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Honorific nicknames in popular music

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When describing popular music artists, honorific nicknames are used, most often in the media or by fans, to indicate the significance of an artist, and are often religious, familial, or (most frequently) royal and aristocratic titles, used metaphorically. Honorific nicknames were used in classical music in Europe even in the early nineteenth century, with figures such as Mozart being called "The father of modern music" and Bach "The father of modern piano music".[1] They were also particularly prominent in African-American culture in the post-Civil War era, perhaps as a means of conferring status that had been negated by slavery,[2] and as a result entered early jazz and blues music, including figures such as Duke Ellington and Count Basie.[3]

In U.S. culture, despite its republican constitution and ideology,[4] honorific nicknames have been used to describe leading figures in various areas of activity, such as industry, commerce, sports, and the media; father or mother have been used for innovators, and royal titles such as king and queen for dominant figures in a field.[5][6] In the 1930s and 1940s, as jazz and swing music were gaining popularity, it was the more commercially successful white artists Paul Whiteman and Benny Goodman who became known as "the King of Jazz" and "the King of Swing" respectively, despite there being more highly regarded contemporary African-American artists.[7]

These patterns of naming were transferred to rock and roll when it emerged in the 1950s. There was a series of attempts to find (and a number of claimants to be) the "King of Rock 'n' Roll", a title that became most associated with Elvis Presley.[8] This has been characterized as part of a process of the appropriation of credit for innovation of the then new music by a white establishment.[9] Different honorifics have been taken or given for other leading figures in the genre, such as "the Architect of Rock and Roll", by Little Richard from the 1990s,[10] but this term, like many, is also used for other important figures, in this case including pioneer electric guitarist Les Paul.[11]

Similar honorific nicknames have been given in other genres, including Aretha Franklin, who was literally crowned "Queen of Soul" by disk jockey Pervis Spann on stage in 1968.[12] Michael Jackson and Madonna have been closely associated with the terms "King and Queen of Pop" since the 1980s.[13][14][15] Some nicknames have been strongly promulgated and contested by various artists[16] and occasionally disowned or played down by their subjects.[17] Some notable honorific nicknames are in general usage and commonly identified with particular individuals.

Individual titles

A

American singer Aaliyah is known as the "Princess of R&B".
American singer Christina Aguilera is known as the "Voice of a Generation".
American trumpeter and singer Louis Armstrong is known as the "King of Jazz".
Artist Title Country Source
Aaliyah Princess of R&B United States [18][19]
Pop Princess [20][21][22][23]
Queen of Urban Pop [24][25][26][27][28]
Lee Aaron Metal Queen Canada [29]
Paula Abdul Dance/Dancing Queen United States [30][31][32]
Abrar-ul-Haq King of Pakistani Pop Pakistan [33]
Roy Acuff King of Country United States [34]
Ivi Adamou Greek Princess of Pop Cyprus/Greece [35]
Adele Queen of Hearts United Kingdom [36][37]
Christina Aguilar Dancing Queen Thailand [38]
Christina Aguilera Voice of a Generation United States [39][40]
Alisha Queen of Indipop India [41]
Paulina Álvarez Empress of the Danzonete Cuba [42][43]
Morissette Amon Asia's Phoenix Philippines [44][45]
A-Mei Queen of Mandopop Taiwan [46][47]
Namie Amuro Queen of Japanese Pop Japan [48]
Nancy Ajram Queen of Arab Pop Lebanon [49]
Rauw Alejandro King of Modern Reggaeton Puerto Rico [50]
New Prince of Latin Pop [51]
Aphex Twin King of IDM United Kingdom [52]
Antonio Arcaño The Monarch of Danzón Cuba [53][54][55]
Don Arden The English Godfather United Kingdom [56]
Billie Joe Armstrong Prince of American Punk Rock United States [57]
Louis Armstrong King of Jazz United States [58]
Ashanti Princess of Hip Hop and Soul United States [59]
Ron Asheton Godfather of Punk Guitar United States [60]
Farid al-Atrash King of Oud Syria/Egypt [61]
Azam Khan Pop Samrat Bangladesh [62]
Rock Guru [62]

B

American singer Beyoncé is frequently referred to as "Queen Bey".
Canadian singer Justin Bieber is referred to as the "Prince of Pop".
South Korean singer BoA is referred to as the "Queen of K-pop".
American musician James Brown was known as the "Godfather of Soul".
American singer Ruth Brown has been referred to as the "Queen of R&B".
Artist Title Country Source
Erykah Badu First Lady of Neo-Soul United States [63]
Queen of Neo-Soul [64]
Godmother of Soul [65]
Buju Banton King of Dancehall Jamaica [66]
Bad Bunny King of Latin Trap Puerto Rico [67][68]
Joan Baez Queen of Folk United States [69][70]
J Balvin Prince of Reggaeton Colombia [71][72]
Šaban Bajramović King of Romani Music Serbia [73][74]
Wally Bastiansz King of Baila Sri Lanka [75]
Beck King of Slackers United States [76]
Harry Belafonte King of Calypso United States [77][78]
Mordechai Ben David King of Jewish Music United States [79]
Janine Berdin Gem of OPM Philippines [80]
Chuck Berry King of Rock and Roll United States [81]
Father of Rock and Roll [82]
Beyoncé Queen Bey United States [83]
Queen of 21st Century Pop [84]
Justin Bieber Prince of Pop Canada [85][86]
King of Teen Pop [87][88][89]
Mary J. Blige Empress of Soul United States [90]
Queen of Hip Hop [91]
Queen of Hip Hop Soul [90][92]
Kurtis Blow King of Rap United States [93]
BoA Queen of K-Pop South Korea [94][95]
DJ Bobo King of Dance Switzerland [96][97]
Bohemia King of Desi Hip Hop Pakistan/United States [98]
David Bowie The King of Glam Rock United Kingdom [99]
The Master of Reinvention [100]
The Picasso of Pop [101][102][103]
Joey Boy King of Rap Thailand [104]
Brandy The Vocal Bible United States [105][106]
pop/r&b Princess [107]
Moya Brennan First Lady of Celtic Music Ireland [108][109]
Garth Brooks King of Country United States [110]
Arthur Brown The God of Hellfire United Kingdom [111]
Bobby Brown King of New Jack Swing United States [112][113]
Chris Brown King of R&B United States [114][115][116]
Chuck Brown Godfather of Go-Go United States [117]
Dennis Brown Crown Prince of Reggae Jamaica [118][119]
James Brown Godfather of Soul United States [120][121]
King of Soul [122]
Minister of Super Heavy Funk [123]
Ruth Brown Queen of R&B United States [124][125]
Solomon Burke King of Rock 'n' Soul United States [126]
King Solomon [127]
Muhammad Ali of Soul [127]
Bishop of Soul [127]
Syd Barrett Godfather of Psychedelia United Kingdom [128]
Kate Bush Queen of Art Pop United Kingdom [129]

