Hope, Derbyshire

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Hope
St Peter church in Hope Derbyshire - IMG 2518.JPG
Parish church of St Peter
Hope is located in Derbyshire
Hope
Hope
Hope shown within Derbyshire
Population 864 (2011)
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town HOPE VALLEY
Postcode district S33
Dialling code 01433
Police Derbyshire
Fire Derbyshire
Ambulance East Midlands
EU Parliament East Midlands
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Derbyshire
53°20′49″N 1°44′24″W / 53.347°N 1.74°W / 53.347; -1.74Coordinates: 53°20′49″N 1°44′24″W / 53.347°N 1.74°W / 53.347; -1.74

Hope is a village and civil parish in the Derbyshire Peak District, in England. The population of the civil parish taken at the 2011 Census was 864.[1] It lies in the Hope Valley, at the point where Peakshole Water flows into the River Noe. To the north, Win Hill and Lose Hill stand either side of the Noe.

History[edit]

Pre-history[edit]

There is evidence of ancient human occupation of the area around Hope. Mesolithic implements were found by a footpath at Win Hill.[2] A sandstone or ironstone Neolithic axe was found near Hope before 1877 and is now held in the collection at Bolton Museum.[3] The village is close to the Mam Tor hillfort in the adjacent parsh of Castleton and human remains and Bronze Age urns were found along with a possible barrow close to the summit of Lose Hill.[4] A Bronze Age barrow called The Folly, with a diameter of 23 metres (75 ft), is located within the parish, close to Pindale Road.[5]

Roman period[edit]

Traces of a Roman road, Batham Gate,[6] and a Roman fort, Navio can be found near the hamlet of Brough-on-Noe, just east of the village. There are many remains from the site in Buxton Museum.

Saxon period[edit]

The Roman name of the fort Navio was later changed to the Old English word for fort, brough. Edward the Elder granted lands at Hope to Uhtred, son of Eadulf of Bamburgh. These grants were confirmed by Æthelstan.[7] The Old English gives its name to the adjacent parish of Brough and Shatton, although the fort lies within Hope parish.

Medieval period[edit]

Hope Motte, an earthwork on the bank of the Peakshole Water, is thought to have been constructed during the Norman period and is mentioned in a deed dating from the reign of Edward I.[8]

The Domesday Book records that Hope had a church[9] although the present parish church, the Church of St Peter, dates from the 14th and 15th century with modifications to the chancel dating from 1882.[10] The church has two ancient crosses in its grounds. The shaft of a sandstone cross dating from the Anglo-Saxon period stands seven feet high and is carved on all faces.[11] The cross may well have originated in the church grounds and a possible base now supports a sundial, but from the English Civil War until 1858 it was hidden in the village school. The stump of the Eccles Cross, originally near Eccles House, south of Hope, is also in the graveyard.[12] Between 2 and 28 July 2011, the church was broken into and about 15 items dating as far back as 1662, including two silver chalices and a pewter plate, were found to have been stolen.[13]

18th Century[edit]

From 1715 a weekly market was held along with four annual fairs, one being a hiring fair.[14]

Industrial Revolution[edit]

Lead mining took place in Pindale in the 19th Century. The Pindale mine was producing more lead than the Odin Mine between 1800 and 1802. The mine's pumping engine house is still intact.[15]

Tin Town[edit]

Between 1902 and 1916 a "Tin Town" was built at Birchinlee for the workers (and their families) who constructed the Derwent and Howden Dams. In 2014 it was reported that one of these buildings had been salvaged and was now located at Hope where it housed a beauty parlour.[16]

World War II[edit]

On 5 October 1943 a RAF Handley Page Halifax Mark II bomber, HR727 returning to Snaith airfield after a raid over Frankfurt crashed in the Blackden Edge/Ashop Moor area to the east of the Kinder plateau. One of its engines was disabled by an enemy night fighter's guns. Five of the seven crewmen lost their lives.[17]

Hope cement works

Economy[edit]

Hope is the site of Hope Cement works, supplied with raw materials by the adjacent quarry in the parish of Bradwell.[18] This cement works is the location of the local volunteer mountain rescue team, Edale Mountain Rescue.[19]

Culture[edit]

The village is known for its well dressing.[20]

Transport[edit]

