Cleveland Hopkins International Airport

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Cleveland Hopkins International Airport
Cleveland Hopkins International Airport.svg
Cleveland Hopkins International Airport Terminal.jpg
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner City of Cleveland
Operator Cleveland Airport System
Serves Cleveland
Location Cleveland, Ohio, U.S.
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL 791 ft / 241 m
Coordinates 41°24′42″N 081°50′59″W / 41.41167°N 81.84972°W / 41.41167; -81.84972Coordinates: 41°24′42″N 081°50′59″W / 41.41167°N 81.84972°W / 41.41167; -81.84972
Website www.clevelandairport.com
Maps
FAA airport diagram
FAA airport diagram
CLE is located in Ohio
CLE
CLE
CLE is located in the US
CLE
CLE
Location of airport in Ohio / United States
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
6L/24R 9,000 2,743 Concrete
6R/24L 9,956 3,034 Concrete
10/28 6,018 1,834 Asphalt/Concrete
Statistics (2016)
Aircraft operations 119,268
Total passengers 8,422,676[3]
Source: Federal Aviation Administration[4] and CLE airport.[5]

Cleveland Hopkins International Airport (IATA: CLEICAO: KCLEFAA LID: CLE) is a public airport located nine miles (14 km) southwest of the central business district of Cleveland, Cuyahoga County, Ohio, United States.[4] It is the primary airport serving Northeast Ohio and is the largest and busiest airport in the state of Ohio. The metropolitan area is also served by Burke Lakefront Airport and by Akron-Canton Regional Airport. Cleveland Hopkins International Airport and Cleveland Burke Lakefront Airport together comprise the Cleveland Airport System, operated by the City of Cleveland's Department of Port Control.

The airport is of particular importance to the history of commercial air travel due to a number of first-in-the-world innovations that would eventually become standard around the globe. Founded in 1925, it was the first municipality-owned facility of its kind in the United States.[6] It was the site of the first air traffic control tower, the first ground-to-air radio control system, and the first airfield lighting system, all in 1930; and it was the first U.S. airport to be directly connected to a local or regional rail transit system, in 1968. It was also the first airport to employ a two-level terminal design separating arrivals from departures.

The airport was named after its founder, former city manager William R. Hopkins, on his 82nd birthday in 1951.

Like many airports, Hopkins experienced a decline in passenger volume in the early years of the 21st century as a wave of airline mergers, increased fuel costs, and the Great Recession impacted commercial aviation. More recently, the airport has implemented initiatives to upgrade the airport facility and provide additional air services.[7]

Operational history[edit]

In 2011 the airport had 188,286 aircraft operations, average 516 per day: 64% air taxi, 31% scheduled commercial, 4.5% general aviation and <1% military. 29 aircraft are based at this airport: 18 jet, 5 single engine, 6 multi-engine and 6 military.[4]

North American international service[edit]

Intercontinental service[edit]

There currently is no intercontinental service from Cleveland. However, WOW air and Icelandair both will begin service to and from Keflavík International Airport in May 2018, operating four and five flights per week, respectively.[8]

Previous, now-discontinued intercontinental service from Cleveland include:

Airfield, facilities and concourses[edit]

Satellite view of the airport.
An American Eagle counter at gate A3 in concourse A.
Hopkins airport is known for its fanciful giant "paper" airplane sculptures located in the underground walkway between Concourses C and D.

Runways[edit]

Cleveland Hopkins International Airport covers 1,402 acres (567 ha)[4] and has three runways:

  • 6R/24L: 9,956 x 150 ft. (3,034 x 46 m) concrete
  • 6L/24R: 9,000 x 150 ft. (2,743 x 46 m) concrete
  • 10/28: 6,018 x 150 ft. (1,834 x 46 m) asphalt/concrete

The older parallel runway, Runway 6C/24C, was 7,096 x 150 ft. (2163 x 46 m). Several years ago it was decommissioned as a runway, its width narrowed, and it is now designated Taxiway C. "TAXI" in large yellow letters on each end is intended to discourage approaching aircraft using it as a runway.

