Honors and memorials to the Marquis de Lafayette
Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette (1757–1834), a French aristocrat and Revolutionary War hero, was widely commemorated in the U.S. and elsewhere. Below is a list of the many homages and/or tributes named in his honor:
- In 1792, James McHenry, whom Lafayette considered a good friend, purchased a tract called Ridgely's Delight about a mile west of Baltimore. On it, he built a country seat on 95 acres and named it Fayetteville in his honor.
- In 1824, the U.S. government named Lafayette Park in his honor; it lies immediately north of the White House in Washington, D.C.
- In 1826, Lafayette College was chartered in Easton, Pennsylvania. Lafayette was honored with a monument in New York City in 1917. Portraits display Washington and Lafayette in the chamber of the U.S. House of Representatives. Numerous towns, cities, and counties across the United States were named in his honor.
- In 1831, the French navy surgeon and naturalist René Primevère Lesson honored Lafayette by giving the Sri Lankan junglefowl the scientific name Gallus lafayetii. Hence the spelling lafayetii is considered a lapsus and the corrected spelling G. lafayettii is in common use.
- In 1834, upon Lafayette's death, American President Andrew Jackson ordered that Lafayette be accorded the same funeral honors as John Adams and George Washington. Therefore, 24-gun salutes were fired from military posts and ships, each shot representing a U.S. state. Flags flew at half mast for thirty-five days, and "military officers wore crepe for six months". The Congress hung black in chambers and asked the entire country to dress in black for the next thirty days.
- In 1899, Lafayette appeared with Washington on a U.S. coin, the Lafayette dollar that was minted in 1899 (though showing the year 1900). It was produced to raise money for a statue of him that was erected in Paris.
- On July 4, 1917, shortly after the U.S. entered World War I, Colonel Charles E. Stanton visited the grave of Lafayette and uttered the famous phrase "Lafayette, we are here." After the war, a U.S. flag was permanently placed at the grave site. Every year, on Independence Day, the flag is replaced in a joint French-American ceremony. The flag remained even during the German occupation of Paris during World War II.
- In 1943, on visiting Corsica, General George S. Patton commented on how the Free French forces had liberated the birthplace of Napoleon, and promised that the Americans would liberate the birthplace of Lafayette.
- In 1958, the Order of Lafayette was established by U.S. Representative Hamilton Fish III, a World War I veteran, to promote Franco-American friendship and to honor Americans who fought in France. The frigate Hermione, in which Lafayette returned to America, has been reconstructed in the port of Rochefort, Charente-Maritime, France.
- In 2002, although he became a naturalized American citizen during his lifetime, Lafayette was granted honorary United States citizenship by the United States Congress.
Military and maritime
Several warships were named after Lafayette:
- The French Navy acquired USS Langley in 1951 and renamed it La Fayette.
- Lafayette is a modern stealth frigate is also named after him.
- La Fayette is also the name of a ship class.
- The French ocean-liner SS Normandie was to be the troopship USS Lafayette after being acquired by the US Government, but was destroyed by a fire before conversion to the new role was completed. The name was later given to a ballistic missile submarine.
- The Lafayette Escadrille was an escadrille of the French Air Service during World War I composed largely of American volunteer pilots.
- Fayette County, Alabama
- Fayette County, Georgia
- Fayette County, Kentucky
- Fayette County, Tennessee
- Fayette County, Pennsylvania
- Lafayette County, Arkansas
- Lafayette County, Mississippi
- Lafayette County, Florida
- Lafayette Parish, Louisiana
- Fayetteville, North Carolina.
- While many cities are named after Lafayette, Fayetteville was the first, and holds the distinction of being the only one he actually visited, arriving in Fayetteville by horse-drawn carriage in 1825 during Lafayatte's visit to the United States from July 1824 to September 1825 celebrating the 50th anniversary of the Battle of Bunker Hill
- Fayetteville, Georgia, seat of Fayette County
- LaFayette, Georgia
- Lafayette, California
- Lafayette, Indiana, seat of Tippecanoe County and the home of Purdue University, named after Lafayette during his tour of America.
- Lafayette, Louisiana
- Fayetteville, Tennessee named indirectly, after Fayetteville, North Carolina
- Lafayette Square in Buffalo, New York, where he spoke during his nationwide tour in 1825.
- Lafayette Square in Saint Louis, Missouri, created in 1833 as one of the city's first public parks and named in his honor in 1854.
- Lafayette Square, in Washington, D.C.
- Lafayette Square, New Orleans, LA
- Rue La Fayette in Paris, one of the longest roads in the city, which crosses the 9th and 10th arrondissements of the city from southwest to northeast.
- Lafayette Street in New Haven, Connecticut
- Lafayette Street in Williston Park, New York
- New York City
- Lafayette Road in New Hampshire, which extends from the Massachusetts border in Seabrook to Portsmouth
- Avenue de Lafayette in Boston, Massachusetts, located in the Downtown Crossing area.
- Lafayette Avenue in Baltimore, Maryland
- Lafayette Boulevard in Bridgeport, Connecticut
- Lafayette Road in Harrington Park, New Jersey
- Lafayette Street in Cape May, New Jersey
- Lafayette Street in Waltham, Massachusetts, located near a critical area during the Revolution.
- Ulice Lafayettova in Olomouc, Czech Republic, is near the site of Lafayette's imprisonment.
- Lafayette Street in Metamora, Illinois
- Lafayette Drive and Lafayette Road in Phoenixville, Pennsylvania, both off of Valley Forge Road located near Valley Forge.