Hope has a railway station on the Sheffield to Manchester (Hope Valley) line with services provided by the rail company Northern (in 2017).[21] A main road, the old A625 followed the route of the Sheffield & Chapel-en-le-Frith Turnpike Company's road of 1802 through the village and then over Little Mam Tor. The old truncated section of the A625 to Castleton has been re-designated as the A6187 after the Mam Tor section of the road was closed to all traffic in 1979 following one of many landslips.[22]

Sport[edit]

In 1944 Hope Sports Club was founded to provide facilities for Hope and nearby Aston and Brough.[23]

Education[edit]

Hope Primary School, built in 1912 to a design by George H. Widdows serves the village. The building has been recommended for Listing at Grade II (1).[24][25] Hope has a small secondary school Hope Valley College.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 26 March 2016. 
  2. ^ "Pastscape - Detailed Result: MONUMENT NO. 309412". www.pastscape.org.uk. Retrieved 2017-12-18. 
  3. ^ "MONUMENT NO. 309489". Pastscape. Retrieved 18 December 2017. 
  4. ^ "Pastscape - Detailed Result: MONUMENT NO. 309387". www.pastscape.org.uk. Retrieved 2017-12-18. 
  5. ^ "Pastscape - Detailed Result: MONUMENT NO. 309451". www.pastscape.org.uk. Retrieved 2017-12-18. 
  6. ^ "Pastscape - Detailed Result: BATHAM GATE". www.pastscape.org.uk. Retrieved 2017-12-18. 
  7. ^ ODNB entry for King Edmund I: Retrieved 18 August 2011. Subscription required.
  8. ^ "Pastscape – Detailed Result: HOPE MOTTE". www.pastscape.org.uk. Retrieved 18 December 2017. 
  9. ^ Powell-Smith, Anna. "Hope | Domesday Book". opendomesday.org. Retrieved 2017-12-18. 
  10. ^ "Pastscape - Detailed Result: CHURCH OF ST PETER". www.pastscape.org.uk. Retrieved 2017-12-18. 
  11. ^ "Pastscape - Detailed Result: MONUMENT NO. 309465". www.pastscape.org.uk. Retrieved 2017-12-18. 
  12. ^ Neville T. Sharpe, Crosses of the Peak District (Landmark Collectors Library, 2002)
  13. ^ "Silver dating back to 1662 taken from Derbyshire church". BBC News. 29 July 2011. Retrieved 29 July 2011. 
  14. ^ "Peak District Walk - Hope Valley". Derbyshire Life and Countryside. Retrieved 2017-12-20. 
  15. ^ "Pastscape - Detailed Result: PINDALE MINE". www.pastscape.org.uk. Retrieved 2017-12-18. 
  16. ^ "The Peak District villages of Hope and Edale". Derbyshire Life and Countryside. Retrieved 2017-12-20. 
  17. ^ "Pastscape - Detailed Result: HR727". www.pastscape.org.uk. Retrieved 2017-12-18. 
  18. ^ "Parish Neighbourhood Plan 2015-2030" (PDF). p. 4. Retrieved 23 December 2017. 
  19. ^ Team, Edale Mountain Rescue. "Edale Mountain Rescue Team Operating in the Derbyshire Peak District - Team Profile - About Edale Mountain Rescue Team". edalemrt.co.uk. Retrieved 23 December 2017. 
  20. ^ glyn@sinfin.net, Glyn Williams. "Derbyshire Welldressing". Derbyshire Welldressing. Retrieved 21 December 2017. 
  21. ^ "Hope (Derbyshire) Station Train Tickets, Departures and Timetables | Northern - Northern". www.northernrailway.co.uk. Retrieved 2017-12-18. 
  22. ^ "Tollhouses of Derbyshire". Turnpike Roads in England and Wales. Retrieved 20 December 2017. 
  23. ^ "Hope Sports Club | Located in the heart of the Peak District". hopesportsclub.co.uk. Retrieved 18 December 2017. 
  24. ^ "Pastscape - Detailed Result: HOPE PRIMARY SCHOOL". www.pastscape.org.uk. Retrieved 2017-12-18. 
  25. ^ "Welcome to Hope Primary School". www.hopeprimaryschool.co.uk. Retrieved 2017-12-18. 

External links[edit]