Honoré V, Prince of Monaco

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Honoré V
Honore V Monaco.gif
Prince of Monaco
Reign 16 February 1819 – 2 October 1841
Predecessor Honoré IV
Successor Florestan I
Born (1778-05-13)13 May 1778
Paris, France
Died 2 October 1841(1841-10-02) (aged 63)
Paris, France
Burial Saint Nicholas Cathedral
Full name
Honoré Gabriel Grimaldi
House Grimaldi
Father Honoré IV, Prince of Monaco
Mother Louise d'Aumont
Royal Monogram of Prince Honoré V of Monaco

Honoré V (13 May/14 May 1778 in Paris – 2 October 1841 in Paris) was Prince of Monaco and Duke of Valentinois. He was born Honoré Gabriel Grimaldi, the first son of Honoré IV of Monaco and Louise d'Aumont.

Reign[edit]

A professor of the period, one Victor de la Canorgue, wrote of Prince Honoré in negative terms: extravagant and fond of luxuries for himself, but miserly for others, even his own family, to whom he gave "pensions disproportionate to his means.".[1] This professor endeavored to collect accounts of the reigns of Honoré V and of his brother/successor, Prince Florestan, and to translate them from Italian to French, for the purpose of better understanding the causes of the ever-increasing anti-monarchist movements, especially in former parts of the Principality like Menton and Roquebrune-Cap-Martin. One ordinance, dated from 1815, suggested that Prince Honoré V was not only miserly but greedy, that he brought even "the benches of the parish church, which some persons had built at their own expense,"[1] under his control, for his own profit.

Gustave Saige describes him as a loner who did not trust anyone, let alone his brother, to help him govern. He was invisible to the public.[2] For a monarch to be invisible to an increasingly restless public was an unfortunate circumstance, to say the least. In fairness, his focus had to be the crippled economy of Monaco. He raised taxes and tried to restore the tobacco plant his grandfather Honoré III had founded but which had been closed by the government of Turin.[3] He earnestly endeavored to open factories and initiate citrus farm cooperatives in order put people to work, generate production, and alleviate poverty. However, none of his efforts raised his popularity, as his measures were seen by the people as autocratic.[3]

Child and succession[edit]

Although Honoré V never married, he did have a son. Louis Gabriel Oscar Grimaldi was born in Paris on 9 June 1814 and died in Saint-Germain-en-Laye on 15 July 1894.[4][5][6]

Louis Gabriel Oscar Grimaldi was legitimized,[6] however it was his younger brother, Prince Florestan, who succeeded him.

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b De la Canorgue, Victor (1851). Les règnes d'Honoré V et de Florestan I, princes de Monaco. University of Lausanne. Retrieved 4 December 2017. 
  2. ^ Saige, Gustave (1897). Monaco: Ses Origines et Son Histoire. New York Public Library: Imprimerie de Monaco. Retrieved 3 December 2017. 
  3. ^ a b "GRIMALDI FAMILY: LEGACY OF PRINCE HONORÉ V". Hello Monaco. Archived from the original on 4 July 2017. Retrieved 3 December 2017. 
  4. ^ "Fontaine-Française : des pages d'histoire". Le Bien Public. Archived from the original on 3 December 2017. Retrieved 3 December 2017. 
  5. ^ Brégeon, Jean-Joël (1991). Les Grimaldi de Monaco: L'Histoire en tête. Monaco: Critérion. ISBN 9782741300687. 
  6. ^ a b Edwards, Anne (1992). The Grimaldis of Monaco. Morrow. ISBN 9780688088378. 
Preceded by
Honoré IV
Sovereign Prince of Monaco
Duke of Valentinois

1819–1841
Succeeded by
Florestan I
Hereditary Prince of Monaco
Marquis of Baux

1814–1819