C

Renowned for her vocal range, American singer-songwriter Mariah Carey is known as the "Songbird Supreme", and "the Queen of Christmas".
American entertainer Cher is referred to as the "Goddess of Pop".
English rock and blues guitarist, singer and songwriter Eric Clapton is widely known as "Slowhand".
Cuban singer Celia Cruz is referred to as the "Queen of Salsa".
Artist Title Country Source
Alessia Cara The Big Sister of Pop Canada [130]
Adriano Celentano Il Molleggiato (English: The Flexible One) Italy [131]
Montserrat Caballé La Superba (English: The Superb One) Spain [132][133]
Clarence Wijewardena Father of Sinhala Pop Sri Lanka [134]
Camila Cabello Latin Princess United States [135]
Maria Callas La Divina (the divine one) United States [136][137]
Laura Canales Queen of Tejano United States [138]
Cardi B Reigning Queen of Hip Hop United States [139][140][141][142][143]
Queen of Rap [144][145][146][147]
Mariah Carey Queen of R&B United States [148]
Queen of Pop [149]
Songbird Supreme [150][151]
Queen of Melisma [152][153][154]
Queen of Christmas [155][156][157][158]
Queen of Remixes [159][160][161]
Anna Carina Queen of Peruvian Pop Peru [162][163]
Roberto Carlos O Rei (The King) Brazil [164][165]
Carlos do Carmo King of Fado Portugal [166]
Carter Family The First Family of Country Music United States [167]
Ceca The Queen Serbia [168]
Ray Charles The High Priest of Soul United States [169]
Mai Charoenpura Queen of Pop-Rock Thailand [170]
Sammi Cheng Queen of Cantopop Hong Kong [171]
Clifton Chenier King of Zydeco United States [172]
Cher Goddess of Pop United States [173][174]
Empress of Pop [175][176][177]
Queen of Reinvention [178][179]
Queen of Comebacks [180][181][182][183]
Queen of Camp [184][185][186]
Jacky Cheung God of Songs Hong Kong [187]
Leslie Cheung Gor Gor (Big/Elder Brother) Hong Kong [188]
Tyler Childers The Voice of Appalachia United States [189]
Jay Chou King of Chinese Pop Taiwan [190]
Ciara Princess of Crunk & B United States [191]
Eric Clapton Slowhand United Kingdom [192]
Twinkie Clark Mother of Contemporary Gospel Music[193] United States
Kelly Clarkson The Original American Idol United States [194][195][196]
Queen of Covers [197][198][199][200]
Clarence Clemons The Big Man United States [201]
George Clinton Father of P-Funk United States [202]
Prime Minister of Funk [203]
Kurt Cobain King of Antipop United States [204]
King of Alternative Rock [205][206]
Keyshia Cole Princess of Hip Hop Soul United States [207][208]
Jacob Collier Jazz's New Messiah United Kingdom [209]
Yeng Constantino OPM Pop Rock Princess Philippines [210]
Sam Cooke King of Soul United States [211][212][213]
Alice Cooper Godfather of Shock Rock United States [214][215][216][217]
Pilita Corrales Asia's Queen of Songs Philippines [218]
Jack Costanzo Mr. Bongo United States [219]
MC Creed The Godfather United Kingdom [220][221]
Celia Cruz Queen of Salsa Cuba [222]
Dick Curless Baron of Country Music United States [223]
Miley Cyrus Teen Queen United States [224][225][226]
Pop Chameleon [227][228][229][230]

D

American singer-songwriter Ronnie James Dio has been called "the Voice of Metal".
Canadian singer Céline Dion is referred to as the "Priestess of Pop".
American rapper and record producer Dr. Dre has been called the "Father of G-Funk".
American singer Bob Dylan has been called the "Crown Prince", "King" or "God" of Folk, "the King of Folk-Rock", "the Jester" and especially for his catalog of protest songs encompassing the Vietnam War, Civil Rights and American politics: "the Voice of a Generation".
Puerto Rican singers Don Omar (left) and Daddy Yankee (right), each bear the nickname of "King of Reggaeton".[231][232]
Artist Title Country Source
Daddy Yankee King of Reggaeton Puerto Rico [232][233]
Don Omar [231][234]
Damares Queen of Brazilian Gospel Brazil [235][236][237][238]
Ray Davies Godfather of Britpop United Kingdom [239]
Devi Sri Prasad King of Item Numbers India [240]
Vinjamuri Anasuya Devi Queen of Folk India [241]
Amr Diab Father of Mediterranean Music Egypt [242][243]
Dick Dale King of the Surf Guitar United States [244]
Desmond Dekker King of Ska Jamaica [245]
Lana Del Rey The Queen of Alternative Music United States [246]
Queen of Soundtracks [247][248][249][250][251]
Neil Diamond The Basher United States [252]
J Dilla Godfather of Lo-Fi Hip-Hop United States [253]
Ronnie James Dio The Voice of Metal United States [254]
Celine Dion Queen of Adult Contemporary Canada [255][256]
Priestess of Pop [257]
Queen of Power Ballads [258][259]
Queen of Las Vegas [260][261]
Queen of Modern Residencies [261]
Queen of Pop [262]
Queen of Blockbuster-Movie Ballads [263][264]
Queen of Fashion Couture Week [265]
Nate Dogg King of Hooks United States [266][267]
Fats Domino King of Rock and Roll United States [268]
Lonnie Donegan King of Skiffle United Kingdom [269]
Rockin' Dopsie Crown Prince of Zydeco United States [270]
Doro Metal Queen Germany [271][272]
Thomas A. Dorsey Father of Gospel Music United States [273]
Tommy Dorsey Sentimental Gentleman of Swing United States [274][275]
Gord Downie Canada's Unofficial Poet Laureate Canada [276][277]
Dr. Dre Father of G-Funk United States [278]
Duncan Mighty Port Harcourt First Son Nigeria [279]
Rocío Dúrcal Queen of Ranchera Spain [280]
Slim Dusty Australia's King of Country Australia [281]
Bob Dylan King of Folk United States [282][283]
The Crown Prince of Folk [284][285]
God of Folk [286]
King of Folk-Rock [286]

