Hopewell Township, Cumberland County, New Jersey

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Not to be confused with the Borough of Hopewell, New Jersey, Hopewell Township, Mercer County, New Jersey, or Hopewell, Sussex County, New Jersey..
Hopewell Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of Hopewell
John and Elizabeth Remington House
John and Elizabeth Remington House
Hopewell Township highlighted in Cumberland County. Inset map: Cumberland County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Hopewell Township highlighted in Cumberland County. Inset map: Cumberland County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Hopewell Township, Cumberland County, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Hopewell Township, Cumberland County, New Jersey
Coordinates: 39°26′18″N 75°16′55″W / 39.438376°N 75.281996°W / 39.438376; -75.281996Coordinates: 39°26′18″N 75°16′55″W / 39.438376°N 75.281996°W / 39.438376; -75.281996[1][2]
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Cumberland
Formed January 19, 1748
Incorporated February 21, 1798
Government[7]
 • Type Township
 • Body Township Committee
 • Mayor Bruce R. Hankins (R, term ends December 31, 2016)[3][4]
 • Administrator Susan A. Quinones[5]
 • Clerk Lois Yarrington[6]
Area[1]
 • Total 30.827 sq mi (79.840 km2)
 • Land 29.874 sq mi (77.372 km2)
 • Water 0.953 sq mi (2.468 km2)  3.09%
Area rank 87th of 566 in state
9th of 14 in county[1]
Elevation[8] 72 ft (22 m)
Population (2010 Census)[9][10][11]
 • Total 4,571
 • Estimate (2015)[12] 4,457
 • Rank 393rd of 566 in state
8th of 14 in county[13]
 • Density 153.0/sq mi (59.1/km2)
 • Density rank 521st of 566 in state
8th of 14 in county[13]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08302 - Bridgeton[14]
Area code(s) 856[15]
FIPS code 3401133120[1][16][17]
GNIS feature ID 0882056[1][18]
Website hopewelltwp-nj.com

Hopewell Township is a township in Cumberland County, New Jersey, in the United States. It is part of the Vineland-Millville- Bridgeton Primary Metropolitan Statistical Area for statistical purposes. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 4,571,[9][10][11] reflecting an increase of 137 (+3.1%) from the 4,434 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 219 (+5.2%) from the 4,215 counted in the 1990 Census.[19]

Hopewell Township was first formed as a precinct on January 19, 1748, and was incorporated by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 21, 1798, as one of New Jersey's initial group of 104 townships. Portions of the township have been taken to form Columbia Township (March 12, 1844, returned to Hopewell Township on March 11, 1845), Cohansey Township (March 6, 1848) and Shiloh borough (April 9, 1929).[20]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 30.827 square miles (79.840 km2), including 29.874 square miles (77.372 km2) of land and 0.953 square miles (2.468 km2) of water (3.09%).[1][2]

Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Bowentown, Cohansey, Dutch Neck, Harmony, Irlands Mills and Mary Elmer Lake.[21]

The township borders Upper Deerfield Township, Bridgeton, Fairfield Township, Greenwich Township, Stow Creek Township, Shiloh, and Salem County.

Mary Elmer Lake is a reservoir on the Cohansey River in Hopewell Township and Bridgeton that covers 22.2 acres (9.0 ha) and is used for water-supply and recreation purposes. Sunset Lake is a reservoir in Hopewell Township and Upper Deerfield Township covering 87.0 acres (35.2 ha) that was created by damming a stream that feeds to the area from above Seeley Lake and a stream that feeds into the lake from nearby Mary Elmer Lake.[22]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 1,987
1820 1,952 −1.8%
1830 1,953 0.1%
1840 2,220 13.7%
1850 1,480 * −33.3%
1860 1,757 18.7%
1870 1,857 5.7%
1880 1,764 −5.0%
1890 1,743 −1.2%
1900 1,807 3.7%
1910 1,818 0.6%
1920 1,844 1.4%
1930 1,764 * −4.3%
1940 2,048 16.1%
1950 2,460 20.1%
1960 3,586 45.8%
1970 3,970 10.7%
1980 4,365 9.9%
1990 4,215 −3.4%
2000 4,434 5.2%
2010 4,571 3.1%
Est. 2015 4,457 [12][23] −2.5%
Population sources: 1810-2000[24]
1810-1920[25] 1840[26] 1850-1870[27]
1850[28] 1870[29] 1880-1890[30]
1890-1910[31] 1910-1930[32]
1930-1990[33] 2000[34][35] 2010[9][10][11]
* = Lost territory in previous decade[20]

