|14th Governor of Iowa|
February 27, 1890 – January 11, 1894
|Lieutenant||Alfred N. Poyneer
Samuel L. Bestow
|Preceded by||William Larrabee|
|Succeeded by||Frank D. Jackson|
|Member of the New York State Assembly
from the Erie County, 3rd district
January 1, 1857 – December 31, 1857
|Preceded by||John Clark|
|Succeeded by||John T. Wheelock|
|Born||December 7, 1827
Aurora, New York
|Died||April 4, 1923
Long Beach, California
|Political party||Republican (before 1880)
Democratic (after 1880)
|Spouse(s)||Adella King (died 1855)
Versalia M. Barber (died 1877)
Horace Boies (December 7, 1827 – April 4, 1923) served as the 14th Governor of Iowa from 1890 to 1894 as a member of the United States Democratic Party. Boies was the only Democrat to serve in that position from 1855 to 1933, a period of 78 years.
Life before Iowa
Horace was born in Aurora, New York and started his education in the public school system. In his late teens, he worked for four years as a farm laborer in the Wisconsin Territory. Moving back to New York, he studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1849, setting up practice in Hamburg, near Buffalo. He was elected to the New York State Assembly (Erie Co., 3rd D.) as a Republican in 1857.
Life in Iowa
Boies left the Republican Party in 1880 due to their support of prohibition. He was elected governor of Iowa as a Democrat in 1889, breaking longtime Republican dominance of state politics. Reelected in 1891, he was defeated in 1893, by Frank D. Jackson, a Republican. He was a prominent populist and advocate of bimetallism, and during his term as governor proclaimed Iowa's first Labor Day holiday.
As governor, Boies gained sufficient prominence to become involved in national Democratic Party politics, though his campaigns for the presidential nomination at the 1892 and 1896 Democratic National Conventions were unsuccessful. His last political campaign, in 1902, was an unsuccessful attempt at the Democratic nomination for a Congressional seat from Iowa.
Following his retirement, Boies moved to Long Beach, California. This was a popular destination for Iowans at the time, and Boies was active in social events of his fellow Iowan transplants, participating in the Long Beach Iowa Reunion and serving as president of the Long Beach Iowa Association.
- Biography from the National Governors Association
- HONORED BY IOWA DEMOCRATS article printed September 5, 1893 in the New York Times
|New York Assembly|
|New York State Assembly
Erie County, 3rd District
|Governor of Iowa
1890 – 1894
Frank D. Jackson
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