E

American rapper Eazy-E has been dubbed the "Godfather of Gangsta Rap"
American rapper and singer Missy Elliott is known as the "Queen of Rap".
American rapper Eminem has gone by multiple honorifics, such as "King of Hip-Hop", "King of Rap" and "Rap God"
Artist Title Country Source
Sheila E. Queen of Percussion United States [287][288]
Eazy-E Godfather of Gangsta Rap United States [289]
Nokie Edwards King of Guitars United States [290]
Andrew Eldritch Godfather of Goth United Kingdom [291]
Elissa Queen of Emotions Lebanon [292][293]
Missy Elliott First Lady of Hip-Hop United States [294][295]
Hip-Hop Goddess [296][297]
Hip-Hop Heavyweight [298][299][300][301][302]
Queen of the Beats [303][304][305]
Queen of Hip Hop [306]
Queen of Hip Hop Dance Music [307]
Queen of Female Rappers [308][309][310]
Queen of Rap [311][312][313]
Eminem King of Hip-Hop United States [314]
King of Rap [315]
Rap God [316]
Enya Queen of New Age Ireland [317][318]
Darren Espanto The Rising Total Performer Canada/Philippines [319]
Lali Espósito Queen of Argentine Pop Argentina [320]
Gloria Estefan Queen of Latin Pop Cuba/United States [321]
Eva Eugenio Philippines' Jukebox Queen Philippines [322]
Cesária Évora Barefoot Diva Cape Verde [323]
Queen of Morna [324]
Elvy Sukaesih Dangdut Queen of Indonesia Indonesia [325]

F

American singer Ella Fitzgerald is known as the "Queen of Jazz" and "America's First Lady of Song".
American singer Aretha Franklin is known as the "Queen of Soul".
Artist Title Country Source
Brenda Fassie The Madonna of the Townships South Africa [326]
Pops Fernandez Concert Queen Philippines [327]
Vicente Fernandez King of Ranchera Mexico [328]
M. S. Fernando Baila Chakrawarthi (Sinhala for "Baila Emperor") Sri Lanka [329]
Paul Fernando Prince of Baila Sri Lanka [330]
Bryan Ferry The King of Cool United Kingdom [331]
Ella Fitzgerald First Lady of Song United States [332][333]
Queen of Jazz [334]
Lola Flores The Pharaoh Spain [335][336]
Florrie Indie-Pop Princess United Kingdom [337]
Red Foley Mr. Country Music United States [338]
Lita Ford Queen of Heavy Metal United States [339]
Zucchero Fornaciari Father of Italian Blues Italy [340]
Stephen Foster Father of American Music United States [341]
Eleni Foureira Queen of Pop Greece [342][343]
Aretha Franklin Queen of Soul United States [344][345][346]
Alan Freed King of Rock and Roll United States [347]
MC Frontalot Godfather of Nerdcore United States [348]
Claire de la Fuente Philippines' Jukebox Queen Philippines [322]

G

South Korean singer G-Dragon has been referred to as the "King of K-pop".
Philippine entertainer Sarah Geronimo, widely known as "Popstar Royalty".
American clarinetist Benny Goodman is known as the "King of Swing".
American singer Arlo Guthrie, largely because of his magnum opus "Alice's Restaurant," is known as "Mr. Thanksgiving."
Artist Title Country Source
G-Dragon King of K-Pop South Korea [349]
Juan Gabriel King of Latin Pop Mexico [350]
Lady Gaga Queen of Pop United States [351]
Princess of Pop [352][353]
Lyca Gairanod Little Superstar Philippines [354]
Charly García Father of Argentine Rock Argentina [355]
King of Argentine Rock [356]
Carlos Gardel King of Tango [357][358]
Judy Garland The World's Greatest Entertainer United States [359]
Lucho Gatica King of Bolero Chile [360]
Marvin Gaye Prince of Motown United States [361]
Prince of Soul [362]
Gloria Gaynor Queen of Disco United States [363]
Muma Gee Queen of African Music Nigeria [364]
Sarah Geronimo Popstar Princess Philippines [365]
Popstar Royalty [366]
Queen of Philippine Pop [367]
Mikhail Glinka Source and Fountainhead of Russian Music Russia [368]
Marika Gombitová Queen of Slovak Pop Music Slovakia [369][370][371]
Songstress of the 20th Century [372][373]
Selena Gomez Dance-Pop Princess United States [374]
Queen of Breakup Songs [375]
Luiz Gonzaga Rei do Baião (Portuguese, "King of Baião") Brazil [376]
Toni Gonzaga Ultimate Multimedia Star Philippines [377]
Benny Goodman King of Swing United States [378]
Vestal Goodman Queen of Gospel Music United States [379]
Delta Goodrem Australia's Sweetheart Australia [380][381]
Narayan Gopal Emperor of Voice Nepal [382]
Karel Gott Golden Voice of Prague Czechia [383][384]
Ellie Goulding Queen of Movie Soundtracks United Kingdom [385][386][387]
Pop Princess [388][389]
British Pop Princess [390][391]
Ariana Grande Pop Diva Supreme United States [392]
Princess of Pop [393]
Princess of Christmas [394]
First Pop Diva of Streaming Generation [395]
Pop Titan [396][397]
Amy Grant Queen of Christian Pop United States [398][399]
Gretchen Queen of Memes Brazil [400]
Arlo Guthrie Mr. Thanksgiving United States [401]

H

Pakistani singer-songwriter Nazia Hassan was known as "the Queen of South Asian Pop Music".
American rapper and singer Lauryn Hill is known as the "Queen of Hip Hop".
Renowned for her vocal ability, American singer Whitney Houston is referred to as "The Voice".
American singer Jennifer Hudson has been referred to as the "Princess of Soul".
Artist Title Country Source
Nina Hagen The Mother of Punk Germany [402]
Eddie Van Halen The Mozart of Rock Guitar Netherlands [403]
Bill Haley King of Rock and Roll United States [347]
Rob Halford The Metal God United Kingdom [404]
Ayumi Hamasaki Empress of J-Pop Japan [405]
Mehdi Hassan Emperor of Ghazal Pakistan [406][407]
Nazia Hassan Queen Of South Asian Pop Pakistan [408]
Hana Hegerová Queen of Czechoslovak Chanson Czechia, Slovakia [409][410][411]
Kiyoshi Hikawa Prince of the Enka World Japan [412]
Lauryn Hill Queen of Hip Hop United States [413][414]
Kohmi Hirose Queen of Winter Japan [415]
Billie Holiday Lady Day United States [416]
John Lee Hooker King of the Blues United States [417]
Whitney Houston The Voice United States [418]
Diva of Divas [419]
Queen of R&B [420]
Queen of Pop [421][422]
Prom Queen of Soul [423]
Queen of Ballads [424]
Jennifer Hudson The Princess of Soul United States [425]
America's Dreamgirl [426]
Sam Hui God of Songs Hong Kong [427]
Al Hurricane Godfather of New Mexico Music United States [428][429]

I

Artist Title Country Source
Enrique Iglesias King of Latin Pop Spain [430]
La India The Princess of Salsa Puerto Rico [431]
Rhoma Irama King of Dangdut Indonesia [432]
Gregory Isaacs Cool Ruler Jamaica [433]
Inul Daratista "Mother" Queen of Indonesia Indonesia [434]
IU Nation's Little Sister South Korea [435][436][437]

