Hopi Reservation

Coordinates: 35°54′42″N 110°36′56″W / 35.91167°N 110.61556°W / 35.91167; -110.61556
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Hopi Reservation
Hopitutskwa (Hopi)
Official seal of Hopi Reservation
Location in Arizona
Location in Arizona
CountryUnited States
EstablishedDecember 16, 1882
ConstitutionDecember 19, 1936
CapitalKykotsmovi (de facto)[citation needed]
 • BodyHopi Tribal Council
 • ChairmanTimothy Nuvangyaoma
 • Vice ChairmanAlfred Lomahquahu Jr.
 • Total6,557.262 km2 (2,531.773 sq mi)
 • Total9,268
 • Density1.4/km2 (3.7/sq mi)
Time zoneMountain: UTC −7 (no DST)
Hand Talk
Panoramic view of Hopi Reservation from Arizona State Route 264 a few miles from Oraibi

The Hopi Reservation (Hopi: Hopitutskwa) is a Native American reservation for the Hopi and Arizona Tewa people, surrounded entirely by the Navajo Nation, in Navajo and Coconino counties in north-eastern Arizona, United States. The site has a land area of 2,531.773 sq mi (6,557.262 km2) and as of the 2000 census had a population of 6,946.

The two nations formerly shared the Navajo–Hopi Joint Use Area until the Navajo–Hopi land settlement act created an artificial boundary through the area. The partition of this area, commonly known as Big Mountain, by acts of Congress in 1974 and 1996, has resulted in continuing controversy.[2][3]

The system of villages unites three mesas in the pueblo style traditionally used by the Hopi. Walpi is the oldest village on First Mesa, having been established in 1690 after the villages at the foot of mesa Koechaptevela were abandoned for fear of Spanish reprisal after the 1680 Pueblo Revolt. [citation needed] The Tewa people live on First Mesa. Hopi also occupy the Second Mesa and Third Mesa. The community of Winslow West is off-reservation trust land of the Hopi tribe.[citation needed]

The Hopi Tribal Council is the local governing body consisting of elected officials from the various reservation villages. Its powers were given to it under the Hopi Tribal Constitution.[citation needed]

The Hopi consider their life on the reservation (in particular the traditional clan residence, the spiritual life of the kivas on the mesa, and their dependence on corn) an integral and critically sustaining part of the "fourth world".[citation needed][clarification needed] Hopi High School is the secondary education institute for reservation residents. [citation needed] Hopi Radio, a station with a mix of traditional Hopi and typical American programming is run for the reservation and provides internships for Hopi High School.[citation needed]


Walpi and First Mesa in 1941 (photo by Ansel Adams)

First Mesa[edit]

Second Mesa[edit]

Third Mesa[edit]

Time zone[edit]

Second Mesa and Mishongnovi, Navajo County, Arizona, as seen from the Arizona State Route 264 at the ascent to Shungopavi

The Hopi Reservation lies within the Mountain Time Zone, like most of Arizona, but unlike the surrounding Navajo Nation, it does not observe daylight saving time.

Aerial views[edit]

Aerial views looking north along the central three of the reservation's five major washes,[4] from west to east:

See also[edit]


  1. ^ 2013-2017 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates. "My Tribal Area". United States Census Bureau.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  2. ^ "Short History of Big Mountain–Black Mesa". Archived from the original on 11 August 2014. Retrieved 5 Aug 2013.
  3. ^ "Navajo–Hopi Long Land Dispute". Retrieved 5 Aug 2013.
  4. ^ Lionel Puhuyesva, James A. Duffield, and Max Taylor. "Wetland Program Development via the Clean Water Act, Hopi Reservation, Arizona" (PDF). Coconino Plateau Water Advisory Council. Retrieved 27 June 2019.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)

External links[edit]

35°54′42″N 110°36′56″W / 35.91167°N 110.61556°W / 35.91167; -110.61556