Nippon Airways Tokyo–Haneda, Tokyo–Narita [79]
American Airlines Dallas/Fort Worth, Los Angeles, Phoenix–Sky Harbor
[80]
Asiana Airlines Seoul–Incheon [81]
China Airlines Taipei–Taoyuan (resumes July 1, 2023) [82]
Delta Air Lines Atlanta, Detroit, Los Angeles, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New York–JFK, Salt Lake City, Seattle/Tacoma, Tokyo–Haneda (begins March 8, 2023)[83] [84]
Fiji Airways Apia–Faleolo, Kiritimati (resumes April 4, 2023),[85] Nadi [86][87]
Hawaiian Airlines Auckland, Austin, Boston, Fukuoka (resumes April 28, 2023),[88] Hilo, Kahului, Kailua-Kona, Las Vegas, Lihue, Long Beach, Los Angeles, New York–JFK, Oakland, Ontario, Osaka–Kansai, Pago Pago, Papeete, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Portland (OR), Rarotonga (resumes May 20, 2023),[89] Sacramento, San Diego, San Francisco, San Jose (CA), Seattle/Tacoma, Seoul–Incheon, Sydney, Tokyo–Haneda,[90] Tokyo–Narita [91]
Japan Airlines Nagoya–Centrair, Osaka–Kansai, Tokyo–Haneda, Tokyo–Narita [92]
Jetstar Melbourne, Sydney [93]
Korean Air Seoul–Incheon [94]
Mokulele Airlines Kalaupapa, Kapalua, Lanai, Molokai [95]
Philippine Airlines Manila [96]
Qantas Sydney [97]
Southwest Airlines Hilo, Kahului, Kailua-Kona, Las Vegas, Lihue, Long Beach, Los Angeles, Oakland, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Sacramento, San Diego, San Jose (CA) [98]
United Airlines Chicago–O'Hare, Chuuk, Denver, Guam, Houston–Intercontinental, Kosrae, Kwajalein, Los Angeles, Majuro, Newark, Orange County (ends February 25, 2023),[99] Pohnpei, San Francisco, Tokyo–Narita (resumes October 28, 2023),[100] Washington–Dulles [101]
WestJet Vancouver
Seasonal: Calgary, Edmonton
[102]
Zipair Tokyo Tokyo–Narita [103]

Cargo[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
Aloha Air Cargo Hilo, Kahului, Kailua-Kona, Lihue, Los Angeles, Seattle/Tacoma[104]
Amazon Air Ontario, Portland, Riverside
Asia Pacific Airlines Guam, Kiritimati, Kwajalein, Majuro, Pago Pago, Pohnpei
Corporate Air Kalaupapa, Kapalua, Lanai, Lihue, Molokai, Waimea-Kohala
DHL Aviation Cincinnati, Fairfield, Fussa, Kadena, Osan, Sydney
FedEx Express Auckland, Los Angeles, Memphis, Oakland, Ontario, Osaka-Kansai, Singapore, Sydney
Kalitta Air Los Angeles
Qantas Freight Auckland, Melbourne, Sydney
Qatar Airways Cargo Melbourne
Transair Hilo, Kahului, Kailua-Kona, Lanai, Lihue, Molokai, Waimea–Kohala
UPS Airlines Guam, Hong Kong, Kahului, Kailua-Kona, Long Beach, Louisville, Ontario, Phoenix, San Bernardino, San Diego, Seoul–Incheon, Sydney

Fixed-base operators[edit]

A number of fixed-base operators are located along Lagoon Drive on the airport's southeastern perimeter. While these focus on general aviation services, there are a few small passenger airline operations that operate from these facilities, rather than from the main terminal complex. Air tour flights typically depart from this area as well.

Traffic and statistics[edit]

Top destinations[edit]

