Hoogkarspel

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Hoogkarspel
The skyline of Hoogkarspel, with the characteristic Hoogkarspel Water Tower.
The skyline of Hoogkarspel, with the characteristic Hoogkarspel Water Tower.
Coordinates: 52°41′41″N 5°10′40″E / 52.69472°N 5.17778°E / 52.69472; 5.17778Coordinates: 52°41′41″N 5°10′40″E / 52.69472°N 5.17778°E / 52.69472; 5.17778
Country  Netherlands
Province  North Holland
Municipality  Drechterland
Population (2015) 7.932

Hoogkarspel (West Frisian: Hougkarspel) (population estimate: 7932) is a village in the municipality Drechterland, located in the north west of the Netherlands, in the province of North Holland and the region of West-Frisia. The name derives from the words hoog (Dutch for "high") and kerspel, a Middle Dutch word for parish.

Hoogkarspel was a separate municipality until 1979, when it was merged into the new municipality of Bangert, which has been renamed to Drechterland in 1980.[1]

Transportation[edit]

There is a railway station, Hoogkarspel, with half-hourly connections to Hoorn, Amsterdam and Enkhuizen.

Archeology[edit]

The so-called Hoogkarspel culture is an important part of the Elp culture, a culture of the Bronze Age dating from approx. 1800-800 BC. In the 1960s remains were found of a tumulus behind the Hoogkarspel water tower, and remains of an agricultural settlement were discovered in the 1970s, dating from 1000 BC. Two periods are identified, Hoogkarspel-I (1400-1100 cal BC) and Hoogkarspel-II (800-400 cal BC).[2] Earthenware found in the area is divided into old and young, following the influential publication by R. W. Brandt in 1988.[3]

South-west of the former "Medemblikker Tolhuis" (Medemblik tollbooth) remains of a mound from the late Bronze Age were found. The Medemblik tollbooth was a tollbooth next to a well maintained road to the city Medemblik, and this road still exists.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ad van der Meer and Onno Boonstra, Repertorium van Nederlandse gemeenten, KNAW, 2006.
  2. ^ Theunissen, Liesebeth (2008). Midden-bronstijdsamenlevingen in Het Zuiden Van De Lage Landen: Een Evaluatie Van Het Begrip Hilversum-cultuur. Sidestone Press. pp. 128–30. ISBN 9789088900174. 
  3. ^ Bloo, S. B. C. (2012-06-01). "Middenbronstijd B-aardewerk: Een pot, twee culturen? Een kleine vergelijking tussen het Hoogkarspel-oud aardewerk en het middenbronstijd B-aardewerk van de Hilversumcultuur". In N. L. Jaspers. Van Graven in De Prehistorie En Dingen Die Voorbijgaan: Studies Aangeboden Aan Eric Lohof Bij Zijn Pensionering in De Archeologie. Sidestone Press. pp. 246–52. ISBN 9789088900808. 

External links[edit]