Hoogwoud received city rights in 1414. It was a separate municipality until 1979, when it was merged with Opmeer.
In 2001, the town of Hoogwoud had 3170 inhabitants. The built-up area of the town was 0.92 km², and contained 1226 residences. The statistical area "Hoogwoud", which also can include the peripheral parts of the village, as well as the surrounding countryside, has a population of around 3350.