J

American singer Mahalia Jackson is known as the "Queen of Gospel".
American singer and entertainer Michael Jackson is known as the "King of Pop".
Pakistani singer Noor Jehan was known as the "Queen of Melody".
American composer and pianist Scott Joplin was dubbed the "King of Ragtime".
Artist Title Country Source
Jacki-O Queen of the South United States [438]
Janet Jackson Queen of R&B United States [439][440]
Empress of Pop [441][442]
Queen of Radio [443]
Queen of Pop [444]
Mahalia Jackson Queen of Gospel United States [445]
Michael Jackson King of Pop United States [446][447][448]
Millie Jackson Godmother of Rap United States [449]
Wanda Jackson Queen of Rockabilly; First Lady of Rockabilly United States [450]
Elmore James King of the Slide Guitar United States [451]
Rick James King of Punk Funk United States [452]
Al Jarreau Acrobat of Scat United States [453]
Jay R Philippines' King of RnB Philippines [454]
Jay-Z King of Rap United States [455]
King of New York [456]
Jaya Pinoy Queen of Soul Philippines [457]
Philippine Queen of Soul [458]
Noor Jehan Queen of Melody Pakistan [459]
Jungkook The Golden Maknae South Korea [460][461][462]
Jennie Korea's It Girl [463]
Dick Jensen The Giant United States [464]
Cui Jian Grandfather of Chinese Rock China [465]
Blind Lemon Jefferson Father of the Texas Blues United States [451]
Joan Jett Godmother of Punk United States [466]
Joey Boy Godfather of Thai Hip Hop Thailand [467]
Robert Johnson Grandfather of Rock and Roll United States [468]
Al Jolson The World's Greatest Entertainer United States [469]
Sharon Jones Godmother of Soul United States [470][471]
Janis Joplin Queen of Rock and Roll United States [472][473]
Scott Joplin King of Ragtime United States [474]
Louis Jordan King of the Jukebox United States [475]
José José The Prince of Song Mexico [476]
Juliana Kanyomozi Uganda's Music Queen Uganda [477][478]
Pop Princess [479]
Jully Black Queen of Canadian R&B Canada [480]
Rocío Jurado The Greatest One

The Master of Copla

Spain [481]

K

American DJ, record producer and remixer Frankie Knuckles is known as the "Godfather of House".
Artist Title Country Source
Jelena Karleuša Diva Serbia [482]
R. Kelly King of R&B United States [483]
King of Pop-Soul [484]
Alicia Keys Queen of R&B United States [490]
Khaled King of Raï Algeria [491]
Chaka Khan Queen of Funk United States [492]
Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan Emperor of Qawwali Pakistan [493]
Khánh Ly Barefoot Queen Vietnam [494]
Khia Queen of the South United States [495]
Kim Seok-jin Worldwide Handsome South Korea [496][497][498]
B.B. King King of the Blues
Mayor of Bluesville
United States [499][500][501]
Maurice Kirya King of Mwooyo Uganda [502][503]
Hayley Kiyoko Lesbian Jesus United States [504]
Beverley Knight Queen of UK Soul United Kingdom [505]
Gladys Knight Empress of Soul United States [506][507][508]
Frankie Knuckles Godfather of House United States [509]
Joseph Koo Godfather of Cantopop Hong Kong [510]
DJ Kool Herc Father of Hip-Hop United States [511]
Koda Kumi J-pop Queen Japan [512]
Queen of Live [513]
Fela Kuti Black President Nigeria [514]
Kyary Pamyu Pamyu Princess of J-Pop Japan [515]
Harajuku Pop Princess [516]
Kyla Queen of R&B Philippines [517]
KZ Tandingan Asia's Soul Supreme Philippines [518]

L

American rapper and singer Queen Latifah is known as the "Queen of Rap".
American rapper Lil' Kim is known as the "Queen of Rap".
American singer Little Richard is widely known as the "Architect of Rock and Roll".
American singer Kenny Loggins is known as the "King of the Movie Soundtrack" for his contribution to movies.
English singer Vera Lynn was known as the "Forces' Sweetheart" for her popularity among the armed forces during World War II.
Artist Title Country Source
La Lupe Queen of Latin Soul Cuba [519][520]
Patti LaBelle Godmother of Soul United States [521]
High Priestess of Good Vibrations [522]
Kendrick Lamar King of the West Coast United States [523]
Adam Lambert The New King of Queen United States [524][525]
Nikki Lane First Lady of Outlaw Country United States [526]
James Last Last King of Easy Listening Germany [527]
Queen Latifah Queen of Rap United States [528][529][530][531][532]
Queen of Hip Hop [530][533][534]
Avril Lavigne Pop-Punk Queen Canada [535][536][537][538][539]
Pop Rock Princess [540]
Punk Rock Princess [541][542][543]
Lead Belly King of the twelve-string guitar United States [544]
Jerry Lee Lewis The Killer United States [545]
Lepa Lukić Queen of Folk Music Serbia [546]
Liberace Mr. Showmanship United States [547]
Lil B The Based God United States [548]
Lil Brianna Princess of the South United States [549]
Lil Jon King of Crunk United States [550]
Lil' Kim Queen Bee United States [551][552]
Queen Bee of Rap [553]
Queen of Hip-Hop [554]
Queen of Rap [555][556][557][558][559][560][561]
Hip-Hop Goddess [562][563][564]
Queen of Daring Style [565]
The Original Queen Bee [566][567][568][569][570]
Lil' Mo Godmother of Hip-Hop and R&B United States [571]
Lisa Lisa Queen of Latin Hip Hop United States [572]
Little Richard Architect of Rock and Roll United States [573]
King of Rock and Roll [574]
Johnny Logan Mr. Eurovision Ireland [575][576][577]
Kenny Loggins King of the Movie Soundtrack United States [578][579]
Dave Lombardo The Godfather of Double Bass United States [580]
Jennifer Lopez Queen of Las Vegas United States [581]
Lorde New Queen of Alternative New Zealand [582]
Demi Lovato Tween Princess United States [583]
Pop Princess [584]
Toby Love King of Crunkchata United States [585]
Luis Miguel The Sun of Mexico Mexico [586]
Loretta Lynn First Lady of Country United States [587]
Queen of Country [588][589]
Vera Lynn Forces' Sweetheart United Kingdom [590][591]