Recently the thresholds of Runway 10/28 were moved 330 feet to the east, thus allowing for the addition of Engineered Materials Arresting System (EMAS) at both ends. The usable runway length was not altered. During this project, some turnouts were rebuilt and the closed sections of 24L and the former 24C that intersected 10/28 were physically removed.

Facilities[edit]

Since 2008, Airmall Cleveland (formerly BAA Cleveland), has developed and managed retail and dining locations at the airport.

Cleveland Airport has two airport lounges: a United Club in Concourse C and an Airspace Lounge at the foot of Concourse B near the Main Terminal.

Concourses[edit]

Cleveland Airport consists of one passenger terminal which is divided into four concourses:

  • Concourse A (gates A1–A12, A14) houses Allegiant Air, Frontier Airlines, Spirit Airlines, charters, and all international arrivals. It also houses the airport's Federal Inspection Services (FIS) customs and border protection facility. Originally known as "North Concourse", it was built in 1962 and designed by Outcalt & Guenther.[15] It was rebuilt in 1978.
  • Concourse B (gates B1–B11) houses Delta Air Lines and Southwest Airlines. It was built in 1966 as the first extension pier to the airport and was designed by Outcalt & Guenther.[15] The concourse was rebuilt and expanded from 1982 until January 1983. This project was designed by Richard L. Bowen and Associates Inc.[16]
  • Concourse C (gates C1–C12, C14, and C16–C29) houses Air Canada Express, American Airlines, JetBlue and all United Airlines services, except for international arrivals which are handled in Concourse A. Originally known as "South Concourse", it was designed by a joint venture of Outcalt & Guenther and Dyer Watson Spieth and first opened in 1968.[17] The concourse was renovated in 1992 at a cost of US$50 million. This project, designed by Robert P. Madison International, Inc. included the installation of a continuous skylight, a Continental President's Club lounge, and a new Baggage Claim area.[18]
  • Concourse D (gates D2–D12, D14, D17, D21, D25, and D28) has been vacant since June 5, 2014, when United closed its gates and consolidated all operations to Concourse C.[19] It was constructed in 1999 at a cost of US$80 million and is a separate terminal connected to Concourse C by an underground walkway. Although capable of handling larger jets such as the Boeing 737,[20] it handled smaller regional aircraft exclusively for United Express and Air Canada Jazz. Concourse D contains 12 jet bridge gates and 24 ramp loading positions.[20] It was designed by KCF/SHG and Robert P. Madison International, Inc.[21]

Airlines and Destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

Airlines Destinations Refs
Air Canada Express Toronto–Pearson [22]
Allegiant Air Austin, Jacksonville (FL), Orlando/Sanford, Punta Gorda (FL), Savannah, St. Petersburg/Clearwater
Seasonal: Fort Lauderdale, Fort Walton Beach, Myrtle Beach, Phoenix/Mesa, New Orleans
[23]
American Airlines Charlotte, Dallas/Fort Worth, Philadelphia [24]
American Eagle Charlotte, Chicago–O'Hare, Miami, New York–JFK, New York–LaGuardia, Philadelphia, Washington–National [24]
Apple Vacations Seasonal charter: Punta Cana [25]
Delta Air Lines Atlanta
Seasonal: Detroit, Minneapolis/St. Paul
[26]
Delta Connection Detroit, Hartford, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New York–JFK, New York–LaGuardia, Raleigh/Durham
Seasonal: Orlando
[26]
Frontier Airlines Austin (begins April 9, 2018),[27] Cancún, Fort Myers, Las Vegas, Miami (begins October 5, 2017), Orlando, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Tampa
Seasonal: Atlanta, Charlotte, Denver, Houston–Intercontinental, Los Angeles, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Portland (OR), Raleigh/Durham, San Diego, San Francisco, Seattle/Tacoma
[28]
Icelandair Reykjavík–Keflavík (begins May 16, 2018) [29]
JetBlue Airways Boston, Fort Lauderdale [30]
Southwest Airlines Atlanta, Baltimore, Chicago–Midway, Denver, Las Vegas, Milwaukee (begins November 5, 2017),[31] Nashville, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, St. Louis
Seasonal: Fort Myers, Orlando
[32]
Spirit Airlines Atlanta, Fort Lauderdale, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, New Orleans, Orlando
Seasonal: Boston, Dallas/Fort Worth, Fort Myers, Myrtle Beach, Tampa
[33]
United Airlines Chicago–O'Hare, Denver, Houston–Intercontinental, Los Angeles, Newark, Orlando, San Francisco
Seasonal: Cancún, Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, San Juan
[34]
United Express Boston, Chicago–O'Hare, Houston–Intercontinental, Milwaukee, New York–LaGuardia, Newark, Washington–Dulles, Washington–National
Seasonal: Charleston
[34]
Vacation Express Seasonal charter: Montego Bay, Punta Cana [35]
WOW air Reykjavík–Keflavík (begins May 4, 2018) [36]

