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Comitatus Hontiensis (Latin)
Hont vármegye (Hungarian)
Komitat Hont (German)
Hontianska župa (Slovak)
|County of the Kingdom of Hungary|
|Coat of arms|
|•||Treaty of Trianon||4 June 1920|
|•||1910||2,633 km2 (1,017 sq mi)|
|Density||50.3 /km2 (130.3 /sq mi)|
|Today part of||Slovakia, Hungary|
|Šahy is the current name of the capital.|
Hont (-Hungarian and Slovak and German, in Latin: Honthum, in Hungarian also: Honth) was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary and then shortly of Czechoslovakia. Its territory is now in southern Slovakia (3/4) and northern Hungary (1/4).
Today, in Slovakia Hont is the informal designation of the corresponding territory and an official tourist region.
Hont county shared borders with the counties Bars, Zólyom, Nógrád, Pest-Pilis-Solt-Kiskun and Esztergom. It was situated between Selmecbánya and the Danube river, but the territory around the town of Korpona was added only at the end of the 19th century. The rivers Korpona and Ipoly were the central rivers that flowed through the county. Its area was 2633 km² around 1910.
The capitals of the county were the Hont Castle together with Hídvég (present-day Ipeľské Predmostie), then from the 16th century onwards there was no permanent capital, and finally since early 19th century, the capital was Ipolyság (present-day Šahy).
The county arose in the 11th century by separation from the Nógrád county. Around the year 1300, the territory of Kishont was added to the territory of the county, but received a special status. In 1802, Kishont became part of the Gömör-Kishont county.
Changes to the northern border of the county were performed in 1802 and then in the late 19th century (above all Korpona was added to the territory).
In the aftermath of World War I, most of Hont county became part of newly formed Czechoslovakia, as recognized by the concerned states in 1920 by the Treaty of Trianon. A small part of the county situated south-east of the river Ipoly/Ipeľ, stayed in Hungary.
In Czechoslovakia, the county continued to exist as the Hont county (Hontianska župa). In 1923, it became part of the Zvolen county. In 1928, it became part of the newly created Slovak Land (Slovenská krajina/zem). Following the provisions of the First Vienna Award, the southern part of Czechoslovak Hont became part of Hungary again in November 1938. The remaining northern part became part of the newly created Hron county (1940–1945) of Slovakia. After World War II, the Trianon borders were restored. In 1949, it became part of the newly created Nitra region and Banská Bystrica region of Czechoslovakia. In 1960, it became part of the newly created Western Slovak region and Central Slovak region. In 1993, Czechoslovakia was split and in 1996 Hont became part of the newly created Nitra region and Banská Bystrica region of Slovakia.
The Hungarian part of Hont merged with the Hungarian part of Nógrád county to form Nógrád-Hont county. Between 1939 and 1945 it was united with the annexed parts of former Bars and Hont counties to form Bars-Hont county (capital Léva). Since 1950 the Hungarian part of Hont is divided between the present Hungarian counties Pest and Nógrád.
In 1900, the county had a population of 130,734 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:
- Hungarian: 65,522 (50.2%)
- Slovak: 57,315 (43.9%)
- German: 7,051 (5.4%)
- Romanian: 101 (0.0%)
- Croatian: 20 (0.0%)
- Serbian: 14 (0.0%)
- Ruthenian: 8 (0.0%)
- Other or unknown: 703 (0.5%)
According to the census of 1900, the county was composed of the following religious communities:
- Roman Catholic: 91,965 (70.4%)
- Lutheran: 26,845 (20.6%)
- Calvinist: 8,437 (6.5%)
- Jewish: 3,305 (2.5%)
- Greek Catholic: 105 (0.0%)
- Greek Orthodox: 62 (0.4%)
- Unitarian: 13 (0.0%)
- Other or unknown: 2 (0.2%)
In 1910, the county had a population of 132,441 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:
- Hungarian: 73,215 (55.3%)
- Slovak: 51,522 (38.9%)
- German: 6,417 (4.9%)
- Romanian: 71 (0.0%)
- Croatian: 19 (0.0%)
- Serbian: 18 (0.0%)
- Ruthenian: 7 (0.0%)
- Other or unknown: 1,172 (0.9%)
According to the census of 1910, the county was composed of the following religious communities:
- Roman Catholic: 94,896 (71.7%)
- Lutheran: 25,785 (19.5%)
- Calvinist: 8,339 (6.3%)
- Jewish: 3,180 (2.4%)
- Greek Catholic: 109 (0.0%)
- Greek Orthodox: 104 (0.0%)
- Unitarian: 14 (0.0%)
- Other or unknown: 14 (0.0%)
Until 1802, the county consisted of 3 processuses (in Slovak slúžnovské okresy; a type of districts led by "iudices nobilium") plus the Kishont district. In 1802, when Kishont was removed, the county was divided in four new processus.
In the early 20th century, the subdivisions of Hont county were:
|Bát||Bát, SK Bátovce|
|Ipolynyék||Ipolynyék, SK Vinica|
|Ipolyság||Ipolyság, SK Šahy|
|Korpona||Korpona, SK Krupina|
|Urban counties (törvényhatósági jogú város)|
|Selmec- és Bélabánya, SK Banská Štiavnica and Banská Belá|
|Urban districts (rendezett tanácsú város)|
|Korpona, SK Krupina|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hont County.|