M

American singer-songwriter Madonna is known as the "Queen of Pop".
British singer-songwriter Freddie Mercury, lead vocalist of Queen, is known as the "King of Queen".
Trinidadian-born rapper Nicki Minaj has been referred to by media outlets as the "Queen of Rap".
Indian singer Lata Mangeshkar is widely acknowledged as the "Queen of Melody" & "Voice of the Millennium".
Jamaican musician Bob Marley is known as the "King of Reggae".
Puerto Rican singer Ricky Martin has been referred to as the "King of Latin Pop".
American singer-poet-songwriter Jim Morrison, lead vocalist of the Doors, was nicknamed "the Lizard King" for his obsession of lizards and wild personality
Vietnamese singer Mỹ Linh is known as the "Vietnam's Queen of R&B" and the "Queen of Spring".
Artist Title Country Source
Madonna Queen of Pop United States [592][593][594]
Queen of Reinvention [595][596][597]
Francis Magalona King of Philippine Rap Philippines [598]
Miriam Makeba Mama Africa South Africa [599]
Bamboo Mañalac Rock Maestro United States [600]
Lata Mangeshkar Queen of Melody India [601]
Voice of the Millennium [602]
Voice of the Nation [602]
Nightingale of India [602]
Teena Marie Ivory Queen of Soul United States [603]
Lady T [603]
Bob Marley King of Reggae Jamaica [604][605]
Biz Markie Clown Prince of Hip-Hop United States [606]
Michel Martelly President of Kompa Haiti [607]
Ricky Martin King of Latin Pop Puerto Rico [608][609][610][611][612]
Latin Music King [613][614][615]
Latin King [616]
Puerto Rican Pop King [617]
Crossover Latin King [618][619]
King of World Cup [620]
Melanie Martinez Emo-Pop Queen United States [621]
Alt-Pop Princess [622]
Fernando Maurício King of Fado and Mouraria Portugal [623]
Ed Maverick Golden Boy of Chihuahua Mexico [624]
Kym Mazelle First Lady of House United States [625][626][627]
Reba McEntire Queen of Country United States [588][628]
Thongchai McIntyre King of String (Thai Pop) Thailand [629]
King of String [629]
Javiera Mena Chilean Queen of Electropop Chile [630][631]
Lydia Mendoza Queen of Tejano United States [632]
Idina Menzel Broadway Queen United States [633]
Daniela Mercury Queen of Axé Brazil [634]
Freddie Mercury The King of Queen United Kingdom [635]
MF Doom The Supervillain of Hip-Hop United Kingdom/United States [636][637]
Emeline Michel Queen of Haitian Music Haiti [638]
Nicki Minaj Queen of Rap Trinidad and Tobago / United States [639][640][641][642]
Queen of Hip-Hop [643][644]
Liza Minnelli Queen of Broadway United States [645][646]
Queen of Hollywood [647]
Kylie Minogue Goddess of Pop Australia [648][649][650][651]
Princess of Pop [652][653][654]
Queen of Pop [651][655][656]
Lani Misalucha Asia's Nightingale Philippines [657]
Misia Queen of Ballads Japan [658]
Queen of Japanese Soul [659]
Mis-Teeq High Priestesses of Garage United Kingdom [660]
George Michael King of Pop United Kingdom [661][662][663]
Hibari Misora Queen of Japanese Pop Japan [664][665]
Monica R&B Princess United States [666]
Bill Monroe Father of Bluegrass United States [667]
Rudy Ray Moore Godfather of Rap United States [668]
Giorgio Moroder Father of Disco Italy [669]
Morrissey Pope of Mope United Kingdom [670]
Jim Morrison The Lizard King United States [671]
Mr. Mojo Risin' [672]
Mohamed Mounir The King Egypt [673]
Anita Mui Queen of Canto Pop Hong Kong [674][675]
Murda Beatz Canadian King of Trap Music Canada [676]
Zeki Müren Sun of Art Turkey [677]
Peter Murphy Godfather of Goth United Kingdom [678]
Kacey Musgraves Yeehaw Queen United States [679]
Mỹ Linh Vietnam's Queen of R&B Vietnam [680]
Queen of Spring [681]
Mỹ Tâm Queen of V-Pop Vietnam [682]
Mýa Dancing Queen United States [683]
Ghetto Princess [684]
Queen of Throwback R&B/Hip-Hop [685]

N

American singer-songwriter Stevie Nicks has been called the "Queen of Rock and Roll".
Artist Title Country Source
Mónica Naranjo Panther of Figueras Spain [686][687]
Emilio Navaira King of Tejano United States [688]
Grant Nelson The Godfather of UK Garage United Kingdom [689][690]
Stevie Nicks Queen of Rock and Roll United States [691][692]
Bert Nievera Johnny Mathis of the Philippines Philippines [693]
Timeless Balladeer
Martin Nievera Concert King Philippines [694]
Nike Ardilla Lady Rocker Indonesia [695][696]
Queen of Rock
Nina Asia's Diamond Soul Siren Philippines [697]
Niki Indonesia's R&B Princess Indonesia [698]
Marni Nixon The Ghostess with the Mostess United States [699]
No I.D. The Godfather of Chicago Hip Hop United States [700][701]
Larry Norman Father of Christian Rock United States [702]
Nujabes King of Lo-fi Japan [703][704]
Godfather of Lo-fi

O

English singer Ozzy Osbourne has been identified as the "Godfather of Heavy Metal" and the "Prince of Darkness".
Artist Title Country Source
Aitana Ocaña Spanish Princess of Pop Spain [705][706]
Odetta Queen of American Folk Music United States [707]
Onyeka Onwenu Queen of African Pop Music Nigeria [708]
Elegant Stallion [709]
Roy Orbison The Caruso of Rock United States [710]
Orelsan The Boss of French Rap France [711]
Ozuna New King of Reggaeton Puerto Rico [712][713]
Ozzy Osbourne Godfather of Heavy Metal United Kingdom [714]
Prince of Darkness [714]
Johnny Otis Godfather of Rhythm and Blues United States [715]

P

Italian singer Luciano Pavarotti has been identified as the "King of the High C's".
American singer Elvis Presley is known as the "King of Rock and Roll".
American musician Prince has been referred to as "The Artist", "The Purple One" and "His Royal Badness".
Artist Title Country Source
Zsa Zsa Padilla Divine Diva Philippines [716][717]
Nexhmije Pagarusha Queen of Albanian Music Albania/Kosovo [718][719]
Phyu Phyu Kyaw Thein Myanmar Fashion Queen Myanmar [720]
Myanmar Vocal Queen [720]
Queen Of Myanmar Pop [720]
Imelda Papin Sentimental Songstress Philippines [322][721]
Philippines' Jukebox Queen
Dolly Parton Queen of Country United States [588]
Abida Parveen Queen of Sufi music Pakistan [722]
Charley Patton Father of the Delta Blues United States [723]
Les Paul Architect of Rock and Roll United States [11]
Luciano Pavarotti King of the High C's Italy [724]
Neil Peart The Professor Canada [725][726]
CeCe Peniston Queen of Dance United States [727][728]
Peret King of Catalan Rumba Spain [729][730]
Carl Perkins King of Rockabilly United States [731]
Maite Perroni Teen Queen of Telenovelas Mexico [732]
Katy Perry Pop Princess United States [733]
Bernadette Peters Queen of Broadway United States [734][735]
Pink Pop Royalty United States [736][737]
Iggy Pop Godfather of Punk United States [738][739]
Poppy Queen of Metal United States [740][741]
Pérez Prado King of Mambo Cuba [742]
Elvis Presley King of Rock and Roll United States [743][744][745]
King of Pop [746][747][748]
Lisa Marie Presley Princess of Rock and Roll United States [749]
Rod Price Magician of Slide United Kingdom [750]
Prince The Artist United States [751]
The Purple One [751]
His Royal Badness [752]
Psy New King of YouTube South Korea [753][754][755]
Pumpuang Duangjan Queen of Luk Thung Thailand [756]

