Hopton-on-Sea

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Hopton-on-Sea
Hopton beach in 2003.jpg
Hopton beach
Hopton-on-Sea is located in Norfolk
Hopton-on-Sea
Hopton-on-Sea
Location within Norfolk
Area2.17 sq mi (5.6 km2)
Population2,970 (Census 2011)
• Density1,369/sq mi (529/km2)
OS grid referenceTM5399
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townGREAT YARMOUTH
Postcode districtNR31
Dialling code01502
PoliceNorfolk
FireNorfolk
AmbulanceEast of England
EU ParliamentEast of England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Norfolk
52°32′02″N 1°44′17″E / 52.534°N 1.738°E / 52.534; 1.738Coordinates: 52°32′02″N 1°44′17″E / 52.534°N 1.738°E / 52.534; 1.738

Hopton-on-Sea is a village, civil parish and seaside resort on the coast of East Anglia in the county of Norfolk. The village is 4 miles (6.4 km) south of Great Yarmouth, 4 12 miles (7.2 km) north-west of Lowestoft and near the UK's most easterly point, Lowestoft Ness.[1]

The village has many amenities for tourists with amusement arcades and food outlets. It is also home to Potters Resort, the first permanent, mixed-use holiday camp in the UK, founded in 1920.[2] This employs approximately 560 permanent staff making it the largest private sector employer in the area.

Every January, Hopton-On-Sea hosts the World Indoor Bowls Championships at Potters Resort with players, spectators, the BBC and many others staying in the village for what is regarded as the biggest event in the bowls calendar.[3]

History[edit]

The ruined church of Margaret destroyed by fire in 1865
The 1866 St Margaret's church

The earliest human activity in the parish dates to the Palaeolithic era with the discovery of flint tools. There have also been artefacts found from the Bronze age and Roman era in the area.[4]

The oldest building in the parish is the ruins of St Margaret’s church, built in the 14th century it burned down in 1865.[4] The ruins of the old church are being restored to form a cultural centre for the village. As part of the £140,000 restoration project by the Great Yarmouth Preservation Trust, gargoyles were found on the site from the previous 11th century church.[5] A new church of the same name was built the following year in Early English style on a new site,[4] which is still in use today. Designed by Samuel Sanders Teulon, it contains stained glass by William Morris and Edward Burne-Jones.

During World War II a dense network of military defences were built in the area due to Hopton's close proximity to Great Warmouth. These included anti-tank defences, pillboxes, air-raid shelters and a coastal battery. Constructed in 1940 this battery had a pair of large gun houses, for six-inch guns, and search-lights. The site was armed during and after the war, until August 1947, due to its prime location for an invasion.[6]

Geography[edit]

The village is on the East Anglia coast, on the North Sea, it has a wide sandy beach Hopton-on-Sea Beach which runs by grassy cliffs.[7] The beach suffers from coastal erosion and, as of 2016, sand levels have dropped by 10ft in the last five years. The erosion has led to a project to replace the old wooden groynes with ones made of rock and the construction of a seawall. These defences are estimated to protect the area for up to a century.[8]

The civil parish was, until 1974, in the county of East Suffolk. It has an area of 2.17 square miles (5.6 km2) and in the 2011 census had a population of 2,970 in 1,325 households.[9][10] For local government, the parish falls within the district of Great Yarmouth.

Transport[edit]

The village has a regular, if infrequent, bus service to Norwich, Great Yarmouth and Lowestoft.[11]

It once had its own station, Hopton railway station, linking it to Great Yarmouth and Lowestoft, but this closed in 1970 due to the Beeching cuts.

Notable former residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ordnance Survey (2005). OS Explorer Map OL40 - The Broads. ISBN 0-319-23769-9.
  2. ^ History of Potter's Resort
  3. ^ "World Indoor Bowls Championships: How a village came to host a global event". BBC Sport. 26 January 2018.
  4. ^ a b c "Parish Summary: Hopton on Sea". Norfolk Heritage Exploror. Retrieved 18 December 2018.
  5. ^ "'Yoda' stone head found at Hopton church, Norfolk". BBC News. 4 June 2015.
  6. ^ World War Two Emergency Coastal Battery at Gorleston Golf Links
  7. ^ "Hopton-on-Sea Beach". Great Yarmouth Borough Council. Retrieved 18 December 2018.
  8. ^ "Hopton sea defences plan by Potters Resort". BBC News. 9 February 2016.
  9. ^ "Area: Hopton-on-Sea (Parish): Accommodation Type - People, 2011". Office for National Statistics.
  10. ^ "Area: Hopton-on-Sea (Parish): Accommodation Type - Households, 2011". Office for National Statistics.
  11. ^ Hopton-on-Sea bus times, bustimes.org

External links[edit]