|Etymology: John Hopwood|
Location of Hopwood in Fayette County
|Townships||North Union, South Union|
|• Total||1.89 sq mi (4.9 km2)|
|• Density||1,100/sq mi (430/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-4 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (EDT)|
Hopwood is a census-designated place (CDP) in Fayette County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 2,090 at the 2010 census, up from 2,006 at the 2000 census. It is located in North Union and South Union townships. The village was named after John Hopwood.
Hopwood is located in central Fayette County at  It is bordered to the north by East Uniontown. U.S. Route 40 Business (National Pike) runs through the center of Hopwood and forms the border between North and South Union townships. The center of Uniontown is 2 miles (3 km) to the northwest via National Pike. U.S. Route 40 forms a four-lane bypass around the south side of Uniontown, intersecting National Pike at the south end of Hopwood. Via US 40 it is 60 miles (97 km) southeast to Cumberland, Maryland, and 45 miles (72 km) northwest to Washington, Pennsylvania.(39.874145, -79.703385).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the Hopwood CDP has a total area of 1.89 square miles (4.89 km2), all of it land. The community sits at the western base of Chestnut Ridge, the westernmost ridge of the Allegheny Mountains in this area.
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,006 people, 893 households, and 584 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 1,070.8 people per square mile (414.2/km²). There were 932 housing units at an average density of 497.5/sq mi (192.4/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 98.60% White, 0.60% African American, 0.10% Native American, 0.25% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.10% from other races, and 0.30% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.25% of the population.
There were 893 households, out of which 23.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.6% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.6% were non-families. 31.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.81.
In the CDP, the population was spread out, with 19.5% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 25.3% from 25 to 44, 27.6% from 45 to 64, and 21.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.6 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $30,223, and the median income for a family was $41,111. Males had a median income of $38,594 versus $19,643 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $17,194. About 8.0% of families and 13.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.5% of those under age 18 and 7.4% of those age 65 or over.
Hopwood was home to the famous Uniontown Speedway from 1916 through the mid-1920s. The Universal Trophy and Autumn Classic, 1921 AAA Championship Car season national championship points races, were held there in 1921 and 1922. Before the sport was banned, In 1914 and 1915, hill-climb races were held up the nearby Summit Mountain.
Hopwood has the most early-American 19th century stone buildings along the National Pike/Old U.S. Route 40, with a number of them being on the National Register of Historic Places. In 1816 President Monroe was a guest at the Hopwood-Miller Tavern, then known as the Moses Hopwood House. Other Presidents and notables stayed there when the building was operated as an inn including John Quincy Adams, William Henry Harrison, James Polk and James Buchanan. Other important buildings include the Barnes Estate, the Summit Inn, and the former Soldiers Orphan's School, a post-Civil War orphan school which is the current property of the Jumonville Training Center.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001), Hopwood CDP, Pennsylvania". American FactFinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 25, 2016.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Fort Necessity National Battlefield - Jumonville Glen". nps.gov. National Park Service. Retrieved July 25, 2016.
"The volley fired by a young Virginian in the backwoods of America set the world on fire." Horace Walpole
- "Jumonville Glen Historical Site". swpenna.com. sw.Penna. Retrieved July 25, 2016.
- "Jumonville Glen - A Unit of Fort Necessity National Battlefield". visitpa.com. [Official Tourism Site of the] State of Pennsylvania. Retrieved July 25, 2016.
- Tyson, Rae (2013). "A Century of Motorsports: "Gentlemen, start your engines!"". Pennsylvania Heritage Magazine (Volume XXXIX, Number 1 - Winter 2013). Pennsylvania State Historical and Museum commission. Retrieved July 25, 2016.
- "Fetterman Scores In Uniontown Race. Averages 99.8 Miles an Hour. Capture 225-Mile Auto Classic on Speedway. Murphy Finishes Second. Is Less Than Two Minutes Behind the Winner, With Sarles Third and Miller Fourth". New York Times. September 6, 1921. Retrieved 2012-10-03.
I. P. Fetterman of Pittsburgh today won the Autumn classic at the Automobile Speedway ...
- Leonelli, Victoria (2003). Around Uniontown. Arcadia Publishing. p. (122). Retrieved July 25, 2016.
- Motor Age: (1921:Jan.-June), Volume 39. Class Journal Company, 1921. April 2016. Retrieved July 25, 2016.
- McGuinness, Marci Lynn (May 6, 2012). "Hopwood has fascinating history". The Herald-Standard. Retrieved July 25, 2016.
- Raitz, Karl B.; Thompson, George F. (1996). A Guide to the National Road. JHU Press. Retrieved July 25, 2016.
- "National Register of Historic Places Inventory Nomination Form: Hopwood-Miller Tavern" (PDF). Section 8, Page 5. 1995. Retrieved July 25, 2016.