- Lafayette High School (Alabama), in Lafayette, Alabama
- Lafayette High School (Georgia), in Lafayette, Georgia
- Lafayette High School (Florida), in Mayo, Florida
- Lafayette High School (Lexington, Kentucky), in Lexington, Kentucky
- Lafayette High School (Louisiana), in Lafayette, Louisiana
- Lafayette High School (St. Joseph, Missouri), in St. Joseph, Missouri
- Lafayette High School (Wildwood, Missouri), in Wildwood, Missouri
- Lafayette High School (New York City), in Brooklyn, New York
- Lafayette High School (Buffalo, New York), in Buffalo, New York
- Lafayette High School (Virginia), near Williamsburg, Virginia
- LaFayette Jr./Sr. High School (LaFayette, New York), in LaFayette, New York
- Mount Lafayette in the White Mountains of New Hampshire.
- Lafayetteville in Milan, New York
Lafayette in sculpture
- Bust of Lafayette by Houdon, 1786, marble, in the rotunda of the Virginia State Capitol.
- Bust of Lafayette in National Guard uniform by Houdon, 1790, marble, now at Gilcrease Museum, Tulsa, Oklahoma.
- Statue by Bartholdi in Union Square Park, Manhattan, New York, 1876
- Pediment on the Tippecanoe County Courthouse, Lafayette, Indiana, 1882
- Lafayette on the Green, University of Vermont, 1883
- LaFayette Fountain by Lorado Taft in Lafayette, Indiana, 1887
- Statue in Lafayette Square, Washington, D.C., 1891.
- Statue of Lafayette and Washington by Bartholdi, Place des États-Unis (United States Plaza), Paris, France, 1895
- Equestrian statue by Paul Wayland Bartlett, 1908, Cours-la-Reine, Paris. An early version appears on the Lafayette dollar.
- Equestrian statue by Paul Wayland Bartlett, Metz, France 1919, destroyed by German occupation forces and replaced by another statue by M . Goutin in 2004
- State of Lafayette on Lafayette College campus, Easton, Pennsylvania, by Daniel Chester French in 1921
- Equestrian statue in front of the Washington Monument in Baltimore, Maryland, 1924
- Statue on Washington Street in Hartford, CT. Sculptor, Paul Wayland Bartlett. Date of Dedication: 09/21/1957. The original of this statue stands in the Louvre, a gift to France from the school children of the United States.
- Built in 1975, a statue of Lafayette stands atop a fountain in the courthouse square in LaGrange, Georgia.
- Statue of Lafayette on Union Avenue & Warren Street in Havre de Grace, Maryland, 1976
- Statue outside of the Gen. Horatio Gates House and Golden Plough Tavern, York, Pennsylvania, 2007
- Statue of Lafayette, Admiral de Grasse, and General Washington on the Riverwalk Landing in Yorktown, VA, added in 2017.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Monuments and memorials to Lafayette.|
- Bernard Christian Steiner (1907). The life and correspondence of James McHenry: Secretary of War under Washington and Adams. The Burrows Brothers Company.
- "Marquis de Lafayette". New York City Department of Parks & Recreation. 7 March 2002. Retrieved 11 August 2008.
- Ike Skelton (22 May 2007). "House Record: Honoring The Marquis De Lafayette On The Occasion Of The 250th Anniversary Of His Birth: Section 29". GovTrack.us. Retrieved 11 August 2008.[dead link]
- Grouw, Hein van, Dekkers, Wim & Rookmaaker, Kees (2017). On Temminck’s tailless Ceylon Junglefowl, and how Darwin denied their existence. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club (London), 137 (4), 261-271. https://doi.org/10.25226/bboc.v137i4.2017.a3
- Gaines, p. 448
- Clary, p. 448
- Clary, p. 449
- "Lafayette and the American Flag: The Fourth of July Ceremony". Retrieved 19 September 2013.
- Robert Kalbach. "L'Hermione". L'Hermione (in French). L’association Hermione-La Fayette. Retrieved 11 August 2008.
- Speare, Morris Edmund "Lafayette, Citizen of America", New York Times, 7 September 1919. The article contains a facsimile and transcript of the Maryland act:"An Act to naturalize Major General the Marquiss de la Fayette and his Heirs Male Forever... Be it enacted by the General Assembly of Maryland—that the Marquiss de la Fayette and his Heirs male forever shall be and they and each of them are hereby deemed adjudged and taken to be natural born Citizens of this State and shall henceforth be instilled to all the Immunities, Rights and Privileges of natural born Citizens thereof, they and every one of them conforming to the Constitution and Laws of this State in the Enjoyment and Exercise of such Immunities, Rights and Privileges."
- Folliard, Edward T. "JFK Slipped on Historical Data In Churchill Tribute" Sarasota Journal, 25 May 1973.
- Cornell, Douglas B. "Churchill Acceptance 'Honors Us Far More'" Sumter Daily Item, 10 April 1963.
- Public Law 107-209
- "Lafayette Square". Buffalo Niagara Convention & Visitors Bureau. Retrieved March 25, 2009.[permanent dead link]
- Kowsky, p. 88
- Anne L. Poulet, Jean-Antoine Houdon (Washington, DC: National Gallery of Art, 2003), p. 260
- Kowsky, Francis R., Mark Goldman, Austin Fox, John D. Randall, Jack Quinan, and Teresa Lasher (1982). Buffalo Architecture: A Guide (Third printing ed.). The MIT Press. ISBN 0-262-02172-2.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- Clary, David (2007). Adopted Son: Washington, Lafayette, and the Friendship that Saved the Revolution. Bantam Books. ISBN 978-0-553-80435-5.
- Gaines, James R. (2007). For Liberty and Glory: Washington, La Fayette, and Their Revolutions. W.W. Norton & Co. ISBN 978-0-393-06138-3.