Census 2010[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 4,571 people, 1,662 households, and 1,200 families residing in the township. The population density was 153.0 per square mile (59.1/km2). There were 1,741 housing units at an average density of 58.3 per square mile (22.5/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 84.38% (3,857) White, 6.58% (301) Black or African American, 2.17% (99) Native American, 0.57% (26) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 3.24% (148) from other races, and 3.06% (140) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.33% (335) of the population.[9]

There were 1,662 households out of which 27.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.3% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.8% were non-families. 24.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.07.[9]

In the township, the population was spread out with 20.7% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 21.6% from 25 to 44, 28.6% from 45 to 64, and 20.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44.5 years. For every 100 females there were 91.9 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 88.6 males.[9]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $63,059 (with a margin of error of +/- $7,372) and the median family income was $72,520 (+/- $6,301). Males had a median income of $44,688 (+/- $5,244) versus $46,793 (+/- $8,187) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $27,355 (+/- $2,361). About 0.9% of families and 3.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.7% of those under age 18 and 5.1% of those age 65 or over.[36]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[16] there were 4,434 people, 1,628 households, and 1,206 families residing in the township. The population density was 148.3 people per square mile (57.3/km²). There were 1,683 housing units at an average density of 56.3 per square mile (21.7/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 87.10% White, 6.90% African American, 2.32% Native American, 0.56% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.44% from other races, and 1.65% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.59% of the population.[34][35]

There were 1,628 households out of which 30.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.6% were married couples living together, 9.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.9% were non-families. 22.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.03.[34][35]

In the township the population was spread out with 22.6% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 24.5% from 25 to 44, 25.6% from 45 to 64, and 20.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 90.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.0 males.[34][35]

The median income for a household in the township was $49,767, and the median income for a family was $59,675. Males had a median income of $40,774 versus $30,402 for females. The per capita income for the township was $22,783. About 3.8% of families and 6.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.3% of those under age 18 and 17.7% of those age 65 or over.[34][35]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Hopewell Township is governed under the Township form of government. The five-member Township Committee is elected directly by the voters at-large in partisan elections to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats coming up for election each year as part of the November general election in a three-year cycle.[7][37] At an annual reorganization meeting, the Township Committee selects one of its members to serve as Mayor and another as Deputy Mayor.

As of 2016, members of the Hopewell Township Committee are Mayor Bruce R. Hankins (R, term on committee ends December 31, 2017; term as mayor ends 2016), Deputy Mayor Paul J. Ritter, III (R, term on committee ends 2017; term as deputy mayor ends 2016), Gregory J. Facemyer (R, 2016), Roberta S. "Robin" Freitag (R, 2018) and Joseph C. Shoemaker Jr. (R, 2018).[3][38][39][40][41][42]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Hopewell Township is located in the 2nd Congressional District[43] and is part of New Jersey's 1st state legislative district.[10][44][45] Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, Hopewell Township had been in the 3rd state legislative district.[46]

New Jersey's Second Congressional District is represented by Frank LoBiondo (R, Ventnor City).[47] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark, term ends 2021)[48] and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus, 2019).[49][50]

For the 2016–2017 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 1st Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Jeff Van Drew (D, Dennis Township) and in the General Assembly by Bob Andrzejczak (D, Middle Township) and R. Bruce Land (D, Vineland).[51] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[52] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[53]