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations
FedEx Express Indianapolis, Memphis, Newark
FedEx Feeder
operated by Mountain Air Cargo
Erie
UPS Airlines Louisville

Statistics[edit]

Top destinations[edit]

Busiest domestic routes from CLE (July 2016 – June 2017)[37]
Rank City Passengers Carriers
1 Chicago–O'Hare, Illinois 408,470 American, United
2 Atlanta, Georgia 378,040 Delta, Frontier, Southwest, Spirit
3 Denver, Colorado 226,180 Frontier, Southwest, United
4 Orlando, Florida 210,750 Delta, Frontier, Spirit, United
5 Chicago–Midway, Illinois 191,350 Southwest
6 Charlotte, North Carolina 186,330 American, Frontier
7 Las Vegas, Nevada 184,660 Frontier, Southwest, Spirit
8 Dallas/Fort Worth, Texas 166,500 American, Spirit
9 New York–LaGuardia, New York 159,810 American, Delta, United
10 Boston, Massachusetts 148,400 JetBlue, Spirit, United
Busiest international routes from CLE (2013)[38]
Rank Airport Passengers Carriers
1 Toronto (Pearson), Canada 128,700 Air Canada Express
2 Cancún, Mexico 87,480 Frontier, United
3 Punta Cana, Dominican Republic 33,240 Frontier

Annual passenger traffic[edit]

Annual passenger traffic (enplaned + deplaned) at CLE, 1999 through 2017[39]
Year Passengers
1999 13,020,285 Steady
2000 13,288,059 Increase
2001 11,864,411 Decrease
2002 10,795,270 Decrease
2003 10,555,387 Decrease
2004 11,264,937 Increase
2005 11,463,391 Increase
2006 11,321,050 Decrease
2007 11,459,390 Increase
2008 11,106,196 Decrease
2009 9,715,604 Decrease
2010 9,492,455 Decrease
2011 9,176,824 Decrease
2012 9,004,983 Decrease
2013 9,072,126 Increase
2014 7,609,404 Decrease
2015 8,100,073 Increase
2016[40] 8,422,676 Increase
2017[41] 5,230,927 (YTD)

Ground transportation[edit]

Public transit[edit]

Cleveland RTA at the airport station
Airport welcome sign

Hopkins International Airport is connected to the Cleveland Rapid Transit system. Passengers can board Red Line trains at Cleveland Hopkins International Airport (RTA Rapid Transit station) airport terminal. One-way fare to any station on the line is $2.50. During late night/early morning hours, service is provided by the # 22 Lorain bus from Hopkins to Downtown Cleveland. The airport also offers a dedicated taxi service of 75 vehicles.[42]

Rental cars[edit]

In 1998, Hopkins moved rental car operations off the airport grounds to a new consolidated rental car facility. The facility has drawn mixed reviews from travelers because of its distance from the airport, inconsistent bus service and long bus rides, only partial canopy coverage for vehicles, and fees and taxes that are very high relative to those of other airports; the charges cover costs of not only operating the center but also supporting other local projects, such as the Cleveland Browns stadium.[43]

