Honoré Desmond Sharrer
|Honoré Desmond Sharrer|
July 12, 1920|
West Point, New York, United States
|Died||April 17, 2009(aged 88)|
San Francisco Art Institute
Honoré Desmond Sharrer (July 12, 1920 – April 17, 2009) was an American artist. She first received public acclaim in 1950 for her painting Tribute to the American Working People, a five-image polyptych conceived in the form of a Renaissance altarpiece, except that its central figure is a factory worker and not a saint. Flanking this central figure are smaller scenes of ordinary people—at a picnic, in a parlor, on a farm and in the schoolroom. Meticulously painted in oil on composition board in a style and color palette reminiscent of the Flemish masters, the finished work is more than six feet long and three feet high and took her five years to complete. It was the subject of a 2007 retrospective at the Smithsonian Institution and is part of the permanent collection of the Smithsonian American Art Museum.
She first received public notice when her work Workers and Paintings (1943) was included in the legendary 1946 "Fourteen Americans" show at the Museum of Modern Art in New York, curated by Dorothy Canning Miller. This show featured a selection of up and coming artists including Robert Motherwell, Isamu Noguchi (sculpture), and Saul Steinberg. The "Fourteen Americans" show at MOMA, while often thought to proclaim the arrival of abstract expressionism did not do so unambiguously since it included those like Sharrer and George Tooker who are not modernists based on the litmus test of abstraction.
Sharrer and her painting Man at Fountain were featured in the March 20, 1950 issue of Life Magazine, in a cover story featuring "Nineteen Young American Artists."
Unlike many of her New York contemporaries including Motherwell, Jackson Pollock and Mark Rothko, Sharrer did not take the turn to abstract expressionism and continued to paint in a figurative and academic style, although the content of her work was often mordantly witty. The term Magic Realism applied to other American painters including Paul Cadmus and George Tooker is often used to describe her later work.
Life and education
Honoré Desmond Sharrer was born at West Point, N.Y. Her father, Robert Allen Sharrer, was an Army officer attached to the United States Military Academy there. Her mother, the former Madeleine Sachs, was also a painter. Sharrer was reared in the Philippines, Paris and in several American cities before graduating from high school in La Jolla, California.
At 18, she was chosen out 230,000 applicants to win a national graphic arts Youth Forum prize sponsored by The American Magazine. Subsequently, she attended Yale University School of Art and the California School of Fine Arts, now the San Francisco Art Institute. During World War II, she worked as a welder in shipyards in California and New Jersey.
After an earlier marriage that ended in divorce, in 1947 Sharrer married Perez Zagorin, a prominent historian of Europe. They lived and worked in New York, Amherst, Montreal, London, Rochester, NY and Charlottesville, VA. They had one son, Adam Zagorin, born 1953.
After a solo exhibition of her paintings in Boston in 1951, Sharrer did not have another solo show until 1969. After another eighteen years she had a 1987 solo exhibition that traveled from New York City to the Memorial Gallery (Rochester, NY) and the Danforth Museum (Framingham, MA).
While often included in group shows in those intervening periods, and although she worked continuously and diligently on her art, she was often overlooked as "modern art" came to be seen as synonymous with abstract expressionism. So powerful was this association that MoMA had to name its show in 2000 (in which Sharrer was included) as "Modern Art despite Modernism," as if the latter were synonymous with the former.
Despite her meticulous technique, luminous color palette, and eye for telling detail reminiscent of Flemish painters, she was a modernist in sensibility and subject. A painting like Resurrection of a Waitress (1984), displays a sly humor in its choice of subject matter that hearkens back to her Tribute, but also shares with the latter a modernist's assumption that the life of a waitress or working man is as deserving of our attention as any saint. The waitress is carried heavenwards—held aloft means of an eggbeater caught in her hair—by a partially nude angel, whose method of propulsion is a whirlygig rather than wings.
Equally enigmatic is another of her late paintings, A Dream of Monticello (1996) in which a female nude wearing headphones reclines with one red pump on and one off. Thomas Jefferson, and presumably one of his sons with Sally Hemmings are standing just behind. In the background are two triumphal obilisks flanking an almost Dali-esque clock, presumably the clock at Monticello. In the foreground is a beautifully rendered silver ewer, a known Monticello objét.
This combination of careful observation, juxtaposition, fantastical elements, often nude woman portrayed in scenes with clothed men, triumphal arches are all rendered in a curiously flat, highly charged and exquisitely colored dreamscape-like settings are like glimpses of a private world, rendered for us by the artist to make of them what we will.
- 1951: Norman Waite Harris Medal and Prize, Art Institute of Chicago
- 1971: Childe Hassam Purchase Prize, American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters, NY
- 1978: Childe Hassam Purchase Prize, American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters, NY
- 1981: Lillian Fairchild Award for Outstanding Achievement in the Arts, University of Rochester, NY
- 1984: Gladys Emerson Cook Prize, National Academy of Design, NY
- 1987: Award for Outstanding Achievement in Visual Arts, National Women's Caucus for Art
- 2000: Prize for Outstanding Accomplishment in Painting, American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters, NY
Danforth Museum, Framingham, MA
Estate of Lincoln Kirstein
Memorial Art Gallery, Rochester, NY
Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY
Museum of Modern Art, NY
Newark Museum, NJ
San Diego Museum of Art, CA
Sarah Roby Foundation
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington, DC
University of Rochester, NY
Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts
University of Virginia Art Museum
- A full chronology for Honoré Desmond Sharrer's career can be found in Honoré Sharrer, (New York: Spanierman Gallery, 2002), 39-40, that includes essays by Linda Nochlin and Erika Doss. This is the closest to a catalogue raisonné in print, produced for her show at Spanierman April 18-May 11, 2002.
- See also Perez Zagorin, "Oral History" (2002) for additional biographical details.
- Now in the collection of MoMA, gift of Lincoln Kirstein: http://www.moma.org/collection/object.php?object_id=78465. A second painting, and the first parts of the Tribute were shown as well.
- Clement Greenberg, Collected Essays, Vol. 2, 113, who thinks the show was badly curated because of these tensions.
- Perez Zagorin, "Oral History" (2002), an interview conducted Laura MacCarthy on behalf of the Smithsonian Archives of American Art.: http://www.aaa.si.edu/collections/oralhistories/transcripts/zagori07.htm