Busiest domestic routes from HNL (November 2021 – October 2022)[105]
Rank City Passengers Carriers
1 Los Angeles, California 1,133,000 Alaska, American, Delta, Hawaiian, Southwest, United
2 Kahului, Hawaii 993,000 Hawaiian, Southwest
3 Lihue, Hawaii 634,000 Hawaiian, Southwest
4 Kailua-Kona, Hawaii 609,000 Hawaiian, Southwest
5 San Francisco, California 587,000 Alaska, Hawaiian, United
6 Hilo, Hawaii 534,000 Hawaiian, Southwest
7 Seattle/Tacoma, Washington 407,000 Alaska, Delta, Hawaiian
8 Las Vegas, Nevada 325,000 Hawaiian, Southwest
9 Phoenix, Arizona 268,000 American, Hawaiian, Southwest
10 San Diego, California 245,000 Alaska, Hawaiian, Southwest
Busiest international routes from HNL (July 2021 – June 2022)[106]
Rank City Passengers Carriers
1 Vancouver, Canada 156,650 Air Canada, WestJet
2 Sydney, Australia 93,648 Hawaiian, Jetstar, Qantas
3 Seoul–Incheon, South Korea 90,736 Asiana, Hawaiian, Korean
4 Tokyo–Narita, Japan 67,847 ANA, Hawaiian, JAL
5 Tokyo–Haneda, Japan 59,884 ANA, Hawaiian, JAL
6 Manila, Philippines 37,518 Philippine Airlines
7 Calgary, Canada 32,284 Air Canada, United, WestJet
8 Toronto–Pearson, Canada 13,473 Air Canada
9 Melbourne–Tullamarine, Australia 12,203 Jetstar
10 Tahiti, French Polynesia 10,761 Hawaiian

Airline market share[edit]

Largest airlines at HNL
(February 2021 – January 2022)
[107]
Rank Airline Passengers Share
1 Hawaiian Airlines 5,312,000 43.62%
2 United Airlines 1,950,000 16.02%
3 Southwest Airlines 1,773,000 14.55%
4 American Airlines 1,155,000 9.48%
5 Delta Air Lines 1,008,000 8.28%
6 Other 980,000 8.05%

Annual traffic[edit]

Annual passenger traffic at HNL airport. See Wikidata query.
Annual passenger traffic (enplaned + deplaned) at HNL, 1991–present[108][109][110][111]
Year Passengers Year Passengers Year Passengers Year Passengers
1991 22,224,594 2001 20,151,935 2011 17,991,497 2021 12,064,992
1992 22,608,188 2002 19,749,902 2012 19,291,412
1993 22,061,953 2003 18,690,888 2013 19,776,751
1994 22,995,976 2004 19,334,674 2014 19,972,910
1995 23,672,894 2005 20,179,634 2015 19,869,707
1996 24,326,737 2006 20,266,686 2016 19,950,125
1997 23,880,346 2007 21,517,476 2017 21,232,359
1998 22,636,354 2008 18,809,103 2018 21,145,521
1999 22,560,399 2009 18,171,937 2019 21,870,691
2000 23,027,674 2010 18,443,873 2020 6,656,825

