Honoré II, Prince of Monaco
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|Sovereign of Monaco|
|Reign||21 November 1604 – 10 January 1662|
|Predecessor||Hercule as Lord of Monaco|
|Successor||Louis I as Prince of Monaco|
24 December 1597|
|Died||10 January 1662
|Burial||Saint Nicholas Cathedral|
|Issue||Hercules, Marquis of Baux|
|Father||Hercule, Lord of Monaco|
Honoré II was born on December 24, 1597. He was the son of Hercule, Lord of Monaco (24 September 1562 – 21 November 1604) and Maria Landi. His father was murdered when he was six, and he succeeded under the regency of his uncle, Frederico Landi, 4th Prince of Val di Taro. Landi was a loyal ally and friend of Spain and allowed the country to be occupied by Spanish troops in 1605. The inhabitants of Monaco were prohibited to carry arms and the Prince and his two sisters were moved to Milan. The Council of Monaco tried to limit Spanish power but the occupation lasted until 1614, and a strong Spanish influence remained until 1633, when it recognized Honoré as a sovereign prince.
From adulthood, Honoré started to criticize Spain and turned to France for support. Louis XIII gave him the support he needed and this resulted in the Treaty of Péronne. This ended Spanish rule and put Monaco under French protection, recognizing and guaranteeing Monegasque sovereignty. As a consequence Honoré lost his Spanish and Italian possessions, but was compensated by King Louis XIII of France with the marquisate Les Baux and the title of Duke of Valentinois.
Marriage and family
On 13 February 1616 he married Ippolita Trivulzio (d. 1638). The couple had one son.
- Ercole Grimaldi, Marquis of Baux (1623 – 2 August 1651); married on 4 July 1641 to Maria Aurelia Spinola (d. 29 September 1670)
After Hercules (Ercole) was killed in battle, Louis became Honoré's heir at the age of 9.
Death and legacy
A collector's silver coin has been issued by the Treasury of Monaco portraying Honoré II on the occasion of the 400th anniversary (1612 - 2012) of the use of the title "Sovereign Prince" the silver coin has a €10 face value.
|Ancestors of Honoré II, Prince of Monaco|
as Lord of Monaco
|Sovereign Prince of Monaco
|New Creation||Duke of Valentinois
|Lord of Monaco
Sovereign Prince of Monaco