Cumberland County is governed by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders, who are elected at-large in partisan elections to serve staggered three-year terms in office, with two or three seats coming up for election each year. At an annual reorganization meeting held each January, the freeholders select one member to serve as Freeholder Director and another as Deputy Director.[54][55] As of 2014, Cumberland County's Freeholders (with committee liaison assignments, political party, residence and term-end dates listed in parentheses) are Freeholder Director Joseph Derella (Administration / Public Safety; D, Millville, term ends December 31, 2015),[56] Freeholder Deputy Director Douglas M. Long (NA; D, Upper Deerfield Township, 2015),[57] Darlene Barber (Education; D, 2016, Upper Deerfield Township),[58] Carol Musso (Community Services; D, Deerfield Township, 2014),[59] James Sauro (Agriculture; R, Vineland, 2014),[60] Thomas Sheppard (Health; R, Lawrence Township, 2016)[61] and Tony Surace (Public Works; D, Millville, 2014).[62][63][64][65] The county's constitutional officers are County Clerk Gloria Noto (Vineland, 2014),[66] Sheriff Robert A. Austino (Vineland, 2014)[67] and Surrogate Douglas M. Rainear (Bridgeton, 2018).[68]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 3,133 registered voters in Hopewell Township, of which 786 (25.1%) were registered as Democrats, 805 (25.7%) were registered as Republicans and 1,538 (49.1%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 4 voters registered to other parties.[69]

In the 2012 presidential election, Republican Mitt Romney received 57.6% of the vote (1,188 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 41.5% (856 votes), and other candidates with 0.9% (18 votes), among the 2,086 ballots cast by the township's 3,193 registered voters (24 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 65.3%.[70][71] In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 55.8% of the vote (1,248 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama, who received 40.9% (913 votes), with 2,235 ballots cast among the township's 3,125 registered voters, for a turnout of 71.5%.[72] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 59.4% of the vote (1,265 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry, who received around 38.9% (828 votes), with 2,130 ballots cast among the township's 2,886 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 73.8.[73]

In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 65.4% of the vote (873 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 33.1% (442 votes), and other candidates with 1.4% (19 votes), among the 1,350 ballots cast by the township's 3,099 registered voters (16 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 43.6%.[74][75] In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 52.9% of the vote (779 ballots cast), ahead of both Democrat Jon Corzine with 38.2% (563 votes) and Independent Chris Daggett with 5.5% (81 votes), with 1,472 ballots cast among the township's 3,095 registered voters, yielding a 47.6% turnout.[76]

Education[edit]

The Hopewell Township School District serves public school students in kindergarten through eighth grade at Hopewell Crest School. As of the 2012-13 school year, the district's one school had an enrollment of 516 students and 38.2 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 13.51:1.[77] The Shiloh School was closed after the end of the 2006-07 school year, and all students from Shiloh are being sent to the Hopewell Crest School as part of a sending/receiving relationship, accounting for nearly 10% of the Hopewell district's enrollment.[78][79]

Public school students in ninth through twelfth grades attend Cumberland Regional High School, which also serves students from Deerfield Township, Fairfield Township, Greenwich Township, Shiloh Borough, Stow Creek Township and Upper Deerfield Township.[80][81][82] As of the 2014-15 school year, the high school had an enrollment of 1,354 students and 87.9 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 15.4:1.[83]

Transportation[edit]

As of May 2010, the township had a total of 82.00 miles (131.97 km) of roadways, of which 27.02 miles (43.48 km) were maintained by the municipality, 52.51 miles (84.51 km) by Cumberland County and 2.47 miles (3.98 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.[84]

