Hooded tinamou

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Hooded tinamou
NothocercusNigricapillusSmit.jpg
Illustration by Joseph Smit, 1895
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Tinamiformes
Family: Tinamidae
Subfamily: Tinaminae
Genus: Nothocercus
Species: N. nigrocapillus
Binomial name
Nothocercus nigrocapillus
(G.R. Gray, 1867)[2]
Sub-species

N. n. cadwaladeri
(Carriker, 1933)[2]
N. n. nigrocapillus
(G. R. Gray, 1867)[2]

Synonyms
  • Nothocercus nigricapillus

The hooded tinamou (Nothocercus nigrocapillus) is a type of ground bird found in forests of Bolivia and Peru.[3]

Taxonomy[edit]

Tinamou are from the family Tinamidae, and in the larger scheme are also ratites. Unlike other ratites, tinamous can fly, although in general, they are not strong fliers. Ratites evolved from prehistoric flying birds, and tinamous are the closest living relative of these birds.[4]

The hooded tinamou has two subspecies:

Habitat and range[edit]

The hooded tinamou is found in montane moist forest up to 1,550 to 3,000 m (5,090–9,840 ft) altitude.[5] This species is native to the Andes in Bolivia and Peru.[3]

Description[edit]

Hooded tinamou is light brown above and narrowly freckled with black in color. It is paler below with dusky bars, belly pale-spotted, and averages 33 cm (13 in) long.

Behavior[edit]

Like other tinamous, the hooded tinamou eats fruit off the ground or low-lying bushes. They also eat small amounts of invertebrates, flower buds, tender leaves, seeds, and roots. The male incubates the eggs which may come from as many as 4 different females, and then will raise them until they are ready to be on their own, usually 2–3 weeks. The nest is located on the ground in dense brush or between raised root buttresses.[4]

Conservation[edit]

This species has an estimated global extent of occurrence of 35,000 km2 (14,000 sq mi).[5]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Nothocercus nigrocapillus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c Brands, S. (2008)
  3. ^ a b c d Clements, J (2007)
  4. ^ a b Davies, S. J. J. F. (2003)
  5. ^ a b BirdLife International (2008)

References[edit]

External links[edit]