Hope, New York

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Hope, New York
Town
Hope Town Hall
Hope Town Hall
Location in Hamilton County and the state of New York.
Location in Hamilton County and the state of New York.
Coordinates: 43°18′N 74°15′W / 43.300°N 74.250°W / 43.300; -74.250
Country United States
State New York
County Hamilton
Established 1818
Government
 • Type Town Council
 • Town Supervisor Robert Edwards (R)
 • Town Council
Area
 • Total 41.6 sq mi (107.8 km2)
 • Land 40.7 sq mi (105.5 km2)
 • Water 0.9 sq mi (2.3 km2)
Elevation 1,165 ft (355 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 403
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
FIPS code 36-35496
GNIS feature ID 0979073
Website http://townofhopeny.org

Hope is a town in Hamilton County, New York, United States. The population was 403 at the 2010 census.

First settled in 1790 and established as a town in 1818, Hope is located in the southeast corner of the county and is 49 miles (79 km) northwest of Schenectady.

History[edit]

Prior to European settlement, the land occupied by present-day Hope was within the territory of the Mohawk tribe, the easternmost tribe of the Iroquois Confederacy and one of the original "Five Nations" which founded the confederacy sometime around 1450.[1] Despite its longtime control by the Mohawks, Hope was largely uninhabited when, on July 31, 1772, proprietor John Bergen and 23 of his associates purchased 19,589 acres of land from the Mohawk Turtle Clan. The purchase documents were signed by Mohawk Chief Hendricks, who drew a turtle in lieu of a signature. The land that Bergen and his associates bought became known as "Bergen's Purchase."[2]

David Isdell's house, the first stone house built in Hope and a scene of confrontation with Native Americans[3]

Hope was first permanently settled in 1790 near the current south town line by Gideon and Jeremiah Homestead, who arrived from Massachusetts.[4] The first stone house was built in 1801 by David Isdell, on land he had purchased earlier that same year.[5][6] Wary of Indian attack, Isdell incorporated an escape tunnel in his home for "protection against marauders," but unfortunately, his youngest daughter was notoriously kidnapped by Native Americans while picking berries, and was never heard from again; according to one account she perished in an Indian village. Isdell's home, also known as the "Old Eglin House," collapsed in 1930.[7]

Hope was originally the southern district of the Town of Wells, but after its electors voted to separate and form a new town, the southern district was reorganized as the "Town of Hope" on April 15, 1818, with a population of 608 as of the 1820 census. In the 1830's, Montgomery County ceded Hope to Hamilton County, of which Hope currently occupies the most southeasterly part.[8] In 1850, with booming agriculture, mining, sawmills, and tanneries, Hope's total population peaked at 1,125, a record which remains unsurpassed, mainly due to residents moving away as a result of industrial decline. The town's area was considerably reduced on April 5, 1860, when a large portion of western Hope, with a population of 380, broke off to form part of the Town of Benson.[9]

While numerous hotels were built during the late 1800's, the population began to decline with the start of the twentieth century, as the town's formerly dynamic industrial businesses began to cease operations. By 1905 the population had fallen to 317 residents, and by 1925 it had plunged to only 163. Much of the formerly developed land fell into desuetude, essentially all industrial operations halted, and a number of the town's one room schools closed. Tourism, however, remained an important industry, and New York Route 30 began to provide travelers with lodging, gas stations, and other amenities.[10] Currently, Hope is a largely undeveloped residential community, with an estimated population of 387 as of 2014.[11]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 41.6 square miles (108 km2), of which, 40.7 square miles (105 km2) of it is land and 0.9 square miles (2.3 km2) of it (2.09%) is water.

The south border of the town is Fulton County and the east border is Saratoga County.

The Sacandaga River flows southward through the west part of Hope.

New York State Route 30 is a north-south highway near the Sacandaga River.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 608
1830 718 18.1%
1840 711 −1.0%
1850 789 11.0%
1860 745 −5.6%
1870 698 −6.3%
1880 651 −6.7%
1890 560 −14.0%
1900 463 −17.3%
1910 258 −44.3%
1920 203 −21.3%
1930 134 −34.0%
1940 164 22.4%
1950 180 9.8%
1960 234 30.0%
1970 269 15.0%
1980 311 15.6%
1990 358 15.1%
2000 392 9.5%
2010 403 2.8%
Est. 2014 387 [12] −4.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[13]

As of the census[14] of 2000, there were 392 people, 155 households, and 113 families residing in the town. The population density was 9.6 people per square mile (3.7/km²). There were 296 housing units at an average density of 7.3 per square mile (2.8/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 99.49% White, 0.26% African American and 0.26% Pacific Islander. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.02% of the population.

There were 155 households out of which 30.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.7% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.5% were non-families. 20.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 2.91.

In the town, the population was spread out with 22.4% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 26.5% from 25 to 44, 33.4% from 45 to 64, and 10.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 88.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.6 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $32,000, and the median income for a family was $32,000. Males had a median income of $25,000 versus $19,688 for females. The per capita income for the town was $15,225. About 7.8% of families and 12.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.8% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over.

Communities and locations in Hope[edit]

  • Bennett Lake – A small lake north of Hope Falls.
  • Hope – The hamlet of Hope, previously called Hope Center, is on NY-30 and the east bank of the Sacandaga River.
  • Hope Falls – A hamlet east of Hope village on Hope Falls Road.
  • Maple Grove – A location in the southeast corner of Hope.
  • Middle Lake – A small lake between Bennet Lake and Murphy Lake.
  • Murphy Lake – A small lake in the northern part of Hope.
  • Sacandaga River – A river flowing through the town. Groff creek is a tributary and hiking trail beside it.

Adjacent towns and areas[edit]

Benson, New York is to the west, and the Town of Wells is to the north. The Towns of Day and Edinburg in Saratoga County are on the east border. Northampton, Fulton County, New York is the south border.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Fenton, William N. (1998). The Great Law and the Longhouse: A Political History of the Iroquois Confederacy. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press. ISBN 0-8061-3003-2.
  2. ^ http://townofhopeny.org/content
  3. ^ Williams, Donald R. The Adirondacks 1830-1930. Charleston, SC: Arcadia, 2002. (Pg. 126)
  4. ^ http://townofhopeny.org/content
  5. ^ http://townofhopeny.org/content
  6. ^ Williams, Donald R. The Adirondacks 1830-1930. Charleston, SC: Arcadia, 2002. (Pg. 126)
  7. ^ Williams, Donald R. The Adirondacks 1830-1930. Charleston, SC: Arcadia, 2002. (Pg. 126) https://books.google.com/books?id=w480-4_U8hwC&pg=PA126&lpg=PA126&dq=David+Isdell+indians&source=bl&ots=VRYom4Oz_v&sig=IVg1ZOUmHBXFioiiOHbsLbUtIbs&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiwmMCSv9DSAhVGSCYKHb5WAdwQ6AEIGjAA#v=onepage&q=David%20Isdell%20indians&f=false
  8. ^ http://townofhopeny.org/content
  9. ^ http://townofhopeny.org/content
  10. ^ http://townofhopeny.org/content
  11. ^ https://www.census.gov/popest/data/cities/totals/2014/SUB-EST2014.html
  12. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Archived from the original on May 23, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  13. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  14. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 43°18′N 74°15′W / 43.300°N 74.250°W / 43.300; -74.250