Q

Milly Quezada, a Dominican singer is known as the "Queen of Merengue"
Artist Title Country Source
Ustad Qasim Father of Afghan Music Afghanistan [757][758]
Founder of Afghan Classical Music [758]
Ivy Queen Queen of Reggaetón United States [759][760]
Queen of Rap [761]
Queen of Latin Hip-Hop [762]
Queen of Urban Music [763]
Reggaetón's First Lady [764]
Milly Quezada Queen of Merengue Dominican Republic [765]

R

American singer Smokey Robinson has been called the "King of Motown"
Pakistani singer Ahmed Rushdi, known as "Magician of Voice", was the first regular pop singer of South Asia.
Mexican singer Paulina Rubio is widely known as "The Golden Girl".
Artist Title Country Source
Ma Rainey Mother of the Blues United States [766]
Joey Ramone Godfather of Punk United States [767]
Raphael The Nightingale of Linares Spain [768][769]
Johnnie Ray Prince of Wails United States [770]
Otis Redding King of Soul United States [771]
Lou Reed Godfather of Punk United States [772]
Esma Redžepova Queen of Gypsy Music Macedonia [773]
Sheryn Regis Crystal Voice of Asia Philippines [774]
Rihanna Caribbean Queen Barbados [775][776]
Pop Princess [777]
R&B Princess [778][779][780]
Teddy Riley King of New Jack Swing United States [781]
Jamie Rivera Inspirational Diva Philippines [782]
Jenni Rivera The Diva of Banda Mexico/United States [783]
The First Lady of Corrido
Ross Robinson Godfather of Nu Metal United States [784]
Smokey Robinson King of Motown United States [785]
Jimmie Rodgers Father of Country Music United States [786]
Paul Rodgers The Voice United Kingdom [787]
Amália Rodrigues Queen of Fado Portugal [788]
Rozalla Queen of Rave Zambia [789]
Paulina Rubio The Golden Girl Mexico [790]
Queen of Latin Pop [791]
Todd Rundgren God United States [792][793][794]
RuPaul Glamazon United States [795]
Supermodel of the World [796]
The World's Most Famous Drag Queen [797]
A. R. Rahman Mozart of Madras India [798]
Kenny Rogers The Gambler United States
Ahmed Rushdi Magician of Voice Pakistan [799]

S

Filipina singer Lea Salonga is known in the Philippines as the "Broadway Diva".
Malaysian singer Siti Nurhaliza is known as the "Voice of Asia".
American singer-songwriter Patti Smith has been referred to as the "Godmother of Punk".
American singer Britney Spears is known as the "Princess of Pop".
American singer Bruce Springsteen is known as "The Boss".
Texan singer-songwriter George Strait is known as the "King of Country."
American singer Donna Summer has been referred to as the "Queen of Disco".
Having been called "America's Sweetheart", Taylor Swift subsequently earned titles like "The Music Industry" and "Queen of Bridges".
Artist Title Country Source
Janella Salvador OPM Pop Sweetheart Philippines [800]
Lea Salonga Broadway Diva Philippines [801]
Marta Sánchez The Queen of Spanish Pop Spain [802][335]
Sayan Sanya King Of Look-Thung Thailand [803]
Šaban Šaulić The King of Folk Serbia [804][805]
Julie Anne San Jose Asia's Pop Sweetheart Philippines [806]
Sandy Brazil's Princess of Pop Brazil [807][808]
Erik Santos Philippines' Prince of Pop Philippines [809]
Romeo Santos King of Bachata United States [810]
Sarunrat Visutthithada Princess of R&B Thailand [811]
Lady Saw Queen of Dancehall Jamaica [812][813]
Chuck Schuldiner Godfather of Death Metal United States [814]
Shirley Scott Queen of the Organ United States [815]
Gil Scott-Heron Godfather of Rap United States [668]
Raul Seixas "Pai do rock brasileiro" (Portuguese, "Father of Brazilian rock") Brazil [816]
Selena Queen of Tejano Music United States [817]
Queen of Tex-Mex Music [818]
Seo Taiji President of Culture South Korea [819]
Shakira Queen of Latin Music Colombia [820][821][822][823][824]
Queen of Latin Pop [825]
Latin America's biggest star [826]
Latin America's sweetheart [827]
Queen of Rhythm [828]
Latin-rock-goddess [829]
Empress Pop [830]
Queen of the World Cup [831]
Latin America's Pop Queen [832]
Roxanne Shante Queen of Rap United States [833][834]
Early Queen of Rap [835]
Deke Sharon Father of Contemporary A Cappella United States [836][837]
Shin Jung-hyeon Godfather of Rock South Korea [838]
Frank Sinatra The Chairman of the Board United States [839]
Nina Simone Queen of Soul [840]
Siti Nurhaliza Voice of Asia Malaysia [841]
Bessie Smith Empress of the Blues United States [842]
Patti Smith Godmother of Punk United States [843]
Sy Smith The Underground Queen of R&B and Soul United States [844][845][846]
Sơn Tùng M-TP Prince of V-Pop Vietnam [847]
Mighty Sparrow Calypso King of the World Trinidad and Tobago [848]
Britney Spears Princess of Pop United States [91][849]
Queen of Pop [850][851]
Phil Spector First Tycoon of Teen United States [852]
Spice Queen of Stage Jamaica [853]
Queen of Dancehall [854]
Dusty Springfield White Queen of Soul United Kingdom [855][856]
Bruce Springsteen The Boss United States [857]
Candi Staton First Lady of Southern Soul United States [858]
Gwen Stefani Pop Princess United States [859][860][861]
Stevie B King of Freestyle United States [862]
Stephen Stills Captain Many Hands United States [863]
Angie Stone Black Diamond of Soul United States [864]
George Strait King of Country United States [865][866][867][868]
Barbra Streisand Mother of Divas United States [869][870][871]
Diva of Divas [872][873][874][875]
Suraphol Sombatcharoen King of Luk Thung Thailand [876]
Yma Sumac Queen of Exotica Peru [877]
Donna Summer Queen of Disco United States [91]
Joan Sutherland La Stupenda (The stupendous one) Australia [878][879][880]
The voice of the century
Taylor Swift America's Sweetheart United States [881][882]
The Pop Titan [883][884]
Princess of Country [885][886][887]
Queen of Bridges [888][889]
Queen of Pop [890][891]
Queen of Easter Eggs [892][893][894][895]
Miss Americana [896]
The Music Industry [897][898]
Sylvester Queen of Disco United States [899]