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On March 22, 1955, a United States Navy Douglas R6D-1 Liftmaster transport on descent to a landing in darkness and heavy rain strayed off course and crashed into Pali Kea Peak in the southern part of Oahu's Waianae Range, killing all 66 people on board. It remains the worst air disaster in Hawaii's history and the deadliest heavier-than-air accident in the history of U.S. naval aviation.[112][113][114][115]
  • On July 22, 1962, Canadian Pacific Air Lines Flight 301, a Bristol Britannia 314 crashed while it attempted a "go-around". 27 of the 40 passengers and crew on board were killed.
  • Vickers Viscount N7410 of Aloha Airlines was damaged beyond repair when it collided on the ground with Douglas DC-9-31 N906H of Hawaiian Airlines on June 27, 1969.[116]
  • On August 8, 1971, Vickers Viscount N7415 of Aloha Airlines was damaged beyond economic repair when a fire broke out upon landing.[117]
  • Pan Am Flight 830: a Boeing 747-121, a bomb exploded aboard as the aircraft prepared for approach to Honolulu from Tokyo on August 11, 1982. One teenager was killed and 15 others were injured. The aircraft did not disintegrate, and made a safe emergency landing in Honolulu.
  • United Airlines Flight 811: a Boeing 747 carrying three flight crew, 15 cabin crew, and 337 passengers from Honolulu to Auckland on February 24, 1989, suffered rapid decompression when a cargo door separated from the aircraft while climbing to cruise altitude. Nine passengers were swept from the aircraft. The plane returned to Honolulu.
  • Bojinka plot: a plot discovered by United States and Filipino intelligence authorities after a fire in a Manila apartment, included in its first phase the planned detonation of bombs aboard several flights inbound to, or outbound from, Honolulu on January 21, 1995. The Bojinka plot later developed into the September 11 attacks.
  • On February 2, 2016, the pilot of a Cessna 337 Skymaster, making a trip to nearby Kalaeloa Airport from Honolulu International Airport, discovered his landing gear would not extend. After holding for 2 hours to burn fuel, he made an emergency water landing in Sea Lane 4/22 off Lagoon Drive. The 68-year-old pilot did not require transportation to the hospital.[118]
  • On July 2, 2021, a Transair Boeing 737-200 (N810TA), en route to Kahului operating as cargo flight Transair Flight 810, crash-landed into the ocean shortly after departure near Ewa Beach. The aircraft had suffered an engine failure. The two pilots on board were rescued by the United States Coast Guard with minor injuries.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Data". Aci-na.org. Archived from the original on August 28, 2016. Retrieved January 9, 2017.
  2. ^ a b c FAA Airport Form 5010 for HNL PDF, effective December 30, 2021
  3. ^ Staff, Web (April 29, 2017). "Honolulu airport renamed after late Sen. Daniel Inouye". Khon2.com. Archived from the original on May 17, 2017. Retrieved May 20, 2017.
  4. ^ "The State of Hawaii Airport Activity Statistics By Year 2007-1994" Archived June 26, 2008, at the Wayback Machine, Department of Transportation, Airports Division, State of Hawaii
  5. ^ "Honolulu CDP, HI Archived February 18, 2008, at the Wayback Machine." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on May 21, 2009.
  6. ^ "HNL airport data at skyvector.com". skyvector.com. Retrieved September 2, 2022.
  7. ^ Radka, Ricky (December 23, 2021). "Airline Hub Guide: Which U.S. Cities Are Major Hubs and Why it Matters". airfarewatchdog.com. Retrieved February 28, 2022.
  8. ^ "List of NPIAS Airports" (PDF). FAA.gov. Federal Aviation Administration. October 21, 2016. Archived (PDF) from the original on May 3, 2017. Retrieved December 23, 2016.
  9. ^ a b c d e "Honolulu International Airport...Celebrating 80 years" (PDF). Gateway to the Pacific: Honolulu International Airport 80th Anniversary. Hawaii Department of Transportation, Airports Division. 2007. Archived (PDF) from the original on August 23, 2012. Retrieved January 12, 2009. John Rodgers Airport was dedicated March 21, 1927. The field was named in honor of the late Commander John Rodgers, who had been Commanding Officer of the Naval Air Station at Pearl Harbor from 1923 and 1925...
  10. ^ "HNL 1960–1969". Hawaii Department of Transportation, Airports Division. 2007. Archived from the original on June 15, 2011. Retrieved July 8, 2009.
  11. ^ http://www.timetableimages.com Archived February 2, 2001, at the Wayback Machine, Nov. 6, 1959 Qantas system timetable
  12. ^ Trevor James Constable (2008). "ACKNOWLEDGMENTS: A detailed review of participants in and their contributions to etheric rain engineering since 1968". Etheric Rain Engineering Pte. Ltd. Archived from the original on February 25, 2009. Retrieved July 8, 2009.
  13. ^ a b Genocchio, Benjamin (September 26, 2008). "A Hawaiian Modernist, by Way of Russia". The New York Times. New York, NY. Archived from the original on May 23, 2014. Retrieved September 28, 2013.
  14. ^ a b c Ossipoff, Vladimir; Sakamoto, Dean (2007). Hawaiian modern : the architecture of Vladimir Ossipoff. et al. Honolulu, HI & New Haven, CT: Honolulu Academy of Arts; in Association with Yale University Press. pp. xiii, 101–104, 178, 200–201. ISBN 9780300121469. OCLC 145377930. Archived from the original on May 29, 2016. Retrieved September 28, 2013.
  15. ^ "DOT Public Affairs – Press Kits". Archived from the original on June 26, 2002. Retrieved September 28, 2013.
  16. ^ "Pan Am route map, 1946". Archived from the original on May 22, 2014. Retrieved February 24, 2014.
  17. ^ "Pan Am route map, 1947". Archived from the original on May 22, 2014. Retrieved February 24, 2014.
  18. ^ http://www.timetableimages.com Archived February 2, 2001, at the Wayback Machine, April 24, 1960 Pan American World Airways system timetable
  19. ^ http://www.timetableimages.com Archived February 2, 2001, at the Wayback Machine, Sept. 28, 1947 & June 1, 1961 United Airlines system timetables
  20. ^ http://www.timetableimages.com Archived February 2, 2001, at the Wayback Machine, 1948 British Commonwealth Pacific Airlines timetable
  21. ^ http://www.timetableimages.com Archived February 2, 2001, at the Wayback Machine, Sept. 24, 1950 & May 28, 1961 Northwest Airlines system timetables
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