Hooge (prince)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Hooge
Prince Su of the First Rank
Prince Su of the First Rank
Tenure 1636–1648
Successor Fushou
Born 1609
Died 1648 (aged 38–39)
Spouse Primary spouses:
Lady Hadanara
Lady Borjigit
Secondary spouses:
Lady Nara
Lady Shuolongwu
Lady Ji'eryuedai
Lady Borjigit
Tertiary spouses:
Lady Ningguta
Lady Sirin-Gioro
Lady Sirin-Gioro
Lady Huang
Concubines:
Lady Guwalgiya
Lady Niu
Lady Nara
Lady Irgen-Gioro
Lady Wang
Issue Qizheng'e
Gutai
Wohena
Fushou
Mengguan
Xingbao
Shushu
Full name
Aisin-Gioro Hooge
(愛新覺羅 豪格)
Posthumous name
Prince Suwu of the First Rank
(肅武親王)
House Aisin Gioro
Father Huangtaiji
Mother Lady Ulanara
Hooge
Chinese 豪格

Hooge (Manchu: Hooge script.png; 1609–1648), formally known as Prince Su, was a Manchu prince of the Qing dynasty. He was the eldest son of Huangtaiji, the second ruler of the Qing dynasty.

Life[edit]

Hooge was born in the Aisin Gioro clan as the eldest son of Huangtaiji, the second ruler of the Qing dynasty. His mother was Lady Ulanara, one of Huangtaiji's consorts.

Hooge participated in military campaigns against the Mongols, Koreans and the Ming dynasty. After Huangtaiji's death in 1643, Hooge and his uncle Dorgon fought over the succession to the throne. The situation was to Hooge's advantage because three of the Eight Banners previously under Huangtaiji's control had been passed on to him. On the other hand, Dorgon had the support of his brothers and two White Banners. This meant that the remaining two Red Banners controlled by Daišan and his son, as well as the Bordered Blue Banner under Chiurhala, were crucial to ensuring that Hooge could win the succession. After much dispute, Daišan started favouring Hooge, who ostensibly refused to take the throne. Hooge was actually waiting for others to urge him to take the throne, so that he could sit on it without projecting a power-hungry image of himself. Unfortunately for Hooge, Dorgon and his brothers gave way, so the conflict continued without a solution. The power struggle concluded with a compromise in order to avoid internal strife. Dorgon nominated Fulin, another son of Huangtaiji born to Consort Zhuang, to be the new ruler, so Fulin ascended to the throne as the Shunzhi Emperor.

Even after the Shunzhi Emperor came to power, there was still much friction between Hooge and Dorgon. According to popular belief, Hooge had conceived a scheme to seize the throne from the Shunzhi Emperor, but he leaked out his plan to Dorgon's brother Dodo, who informed Dorgon about it. Dorgon then used this as an excuse to have Hooge arrested and thrown into prison. However historical records state that Hooge was imprisoned after the Qing government launched military campaigns against remnant rebel forces in western China, and he died during his incarceration. He was posthumously rehabilitated in 1650, two years after his death.

Family[edit]

Spouses
  • Lady Hadanara (哈達那拉氏), Hooge's primary consort, daughter of Worgudai (吳爾古代) and Nurhaci's daughter Mangguji (莽古濟), killed by Hooge due to her mother's involvement in Manggūltai's insubordination to Huangtaiji
  • Lady Borjigit (博爾濟吉特氏), Hooge's second primary consort, cousin of Empress Dowager Xiaozhuang, married Hooge in 1636 after Lady Hadanara's death
  • Secondary consorts:
    • Lady Nara (納喇氏)
    • Lady Shuolongwu (碩隆武氏)
    • Lady Ji'eryuedai (吉爾岳岱氏)
    • Lady named Taisina (surname unknown)
    • Lady named Shuhuli (surname unknown)
    • Lady Borjigit (博爾濟吉特氏), sister of Dorgon's principal wife.
  • Tertiary consorts:
    • Lady Ningguta (寧古塔氏)
    • Lady Sirin-Gioro (西林覺羅氏)
    • Lady Sirin-Gioro (西林覺羅氏)
    • Lady Huang (黃氏)
  • Concubines:
    • Lady Guwalgiya (瓜爾佳氏)
    • Lady Niu (牛氏)
    • Lady Nara (那拉氏)
    • Lady Irgen-Gioro (伊爾根覺羅氏)
    • Lady Wang (王氏)
Children
  • Qizheng'e (齊正額), Hooge's eldest son
  • Gutai (固泰), Hooge's second son, held the title of a fuguo jiangjun but was later stripped of his title
  • Wohena (握赫納), Hooge's third son, held the title of a fuguo jiangjun
  • Fushou (富綬), Hooge's fourth son, born to Lady Hadanara, inherited the Prince Su peerage from his father
  • Mengguan (猛瓘), Hooge's fifth son, first in line in the Prince Wen peerage
  • Xingbao (星保), Hooge's sixth son, served as a top class imperial guard (頭等侍衛)
  • Shushu (舒書), Hooge's seventh son
  • Unnamed daughter of Hooge, married Geng Jingzhong[1]

A notable descendant of Hooge was Xianyu (顯玗; 1907–1948), the daughter of Shanqi (善耆; 1866–1922). She is better known as Yoshiko Kawashima.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ FREDERIC WAKEMAN JR. (1985). The Great Enterprise: The Manchu Reconstruction of Imperial Order in Seventeenth-century China. University of California Press. pp. 1017–. ISBN 978-0-520-04804-1.