T

Taiwanese singer Teresa Teng is regarded as "Asia's eternal queen of pop".
Mexican singer Thalía is known as the "Queen of Latin Pop".
English musician Pete Townshend has been referred to as the "Godfather of Punk".
Mexican singer and actress Lucero is widely known as the "Girlfriend of America".
Artist Title Country Source
T.I. King of the South United States [900][901]
Lucero The Americas's Sweetheart Mexico [902][903]
Vikki Carr The Diva Of Bolero USA/Mexico [904]
Alan Tam Principal (Tam) Hong Kong [905]
Koko Taylor Queen of the Blues United States [906]
Teresa Teng Asia's eternal queen of pop Taiwan [907][908][909]
Takeshi Terauchi エレキの神様 Ereki no Kamisama lit.'God of Electric Guitar' Japan [910]
Thalía Queen of Latin pop Mexico [911]
Queen of Telenovelas [912]
Empress of Beauty [913]
Tini Princess of Latin Pop Argentina [914]
Queen of Argentine Pop [915]
Queen of Argentina [916]
Sister Rosetta Tharpe Godmother of Rock and Roll United States [917]
Irma Thomas Soul Queen of New Orleans United States [918]
Timaya Egberi Papa 1 of Bayelsa Nigeria [919]
Justin Timberlake King of Pop United States

[920][921][922][923]

Prince of Pop [924][925]
President of Pop [925]
Dick Todd King of the Jukebox Canada [926]
Mel Torme The Velvet Fog United States [927]
Tove Lo Dark-Pop Queen Sweden [928]
Touch Na Takuathung Fleet-Footed Thailand [929]
Pete Townshend Godfather of Punk United Kingdom [930]
Gloria Trevi Supreme Diva of Mexican Pop Mexico [931][932]
Trina Diamond Princess United States [933]
Queen of The South [934]
Jolin Tsai Queen of Chinese Pop Taiwan [935]
Queen of Mandarin Pop [936]
Asia's Dancing Queen [937]
Sophie Tucker Last of the Red Hot Mamas United States [938]
Ike Turner Father of Rock and Roll United States [939][940]
Tina Turner Queen of Rock and Roll United States [91][941][942]
Shania Twain Country Pop Queen Canada [943][944]
Queen of Country Pop [945]

U

Japanese singer Hikaru Utada has been identified as "The Diva of the Heisei period".
Artist Title Country Source
Umm Kulthum Star of the East Egypt [946]
Hikaru Utada Diva of the Heisei Period Japan [947]
Usher King of R&B United States [948][949]
Mr. Entertainment [950][951]
Carrie Underwood Country Music's Reigning Queen United States [952][953]

V

Filipina singer Regine Velasquez is known as "Asia's Songbird".
Artist Title Country Source
Gary Valenciano Mr. Pure Energy Philippines [954]
Ritchie Valens King of Chicano Rock United States [955]
Francisca Valenzuela Chilean Pop-Rock Queen Chile [956]
Grace VanderWaal Amazing Grace United States [957]
The Queen of Cursive [958]
Paul van Dyk Godfather of Trance Germany [959]
Suzanne Vega Mother of the MP3 United States [960]
Katrina Velarde Asia's Vocal Supreme Philippines [961]
Regine Velasquez Asia's Songbird Philippines [962]
Viguen King of Persian Pop Iran [963]
Sultan of Jazz
Rhonda Vincent Queen of Bluegrass United States [964]
Aurelio Voltaire Clown Prince of Goth United States [965]

W

American singer Martha Wash is most often identified as the "Queen of Clubland".
American singer Dionne Warwick has been referred to as the "Princess of Pop".
British rapper Wiley is known as the "Godfather of Grime".
Artist Title Country Source
Liza Wang Big Sister Hong Kong [966]
Dionne Warwick Princess of Pop United States [967]
ZZ Ward The Blues Queen of the Pacific Northwest United States [968]
The Blues Rock Goddess [969]
Martha Wash Queen of Clubland United States [970][971]
The Most Famous Unknown Singer of the '90s [970]
The Voice [971]
Dinah Washington Queen of the Blues United States [972][973]
The Weeknd Dark Prince of Pop Canada [974][975]
Dark Prince of R&B [976][19]
King of the Fall [977]
Starboy [978]
Paul Weller Modfather United Kingdom [979]
Kitty Wells Queen of Country Music United States [980][981]
Wiley Godfather of Grime United Kingdom [982]
Paul Whiteman King of Jazz United States [7][347]
Marijohn Wilkin The Den Mother of Music Row United States [983]
Wesley Willis The Daddy of Rock 'n' Roll United States [984]
Jackie Wilson Mister Excitement United States [985]
Tony Wilson Mr Manchester United Kingdom [986][987]
Wendy O. Williams Queen of Shock Rock United States [988]
Sonny Boy Williamson II King of Harmonica United States [989]
Faye Wong Diva of Asia Hong Kong/People's Republic of China [990]
Heavenly Queen [990]
Tammy Wynette First Lady of Country United States [991][992]

X

Artist Title Country Source
Xuân Mai Little Stork Vietnam [993]
Xuxa Queen of Children Brazil [994]

Y

Canadian musician Neil Young is known as the "Godfather of Grunge".
Artist Title Country Source
Yellowman King of Dancehall Jamaica [995]
"Weird Al" Yankovic King of Parody United States [996][997]
Neil Young Godfather of Grunge Canada/United States [998]
Tata Young Asia's Queen of Pop Thailand [999]

Z

Chinese Singer Jane Zhang also known as the "Dolphin Princess".
Artist Title Country Source
Jimmy Zámbó The King Hungary [1000][1001]
Jane Zhang Dolphin Princess China [1002][1003]

