Honor Flight

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Flight of Honor participants in Raleigh, North Carolina are welcomed back by crowds, May 2011

An Honor Flight is conducted by non-profit organizations dedicated to transporting as many United States military veterans as possible to see the memorials of the respective war(s) they fought in Washington, D.C. at no cost to the veterans. Currently these organizations are focused on bringing veterans of World War II to the National World War II Memorial, and any veteran with a terminal illness to see the memorial of the war they fought in. Organizers plan to "naturally transition" their programs to focus on veterans of the Korean War, the Vietnam War, and subsequent wars as the veterans of those wars get older.[1][2]

Honor flights arrive at all three of the Washington's area airports: Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport, Baltimore/Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport, and Washington Dulles International Airport. The veterans are generally escorted by volunteer guardians, who help them on the flight and around D.C. After landing, the taxiing airplane may be saluted by fire trucks,[3][4] and passengers are often met by cheering crowds in D.C. or upon their return flight home.

Honor Flight Network[edit]

The Honor Flight Network is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization which works as an umbrella organization with local chapters and various subgroups.

The Honor Flight Network reports that it has flown over 159,000 veterans to the Washington, D.C. memorials since 2005.[5]

History[edit]

The network was founded by Earl Morse, a physician assistant and retired Air Force captain. Morse worked in a Department of Veterans Affairs clinic in Springfield, Ohio, where he saw many patients who were World War II veterans. After the National World War II Memorial in Washington was completed in 2004, he asked many of his veteran patients if they were going to see it, and most said yes. "I would see my World War II veterans some three, six months later," Morse said, "and I'd ask them if they'd gone to see it. Three hundred of them, and not one of them had been to it. Reality set in. They were never going."[6] Morse offered to fly with two veterans to Washington to see the memorial, and after seeing them break down and cry and graciously accept the offer, he pitched his idea to a local aeroclub of 300 private pilots at a local Air Force base, proposing that the pilots would pay for the flights for the veterans to Washington and personally escort them around the city. Eleven volunteered, and the network was formed; by 2005, a board was formed, funds were raised, and volunteers had joined.[2]

Ft. McHenry WWII Honor Flight, April 2016

The first honor flight took place in May 2005, when six small planes flew 12 veterans to Washington, D.C. Due to high participation, the program began using commercial flights. At the end of 2005, the program had transported 137 veterans to the memorial. In late 2005, Jeff Miller, a dry cleaning company owner in Hendersonville, North Carolina, inspired by Morse's vision, had a similar idea but on a larger scale. Miller, the son of a World War II veteran and nephew of a B-24 bomber pilot who died in the war, had been a charter member of the National World War II Memorial Foundation. Like Morse, Miller lamented that many World War II veterans would be unable to visit the memorial. The seed that Morse had planted grew to a veritable forest of volunteerism, fundraising and goodwill toward the Greatest Generation veterans, who had been too busy building their communities to demand recognition for wartime service. On 23 and 24 Sep and 4 Nov 2006, HonorAir flew more than 300 World War II veterans from the Asheville Regional Airport to Washington, free of charge. HonorAir provided everything: a medical doctor and several EMTs, guardians who would attend to the needs of three to four veterans each, tour buses to take them the World War II Memorial and other national memorials, and a box lunch. Ticket agents and passengers lined the ropes as veterans emerged from the charter jets into the terminal. "CBS Sunday Morning" aired a moving feature about the HonorAir effort in September 2006. Bill Geist updated the story in 2007 because it was a story that was so important to him.

The Springfield group and HonorAir soon merged to form the Honor Flight Network.[6] As of 2014, the Honor Flight Network is still headquartered in Springfield, Ohio.[7] Both Jeff Miller and Earl Morse were awarded the Presidential Citizens Medal in 2008 for their extensive work with the program.[8]

In 2015 the first all-female honor flight was held, with 140 female veterans.[9]

Logistics[edit]

Flights arrive in any of Washington's three area airports: Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport, Baltimore/Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport, and Washington Dulles International Airport. Southwest Airlines is the official commercial airline of the Honor Flight Network, although the Network utilizes many national airlines.[10] The veterans on the honor flights are escorted by volunteer guardians, who help them on the flight and around D.C. An honor flight of 100 people, including veterans and volunteers, costs about $30,000. Costs are covered by donations[11][12][13] with assistance from the airline.

Honor Flight Network says that as of November 2010 it has transported 63,292 veterans of World War II, the Korean War, and the Vietnam War to Washington.[2] By 2012, the group had expanded to include 114 chapters; by 2014, the movement had grown to 133 chapters serving veterans in 41 states and the District of Columbia.[14]

Heroes' Welcome[edit]

Heroes' Welcome is a sub-group of the Honor Flight Network which organizes welcoming ceremonies for the honor flights at the three Washington-area airports. Heroes' Welcome is a project of the American Legion Auxiliary Unit 180 in Vienna, Virginia. The ceremonies typically involve a group waiting inside or outside the gate where the flight arrives, clapping and cheering as they walk in. Active duty military members are often present, as are other volunteers such as school children.[4][15]

Triangle Flight of Honor[edit]

Thousands turn out at a Triangle Flight of Honor return celebration at the Raleigh-Durham International Airport in April 2012