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • In 1938 a United Air Lines twin-engined prop flying from Newark to Chicago via Cleveland crashed on approach to Hopkins killing all seven passengers and three crew members on board.[44]
  • In 1971 Jane Fonda was arrested by police at the airport for being belligerent and obstructing public safety because she refused to go through security screening. After an increase in aviation related skyjackings, the FAA had in 1969 ordered all airports to use metal detectors.
  • Hundreds of thousands of earthworms crawled onto the longest runway at Cleveland's Hopkins Airport in September 1972. It created so great a safety hazard that the strip had to be closed for 30 minutes. Workmen used a motorized broom to sweep them away. Four jet pilots complained that the worms caused poor braking. Officials said heavy rains apparently brought the worms to the surface on ground surrounding the runway.[45]
  • On January 4, 1985 Pan Am flight 558, a Boeing 727, was scheduled to fly from Cleveland to New York City's John F. Kennedy International Airport. While still on the ground at Cleveland, the aircraft was hijacked and the hijacker demanded to be taken to South America. The plane was stormed by Cleveland police and the hijacker arrested. The duration of the hijacking was less than one day.
  • On January 6, 2003, a Continental Express Embraer ERJ-145LR overran the runway upon landing from Bradley International Airport in Windsor Locks, CT. After touchdown, the flight crew was unable to stop the airplane on the runway. The airplane continued beyond the departure end, on extended runway centerline, and struck the ILS runway 6 localizer antenna. It came to rest with the nose about 600 feet (180 m) beyond the end of the runway. The nose landing gear had collapsed rearward and deformed the forward pressure bulkhead.[46]
  • On April 27, 2006 police officers confronted a man at the United Airlines ticket counter. The man fired a handgun, critically wounding a patrolman, but another officer shot and killed the attacker.
  • On February 18, 2007, at 3:14 pm, a Shuttle America Embraer 170 operating as Delta Connection flight 6448 from Atlanta skidded off snow-covered runway 28 and crashed through a fence. None of the 70 passengers and four crew on board were injured.
  • On January 10, 2010, the airport lost power for more than seven hours after a transformer exploded at about 6:50 am. All power inside the terminals was lost and air traffic was halted; however the control tower, runways, and taxiways remained lit, powered by backup generators. About 800 people were affected by the loss of power, and most flights didn't resume until 3:00 pm. According to a spokesperson, the transformer exploded due to a buildup of road salt, causing corrosion.[47]
  • On December 9, 2012, a shooting occurred at approximately 11:28 am in the Riveredge employee parking lot. A male was pronounced dead at the scene while a female was pronounced dead at MetroHealth hospital.[48][49]
  • On February 22, 2013, a Boeing 737 operating as United Airlines flight 1639, skidded off the taxiway after landing due to poor conditions on the runway. There were no injuries to the 103 passengers and crews.[50]

Relationship with United and Continental[edit]

From the postwar era until the mid-1980s, United Airlines maintained its eastern-most domestic hub at Cleveland. Beginning in 1985, United started the process of migrating its hub capacity to Washington–Dulles; this process was completed in 1987. The same year, Continental Airlines, which was then a separate carrier and lacked a Midwest hub, quickly moved into fill the void left by United, as did USAir, which was the dominant carrier at the airport from 1987 until the early 1990s.[51] While USAir soon reduced its schedule from Cleveland, Continental substantially increased its hub capacity, becoming the airport's largest tenant and eventually accounting for upwards of 60 percent of passenger traffic. Continental and the airport both made substantial operational and capital investments in support of the airport; this included the construction of Concourse D in 1999 that accommodated Continental mainline and Continental Express flights.

Continental—United merger[edit]

On May 2, 2010, the Boards of Directors at Continental and United Airlines approved a stock-swap merger deal. The legal aspects of a full merger were completed on October 1, 2010.[52] The Continental-United marriage only heightened simmering concerns within the greater Cleveland area about the potential effect on Cleveland air service; Continental's previous merger talks with Star Alliance founding partner United had been viewed in some circles as a serious threat to Continental's future at Hopkins.[53][54] When the 2010 United/Continental tie-up was initially announced, it prompted Cleveland politicians to propose hearings to investigate the potential impact of the marriage on the community; these investigations ultimately had no effect on the companies' efforts to combine. There had been persistent worries that a post-merger United would reduce or eliminate direct service from Cleveland to a number of cities and instead route passengers through United's hubs in Chicago [315 miles (507 km) west by air] and Washington [217 miles (349 km) east by air].[55][56] On November 10, 2010, Continental CEO Jeff Smisek stated in a speech in Cleveland that "Cleveland needs to earn its hub status every day" and added that overall profitability would be the determining factor in whether the new United kept or shuttered the Cleveland hub operation.[57] However, after the agreement was signed, passenger volume at Cleveland continued to decline.[58]