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Hopewell Township include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f 2010 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey County Subdivisions, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
  2. ^ a b US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  3. ^ a b Mayor & Township Committee, Hopewell Township. Accessed June 24, 2015.
  4. ^ 2016 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed June 14, 2016.
  5. ^ Administrator & Finance/Treasurer, Hopewell Township. Accessed June 30, 2016.
  6. ^ Township Clerk & Registrar of Vital Statistics, Hopewell Township. Accessed June 30, 2016.
  7. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 19.
  8. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Hopewell, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 6, 2013.
  9. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Hopewell township, Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 23, 2012.
  10. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 1. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  11. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Hopewell township, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed October 23, 2012.
  12. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015 - 2015 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 22, 2016.
  13. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 23, 2012.
  14. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Bridgeton, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed October 23, 2012.
  15. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Hopewell, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed September 7, 2014.
  16. ^ a b American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  17. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed October 23, 2012.
  18. ^ US Board on Geographic Names, United States Geological Survey. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  19. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed October 23, 2012.
  20. ^ a b Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 120. Accessed October 23, 2012.
  21. ^ Locality Search, State of New Jersey. Accessed May 21, 2015.
  22. ^ Amendment to the Atlantic County Water Quality Management Plan..., New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, approved September 30, 2003. Accessed July 7, 2015.
  23. ^ Census Estimates for New Jersey April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 29, 2016.
  24. ^ Barnett, Bob. Population Data for Cumberland County Municipalities, 1810 - 2010, WestJersey.org. January 6, 2011. Accessed October 23, 2012.
  25. ^ Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed July 27, 2013.
  26. ^ Bowen, Francis. American Almanac and Repository of Useful Knowledge for the Year 1843, p. 232, David H. Williams, 1842. Accessed July 27, 2013. Population of 2,209 listed for 1840 is 11 less than the value shown in other sources.
  27. ^ Raum, John O. The History of New Jersey: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 1, p. 270, J. E. Potter and company, 1877. Accessed July 27, 2013. "Hopewell contained a population in 1850 of 1,480; in 1860, 1,757; and in 1870, 1,857. Rosetown and Shiloh, are in this township, though part of the latter is in Stoe Creek township."
  28. ^ Debow, James Dunwoody Brownson. The Seventh Census of the United States: 1850, p. 138. R. Armstrong, 1853. Accessed July 27, 2013.
  29. ^ Staff. A compendium of the ninth census, 1870, p. 259. United States Census Bureau, 1872. Accessed July 27, 2013.
  30. ^ Porter, Robert Percival. Preliminary Results as Contained in the Eleventh Census Bulletins: Volume III - 51 to 75, p. 97. United States Census Bureau, 1890. Accessed July 27, 2013.
  31. ^ Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 336. Accessed October 23, 2012.
  32. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 715. Accessed October 23, 2012.
  33. ^ Table 6. New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed June 28, 2015.
  34. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Hopewell township, Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 23, 2012.
  35. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Hopewell township, Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 23, 2012.
  36. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Hopewell township, Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 23, 2012.
  37. ^ "Forms of Municipal Government in New Jersey", p. 7. Rutgers University Center for Government Studies. Accessed June 3, 2015.
  38. ^ 2016 Municipal Data Sheet, Hopewell Township. Accessed June 30, 2016.
  39. ^ 2016 Directory of Cumberland County, New Jersey, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed June 30, 2016.
  40. ^ Cumberland County GENERAL - November 3rd, 2015 Official Results, Cumberland County, New Jersey, updated November 3, 2015. Accessed June 30, 2016.
  41. ^ Cumberland County General - November 4, 2014 Official Results, Cumberland County, New Jersey, updated March 17, 2015. Accessed June 30, 2016.
  42. ^ Cumberland County General - November 5, 2013 Unofficial Results, Cumberland County, New Jersey, updated November 6, 2013. Accessed June 30, 2016.
  43. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  44. ^ 2016 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government Archived 2016-08-14 at the Wayback Machine., p. 59, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed July 20, 2016.
  45. ^ Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  46. ^ 2011 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 59, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed May 22, 2015.
  47. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
  48. ^ About Cory Booker, United States Senate. Accessed January 26, 2015. "He now owns a home and lives in Newark's Central Ward community."
  49. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate, January 26, 2015. "He currently lives in Paramus and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
  50. ^ Senators of the 114th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed January 26, 2015. "Booker, Cory A. - (D - NJ) Class II; Menendez, Robert - (D - NJ) Class I"