Similar but independent organizations organize flights for veterans in their area. The Triangle Flight of Honor has organized 8 flights, each serving over 100 veterans.[16] The trips originated from Raleigh Durham International Airport and concluded with a "Heros Welcome" return with marching bands, local celebrities, and attended by thousands of family members, friends, and area residents.[17]

Honor Flight film[edit]

The premiere of the 2012 film Honor Flight at Miller Park in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, set a new Guinness World Record for the largest attendance at a film screening—28,442 people. The film, shown on a 5,940-foot (1,810 m) video board, depicts the lives of four World War II veterans who were part of the first Honor Flight from Milwaukee's Stars and Stripes Honor Flight Hub.[18]

Legislation[edit]

On 9 June 2014, Rep. Cedric Richmond (D-LA) introduced the "Honor Flight Act" in Congress. This bill would direct the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) to establish a process for providing expedited and dignified passenger screening services for veterans traveling on an Honor Flight to visit war memorials built and dedicated to honor their service.[19]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Devore, Veronica (11 Nov 2010). "Honor Flight Program Helps Vets Visit WWII Memorial". PBS NewsHour. Public Broadcasting Service. Retrieved 13 Apr 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c "Mission & Goals". Honor Flight Network. Retrieved 7 Oct 2014. 
  3. ^ Carter, Alaina (4 Aug 2011). "Washington DC: Honor Flight Greeting at DC's airports". TripAdvisor LLC. Retrieved 13 Apr 2017. 
  4. ^ a b Borowski, Dave (10 Nov 2010). "Hugs for heroes: St. Andrew the Apostle students welcome World War II veterans to Dulles Airport". Catholic Herald. Arlington, Virginia: Roman Catholic Diocese of Arlington. Archived from the original on 7 March 2011. Retrieved 13 Apr 2017 – via web.archive.org. 
  5. ^ "Home". honorflight.org. Honor Flight Network. Retrieved 11 Aug 2016. 
  6. ^ a b Becker, Bernie (27 Sep 2009). "Long-Belated Homecoming for World War II Veterans". The New York Times. New York City: Arthur Ochs Sulzberger Jr. Retrieved 13 Apr 2017. 
  7. ^ "Frequently Asked Questions: Who is in charge of the program?". honorflight.org. Honor Flight Network. Archived from the original on 3 October 2014. Retrieved 7 Oct 2014. 
  8. ^ "The President Participates in a Ceremony for 2008 Recipients of the Presidential Citizens Medal". georgewbush-whitehouse.archives.gov (Press release). Washington, D.C.: The White House. 10 Dec 2008. Retrieved 13 Apr 2017. 
  9. ^ Cohen, Matt (22 Sep 2015). "First All-Female Honor Flight Brings 140 Veterans To D.C.". dcist.com. Gothamist. Retrieved 13 Apr 2017. 
  10. ^ The Honor Flight Network (22 May 2009). "SOUTHWEST AIRLINES: Named Official Commercial Airline of the Honor Flight Network". 4-traders.com (Press release). PR Newswire. 
  11. ^ Appell, Howard W. (28 Mar 2011). "Telethon to benefit Honor Flight program". The Livingston County News. Geneseo, New York: Michael Messerly. Archived from the original on 19 July 2011. Retrieved 13 Apr 2017 – via web.archive.org. 
  12. ^ "Veterans helped through Honor Flight DFW". Plano Star Courier. Plano, Texas: Star Local Media. 5 Dec 2012. Retrieved 13 Apr 2017. 
  13. ^ "Frequently Asked Questions: How are you funded?". leatherstockinghonorflight.org. Leatherstocking Honor Flight. Retrieved 8 Oct 2014. Our funding comes primarily from individuals across the country who recognize the great accomplishments and sacrifices of Veterans and want them to experience their memorial before it's too late. Other significant contributors have been fraternal organizations like local American Legion, VFW, Am Vets, DAV, posts and chapters, as well as various corporations on a local level. 
  14. ^ "Regional Hubs: Listing of all all [sic] Regional Hubs". honorflight.org. Honor Flight Network. Archived from the original on 17 October 2014. Retrieved 13 Apr 2017 – via web.archive.org. 
  15. ^ "BCPS Students Raise Nearly $30,000 to Sponsor Veterans for Honor Flight South Florida". browardschools.com (Press release). Fort Lauderdale, Florida: Broward County Public Schools. 29 May 2014. Retrieved 13 Apr 2017. 
  16. ^ "The Triangle Flight of Honor Tour Information". triangleflightinfo.com. Triangle Flight of Honor. Archived from the original on 21 June 2012. Retrieved 13 Apr 2017 – via web.archive.org. 
  17. ^ "5th Triangle Flight of Honor heads to Air Force Memorial in Va.". The News & Observer. Raleigh North Carolina: The McClatchy Company. 4 May 2011. Archived from the original on 5 May 2011 – via web.archive.org. 
  18. ^ "Honor Flight premiere sets record for largest attendance at a film screening". guinnessworldrecords.com. Guinness World Records. 14 Aug 2012. Retrieved 13 Apr 2017. 
  19. ^ "H.R.4812 - Honor Flight Act". United States Congress. Retrieved 9 July 2014. 

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