Dehubbing[edit]

On February 1, 2014, United's then-CEO Jeff Smisek announced that the airline would shut down its Cleveland hub the following June. "Our hub in Cleveland hasn't been profitable for over a decade, and has generated tens of millions of dollars of annual losses in recent years," Smisek stated in a letter to United employees. "We simply cannot continue to bear these losses."[59] As of June 5, 2014, United Airlines effectively terminated its hub operation at CLE; United listed Cleveland as a "key airport" for the airline following the dehubbing, but that status was subsequently dropped.[60]

Aftermath[edit]

After the announcement of United Airlines's departure in 2014, Cleveland saw greatly decreased flight operations, and by June 2014, United Airlines had cut more than 60% of its daily departures at the airport.[61] United consolidated all of its flights in Concourse C and closed Concourse D, although it is required to continue to pay the airport $1,112,482 a month in rent for the facility until 2027.[62]

In the aftermath of United Airlines' schedule reductions, Frontier Airlines significantly increased its flight options from the airport and declared Cleveland a focus city.[1] Other low-cost airlines such as Spirit Airlines and Allegiant Airlines also began new service to the airport, and existing airlines such as American, Delta, and Southwest increased their number of daily flights.

Controversies[edit]

Ground Transportation Center[edit]

In May, 2015, the airport moved the pick-up and drop off location for most shuttles to the former limo lot, requiring most passengers to take two escalators underneath the former shuttle parking in the arrivals lane at the airport. Originally meant to be a temporary fix, the airport made the Ground Transportation Center a permanent fixture in May, 2017. This angered many travelers that complained on various social media platforms, as well as local media outlets, garnering negative publicity for the airport's plans.[63]

Parking[edit]

In May, 2013, the airport razed its 2,600-space garage, replacing it with a 1,000 space surface lot for $24M.[64] This in turn created a parking shortage, and daily lot closings when parking lots would become full. The airport's Twitter account became a daily update of parking closures at the airport. The airport converted the long time Short Term Garage to a so-called Smart Garage, and valet parking garage. The airport eliminated the long time free half-hour courtesy parking perk, and began to charge $3 for a half-hour.[65]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.

  1. ^ a b Ben Mutzabaugh, USA TODAY (March 21, 2014). "Frontier Airlines tabs Cleveland as newest focus city". USA TODAY. 
  2. ^ http://www.airwaysmag.com/airports/cleveland-hopkins-going-places/.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  3. ^ http://www.cleveland.com/travel/index.ssf/2017/02/cleveland_hopkins_passenger_tr_1.html
  4. ^ a b c d FAA Airport Master Record for CLE (Form 5010 PDF), effective July 5, 2007
  5. ^ "History". CLE Going Places - Cleveland Hopkins Airport. 
  6. ^ Airport History Archived November 19, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ "OH – Cleveland – Cleveland-Hopkins International Airport – CLE". Layovermeetups.weebly.com. Retrieved January 19, 2013. 
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  38. ^ U.S. International Air Passenger and Freight Statistics Report | Department of Transportation. Dot.gov (July 8, 2013). Retrieved on August 16, 2013.
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  63. ^ http://www.cleveland.com/metro/index.ssf/2017/02/travelers_are_unhappy_with_new.html
  64. ^ http://www.cleveland.com/metro/index.ssf/2015/08/cleveland_hopkins_alters_parking_plans_to_keep_option_of_expanding_garage.html
  65. ^ http://www.cleveland.com/metro/index.ssf/2013/09/cleveland_hopkins_airport_open.html

External links[edit]