  51. ^ Legislative Roster 2016-2017 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 17, 2016.
  52. ^ "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  53. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  54. ^ What is a County Freeholder?, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014. "Freeholders are elected at-large and serve three year staggered terms. Each January, the Board reorganizes and selects its leadership."
  55. ^ About Cumberland County Government, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014. "By law, Cumberland County is allowed 7 freeholders, who serve staggered, overlapping three year terms. Two are elected in two successive years, three in the third year, elected from the county at-large. A Director of the Board is selected by his colleagues for a one year term."
  56. ^ Joseph Derella, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  57. ^ Douglas Long, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  58. ^ Darlene Barber, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  59. ^ Carol Musso, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  60. ^ James R. Sauro, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  61. ^ Thomas Sheppard, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  62. ^ Tony Surace, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  63. ^ County Freeholders, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  64. ^ 2014 County Data Sheet, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  65. ^ Marko, Deborah M.; and Kov, Daniel. "GOP keeps two seats on freeholder boardRainear re-elected as surrogate; Mercado ousted", The Daily Journal (New Jersey), November 6, 2013. Accessed July 28, 2014. "GOP candidate Tom Sheppard wins a three-year seat. His running mate, James Sauro, wins a one-year seat. The pair will be the only GOP representatives on the seven-member freeholder board. Darlene Barber, a Democrat in her first race, won the other three-year freeholder seat that was available.... In the surrogate race, incumbent Democrat Douglas Rainear defeated Republican newcomer Timothy Codispoti."
  66. ^ Cumberland County Clerk's Office, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  67. ^ Cumberland County Sheriff's Department, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  68. ^ Cumberland County Surrogate Office, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014. As of date accessed, a 2013 term-end year is listed incorrectly.
  69. ^ Voter Registration Summary - Cumberland, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed October 23, 2012.
  70. ^ "Presidential General Election Results - November 6, 2012 - Cumberland County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. March 15, 2013. Retrieved December 24, 2014. 
  71. ^ "Number of Registered Voters and Ballots Cast - November 6, 2012 - General Election Results - Cumberland County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. March 15, 2013. Retrieved December 24, 2014. 
  72. ^ 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Cumberland County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed October 23, 2012.
  73. ^ 2004 Presidential Election: Cumberland County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed October 23, 2012.
  74. ^ "Governor - Cumberland County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. January 29, 2014. Retrieved December 24, 2014. 
  75. ^ "Number of Registered Voters and Ballots Cast - November 5, 2013 - General Election Results - Cumberland County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. January 29, 2014. Retrieved December 24, 2014. 
  76. ^ 2009 Governor: Cumberland County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed October 23, 2012.
  77. ^ District information for Hopewell Township School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed February 21, 2015.
  78. ^ Walsh, Daniel. "Shiloh School to close for good", Press of Atlantic City, November 30, 2006. Accessed September 7, 2014. "Shiloh's school board voted to send all of the borough's students to Hopewell Township next year as part of a one-year interlocal agreement."
  79. ^ Taniguchi, Lauren T. "Shiloh seeks voice on Hopewell Board of Education", South Jersey Times, February 15, 2011. Accessed September 7, 2014. "Shiloh students in kindergarten through eighth grade have attended Hopewell Crest School since Shiloh School was closed in 2006. Hopewell Crest's combined student population of approximately 530 students, at the board's estimate on Monday, currently includes 49 students from Shiloh."
  80. ^ Cumberland Regional School District 2015 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed June 5, 2016. "The Cumberland Regional School District, located in Western Cumberland County, provides students with a comprehensive learning environment in a nurturing and personalized setting. The district serves students in grades 9-12 who reside in the municipalities of Deerfield, Fairfield, Greenwich & Stow Creek, Hopewell & Shiloh, and Upper Deerfield."
  81. ^ Shott, Meghan. "Cumberland Regional High School", South Jersey magazine. Accessed June 5, 2016. "Cumberland Regional High School, located in the northwest part of Cumberland County, serves students from Deerfield Township, Fairfield Township, Greenwich Township, Hopewell Township, Shiloh Borough, Stow Creek Township and Upper Deerfield Township."
  82. ^ Constituent Districts, Cumberland Regional High School. Accessed June 5, 2016.
  83. ^ School data for Cumberland Regional High School, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed December 12, 2016.
  84. ^ Cumberland County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed July 18, 2014.
  85. ^ Woodruff, H. Boyd Interview, Rutgers University. Accessed February 4, 2017. "HBW: Well, my father was Harold E. Woodruff and he came from southern New Jersey, Hopewell Township, just outside Bridgeton, New Jersey.... At that time, [in] Hopewell Township, all their schools but one were two-room schools, which covered the whole eight grades, but, in Buffalo and in Florida, they had two school years.... Then, students from Hopewell Township went to Bridgeton High School."

External links[edit]