Group and collective titles

Artist(s) Title Country Source
Christina Aguilera The Pop Princesses United States [1004][1005][1006]
Britney Spears
Jessica Simpson
Buddy Holly The Father, The Son, and The Holy Ghost [1007]
Richie Valens
The Big Bopper
Chthonic The Black Sabbath of Asia Taiwan [1008]
Juan Atkins The Belleville Three
Godfathers of Techno
United States [1009][1010]
Derrick May
Kevin Saunderson
Bee Gees The Disco Kings United Kingdom [1011]
Britain's First Family of Harmony [1012]
The Kings of Dance Music [1013]
BGYO Aces of P-pop Philippines [1014]
Big Bang Kings of K-pop South Korea [1015][1016][1017][1018][1019]
The Biggest Boy Band in the World [1020]
Blackpink Queens of K-pop [1021]
The Biggest K-pop Girl Band in the World [1022]
BTS The World's Biggest Boy Band [1023][1024][1025]
Kings of K-pop [1026][1027][1028][1029][1030]
The World's Biggest Pop Group [1031]
The Princes of Global Pop [1032]
Black Sabbath Unholy Trinity of British Hard Rock and Heavy Metal United Kingdom [1033]
Deep Purple
Led Zeppelin
Carabao King of 3cha Thailand [1034]
Coldplay Kings of the Stadium United Kingdom [1035]
Stadium Kings [1036]
Jacky Cheung Four Heavenly Kings of Chinese Pop Hong Kong [187]
Aaron Kwok
Leon Lai
Andy Lau
Daft Punk Godfathers of French House France [1037]
Michael Jackson Holy Trinity of Pop United States [1038]
Madonna
Prince
Whitney Houston The Vocal Trinity [1039]
Mariah Carey
Celine Dion Canada
Girls' Generation Nation's Girl Group South Korea [1040]
Metallica "Big Four" of Thrash Metal United States [1041]
Slayer
Megadeth
Anthrax
Fall Out Boy The Emo Trinity [1042]
My Chemical Romance
Panic! at the Disco
Five Stairsteps First Family of Soul [1043][1044]
The Jackson 5 [1043]
Fifth Harmony The Biggest Girlgroup of the 2010s United States [1045]
Mirror New Kings of Cantopop Hong Kong [1046]
Mỹ Linh (Đỗ Mỹ Linh) Four Divas of Vietnam Vietnam [1047]
Thanh Lam (Đoàn Thanh Lam)
Hồng Nhung (Lê Hồng Nhung)
Trần Thu Hà
The Rolling Stones The Greatest Rock and Roll Band in the World United Kingdom [1048][1049]
Shinee Princes of K-pop South Korea [1050][1051][1052]
Super Junior King of Hallyu Wave [1053][1054][1055][1056]
Twice Nation's Girl Group [1057]
Aretha Franklin Five Mighty Pop Divas of the Sixties United States [1058]
Martha Reeves
Diana Ross
Dusty Springfield United Kingdom
Dionne Warwick United States
Wisin & Yandel The Duo of The History Puerto Rico [1059]

See also

References

  1. ^ A. R. Frey, Sobriquets and Nicknames (1888, published online by brBiblioBazaar, 2009), p. 115.
  2. ^ S. S. Walker, "What's in a name: Black awareness keeps the African tradition of 'meaningful names' alive", Ebony, vol. 32 (8), (June 1977), pp. 74–8.
  3. ^ D. Evans, "From Bumble Bee Slim to Black Boy Shine: Nicknames of Blues Singers" in D. Evans, ed., Ramblin' on my mind: new perspectives on the blues: African American music in global perspective (Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 2008), pp. 179–222.
  4. ^ S. Deger-Jalkotzy and I. S. Lemos, Ancient Greece: from the Mycenaean palaces to the age of Homer (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2006), p. 272.
  5. ^ M. Benoliel and Linda Cashdan, The Upper Hand: Winning Strategies from World-Class Negotiators (Adams Media, 2006), p. 26.
  6. ^ B. G. Rader, Baseball: a history of America's game (Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 3rd edn., 2008), p. 140.
  7. ^ a b Y. Bynoe, Stand and deliver: political activism, leadership, and hip hop culture (Soft Skull Press, 2004), p. 155.
  8. ^ M. T. Bertrand, Race, rock, and Elvis: Music in American life (Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 2000), p. 220.
  9. ^ G. B. Rodman, "A hero to most?; Elvis, myth and the politics of race", Cultural Studies vol. 8 (3), (1994), p. 474.
  10. ^ J. Warner, On this day in black music history (Hal Leonard Corporation, 2006), p. 56,
  11. ^ a b "Les Paul". Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Museum.
  12. ^ A. Kempton, Boogaloo: the Quintessence of American Popular Music (University of Michigan Press, 2005), p. 58.
  13. ^ Hawes, Alison (2014), Music and Fashion, Badger Learning, p. 23, ISBN 9781781477588, Many of the most successful pop artists of the Eighties were solo singers. Two of them, Michael Jackson and Madonna, were known as the King and Queen of Pop
  14. ^ R Jones and S. Brown, Michael Jackson, the man behind the mask: an insider's story of the king of pop (Select Books, 2005), p. 49.
  15. ^ Moran, Caitlin (April 22, 2008). "Madonna: more clout than the Beatles, all by herself . . . and wearing heels". The Times. Retrieved April 17, 2013. she has been referred to habitually as "the Queen of Pop" since the mid-Eighties
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  17. ^ "What's in a nickname?". BBC Magazine. January 15, 2009. Retrieved May 20, 2017.
  18. ^ "Overnight the unknown 14-year old became an international star. This earned her the nickname 'Princess of R&B'.", in W. Sutherland, Aaliyah Remembered (Trafford Publishing, 2005), p. 21.
  19. ^ a b Mamo, Heran (December 17, 2021). "Aaliyah's 'Poison' Collab With The Weeknd Finally Arrives: Stream It Here". Billboard. Retrieved January 20, 2022. The Princess of R&B and the dark prince of R&B join forces on the track...
  20. ^ Flick, Larry (March 14, 1998). Reviews and Previews - Singles. Billboard. Vol. 110. p. 22. Retrieved June 14, 2022. Jeep siren Aaliyah's transformation into a pop princess is complete with the release of this Oscar-nominated theme to the film "Anastasia".
  21. ^ Cawn, Brad (August 19, 2001). "Aaliyah Aaliyah (Blackground/Virgin) Through..." Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on May 27, 2012. Retrieved June 14, 2022. On her third record, her first in five years, this pop princess has matured.....
  22. ^ Frydenlund, Zach (October 2, 2014). "Check Out the First Trailer for Lifetime's "Aaliyah: The Princess of R&B" Biopic". Complex. Retrieved June 15, 2022. During the quick clip, Shipp is seen playing the late pop princess in scenes where she is at dance rehearsal, in the studio, and in an argument with her mother while Iggy Azalea's song, "Goddess," serves as the soundtrack for the trailer.
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  24. ^ "Ep. 166 | Episode Summary, Highlights, and Recaps". VH1. Archived from the original on October 22, 2012. Retrieved March 31, 2012. But Aaliyah Dana Houghton, the reigning Queen of Urban Pop, wasn't sitting still. She was hard at work, shooting her next video, when a plane crash ended her life on August 25
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